Brooke bowe the skeletal system slide show

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Brooke bowe the skeletal system slide show

  1. 1. The Skeletal System By: Brooke Bowe Grade 5 Fessenden School Skeletal System By: Brooke Bowe Grade 5 Fessenden School
  2. 2. The Major Organs <ul><li>Skull </li></ul><ul><li>Spine </li></ul><ul><li>Ribs </li></ul><ul><li>Femur </li></ul><ul><li>Cranium </li></ul><ul><li>Mandible </li></ul><ul><li>Clavicle </li></ul><ul><li>Humorous </li></ul><ul><li>Lumbar </li></ul><ul><li>Vertebrae </li></ul><ul><li>Ulna </li></ul><ul><li>Radius </li></ul><ul><li>Pubis </li></ul><ul><li>Carpals </li></ul><ul><li>Metacarpals </li></ul><ul><li>Isocheim </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Skull <ul><li>The function is to attach the brain and other head organs to the rest of the body by connecting to the spinal cord </li></ul><ul><li>Supports and protects </li></ul><ul><li>Protects from knocks and bangs </li></ul><ul><li>The structure is sutures allow for a tiny bit of movement in the skull </li></ul><ul><li>Very bony framework of the head </li></ul><ul><li>Arranged in to two parts, the cranium </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to stand upright </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Spine <ul><li>The function is to provide protection to the spinal cord and associated cord </li></ul><ul><li>To allow for movement </li></ul><ul><li>Support body frame in upright position </li></ul><ul><li>Allow for flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Structural base for rib attachments that protects heart and lungs </li></ul><ul><li>The structure is very bony </li></ul><ul><li>Is made up into 24 vertebrae </li></ul><ul><li>Divided into 3 sections </li></ul><ul><li>Cervical spine or neck is made out of 7 vertebrae </li></ul><ul><li>Thoracic spine made of 12 vertebrae </li></ul><ul><li>Lubber spine low back made of 5 vertebrae </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Ribs <ul><li>Function, rib cage protects your vital organs </li></ul><ul><li>Gives enough flexibility to your breathing by rid cage </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles between the ribs lift the rib cage upon inhalation and move down to squeeze air out during inhalation </li></ul><ul><li>Structure bony and cartilage </li></ul><ul><li>24 ribs in the human body </li></ul><ul><li>Made with skin and associated fascia and muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Long curved bones which form rib cage </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Femur <ul><li>Function for the femur is it provides support to the entire skeletal structure </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in the movement of our legs </li></ul><ul><li>Without femur we wouldn’t be able to walk </li></ul><ul><li>Femur is longest and strongest in the skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>Structure is rounded smooth head into a socket in the pelvis called acetabulum </li></ul><ul><li>Very long bone </li></ul><ul><li>Made out of a very hard bone </li></ul><ul><li>Cavity filled with bone marrow </li></ul><ul><li>Red bone marrow is a soft tissue that produces blood cells </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow marrow is a store for fat </li></ul><ul><li>Femur bone could be spongy or compact </li></ul>
  7. 7. Relationship With The Skeletal System <ul><li>The muscular and the skeletal system relate to each other </li></ul><ul><li>Skeletal system provides locations for muscle attachments </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles are connected to the bones </li></ul><ul><li>Without bones, muscles would fall down into a mass of mush </li></ul><ul><li>Without muscles, bones would not be able to make our bodies move </li></ul>
  8. 8. Healthy Effects <ul><li>To keep the bones in your body healthy you need to….. </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise(weight lifting, running, going to the gym) </li></ul><ul><li>Diet(fruits, veggies, meat, milk) </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins A,D,C </li></ul>
  9. 9. Harmful Effects <ul><li>Alcohol weakens bones and makes the bones not as strong as its suppose to be </li></ul><ul><li>Osteoporosis, scoliosis, arthritis and bone cancer effect your body </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking can cause immediate complications. It can causes lung cancer, other cancer, heart disease, and stroke typically. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Common Diseases <ul><li>Common diseases are…... </li></ul><ul><li>Arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>Bone cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Leukemia </li></ul><ul><li>Osteomalaia </li></ul><ul><li>Osteoporosis </li></ul><ul><li>Spina bifida </li></ul><ul><li>Spinal curvatures </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>DID TOU KNOW….. </li></ul><ul><li>The smallest bone in our body is the size of a rice grain </li></ul><ul><li>We have 206 bones, 52 are made in our feet </li></ul><ul><li>Humans and a giraffe have the same amount of bones </li></ul><ul><li>Over half of our bones are in our hands and feet </li></ul><ul><li>Our bones get lighter as we age </li></ul><ul><li>Your bones are stronger than steel </li></ul><ul><li>When your born we have over 300 bones , when you get older , bones go together and so when you’re a adult you have 206 bones </li></ul>Interesting facts
  12. 12. References <ul><li>www.wikipeda.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.answer.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.ehowhealth.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.spineuniverse.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.yahoo.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.reference.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.education.yahoo.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.bbc.co.uk/science/femur.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>www.livestrong.com </li></ul><ul><li>Yucky.discovery.com </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Thank You For Watching </li></ul>

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