Primary Colors • Red • Yellow • Blue : With these colors (+black & white) all other colors can be made • Can NOT be made by mixing other colors
Secondary Colors • Orange • Green • Violet :colors produced by mixing 2 primary colors in equal proportions
Tertiary Colors :created by mixing 1 Primary + 1 Secondary color 6 tertiary colors: 4. Red-orange 5. Yellow- orange 6. Yellow- green 7. Blue- green 8. Blue- violet 9. Red- violet
Warm Vs. Cool Colors Warm: made with red, yellow, and orange or some combination of these – Sunlight & warmth Cool: made with blue, green, and purple or some combination of these -Calm & Peaceful, but also cold & impersonal
Complementary Colors • Colors opposite on the color wheel; create strong contrast when placed next to each other • Main Sets: • 1. Yellow & Violet • 2. Blue & Orange • 3. Red & Green
Analogous Colors -colors next to each other on the color wheel *look pleasant together because they are closely related Examples: yellow, yellow- green, & green
Describe the color relationship of the following paintings:
Color Mixing•Peach=•Values of gray (pencil)•Shades•TintsGreen=Violet=Orange=
ELEMENTS of artColorLineShapeValueTextureVolume/ Form
Line :the path made by a moving object 5 main types: • 1.vertical • 2. Horizontal • 3. Diagonal • 4. Curved • 5. Zigzag
Shape • Two dimensional area which is defined by an edge or outline • Geometric & organic • Circle, square, triangle, parallelogram, hexagon, etc.
Value • Degree of darkness or lightness of a color • Chiaroscuro: method of arranging light and shadow to create the illusion of form (shading)
Volume or Form • An object with 3 dimensions- length, width, & depth. • Geometric or free- form • Ex.: cone, cube, cylinder, sphere
Texture • Tactile quality of the surface of an object or material • *Real or Actual- the way objects or surfaces feel or look like they feel; rough, smooth, shiny…
PRINCIPLES of art • Advanced Artwork; considered before, after, and during the art process • Why abstract art takes skill, too 4. Balance 5. Contrast 6. Proportion 7. Pattern 8. Rhythm 9. Emphasis 10. Unity 11. Variety
Balance • How artists create visual weight • Use line, shape, & color to create balance
Pattern • Artists create pattern by repeating a line, shape or color over and over again.
Rhythm • Artists create visual rhythm by repeating art elements and creating patterns. • Visual rhythm makes you think of the rhythms you hear in music or dance.
Emphasis • Artists use emphasis to make certain parts of their artwork stand out and grab your attention. The center of interest or focal point is the place the artist draws your eye to first.
Unity • Unity is the feeling that everything in the work of art works together and looks like it fits. • What did Gustave Cailebotte use to create unity in this painting?
Variety • Variety occurs when an artist creates something that looks different from the rest of the artwork. An artist may use variety to make you look at a certain part or make the artwork more interesting.
Proportion • Size, location, or amount of one thing in relation to another • Figure drawing proportions, etc.
Contrast • Excitement & interest in an artwork • Two things that are very different create a lot of contrast (complementary colors, for example)
Essay Question:-be able to describe a piece of art using theprinciples and elements of art.
Describe the following artwork byVincent van Gogh using the elements andprinciples of art.
Hints: Organize you ideas first byidentifying at least 3 elementsand at least 3 principles of art.Elements emphasized: Color, Form, ValuePrinciples emphasized: balance, proportion,variety
Essay Response: Van Gogh utilized many of the principles and elements of art in his Bedroomat Arles painting, including balance, proportion, variety, value, color, and form.The balance is asymmetrical with the large bed on the the far right side of thepainting. Proportion is exaggerated by the large bed and the extra small pieces offurniture in an abstract perspective scale. Variety in the piece is evident in bothcolor choices (red bedspread vs. green chair seats) and in the amount of details onthe wall in contrast to the floor. Value is present in the different shades & tints ofthe paint used (ex. different shades of light blue in the wall). Color is contrastedusing complementary color schemes as well as using cool colors on thebackground in order for the window and the bedspread (warm colors) to stand out.Form is present in the three dimensional aspect of the furniture in the room, givingthe painting a feeling that you could walk into the room at any moment.