Greenhouse effect


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The greenhouse effect is a process by which thermal radiation from a planetary surface is absorbed by atmospheric greenhouse gases, and is re-radiated in all directions.

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  • The greenhouse effect is a process by which thermal radiation from a planetary surface is absorbed by atmospheric greenhouse gases, and is re-radiated in all directions.
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Greenhouse effect

  1. 1. Gre Effect house en
  2. 2. Greenhouse Effect  The greenhouse effect is a process by which thermal  radiation from a planetary surface is absorbed by  atmospheric greenhouse gases, and is re-radiated in all  directions.   Since part of this re-radiation is back towards the surface and  the lower atmosphere, it results in an elevation of the average  surface temperature above what it would be in the absence of  the gases.  Solar radiation at the frequencies of visible light largely  passes through the atmosphere to warm the planetary surface,  which then emits this energy at the lower frequencies  of infrared thermal radiation. 
  3. 3. Contd….  Infrared radiation is absorbed by greenhouse gases, which in turn  re-radiate much of the energy to the surface and lower atmosphere  If an ideal thermally conductive blackbody was the same distance  from the Sun as the Earth is, it would have a temperature of about  5.3 °C. However, since the Earth reflects about 30% of the  incoming sunlight, this idealized planet's effective  temperature (the temperature of a blackbody that would emit the  same amount of radiation) would be about −18 °C.   The surface temperature of this hypothetical planet is 33 °C below  Earth's actual surface temperature of approximately 14 °C .  The mechanism that produces this difference between the actual  surface temperature and the effective temperature is due to the  atmosphere and is known as the greenhouse effect
  4. 4. Greenhouse Gases  Greenhouse gases—including most diatomic gases with two different atoms (such as carbon monoxide, CO) and all gases with three or more atoms—are able to absorb and emit infrared radiation.  Though more than 99% of the dry atmosphere is IR transparent (because the main constituents—N2, O2, and Ar —are not able to directly absorb or emit infrared radiation), intermolecular collisions cause the energy absorbed and emitted by the greenhouse gases to be shared with the other, non-IR-active, gases.
  5. 5. Contd…. By their percentage contribution to the greenhouse effect on Earth the four major gases are: Water vapor, 36–70% Carbon dioxide, 9–26% Methane, 4–9% Ozone, 3–7% The major non-gas contributor to the Earth's greenhouse effect, clouds, also absorb and emit infrared radiation and thus have an effect on radiative properties of the atmosphere.
  6. 6. Man-Made greenhouse effect  The man-made (or anthropogenic) component of the greenhouse effect is caused by man’s activities that emit greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.  The most important of these is the burning of fossil fuels. Fossil fuels contain carbon, and when they are burnt this carbon combines with oxygen in the atmosphere to form carbon dioxide.  Changes in land use are also important sources of greenhouse gas emissions. For example deforestation results in the emission of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere that was previously stored on the Earth’s surface in the form of trees and other vegetation, or locked up in soils.  We emit carbon dioxide to the atmosphere in enormous quantities because we burn so much fossil fuel and the changes in land use that we have implement are so widespread.
  7. 7. Some Reasons for the Effect
  8. 8. Some simple ways to beat the Effect 1.Car pool or find another way to travel in order to preserve the earth's natural resources. 2.Reuse house hold items. That way our land fills don't fill so quickly. 3.Compost your left over fruit and vegetable parts. It can give you rich soil and also reduces the amount that goes into the landfills. 4.Don't sit around the house wasting electricity when you can be outdoors and playing in the sun.
  9. 9. Contd…. 5. Recycle your paper, beverage containers, milk jugs, and tin cans so that they can be used to make new material and so that we don't waste natural resources. 6. Plant Trees: If you have the means to plant a tree, start digging. Trees absorb carbon dioxide and give off oxygen. A single tree will absorb approximately one ton of carbon dioxide during its lifetime. 7. Buy Energy-Efficient Products: Home appliances now come in a range of energy-efficient models, and compact florescent bulbs are designed to provide more natural-looking light while using far less energy than standard light bulbs. 8. Replace Your Light Bulbs with compact florescent light (CFL) bulbs.