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Color Theory: Pinconning High School


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: A review of Color Theory including the color wheel and color relationships

Published in: Art & Photos, Technology
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Color Theory: Pinconning High School

  1. 1. Color Theory PowerPoint Mrs. Moore Pinconning Area Schools :a brief description of the relationships between colors
  2. 2. Color Wheel                                                                
  3. 3. Primary Colors <ul><li>Red </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow </li></ul><ul><li>Blue </li></ul><ul><li>: With these colors (+black & white) all other colors can be made </li></ul><ul><li>Can NOT be made by mixing other colors </li></ul>
  4. 4. Secondary Colors <ul><li>Orange </li></ul><ul><li>Green </li></ul><ul><li>Violet </li></ul><ul><li>:colors produced by mixing 2 primary colors in equal proportions </li></ul>
  5. 5. Tertiary Colors <ul><li>:created by mixing </li></ul><ul><li>1 Primary + 1 Secondary color </li></ul><ul><li>6 tertiary colors: </li></ul><ul><li>Red-orange </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow- orange </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow- green </li></ul><ul><li>Blue- green </li></ul><ul><li>Blue- violet </li></ul><ul><li>Red- violet </li></ul>
  6. 6. Warm Vs. Cool Colors <ul><li>Warm: made with red, yellow, and orange or some combination of these </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunlight & warmth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cool: made with blue, green, and purple or some combination of these </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Calm & Peaceful, but also cold & impersonal </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Complementary Colors <ul><li>Colors opposite on the color wheel; create strong contrast when placed next to each other </li></ul><ul><li>Main Sets: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Yellow & Violet </li></ul><ul><li>2. Blue & Orange </li></ul><ul><li>3. Red & Green </li></ul>
  8. 8. Analogous Colors <ul><li>-colors next to each other on the color wheel </li></ul><ul><li>* look pleasant together because they are closely related </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: yellow, yellow- green, & green </li></ul>
  9. 9. Describe the color relationship of the following paintings:
  10. 13. Color Mixing <ul><li>Peach= </li></ul><ul><li>Values of gray (pencil) </li></ul><ul><li>Shades </li></ul><ul><li>Tints </li></ul><ul><li>Green= </li></ul><ul><li>Violet= </li></ul><ul><li>Orange= </li></ul>
  11. 14. ELEMENTS of art <ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><li>Line </li></ul><ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Volume/ Form </li></ul>
  12. 15. Line <ul><li>:the path made by a moving object </li></ul><ul><li>5 main types: </li></ul><ul><li>1.vertical </li></ul><ul><li>2. Horizontal </li></ul><ul><li>3. Diagonal </li></ul><ul><li>4. Curved </li></ul><ul><li>5. Zigzag </li></ul>
  13. 16. Shape <ul><li>Two dimensional area which is defined by an edge or outline </li></ul><ul><li>Geometric & organic </li></ul><ul><li>Circle, square, triangle, parallelogram, hexagon, etc. </li></ul>
  14. 17. Value <ul><li>Degree of darkness or lightness of a color </li></ul><ul><li>Chiaroscuro: method of arranging light and shadow to create the illusion of form (shading) </li></ul>
  15. 18. Volume or Form <ul><li>An object with 3 dimensions- length, width, & depth. </li></ul><ul><li>Geometric or free- form </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: cone, cube, cylinder, sphere </li></ul>
  16. 19. Texture <ul><li>Tactile quality of the surface of an object or material </li></ul><ul><li>*Real or Actual- the way objects or surfaces feel or look like they feel; rough, smooth, shiny… </li></ul>
  17. 20. PRINCIPLES of art <ul><li>Advanced Artwork; considered before, after, and during the art process </li></ul><ul><li>Why abstract art takes skill, too </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Variety </li></ul>
  18. 21. Balance <ul><li>How artists create visual weight </li></ul><ul><li>Use line, shape, & color to create balance </li></ul>
  19. 22. Pattern <ul><li>Artists create pattern by repeating a line , shape or color over and over again. </li></ul>
  20. 23. Rhythm <ul><li>Artists create visual rhythm by repeating art elements and creating patterns . </li></ul><ul><li>Visual rhythm makes you think of the rhythms you hear in music or dance. </li></ul>
  21. 24. Emphasis <ul><li>Artists use emphasis to make certain parts of their artwork stand out and grab your attention. The center of interest or focal point is the place the artist draws your eye to first. </li></ul>
  22. 25. Unity <ul><li>Unity is the feeling that everything in the work of art works together and looks like it fits. </li></ul><ul><li>What did Gustave Cailebotte use to create unity in this painting? </li></ul>
  23. 26. Variety <ul><li>Variety occurs when an artist creates something that looks different from the rest of the artwork. An artist may use variety to make you look at a certain part or make the artwork more interesting. </li></ul>
  24. 27. Proportion <ul><li>Size, location, or amount of one thing in relation to another </li></ul><ul><li>Figure drawing proportions, etc. </li></ul>                                
  25. 28. Contrast <ul><li>Excitement & interest in an artwork </li></ul><ul><li>Two things that are very different create a lot of contrast (complementary colors, for example) </li></ul>
  26. 29. Essay Question: - be able to describe a piece of art using the principles and elements of art.
  27. 30. Describe the following artwork by Vincent van Gogh using the elements and principles of art.
  28. 31. Hints: Organize you ideas first by identifying at least 3 elements and at least 3 principles of art. Elements emphasized: Color, Form, Value Principles emphasized: balance, proportion, variety
  29. 32. Essay Response: Van Gogh utilized many of the principles and elements of art in his Bedroom at Arles painting, including balance, proportion, variety, value, color, and form. The balance is asymmetrical with the large bed on the the far right side of the painting. Proportion is exaggerated by the large bed and the extra small pieces of furniture in an abstract perspective scale. Variety in the piece is evident in both color choices (red bedspread vs. green chair seats) and in the amount of details on the wall in contrast to the floor. Value is present in the different shades & tints of the paint used (ex. different shades of light blue in the wall). Color is contrasted using complementary color schemes as well as using cool colors on the background in order for the window and the bedspread (warm colors) to stand out. Form is present in the three dimensional aspect of the furniture in the room, giving the painting a feeling that you could walk into the room at any moment.
  30. 33. Frida Kahlo , self portrait With Monkey, 1938