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Stefan biodiversity slides ppt


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Stefan biodiversity slides ppt

  1. 1. The Indian White Tiger or White Tiger of Bengal -Biodiversity Project- Stefan Mazzadi Grade 6  Fessenden  1
  2. 2. Scientific Classification FACT BOX WHITE TIGER  Kingdom: Animalia  Phylum: Chordata  Class: Mammalia  Order: Carnivora  Family: Felidae AR! Dea dly T RO e eth  Genus: Panthera Can’ t Stro Cam oufla ng  Species: P. Tigris g e Claw s  Scientific Name: Ea ters Me at- Panthera Tigris Tigris Endan gered 2
  3. 3. Appearance Weighs from 140-300 kg 6.8-11 ft (2.4-3.3m) in length White with black or dark brown stripes Blue eyes rather than green or yellow The white tiger can run up to 96 kph Because of the color, they can’t camouflage in the jungle : iger r Wh ite T f Tige cies o iveS ubspe defect with a gene that rece ssive lack o f ce its or produ ge col oran 3
  4. 4. HabitatLived in tropical forests, mangrove swamps and moist jungles that generally support dense vegetation and have a good source of fresh water.Once found throughout much of India and Bangladesh (Asia)White Tigers could once be found inthe wild, now they live mostly in zoos. 4
  5. 5. Life CycleFemale tigers reach maturity at 3 years old and male reach maturity at 4 years oldThe gestation period is approximately 103 daysMale tigers do not stay with female tiger after mating neither does it help raise the cubsThe average litter size is 2 or 3 cubs (the largest is 5)Female keep their cubs for 2-3 years until they can fend for themselvesIn the wild they live for 10-15 years and in captivity they usually survive 16-20 years 5
  6. 6. What do White Tigers eat?In the wild, tigers would eat pig, cattle and deer.They can eat as much as 40 pounds of meat at one time! After such a big meal a tiger will not eat again for several days.White Tigers posses 30 large teeth ranging from 2.5 to 3 inches.Tigers do not hunt in social groups like lions. They are usually solitary animals. 6
  7. 7. PredatorsThe White Tiger has no predators since it is such a big and powerful animalBut they are severely affected by humans and have been for hundreds of yearsWild tigers are poached because their bones & whiskers are sold for big sums of money (they are used in traditional Chinese medicine)In population numbers, white tigers might have disappeared from the wild forever! 7
  8. 8. Contribution to the Diversityof LifeEverything humans do to them has an impact on the plants and every animal around itIf one animal in the food web becomes endangered it can effect the rest of the ecosystem, with some animals getting rarer and others going up in numberTigers need large territories, so reduced habitats means that fewer tigers can survive in the wildBy saving one tiger, around 25,000 acres of forest can be preserved and you are also saving hundreds of other speciesplants sun 8
  9. 9. Human Impact on Natural Environment Humans destroy their habitats for roads, cities, farmsWith the habitat shrinking there is also a decline in the White Tiger’s prey so populations are becoming increasingly hard to sustainWhen humans move more into the forest, groupsof tigers are separated so tigers from one areacannot mate with the ones nearby It is estimated that every day in India one tiger iskilled 9
  10. 10. What can be done for thespecie’s survivalYou can stop cutting down the forests (their homes)Stop the trading of their fur, claws, teeth, and eyesHelp breed them to get the population upStop polluting so they don’t get poisonedThe government is making nature reserves and national parks to save themPoachers make good game-keepers who protect wild animals, many poachers have been offered jobs in national parks as to breaking the lawEx-poachers are skilled at tracking rare animals so they know were hunters are likely to strike 10
  11. 11. Interesting Facts The life span of tigers in the wild is about 10 years. Tigers in zoos live twice as long. No one knows exactly why tigers are striped, but scientists think that the stripes act as camouflage, and help tigers hide from their prey. Tiger stripes are like human fingerprints; no two tigers have the same pattern of stripes. Like domestic cats, tiger claws are retractable. Tiger scratches on trees serve as territorial markers. Tiger cubs are born blind and weigh only about 2 to 3 pounds (1 kg). They live on milk for 6-8 weeks before the female begins taking them to kill to feed. Tigers have fully developed canines by 16 months of age, but they do not begin making their own kills until about 18 months of age. 11
  12. 12. Interesting Facts They are found in a variety of habitats including tropical forests, mangrove swamps and moist jungles. None have been seen in the wild for 50 years! Conflicts often arise between tigers and elephants even though elephants do not serve as a gentle prey for white tigers. Despite the beauty of the White Tiger’s fur, it does in fact give these individuals a disadvantage as they are not so easily camouflaged into the surrounding jungle. The White Tiger is a large and powerful animal that can weigh up to 300kg and reaches more than 3 meters in length. 12
  13. 13. References Websites (Sept.20-Oct.14 2012): Indian Tiger. bengal-tiger.html A-Z animals. Tiger Homes. National Geographic. gal-tiger/?source=A-to-Z World Wild Life. Books: Endangered Animals. DK Eyewitness Books. 2010. Encyclopedia of Animals. Dorling Kindersley Book. 2006. 13
  14. 14. Thank you!