CH 8, Key 1 Location of States
Introduction <ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A state is an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an ...
 
I Problems in Defining States <ul><li>Korea, one state or two </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formerly a colony of Japan </li></ul><...
Problems continued <ul><li>Western Sahara </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most African countries consider Western Sahara to be a sov...
II Development of the  State Concept <ul><li>Ancient and Medieval States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States are a new idea.  Bef...
 
<ul><li>Colonies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A colony is a territory that is tied to a sovereign state rather than being indepen...
 
<ul><ul><li>Colonial practices varied between the European States.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>France tried to assimil...
<ul><li>Remaining Colonies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are only a few remaining colonies and most are Islands in the Pacif...
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Ch 8 key 1

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Ch 8 key 1

  1. 1. CH 8, Key 1 Location of States
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A state is an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A state has sovereignty which means it has independent control of its affairs from other states. It is also recognized by other states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are 191 independent states that are members of the United Nations </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. I Problems in Defining States <ul><li>Korea, one state or two </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formerly a colony of Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided after WWII and both sides had separate governments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North invaded south in 1950 and cease-fire divided nation along the 38 th parallel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Admitted to the U.N. in 1992 as separate countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>China and Taiwan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationalist fled to the island of Taiwan when Communist took over China in the 1940s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both sides considered themselves the real China. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States supported Taiwan until 1971 and the Peoples Republic of China was admitted into the U.N. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taiwan is still recognized as a sovereign state, but it is not part of the UN </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Problems continued <ul><li>Western Sahara </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most African countries consider Western Sahara to be a sovereign state, but Morocco claims it and built a wall around it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain withdrew in 1976 and Morocco gained control. The opposition known as the Polisario Front controls the portion outside the wall. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.N has tried to hold a referendum to let people decide but it keeps getting delayed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With this the cities of Ceuta and Melilla in Northern Morocco have some autonomy but favor remaining part of spain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State Sizes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Size varies widely. Russia is the largest with 11% of the worlds land. Followed by China, Canada, USA, Brazil and Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the opposite end are Microstates, or very small countries. The Smallest in the U.N is Monaco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many microstates are islands or old sovereign states in Europe </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. II Development of the State Concept <ul><li>Ancient and Medieval States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States are a new idea. Before 1800 the earth was divided in ways such as city-states, empires, and tribes. Most of it was unorganized. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Fertile Crescent formed an arc between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The first states evolve in Mesopotamia and were City States where a city was sovereign and ruled the surrounding countryside. Sometimes the conquering of several city-states would form an empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt to the west emerged as a separate empire. They built an empire along the Nile River that lasted almost 3000 years. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Colonies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A colony is a territory that is tied to a sovereign state rather than being independent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonialism is the effort by one country to establish settlements and impose its political, economical, and cultural principles on other territories. Europeans established colonies for three reasons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Missionaries spreading the word </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources for the economy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create image of power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonialism Begins in the 1400s when Europeans sail west to find new route to Asia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Africa it was termed imperialism because they took control of areas already occupied by indigenous peoples. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United Kingdom becomes the largest empire where the “Sun never set” followed by the French. Portugal, Spain, Germany, Italy, Denmark, The Netherlands, and Belgium all controled colonies </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><ul><li>Colonial practices varied between the European States. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>France tried to assimilate its colonies and spread their culture and many remained loyal to France after independence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The British created different governments in each area which helped protect the local cultures better and lead to generally peaceful independent movements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most African and Asian colonies became independent after WWII and now have 109 members of the U.N. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Remaining Colonies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are only a few remaining colonies and most are Islands in the Pacific and Caribbean Sea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Puerto Rico is the most populous which is a commonwealth of the USA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to map on pages 246 for others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smallest population is Pitcairn islands which was settled by mutineers from the British ship the Bounty. It has only 54 people. </li></ul></ul>

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