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Dress Code Policy


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Dress Code Policy

  1. 1. School Dress PolicyDo school dress policies interfere with students constitutional rights? Jaclyn Moran Philosophy, Ethics, and Teaching Summer 2012
  2. 2. Uniforms or Dress Codes?In 2009–10, about 19% of public school principals reported that their school required students to wear uniforms, an increase from 12% in 1999–2000 (According to NCES)
  3. 3. History Supreme Court Case ruling (1969)  Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District  In 1968, a group of adults and students in Des Moines, Iowa, wore black armbands to school to publicize their objections to the hostilities in Vietnam.  The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the students and stated, “in order for the state in the person of school officials to justify prohibition of a particular expression of opinion, a student must engage in a forbidden conduct that would „materially and substantially interfere with the requirements of appropriate discipline in the operations of the school.‟” (“Tinker v. Des Moines, 1969)
  4. 4. 1996 State of the Union Address “I challenge all our schools to teach character education, to teach goodvalues and good citizenship. And if it means that teenagers will stop killingeach other over designer jackets, then our public schools should be able to require their students to wear school uniforms” (Clinton, 1996)
  5. 5. In the Courts Byars v. City of Waterbury, 2001 Freeman v. Flake, 1971 Bivens ex rel. Green v. Albuquerque Public Schools, 1995 Olesen v. Board of Education of School District 1987 (Julka, Lewis & Verstegen, 2004)
  6. 6. School Uniforms Pros Cons Help prevent gangs from forming on  Violate a students right to freedom of campus expression Encourage discipline  Are simply a Band-Aid on the issue of school violence Help students resist peer pressure to buy trendy clothes  Are a financial burden for poor families Help identify intruders in the school  Are an unfair additional expense for parents who pay taxes for a free public Diminish economic and social barriers education between students  Are difficult to enforce in public schools Increase a sense of belonging and school pride
  7. 7. Bill of Rights Amendment 1 “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances” First Amendment Arguments• Example of a Supreme court “dress code” ruling that references Amend. 1 • Sypniewski v. Warren Hills Regional Board of Education
  8. 8. Dress Code and Uniform Costs Students are at an age when growth is ongoing and it is necessary for parents to frequently purchase larger sizes. Uniform costs can sometimes be higher than costs of traditional clothing. A Port Washington, N.Y.-based NPD Group estimated in 2000 that uniform sales accounted for 5 percent of the childrens clothing market, or $1.1 billion (Veron, 2012 )
  9. 9. References Clinton, President William Jefferson. (1996, January). State of the Union Address. Speech presented at the U.S. State of the Union, Washington, D.C. Julka, M. J., Lewis, S. R., & Verstegen, R. F. (2004). Student dress codes. Principal Leadership, Retrieved from Supreme Court of the United States, (1969). Tinker v des moines independent community school district (393 U.S. 503). Retrieved from website: &as_sdt=2&as_vis=1&oi=scholarr U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2012). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2011 (NCES 2012-002), Table 20.1. Verdon, J. (2012, July 27). Whats cool for school? uniforms. The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved from for-school-uniforms-according-to-20120727,0,1344963.story