Africa’s Landforms


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Africa’s Landforms

  1. 1. Africa’s Landforms
  2. 2. Major Mountain Ranges <ul><li>Drakensberg </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopian Highlands </li></ul><ul><li>Ruwenzori </li></ul>
  3. 3. Drakensberg <ul><li>Located in the eastern part of South Africa; forms northeastern border of Lesotho with South Africa. Worksheet: Mountains in South Africa and Lesotho. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Drakensberg Mountains <ul><li>Afrikaans for “Dragons Mountain” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Drakensberg <ul><li>Offers challenging mountaineering; some of its minor peaks have never been summitted. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Drakensberg <ul><li>This is a famous rock formation called “The Amphitheatre” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ruwenzori Mountains <ul><li>Divide Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ruwenzori <ul><li>“ Mountains in the Mist” </li></ul><ul><li>Its snow-covered peaks are only visible a few days a year because the massive amounts of rainfall make it mist-and-cloud covered most of the time </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ruwenzori <ul><li>Also spelled Rwenzori </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ruwenzori <ul><li>Famous for vegetation—ranging from rain forests to alpine meadows to snow </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ethiopian Highlands
  12. 12. Ethiopian Highlands <ul><li>Located in Eritrea and Somalia, as well as Ethiopia </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ethiopian Highlands <ul><li>Formed as magma uplifted ancient rocks </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ethiopian Highlands <ul><li>Divided by the “Great Rift Valley” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Major Deserts <ul><li>Sahara </li></ul><ul><li>Namib </li></ul><ul><li>Kalahari </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sahara Desert
  17. 17. Sahara Desert <ul><li>Located in Northern Africa </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sahara Desert <ul><li>Largest hot Desert in the World </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sahara Desert <ul><li>Its name is an English rendition of the Arabic word for “desert” </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sahara Desert <ul><li>It divides the continent of Africa into North and Sub-Saharan Africa </li></ul>
  21. 21. Namib Desert
  22. 22. Namib Desert <ul><li>Located along the Atlantic coast of Namibia </li></ul>
  23. 23. Namib Desert <ul><li>Oldest Desert in the World (over 80 million years) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Namib Desert <ul><li>Largely unpopulated and inaccessible </li></ul>
  25. 25. Namib Desert <ul><li>It is almost completely barren </li></ul>
  26. 26. Kalahari Desert
  27. 27. Kalahari Desert <ul><li>Located in eastern Namibia, Botswana, and part of South Africa. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Kalahari Desert <ul><li>Meerkats live here </li></ul>
  29. 29. Kalahari Desert <ul><li>Bushmen live here! </li></ul>
  30. 30. Kalahari Desert
  31. 31. Major Rivers <ul><li>Niger </li></ul><ul><li>Zambezi </li></ul><ul><li>Nile </li></ul><ul><li>congo </li></ul>
  32. 32. Niger River
  33. 33. Niger River <ul><li>Main artery in western Africa that originates in Guinea. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Niger River <ul><li>Third longest river in Africa—2500 miles long </li></ul>
  35. 35. Zambezi River
  36. 36. Zambezi River <ul><li>Located in south-central Africa and meets the ocean in a delta. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Zambezi River <ul><li>Fourth longest river in Africa </li></ul>
  38. 38. Zambezi River <ul><li>Just below Victoria Falls—Zambia is on the left, Zimbabwe is on the right. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Zambezi River <ul><li>Evening Chat.  </li></ul>
  40. 40. Nile River
  41. 41. Nile River <ul><li>The Nile and its tributaries flow though nine countries. The White Nile flows though Uganda, Sudan, and Egypt. The Blue Nile starts in Ethiopia. Zaire, Kenya, Tanzanian, Rwanda, and Burundi all have tributaries, which flow into the Nile or into lake Victoria. It flows south to north—probably opposite than what you thought. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Nile River <ul><li>Its name comes from the Greek word “Nelios” meaning River Valley </li></ul>
  43. 43. Nile River <ul><li>It is the world’s longest river (4,187 miles) </li></ul>
  44. 44. Nile River
  45. 45. Congo River
  46. 46. Congo River <ul><li>Begins on the border of DR Congo & Zambia, swings up almost to Central African Republic and then down the border of DR Congo and Republic of Congo and out to the Atlantic Ocean. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Congo River <ul><li>Second longest river in Africa (2,720 miles) </li></ul>
  48. 48. Congo River <ul><li>It flows through the second largest rain forest in the world </li></ul>
  49. 49. Congo River <ul><li>Congo Republic and DR Congo take their names from this river </li></ul>
  50. 50. Valleys, Plains, Capes, Steppes <ul><li>Great Rift Valley </li></ul><ul><li>Serengeti Plain </li></ul><ul><li>Cape of Good Hope </li></ul><ul><li>Sahel </li></ul>
  51. 51. Great Rift Valley <ul><li>Natural wonder in the southeastern </li></ul><ul><li>part of Africa </li></ul>
  52. 52. Great Rift Valley Runs from Syria (in the Middle East) to Mozambique (in Africa)
  53. 53. Serengeti Plain One of the world’s largest savanna plains
  54. 54. Serengeti Plain
  55. 55. Cape of Good Hope The southern tip of Africa <ul><li>Discovered by Vasco de Gama. Western European explorers had been searching for the tip of Africa. De Gama was blown around the cape during a storm and was so excited about finally finding the end of Africa, knowing it would open Europe for trade with Asia, that he named it the “Cape of Good Hope.” </li></ul>
  56. 56. Cape of Good Hope
  57. 57. Sahal The northern steppe of Africa
  58. 58. Sahel
  59. 59. Lakes <ul><li>Lake Tanganyika </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Victoria </li></ul>
  60. 60. Lake Tanganyika One of the deepest and longest freshwater lakes in the world; located in East Africa
  61. 61. Lake Tanganyika
  62. 62. Lake Victoria Largest Lake in Africa
  63. 63. Lake Victoria
  64. 64. Biggest and Best <ul><li>Tallest Mountain </li></ul><ul><li>Largest Lake </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest Waterfall </li></ul><ul><li>Largest Desert </li></ul><ul><li>Oldest Desert </li></ul>
  65. 65. Tallest Mountain--Kilimanjaro <ul><li>World’s tallest free-standing mountain </li></ul><ul><li>15,000 feet </li></ul><ul><li>In NorthEast Tanzania </li></ul>
  66. 66. Biggest Lake—Lake Victoria <ul><li>Largest fresh water lake in the world (surface area) </li></ul><ul><li>7 th largest fresh water lake in world by volume </li></ul><ul><li>Has more than 3000 islands </li></ul>
  67. 67. Lake Victoria <ul><li>Satellite View </li></ul>
  68. 68. Biggest Waterfall—Victoria Falls. One of the 7 wonders of the World <ul><li>Remarkable because of the narrow slot-like canyon which the water falls into—so the falls can be viewed face-on </li></ul><ul><li>Vastly larger than Niagara Falls—19 million cubic feet of water falling each minute vs. six million cubic feet of water at Niagara </li></ul><ul><li>Only rivaled by Iguazo Falls (So. America) </li></ul><ul><li>Single largest sheet of falling water in the world—328 feet tall, one mile wide </li></ul><ul><li>The falling water generates spray and mist that rise to a height of over 1300 feet </li></ul>
  69. 69. Victoria Falls
  70. 70. Victoria Falls
  71. 71. Victoria Falls
  72. 72. Victoria Falls Spray The Spray can be seen up to 30 miles away
  73. 73. Largest Desert <ul><li>??? You should know this one </li></ul><ul><li>Oldest Desert </li></ul><ul><li>You Should Know this one too. </li></ul>
  74. 74. The End (Finally) <ul><li>Sources: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>