Bloodborne Pathogens
OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030 The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), has a regula...
Your school has a written “Exposure Control Plan” that is kept in the district office and is available to you upon request...
Exposure Determination
Occupationally Exposed <ul><li>Coaching Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Custodial Staff </li></ul>...
Occupational Exposure May Occur <ul><li>Secretaries-Elementary </li></ul><ul><li>Custodial-Laundry </li></ul><ul><li>Phy E...
If you do  not  fall into an occupationally exposed group, your employer may still ask you to participate in training so t...
WHAT ARE BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS?
Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms that can be transmitted through human blood.
This  training will cover three bloodborne pathogens . <ul><li>Hepatitis B (HBV) </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis C (HCV) </li>...
Hepatitis B Virus
Hepatitis B is a Viral Infection of the Liver that is a very contagious and dangerous disease. The virus can live up to on...
HBV <ul><li>100 Times More Contagious Than HIV </li></ul><ul><li>No Cure, But There Is a Preventive Vaccine </li></ul><ul>...
Symptoms of HBV <ul><li>Fatigue  </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal Pain </li></ul><ul><li>Appetite Loss </li></ul><ul><li>Joint ...
Hepatitis C Virus
Hepatitis C is a viral infection of the liver that affects approximately 3.9 million Americans. It is the leading indicati...
Symptoms of HCV <ul><li>Dark Urine </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Appetite Loss </li></ul><ul><li>Jaundice  <...
Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the body’s immune system, destroying the body’s ability to fight off infection....
Symptoms of HIV <ul><li>Rapid weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Cough </li></ul><ul><li>Recurring fever or profuse night s...
How does Exposure Occur?
These bloodborne pathogens are all transmitted the same way - through internal exposure to  contaminated blood, body fluid...
Means of Workplace Transmission <ul><li>If contaminated blood or body fluids containing blood contacts your  broken  skin....
How do you Protect Yourself?
Your agency’s exposure control plan lists specific procedures employees must follow to protect themselves on the job. This...
Universal Precautions
Universal precaution means to assume, and treat, all human blood and  certain human body fluids as if they are  infectious...
Engineering and Work Practice Controls
Engineering and Work Practice Controls will be used to prevent or minimize exposure to bloodborne pathogens
Examples of engineering and work place controls <ul><li>Sharps Containers for needles will be provided </li></ul><ul><li>H...
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
PPE is specialized clothing or equipment that is worn by an employee for protection against infectious agents. <ul><li>Glo...
Housekeeping
Housekeeping Issues <ul><li>Custodial Staff should be contacted for cleanup </li></ul><ul><li>All equipment, environmental...
Hepatitis B Vaccination
. <ul><li>The Hepatitis B Vaccinations are available to occupationally exposed staff at no cost to the employee.  The vacc...
What do you do if you are Exposed?
If you are exposed: <ul><li>Wash or flush the affected area immediately  </li></ul><ul><li>Report the incident immediately...
Do you have any questions?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Bloodborne pathogens

3,770 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,770
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
19
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
151
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Bloodborne pathogens

  1. 1. Bloodborne Pathogens
  2. 2. OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030 The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), has a regulation that requires employers to establish safety procedures to protect employees who may be exposed to blood as a part of their job duties.
  3. 3. Your school has a written “Exposure Control Plan” that is kept in the district office and is available to you upon request. This course will cover the basics of this plan.
  4. 4. Exposure Determination
  5. 5. Occupationally Exposed <ul><li>Coaching Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Custodial Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Playground Supervisors </li></ul>
  6. 6. Occupational Exposure May Occur <ul><li>Secretaries-Elementary </li></ul><ul><li>Custodial-Laundry </li></ul><ul><li>Phy Ed, Shop, Arts, FACs teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Special Education Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Speech teachers </li></ul>
  7. 7. If you do not fall into an occupationally exposed group, your employer may still ask you to participate in training so that you understand agency policies and procedures
  8. 8. WHAT ARE BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS?
  9. 9. Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms that can be transmitted through human blood.
  10. 10. This training will cover three bloodborne pathogens . <ul><li>Hepatitis B (HBV) </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis C (HCV) </li></ul><ul><li>Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Hepatitis B Virus
  12. 12. Hepatitis B is a Viral Infection of the Liver that is a very contagious and dangerous disease. The virus can live up to one week in dried blood.
  13. 13. HBV <ul><li>100 Times More Contagious Than HIV </li></ul><ul><li>No Cure, But There Is a Preventive Vaccine </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot Be Identified From Other Forms Without Testing </li></ul><ul><li>More than 5,000 people die annually from </li></ul><ul><li>HBV-related chronic liver disease. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Symptoms of HBV <ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal Pain </li></ul><ul><li>Appetite Loss </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Pain </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Jaundice </li></ul><ul><li>30% of infected people have no symptoms </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hepatitis C Virus
  16. 16. Hepatitis C is a viral infection of the liver that affects approximately 3.9 million Americans. It is the leading indication for liver transplants There is no preventative vaccine for the virus
  17. 17. Symptoms of HCV <ul><li>Dark Urine </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Appetite Loss </li></ul><ul><li>Jaundice </li></ul><ul><li>Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Pain </li></ul><ul><li>80% of people have no symptoms </li></ul>
  18. 18. Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV
  19. 19. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the body’s immune system, destroying the body’s ability to fight off infection. HIV causes the disease known as AIDS. There is no cure or vaccine Aids is always fatal
  20. 20. Symptoms of HIV <ul><li>Rapid weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Cough </li></ul><ul><li>Recurring fever or profuse night sweats </li></ul><ul><li>Profound and unexplained fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Swollen lymph gland in the armpits, groin or neck </li></ul><ul><li>White spots or unusual blemishes on the tougue, in the mouth or in the throat </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Red, brown, pink or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose or eyelids </li></ul><ul><li>Memory loss, depression and other neurological disorders </li></ul>
  21. 21. How does Exposure Occur?
  22. 22. These bloodborne pathogens are all transmitted the same way - through internal exposure to contaminated blood, body fluids containing visible blood, or certain other body fluids, such as semen and vaginal secretions.
  23. 23. Means of Workplace Transmission <ul><li>If contaminated blood or body fluids containing blood contacts your broken skin. Broken skin is skin with cuts, nicks, abrasions, acne or dermatitis </li></ul><ul><li>If blood or body fluids containing blood comes in contact with mucous membranes of your nose, eyes or mouth. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are cut with a sharp object contaminated by infected blood. </li></ul>
  24. 24. How do you Protect Yourself?
  25. 25. Your agency’s exposure control plan lists specific procedures employees must follow to protect themselves on the job. This training will outline these procedures under the following categories: <ul><li>Universal Precautions </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering Controls and Work Practice Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) </li></ul><ul><li>Housekeeping </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis B Vaccination </li></ul>
  26. 26. Universal Precautions
  27. 27. Universal precaution means to assume, and treat, all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they are infectious for HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens.
  28. 28. Engineering and Work Practice Controls
  29. 29. Engineering and Work Practice Controls will be used to prevent or minimize exposure to bloodborne pathogens
  30. 30. Examples of engineering and work place controls <ul><li>Sharps Containers for needles will be provided </li></ul><ul><li>Handwashing facilities will be readily accessible to employees </li></ul><ul><li>Eating, drinking, smoking, applying cosmetics or lip balm, and handling contact lenses are prohibited in work areas where there is a reasonable likelihood of occupational exposure. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  32. 32. PPE is specialized clothing or equipment that is worn by an employee for protection against infectious agents. <ul><li>Gloves </li></ul><ul><li>Eye protection </li></ul><ul><li>Masks </li></ul><ul><li>Face shields </li></ul><ul><li>Gowns </li></ul><ul><li>Aprons </li></ul>
  33. 33. Housekeeping
  34. 34. Housekeeping Issues <ul><li>Custodial Staff should be contacted for cleanup </li></ul><ul><li>All equipment, environmental surfaces and working surfaces shall be cleaned and decontaminated after contact with blood or other potentially infected fluids. </li></ul><ul><li>Contaminated broken glass should not be picked up by hand, and should be placed in a puncture proof container. </li></ul><ul><li>Garbage should not be handled with bare hands. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Hepatitis B Vaccination
  36. 36. . <ul><li>The Hepatitis B Vaccinations are available to occupationally exposed staff at no cost to the employee. The vaccination is a three shot series. If you choose to decline the vaccine you will be required to sign a declination form. You may request the vaccination at a later date if you initially decline </li></ul>
  37. 37. What do you do if you are Exposed?
  38. 38. If you are exposed: <ul><li>Wash or flush the affected area immediately </li></ul><ul><li>Report the incident immediately </li></ul><ul><li>You will be offered a confidential medical evaluation and follow-up. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Do you have any questions?

×