Silk road study guide


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Silk road study guide

  1. 1. Silk Road Study Guide
  2. 2. The Southern Silk Road has alsobeen referred to as the _________.• Tea Road Jan. 20, 2010
  3. 3. During the ____________ Dynasty in China, which lasted from 618- 907 CE, the Silk Road experienced a Golden Age.• Tang Dynasty Accessed on Jan. 8, 2009
  4. 4. What did the caravansaries providethe travelers along the Silk Road?• Food, water, lodging, and opportunities to socialize and exchange ideas with other travelers.
  5. 5. At one point in history, China banned the export of ___________seeds.• Tea
  6. 6. Why was the Southern Silk Road so important during WWII?• It allowed the Allied Forces to create a supply line to China.
  7. 7. What did the nomadic peoples to the north of China trade for tea?• Superior breeds of horses
  8. 8. What did merchants have to do, in order to be allowed to trade along the Silk Road?• They had to pay taxes at various checkpoints.• They had to declare their trade items.• They had to register for travel along the road.
  9. 9. The Silk Road stretched from ___________in the East to ______________in the West. (cities)• Changan, China (Present-day Xi’an)• Antioch, Turkey
  10. 10. Identify the modern-day countries that are located along the Silk Road. Dec. 7, 2009
  11. 11. What type of terrain does the word steppe refer to?• Dry treeless grasslands which are often characterized by hot summers and cold winters.
  12. 12. _______________and ________________are now the top 2 tea producing nations in world.• Sri Lanka and India
  13. 13. During the Tang Dynasty, tea was brought from Yunnan Province in China to which modern country?• India
  14. 14. Which type of terrain, desert or steppe, wouldlikely be more difficult to travel across and why?
  15. 15. Identify two deserts, as well as two mountain ranges, that Silk Road travelers may have encountered.• Taklamakan Desert, Gobi Desert, Syrian Desert, Great Salt Desert, Kyzyl Kum,and Kara Kum• Tien Shan Mountains, Pamir Mountains, Hindu Kush Mountains, Zagros Mountains, and Kopet Mountains
  16. 16. It was often said that those who enter the______________of Western China, never make it out alive.• Taklamakan Desert Dec. 4, 2009
  17. 17. __________was referred to as the city of sands by SilkRoad travelers, because a of the seemingly endless sea of sand that lies directly west of the town.• Dunhuang
  18. 18. What is an oasis, role did they serve along the Silk Road?• A relatively small and fertile area surrounded by arid land.• These were areas where travelers could rest, recuperate, and possibly stock up on some badly needed supplies, especially water.
  19. 19. Name 4 present-day cities in Uzbekistan that were part of the Silk Road.• Tashkent, Bukhara, Samarkand, and Khiva
  20. 20. The earliest substantial interaction between the East and the West took place after _______________army took over the land that is now Central Asia leaving a legacy of Greek culture behind.
  21. 21. Identify some of the physical hazards that travelers along the Silk Road often encountered.
  22. 22. Identify and describe some of thereasons why the Silk Road came into being in the first place.
  23. 23. In general, which types of goods were most profitable?• Those that were high in value and weighed little
  24. 24. Identify and describe some of the reasons why the Silk Road began to decline.
  25. 25. Why might someone argue that trade patterns along the Silk Road look like a chain?• Usually merchants did not travel the entire length of the Silk Road.• They would just work one of many segments of the greater road.
  26. 26. What things to traders need to consider in order to make a profit?
  27. 27. What is a caravanserai and how could theycontribute to cultural exchange on the Silk Road?
  28. 28. Identify various items that traveled from West to East along the Silk Road.
  29. 29. Identify various items that traveled from East to West along the Silk Road.
  30. 30. How could regional governmentsbenefit financially from the travel along the Silk Road?• They benefited financially by collecting taxes from the merchants.
  31. 31. Why were Marco Polo’s writing significant?
  32. 32. Where was Marco Polo from, why did he go on his journey, and what where some Chinese inventions that he witnessed which were not yet used in his homeland?
  33. 33. Who was Xuan Zang and what was themajor contribution that he made, and how is his influence still felt today?
  34. 34. ______________the predominant religion practiced in Central Asia today moved into the region along the Silk Road beginning in the 7th century CE.• Islam
  35. 35. _____________was a powerful ruler who conquered landsranging from China to Eastern Europe and established the largest contiguous land-based empire in history, once again making travel safe and secure along the Silk Road.• Genghis Khan
  36. 36. Which major world religion made its way from India, where it is practiced very little today, to China where it is commonly practiced.
  37. 37. Identify hazards related to human geography?
  38. 38. Travelers referred to the ___________mountains as the OnionMountains because the thin air caused by the high altitude made the travelers feel lightheaded and uncomfortable. Thesemountains are some of the highest in the world and include Ismail Samani Peak, the highest in the former Soviet Union.
  39. 39. Which type of landscape would best describe Tashkent?• Steppe
  40. 40. What does the word caravan refer to in the context of the Silk Road?• A group of people traveling together• This was often done for safety reasons.