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A Survey On Written Press In Morocco

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A Survey On Written Press In Morocco

  1. 1. A Survey on Written Press in Morocco<br />By Zakaria RMIDI<br />
  2. 2. OUTLINE <br />Introduction:<br />National Press : Statistics & Key Figures<br />Specialty<br />Periodicity<br />Language <br />Regional Press<br />Electronic Press<br />Media Corporations:<br /><ul><li>International Press in Morocco: Credentialled Press</li></ul>Conclusion<br />2<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />The last report published by the ministry of communication on the status of written press and public audiovisual communication in Morocco shows that until December 31,2006 the number of publications was 398 titles, compared to 468 titles in 2005.<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />3<br />
  4. 4. National Press<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Statistics & Key Figures<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Outcome <br />The number of the titles appearing in Arabic increased by 7 %.<br />The number of the titles appearing in French decreased by 8%.<br />The Spanish-speaking “La Mañana” stopped being published.<br />in May 2007, a weekly English-speaking “The Casablanca Analyst” was launched and stopped in May 2008 after 5 issues.<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Outcome (2)<br />The number of the titles appearing in the Amazigh language increased by 9%.<br />“Tamazight” a weekly newspaper in the Amazigh language that was launched in 1991 in Rabat to defend the Amazigh culture.<br />“Alhawia” a weekly in the Amazigh language that is interested in the problems of teaching Amazigh in Morocco.<br />“Twiza” a monthly in the Amazigh language, French and Arabic published in the city of Ennadour to promote the Amazigh culture.<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />7<br />
  8. 8. National Press: Specialty (1)<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />8<br />
  9. 9. National Press: Specialty (2)<br />With the organs of the political parties, the newspapers of general information and the regional titles represent a considerable number in the press market.<br />However, in spite of the decrease in terms of the number of newspapers and magazines, new titles have come into the market specialized in various fields such as economy, advertising, <br /> culture, women, sport, art, Moroccans residents abroad, human rights… etc. <br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Periodicity (1)<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Periodicity in Terms of Language<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Outcome <br />Monthly publications are the most important in terms of number (192 titles), followed by weekly publications (90 titles).<br />Monthly and weekly publications represent more than two thirds of the entire Moroccan publications.<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Regional Press<br />Until December 31, 2006 regional press was represented by 67 titles, most of which edited by particulars or private media corporations.<br />Most of these publications are interested in local information at a regional level.<br />They lack qualified human resources.<br />They have problems at the level of printing and distribution. <br />Inadequate income from advertizing.<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Electronic Press (1)<br />The development of the Internet has brought a new dimension to the field of press. Many publications can now be accessed on their own web sites. However, in spite of this dynamism and the dramaticalincrease of internet users in Morocco, electronic press as a field which stands on its own didn’t know any significant progress and the number of regular electronic newspapers do not exceed 6 due to a number of considerations. <br />This kind of press is relatively new and it is still in its constitutive stage.<br />The absence of a law which organizes electronic press in Morocco<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />14<br />
  15. 15. Electronic Press (2)<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />15<br />
  16. 16. Media Corporations<br />Moroccan press is edited by several actors, of which private corporations represent more than 60%. Other editors are as follow: <br />Political parties; <br />Trade unions; <br />Companies; <br />Associations; <br />Individuals;<br />public institutions;<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Eco-Média<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />17<br /><ul><li> Eco-Média is a private media corporation that was founded in 1991. Two of its main publications are:
  18. 18. The daily Frensch-speaking “L’Economist”specialzed in economics and politics.
  19. 19. The daily Arabic-speaking “Assabah”that is considered the second newspaper in terms of readership. It covers general information (social, politic, sport…etc).
  20. 20. Eco-Média also own two monthly magazines “MajalatAssabah”and “L’Economiste Magazine”, in addition to “Radio Atlantic”and an institute of journalism and communication in Casablanca (ESJC)</li></li></ul><li>Success Publications<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />18<br />A Moroccan press corporation founded in 1995 specialized in economics. It edits 5 publications:<br />“Économie & Entreprises” : a monthly magazine specialized in economics.<br />“Essor” : considered as the first monthly magazine specialzed in management. It isdedicatedmainly to companies’ managers in Morocco.<br />“Art de vivre” : a monthly magazine specialzed in life styles and luxury.<br />“Les 500” : an annual magazine that ranks top 500 companies in Morocco.<br />“I Conférences” : an annual magazine specialzed in organizingconferences.<br />
  21. 21. PresseDirecte SA<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />19<br />PresseDirecteis the publisher of two weekly magazines:<br /><ul><li>“Telquel”: a weekly magazine in French.
  22. 22. “Nichane”: a weekly magazine in Arabic and Darija.
  23. 23. The two magazines are concidered to beprivateeditorial line, independent and oftencriticaltowards the government.
  24. 24. As a publishingcompany, Press Direct isunder the contol of another corporation calledFree Media. </li></li></ul><li>AlmassaeMédiaGroupe<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />20<br /><ul><li>It was in 2006 When the dailyArabic-speaking“Almassae”wasfoundedfrom an initiative by TaoufikBouachrine, Samir Chawki and Rachid Niny.
  25. 25. In 2007 the groupe signed a partnershipwith“Monde Diplomatique”throughwhich an Arabic version of this magazine started to bepublished.
  26. 26. In 2008 “Almassae”launchedits French version “Le Soir”, whichisnowunder the ownership of «NextDayNews »
  27. 27. Now, the groupe has mainly one Arabicnewspaper“Almassae” in addition to two magazines “Nejma”and “MajalatAlmassae”.</li></li></ul><li>GroupeMarocSoir<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />21<br />GroupeMarocSoir is media publishing company based in Casablanca. The group chairman and owner is Othman Al Omeir, a former businessman from Saudi Arabia, and editor-in-chief of “AsharqAlawsat”.<br />It Owns Official and semi-official organs of the government, notabely the daily “Le Matin” and “Almaghribia”, in addition to a number of websites.<br />
  28. 28. GroupeCaractères<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />22<br />GroupeCaractères is a press company that was founded in 1996. It is a subsidiary company of AkwaGroupe. It edits 3 monthly magazines:<br /><ul><li>“Femme du Maroc”
  29. 29. “Nissae Mina Almaghrib”
  30. 30. “Maison du Maroc”
  31. 31. the weekly French-speaking “La Vie Eco”.</li></li></ul><li>Devocean<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />23<br />Devocean: a media corporation that was founded in 1999. It is specialzed in the field of Information technology and the development of softwares. It also support companies to develop their own websites. It edits 4 main publications which are distributed for free:<br /><ul><li>“Au Fait” : a daily French-speaking distributed for free in Tangier, casablanca, Fez, rabat, Salé and Marrakech.
  32. 32. “Madinati”: a Bimonthly magazine in French.
  33. 33. “Sport Hebdo”: a monthly magazine in French specialized in sport.
  34. 34. “Plurielles”:a monthly magazine in French dedicated to woman.</li></li></ul><li>Editions Lilas<br />A press corporation founded by Abdellatif Khizrane and Aziz Filali. The first magazine launched by this corporation was“Le Caducée”in Septembre 1995. It wasmonthly French-speakingdedicated to pharmacists. On September 28, 1996 the companylaunched“La Citadine”,a monthly magazine specialized in women, thenafter few days a new monthly magazine specialized in medical sciences and health was launched under the name of “Cahiers du Medecin”.<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />24<br />
  35. 35. L’ Entreprise Maghrebine de Media<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />25<br />An anonymouscompany made of twenty participants; eachhas no more than ten shares. It owns mainly one newspaper and magazine:<br /><ul><li>“Al-Ahdath Al-Maghribia” whose first issue was launched on October 22, 1998, to became at the top of Moroccan newspapers in terms of readership in 2000 and 2001.
  36. 36. “AkhbarAnnoujoum” a monthly magazine dedicated to Moroccan artists.</li></li></ul><li>Les Editions de La Gazette<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />26<br /><ul><li> Founded in 1997 by KamalLahlou, one of the big businessmens in the field of press and advertising and the President of the Moroccan Media federation (FMM).
  37. 37. Les Editions de la Gazette owns four magazines:
  38. 38. “La gazette du Maroc”: a weekly french-speaking magazine that covers general information from politics to sport.
  39. 39. “Challenge Hebdo”: a weekly Frensh-speaking magazine specialized in economy.
  40. 40. “Lalla Fatima”:a monthly magazine in Arabic dedicated to women.
  41. 41. “Version Homme”:a monthly magazine in French dedicated to man and specialized mainly in life style.
  42. 42. Les Editions de la Gazette also owns Radio Casa FM and other radio stations.</li></li></ul><li>Political Parties<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />27<br />
  43. 43. International Press in Morocco (1)<br />Until 2006 there were 134 credentialled journalist in Morocco, who represent 90 organs of press and communication:<br />14 news agencies.<br />9 agencies of photography.<br />27 TV channels.<br />9 radios.<br />37 newspapers.<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />28<br />
  44. 44. International Press in Morocco (2)<br />The geographical belonging of these press agencies is as follow:<br />3 Maghrebeans<br />3 from the Middle East<br />10 European<br />2 Asiatic <br />1 American<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />29<br />
  45. 45. International Press in Morocco (3)<br />Concerning International written press in Morocco, 13 credentialled newspapers and magazines are European and 24 titles are from the Middle East.<br />All these organs of press and communication use different languages of which Arabic is the first, followed by French, English, <br /> Russian, Chinese, Italian, German then Holland <br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />30<br />
  46. 46. Conclusion <br />Like other sectors in Morocco, the sector of press is under reforms in the light of the project called “Le Contrat-programme”. The project aims at promoting and modernizing press business in Morocco and many actors take part in it: The ministry of communication, the ministry of economy and finance, press unions and media corporations.<br />Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />31<br />
  47. 47. References <br />“Rapport annuel sur l’état de la presse écrite et la communication audiovisuelle publique 2006”<br />التقرير السنوي حول حرية الصحافة والإعلام في المغـرب 3 ماي 2008<br />http://www.mincom.gov.ma/MinCom/Fr/MenuGauche/s+orienter/<br /><ul><li>www.ojd.ma
  48. 48. www.snpm.ma
  49. 49. www.haca.ma
  50. 50. www.sapress.ma</li></ul>Zakaria RMIDI - MA.MAS 2009/10 - FLSH Ben M'sik<br />32<br />

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