Instructional Planning


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  • Instructional Planning

    1. 1. Instructional PlanningIs the ability to forecast andvisualize the what, why, and how of teaching-learning process. Powerpoint Templates Page 1
    2. 2. Selection ofinStructional materialS Powerpoint Templates Page 2
    3. 3. Selection  • The act or an instance of selecting or the fact of having been selected.• One that is selected Powerpoint Templates Page 3
    4. 4. Non-Projected Visual These are visual aids that do not require the use ofelectricity to project images on the screen. Powerpoint Templates Page 4
    5. 5. Chalkboardthe most versatile and useful visual aid that is availableMultipurpose boardsthey have a smooth plastic surface and use specialmarking pens rather than chalk.Display boardsbulletin board is the common type of display boardscommonly used for decorative, motivational, orinstructional purposes.Graphic Materialsnon-projected , two dimensional materials designedspecifically to communicate a message to a viewer. Powerpoint Templates Page 5
    6. 6. Still Picturesphotographic representation of people, places, and things.Maps and globesprovide information about surface features, places, scientificdata, social and cultural data, political data, historical changes,and economic data.Realiareal things; they give real life meaning to otherwise abstractwords.Models and Mock-upsallow learners to examine things often not easily seen in the realthings.Dioramasthey are designed to reproduce the reality of the past and Powerpoint Templates Page 6present or depict future events.
    7. 7. Projected Visual these refer to media formats inwhich still images are enlarged and displayed on a screen. Powerpoint Templates Page 7
    8. 8. Overhead Projectortransparencies are large shades for use withan overhead projector by a presenterpositioned at the front of a lighted room.Filmstripa roll 35mm transparent film containing aseries of related still printers intendedfor showing one at the time.Slidessmall formats photographic transpiringindivually mounted for one at a timeprojection. Powerpoint Templates Page 8
    9. 9. Audio mediathey include formats that convey information. Powerpoint Templates Page 9
    10. 10. Phonograph recordscan be used to communicate music,speeches, drama, poetry, animal, andnumerous possible sounds with instrumentalapplications.Audiotapesthey are sound recording on magnetic tape.Compact discit contains information to communicatemusic, the spoken word, and other sounds. Powerpoint Templates Page 10
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    12. 12. They involve integrating each medium andmedia format into a structural, systematicpresentation Powerpoint Templates Page 12
    13. 13. 1.MULTIMEDIA KITS –collection ofteaching/learning materials involving more than onetype of medium and organized around a simpletopic. Kits may include audiotapes, records, stillpictures, study prints, filmstrips, slides overhead,transparencies, maps, worksheets, charts, booklets,real objects and model.2.MODULES –referred to as a learningactivity package, an individualized learningpackage Powerpoint Templates Page 13
    14. 14. 3.LEARNING CENTER –an individualizedenvironment designed to encourage the student touse a variety of instructional media, to engage indiversified learning activities and to assure majorresponsibility for his or her own learning.4. INTERACTIVE VIDEO - an instructional deliverysystem in which recorded video material ispresented under computer control to viewers whonot only see or hear the pictures and sounds, butactive responses, with those responses affecting thepace and sequence of the presentation. Powerpoint Templates Page 14
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    16. 16. FILM refers to a celluloid material on which a series ofstill images are imprinted.VIDEO is a display of pictures on a television- typescreen.ELECTRONIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM. Transmitssounds and pictured over distances. These includeradio, television, teleconference systems andtext/videotext.COMPUTER-BASED INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS.Microcomputers in the classroom have the potential for avariety of uses that could enhance learning and simplifysome of the tasks of the teacher. Powerpoint Templates Page 16
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    18. 18. Instructional Games are activities inwhich participants follow prescribed rulesthat are different from those of reality asthey strive to attain a challenging goal.Instructional Simulation recreatesor represents an actual event or situationthat causes the learner to act, react andmake decisions. Powerpoint Templates Page 18
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    20. 20. 1. textbooks- should be viewed as teaching aids and should not be considered as the only source of printed information to be used during instruction.2. Resource materials – supplementary books, newspaper, journals, pamphlets, and brochures, encyclopedias, world almanac and atlases can be used to enrich curriculum and enhance classroom instructional activities.3. Workbooks – commonly used as a supplement to textbook and include a spare of students to write in their answers to questions.4. Duplicated Materials – teachers often use duplicated materials to supplement other printed materials in the textbook or resource books. Powerpoint Templates Page 20
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    22. 22. PRODUCTION – is the act of making things; inparticular the act of making products that will betrade or sold commercially.MEDIA - refers to all modes of communication,including print and audio- visual forms and thereaccompanying technology.MEDIA PRODUCTION - instructional materialsutilizing traditional and electronic “new” mediaelements.PRODUCING GRAPHICS - graphics must be planwith consideration for the size and dimension ofvisual material, design and lay out features,background, materials and facilities that can beemployed. Powerpoint Templates Page 22
    23. 23. WAYS OFPRODUCING GRAPHICS Powerpoint Templates Page 23
    24. 24. USING READY - made pictures- a file ofclipped pictures on various subject for theproduction of suitable graphic materials whenneededCOLOR SHADING - produce three-dimensional effects in design.DRY-TRANSFER LETTERS AND LETTERINGGUIDE – For teachers who may feel lack ofartistic skills, ready made transfer letter areavailable in art supply.OVERHEAD TRANSPARENCIES - canusually present concepts, outline andsummaries to average-size classes and to alarger groups. Powerpoint Templates Page 24
    25. 25. SLIDE SERIES – the production clarification ofyour concept, statement of objectives,consideration of the audience, preparation of thecontent outline, writing a treatment and finally thestretching or photographing a story board.VIDEO RECORDING - the production of videotaperecording is follows the methods of producing aslide series.DISPLAYS MATERIALS – there are types ofdisplayed materials, this are easels, flannel(felt)boards, hook and loop magnetic chalkboard andflip board. Powerpoint Templates Page 25