Hi everybody. The endangered animal that I am going to talk about today is the White Tiger, also known as the Indian White Tiger or the White Tiger of Bengal. I am going to tell you about its diet, its predators and what should be done to help this specie to survive.
The Indian White Tiger is a Mammal and a Carnivore that belongs to the Felidae family, to which all cats, either little or big, belong. The Scientific Name is Panthera Tigris Tigris.
Do you know what color The White Tiger is? Yes, you are right, its white with black with brown or black stripes!!! This is the result of a defective gene that the parents pass on onto them, and produce the lack of orange skin and also the atypical blue eyes of the White Tiger. They are big cats that weigh as much as 300kg and can reach 3 meter in lenght.
Nobody has seen a White Tiger in the wild in the last 50 years!! They used to live in tropical forests, swamps and moist jungles of India and Bangladesh, in Asia, but now they live mostly in zoos.
The Tigers are mammals, so the babies are not born from eggs!! The pregnancy lasts around 100 days and the female tiger normally has two or three cubs. The cubs live with the mom for 2 to 3 years until they can fend for themselves. The male does not help raising the cubs. The White Tiger can live 10 to 15 years in the wild, and even 20 years in captivity.
In the wild tigers eat pigs, cattle and deers, but as they live mostly in zoos they are fed chicken, horsemeat and kangaroo meat. They can eat 40 pounds of meat at one time!! But after such a big feast they wont eat again for several days. One curious thing is that tigers don’t hunt in social groups like lions.
Tigers are at the top of the food chain. Their only predators are....yes, HUMANS!! But humans have been poaching them for hundreds of years because of their beautiful fur, bones and whiskers are in high demand for Chinese medicines. They are sold for big sums of money in the black market although it is illegal to poach Tigers. The Tigers have also lost a significant portion of their historical range due to deforestation, human settlements and agriculture, and with that they also lose their preys.
Every specie contributes to the diversity of life as part of the food chain. If one specie gets exctinct or endanger, other species will increase in population. For example: if the tiger dissapears, the deer population will rise and all the grass will be eaten by the increasing herbibores. Without grass, the herbivores will get rarer and hungrier, and the ecosystem is not balanced anymore. By saving one tiger you are also saving many other species and woodlands.
Humans have destroyed the Indian Tiger’s environment during hundreds of years to build new settlements or cutting forests to grow their crops. When their habitat shrinks there is also a decline in the prey population, so the Tiger cant find the food they need. But also when humans invade their territory the tigers are separated and cant mate with the tigers nearby. Did you know that one tiger is killed every day in India!!
If you really want to help them survive and not get extinct 1 you have to stop cutting down the trees 2 stop trading their fur, claws, teeth and eyes. Something really cool that the government is doing is that they are getting x-poachers and they are very skilled at tracking rare animals so they know were hunters are likely to strike.
Did you know that the stripes of a tiger are like tiger finger prints every single stripe is different.
The white tigers might be extinct from the wild forever and there are only
Stefan biodiversity slides ppt
The Indian White Tiger or White Tiger of Bengal -Biodiversity Project- Stefan Mazzadi Grade 6 Fessenden 1
Scientific Classification FACT BOX WHITE TIGER Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae AR! Dea dly T RO e eth Genus: Panthera Can’ t Stro Cam oufla ng Species: P. Tigris g e Claw s Scientific Name: Ea ters Me at- Panthera Tigris Tigris Endan gered 2
Appearance Weighs from 140-300 kg 6.8-11 ft (2.4-3.3m) in length White with black or dark brown stripes Blue eyes rather than green or yellow The white tiger can run up to 96 kph Because of the color, they can’t camouflage in the jungle : iger r Wh ite T f Tige cies o iveS ubspe defect with a gene that rece ssive lack o f ce its or produ ge col oran 3
HabitatLived in tropical forests, mangrove swamps and moist jungles that generally support dense vegetation and have a good source of fresh water.Once found throughout much of India and Bangladesh (Asia)White Tigers could once be found inthe wild, now they live mostly in zoos. 4
Life CycleFemale tigers reach maturity at 3 years old and male reach maturity at 4 years oldThe gestation period is approximately 103 daysMale tigers do not stay with female tiger after mating neither does it help raise the cubsThe average litter size is 2 or 3 cubs (the largest is 5)Female keep their cubs for 2-3 years until they can fend for themselvesIn the wild they live for 10-15 years and in captivity they usually survive 16-20 years 5
What do White Tigers eat?In the wild, tigers would eat pig, cattle and deer.They can eat as much as 40 pounds of meat at one time! After such a big meal a tiger will not eat again for several days.White Tigers posses 30 large teeth ranging from 2.5 to 3 inches.Tigers do not hunt in social groups like lions. They are usually solitary animals. 6
PredatorsThe White Tiger has no predators since it is such a big and powerful animalBut they are severely affected by humans and have been for hundreds of yearsWild tigers are poached because their bones & whiskers are sold for big sums of money (they are used in traditional Chinese medicine)In population numbers, white tigers might have disappeared from the wild forever! 7
Contribution to the Diversityof LifeEverything humans do to them has an impact on the plants and every animal around itIf one animal in the food web becomes endangered it can effect the rest of the ecosystem, with some animals getting rarer and others going up in numberTigers need large territories, so reduced habitats means that fewer tigers can survive in the wildBy saving one tiger, around 25,000 acres of forest can be preserved and you are also saving hundreds of other speciesplants sun 8
Human Impact on Natural Environment Humans destroy their habitats for roads, cities, farmsWith the habitat shrinking there is also a decline in the White Tiger’s prey so populations are becoming increasingly hard to sustainWhen humans move more into the forest, groupsof tigers are separated so tigers from one areacannot mate with the ones nearby It is estimated that every day in India one tiger iskilled 9
What can be done for thespecie’s survivalYou can stop cutting down the forests (their homes)Stop the trading of their fur, claws, teeth, and eyesHelp breed them to get the population upStop polluting so they don’t get poisonedThe government is making nature reserves and national parks to save themPoachers make good game-keepers who protect wild animals, many poachers have been offered jobs in national parks as to breaking the lawEx-poachers are skilled at tracking rare animals so they know were hunters are likely to strike 10
Interesting Facts The life span of tigers in the wild is about 10 years. Tigers in zoos live twice as long. No one knows exactly why tigers are striped, but scientists think that the stripes act as camouflage, and help tigers hide from their prey. Tiger stripes are like human fingerprints; no two tigers have the same pattern of stripes. Like domestic cats, tiger claws are retractable. Tiger scratches on trees serve as territorial markers. Tiger cubs are born blind and weigh only about 2 to 3 pounds (1 kg). They live on milk for 6-8 weeks before the female begins taking them to kill to feed. Tigers have fully developed canines by 16 months of age, but they do not begin making their own kills until about 18 months of age. 11
Interesting Facts They are found in a variety of habitats including tropical forests, mangrove swamps and moist jungles. None have been seen in the wild for 50 years! Conflicts often arise between tigers and elephants even though elephants do not serve as a gentle prey for white tigers. Despite the beauty of the White Tiger’s fur, it does in fact give these individuals a disadvantage as they are not so easily camouflaged into the surrounding jungle. The White Tiger is a large and powerful animal that can weigh up to 300kg and reaches more than 3 meters in length. 12
References Websites (Sept.20-Oct.14 2012): Indian Tiger. http://www.indiantiger.org/white-tigers/white- bengal-tiger.html A-Z animals. http://a-z-animals.com/animals/white-tiger/ Tiger Homes. http://www.tigerhomes.org/cam/white_tiger.cfm National Geographic. http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/ben gal-tiger/?source=A-to-Z World Wild Life. http://worldwildlife.org/species/bengal-tiger Books: Endangered Animals. DK Eyewitness Books. 2010. Encyclopedia of Animals. Dorling Kindersley Book. 2006. 13