Human Environment Interaction

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Human Environment Interaction

  1. 1. Unit 3 – Human Activity Shapes Earth’s Surface
  2. 2. Class Motto: Knowledge is Power!
  3. 3. • Two types of Geography: - Physical & Human (vocab.) Crater Lake, OR (deepest lake in the U.S.)
  4. 4. • Physical Environment (vocab.) – the external, tangible surroundings.
  5. 5. • Adaption (vocab.) – the process by which living things become better suited to it’s habitat (physical environment). - It is all about survival!!! Global Warming Alaska The Middle East
  6. 6. • Local vs. Global - What is the difference?
  7. 7. • Local (vocab.) - refers to one’s immediate surroundings. GPJH
  8. 8. • Global (syn. International) (vocab.) - refers to the whole world; worldwide. What is the most infamous company/corporation in the world?
  9. 9. What a strange picture! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l2LBICPEK6w Which one is global and which one is local?
  10. 10. Can local businesses compete?
  11. 11. • Urban vs. Rural (vocab.)
  12. 12. • Suburban (vocab.)
  13. 13. Indiana Chicago, IL Tooele Co., UT (Skull Valley) ? Harlem, NY SF, CA ? Seattle, WA urban, suburban or rural?
  14. 14. • By what natural resource do most people live? - Do ecosystems/biomes play a role as well?
  15. 15. - Water What is the percentage of all people who live near water?
  16. 16. • 80% of all people (globally) live near water.
  17. 17. Hemispheres? Ecosystems?
  18. 18. • Why do people need to live near water sources? 1. Survival (subsistence) a. Consumption (drinking water)
  19. 19. b. Agriculture - farming
  20. 20. 2. Transportation a. rivers/canals b. seas & oceans Suez Canal, Egypt Mississippi River Venice, Italy San Francisco Bay, CA
  21. 21. • Every type of environment has advantages and disadvantages.
  22. 22. 1. Natural Resources Oil Coal Copper Wind Lumber Diamonds • Advantages
  23. 23. Example: water – the ocean, lakes, rivers, etc.
  24. 24. 2. Climate San Diego, CA “The Del,” Coronado Island, San Diego, CA
  25. 25. lettuce grapes olives Example: Central Valley, CA (agriculture)
  26. 26. (one of the best natural harbors in the world) 3. Landforms • Example: Elliott Bay – Seattle, WA
  27. 27. San Francisco Bay, CA Great for shipping/trade
  28. 28. Port of Oakland – San Francisco Bay
  29. 29. - Disadvantages 1. Few natural resources Example: little or no water Monument Valley, Utah
  30. 30. 2. Climate Example: Polar Regions (Antarctica) Antarctica is the coldest of all the continents. What type of ecosystem is this?
  31. 31. 3. Isolated location (China)Example:
  32. 32. - Is Salt Lake City, UT isolated?
  33. 33. To a certain extent . . . yes. The reason for this is because of the mountains. . . especially, back in the day before the railroad. SLC CA NV OR WA ID MT WY AZ CO NM UT Western United States Region
  34. 34. • 4. Natural Disasters – earthquake, tornado, flood, etc. (environment acting upon humans) Earthquake in China drought in Africa flood in USA hurricane in Gulf of Mexico
  35. 35. Mississippi River (2012) The river was at a very low level due to a very long period of dry weather. What is that type of weather phenomenon called?
  36. 36. Santiago, Chile (2010) Iran (2012)
  37. 37. Tsunami in Japan (2011)
  38. 38. tornado in Alabama (2011)
  39. 39. aftermath of tornados in Alabama (2011)
  40. 40. wildfires in Colorado Springs, CO (2012)
  41. 41. What states have the most natural disasters?
  42. 42. U.S. Most Natural Disasters: 1.Texas 2.California 3.Oklahoma Hurricane Ike – Texas (2008)
  43. 43. CA TX OK Most What states have the least?
  44. 44. U.S. Least Natural Disasters: 1.Rhode Island 2.Wyoming 3.Utah Grand Tetons - WY
  45. 45. UT WY RI Least
  46. 46. SLC - 1983 Despite the fact that Utah has had few natural disasters, there are a couple of note.
  47. 47. SLC - 1999
  48. 48. • Humans modify (change) their environment . . . how? surface mining, WY
  49. 49. 1. dams 2. oil rigs 3. smokestacks 4. cities 5. mining, etc. Seattle, WA Gulf of Mexico
  50. 50. Specific Examples - 1. A dam generates energy, however, it can, also, disrupt the whole ecosystem up and downstream. Hoover Dam – Arizona & Nevada Lake Mead
  51. 51. - Dams can, also, break and cause mass destruction. Teton Dam, Idaho (1976)
  52. 52. Rexburg, ID (1976)
  53. 53. 2. The oil leak in the Gulf of Mexico did serious environmental damage.
  54. 54. Yes, that is oil in somebody’s backyard after the gulf spill.
  55. 55. 3. A smokestack can pollute air miles away.
  56. 56. Los Angeles, CA
  57. 57. Weathering/erosion caused by Acid Rain Sulfur Dioxide and Nitrogen Dioxide
  58. 58. 4. Pollution in a river upstream will effect the ecosystem and usage downstream. ? ? Ganges Ganges Ganges River, India Ganges River, India Buriganga River, Bangladesh
  59. 59. Ganges River, India
  60. 60. Citarum River, Indonesia
  61. 61. Cuyahoga River, Cleveland, Ohio
  62. 62. U.S. Steel dumping pollution into the Cuyahoga River (1965)
  63. 63. The river, actually, caught on fire several times throughout the 20th century.
  64. 64. KIP
  65. 65. • To more effectively live, humans have set up economic systems and governments.
  66. 66. • Economic Systems (vocab.) – theories of: a. production (making) b. distribution (shipping, buying & selling) c. consumption (using) Starburst activity
  67. 67. Production, distribution or consumption?
  68. 68. 1. Capitalism (a.k.a.Free Market system) (vocab.) a. private ownership of property and/or businesses b. no gov’t regulation (rules) c. encourages competition d. class system. Adam Smith
  69. 69. This company
  70. 70. • Class System (vocab.) - Upper (elites) - Middle (bourgeoisie) - Lower/workers lower/working middle upper/elites
  71. 71. 2. Socialism (vocab.) – A theory advocating some gov’t control (regulation) of economic activity.
  72. 72. 3. Communism (vocab.) – “higher stage” of socialism a. Total gov’t ownership of property and businesses b. Pro-worker (proletariat) c. Classless system (everyone is equal) - What is the color of communism?
  73. 73. - The color of communism - red
  74. 74. Origin of Communism - Karl Marx (German philosopher) Published in 1848
  75. 75. • What type of economic system does the U.S. have?
  76. 76. • The U.S.A., technically, has a Mixed Economy (socialism) . . . capitalist (free market) economy with some government regulation .
  77. 77. • Where is the U.S. on the capitalist/communist continuum? What about Canada? 1 to 10 CommunismCapitalism Socialism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  78. 78. • Despite the technicalities, most people call our economic system . . . CAPITALISM!!!
  79. 79. • Does capitalism work?
  80. 80. Donald Trump – 2.9 billion #2 (richest in the world) Bill Gates – 61 billion #3 Warren Buffet – 44 billion For some . . . capitalism is great! Paris Hilton
  81. 81. Oprah Winfrey is worth 2.7 billion Who is the richest person in the world?
  82. 82. Carlos Slim (Mexico) - #1 richest person in the world @ 70 billion
  83. 83. Capitalism fosters greed
  84. 84. For others . . . not so much
  85. 85. Republicans republicans Capitalism vs. Communism and/or Socialism . . . you be the judge. Again, what type of system does the U.S. have?
  86. 86. Occupy Wall Street movement (2011) which protested against greed, corruption, economic inequality, etc.
  87. 87. • Capitalists use propaganda to demonize communism and socialism. “Communism” and “Socialism” are considered dirty words to many people in the United States.
  88. 88. juxtaposition
  89. 89. • Political Systems – a system of government; a form of rule over people. - What are some different forms of government?
  90. 90. 1. Democracy (vocab.) – Government by the people. Two types: a. Direct Democracy 1. Everyone participates and has a say in gov’t.
  91. 91. b. Republic (vocab.) – Gov’t system in which the people elect leaders to represent them. a.k.a. representative democracy. Example: USA
  92. 92. • Difference between (direct) democracy and republic. Students will draw (Direct)
  93. 93. 2. Autocracy – government in which one person has unlimited power over others. - Two types: a. Totalitarian dictatorship Pol Pot - Cambodia Augusto Pinochet - Chile Bashar al-Assad - Syria Saddam Hussein - Iraq All are infamous and, generally, narcissistic.
  94. 94. Muammar Gaddafi - Libya Idi Amin - Uganda Rafael Trujillo – Dominican Republic The state/country is in control of everything
  95. 95. Also comes with a ridiculous fashion sense.
  96. 96. • Regime (vocab.) – authoritarian/dictatorship and/or corrupt government
  97. 97. b. Monarchy (vocab.) – Government rule by king or queen. Two types:
  98. 98. 1. Absolute Monarchy – all powerful Ex. Saudi Arabia King Abdullah
  99. 99. 2. Constitutional or Limited Monarchy – l little or no power “I just came out to say, POWER TO THE PEOPLE.”
  100. 100. • Is Queen Elizabeth II, of the United Kingdom, an absolute monarch?
  101. 101. • NO!!! She is a constitutional or limited monarch.
  102. 102. 3. Oligarchy – Government rule by a group of people.
  103. 103. Example: Communist State (country) – single-party (communist) rule which professes allegiance to Marxist-Leninist communist ideology; led by a dictator; indoctrination. North Korea Karl Marx Vladimir Lenin Communism is thought of as both an economic system and a gov’t system.
  104. 104. - Current Communist States (countries) – Cuba, China, Laos, Vietnam & North Korea Western Hemisphere Eastern Hemisphere
  105. 105. 4. Theocracy (vocab.) – gov’t rule by a religion. Ex. – Iran (Islam) Ayatollah (Supreme Leader) in Iran President Based on Sharia Law
  106. 106. Iranian fashion police
  107. 107. Showing hair is a form protest. Women’s rights protest in Tehran, Iran. The theocratic gov’t took it very seriously.
  108. 108. “Women should have the same rights as men.” Farsi/Persian
  109. 109. 5. Fascism (vocab.) – led by a dictator; emphasizes ancestry, culture and blood; emphasis of nation (nationalism) over the individual; indoctrination; forcibly suppresses any opposition. Examples: Germany, Italy & Spain in the 1930’s & ’40s Francisco Franco (Spain)Hitler and Mussolini (Italy) As mentioned before, dictators are, generally, infamous and very narcissistic.
  110. 110. 6. Plutocracy – the rule or control of a society by the wealthy.
  111. 111. 7. Anarchy (vocab.) – no government Nester Makhno (1918) – leader of the Anarchist Free Territory in Ukraine during the Russian Civil War. Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (French) – father of modern Anarchism Mikhail Bakunin (Russian)
  112. 112. What would life be like without gov’t? Think about it.
  113. 113. You would have to deal with people like this.
  114. 114. • What is the role of government?
  115. 115. - To serve and protect (we hope)
  116. 116. • We are all linked (connected) together . . . how?
  117. 117. 1. Transportation a. Waterways b. Roads c. Air d. rail
  118. 118. 2. Economics
  119. 119. • - Currency (paper money) 1. Example: euro
  120. 120. - Distribution . . . Trade
  121. 121. • What percent (%) of trade travels by water?
  122. 122. - 90% - Top five trading partners (countries/states) with the U.S.? Long Beach, CA port
  123. 123. 1. Canada 2. China 3. Mexico 4. Japan 5. Germany - Examples of major trade networks.
  124. 124. Major trade networks - Oil
  125. 125. • Tariff (vocab.) – a tax on imports & exports . . . why tariffs?
  126. 126. • Tariffs protect locally made products.
  127. 127. 3. Communication a. Language 1. Internet 2. Telephones 3. Mail 4. T.V./Radio
  128. 128. Hemisphere & “World”?????
  129. 129. KIP
  130. 130. 4. Migration (vocab.) – movement from one place to another. World migration since 1700 Hemispheres?

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