Running Head: OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER 1 Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and its Effects on Family Members Deyanira Mora Universidad Latina de Costa Rica
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER 2 Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder and its Effects on Family Members Obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD is an anxietydisordercharacterized by unreasonable thoughts and fears that lead to do repetitivebehaviors. People with OCD may realize that their obsessions are notreasonable, and may try to ignore them,but that only increases the distressand anxiety. Ultimately, they are driven to perform compulsive acts in aneffort to ease the stress. They alsofeel the need to check things or performroutines and rituals repeatedly.For many people, OCD starts during childhoodor the teen years and their symptoms might come and go during theirlifetime("Obsessive Compulsive Disorder", 2010). This disorder often centers on themes, such as a fear of gettingcontaminated by germs. To ease contamination fears, they may compulsivelywash their hands until they are sore and chapped.("Symptoms andTreatment of OCD", n.d.) Most people with obsessive-compulsive disorderfall into one of the following categories: Washers are afraid of contamination. They usually have cleaning or hand-washing compulsions. Checkers repeatedly check things (oven turned off, door locked, etc.) that they associate with harm or danger.
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER 3 Doubters and sinners are afraid that if everything isn’t perfect or done just right something terrible will happen or they will be punished. Counters and arrangers are obsessed with order and symmetry. They may have superstitions about certain numbers, colors, or arrangements. Hoarders fear that something bad will happen if they throw anything away("OCD", n.d.). They compulsively hoard things that they don’t need or use. Obsessive-compulsive disorder sometimes runs in families, but no oneknows for sure why some people have it. Researchers have found thatseveral parts of the brain are involved in fear and anxiety; therefore, bylearning more about the brain, scientists may be able to create bettertreatments("OCD", n.d.).
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER 4ReferencesObsessive Compulsive Disorder. (2010). Retrieved August 9, 2012, from www.nimh.nih.govOCD. (n.d.). Retrieved August 9, 2012, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/obsessive- compulsive-disorder/DS00189Symptoms and Treatment of OCD. (n.d.). Retrieved August 9, 2012, from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/obsessive_compulsive_disorder_ocd.htm