Waza news 2012 (3)


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Proyecto Mono Tocón apoyado por la World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA)

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Waza news 2012 (3)

  1. 1. August 2012 3/12Arthropods in Zoos | p 2Atlantic Forest:Corridors For Life | p 14No Need to Kiss This Frog:HRH Prince Charles | p 22 © Lou Perrotti – Roger Williams Park Zoo in Rhode Island American burying beetle (Nicrophorus americanus).
  2. 2. WAZA news 3/12 Gerald Dick Contents Editorial Arthropods............................... 2 Dear WAZA members and friends! Invertebrate Conservation......... 5 My Career: The last months have been amongst Shigeyuki Yamamoto................ 9 the most busy ones for the executive WAZA Interview: office. The exciting programme for Ray Morrison.......................... 12 our 67th Annual Conference has been Brazil’s Great finalized, a CO2 compensation scheme Atlantic Forest........................ 14 for zoos and aquariums has been put WAZA Elected together and offered to WAZA mem- on IATA’s LAPB....................... 16 bers, a new edition of the WAZA maga- Book Reviews......................... 18 zine – entitled fighting extinction – with Announcements..................... 19 a focus on “extinct in the wild” clas- No Need to Kiss This Frog.........22 sified species has been published, the Partnerships to WAZA project in support of the decade Fight Amphibian Crisis..............23 on biodiversity with the survey module Update on awareness has started, WAZA is International Studbooks.......... 24 now represented on IATA’s live animals Help for Illegal Scorpions......... 24 and perishables advisory panel, WAZA WAZA Projects and the world zoos and aquariums Mono Tocón........................... 25 have been dignified by Jane Goodall Western Derby Eland.............. 26 and HRH Charles, Prince of Whales and Tamanduá...............................27 WAZA has been gifted a commemora- New Member Applications....... 29 tive design by Jonathan Woodward, © Carmel Croukamp a commended finalist of the “BBC Wild- Gerald Dick in snakepit at Foz Iguazu. life Artist of the Year” competition… In this edition of WAZA News, there I wish to thank all members for their is a focus on arthropods, an amazing ongoing support – in the 77th anniver- group of diverse creatures and oddly sary year of WAZA – and my dedicated enough an often ignored and misun- staff in the executive office for the tire- derstood diversity of “creepy crawlies”. less work on our behalf, On the other hand insects are the most species-rich group of organisms on Gerald Dick earth, which justifies their place in zoos WAZA Executive Director  and aquariums, next to great apes or sharks. Imprint Edition: 550 copies © WAZA 2012 Editor: Gerald Dick, WAZA Executive Office IUCN Conservation Centre This edition of WAZA News Rue Mauverney 28 is also available on CH-1196 Gland www.waza.org (members’ area). Switzerland Founding phone: +41 22 999 07 90 Member fax: +41 22 999 07 91 Printed on FSC paper. Layout and typesetting: michal@sky.cz Print: Agentura NP, Staré Město, Czech Republic ISSN: 1662-7733
  3. 3. WAZA news 3/12 1 Jörg Junhold The President’s Page The association ALPZA with currently 77 members is also on a very posi- tive way to achieve fruitful results from its dedicated and well organ- ised work. I was impressed by their strategic discussions on conservation project branding and by their efforts to gain more income through a new category of commercial membership. And, I was delighted to be part of the handover ceremony of the ALPZA Conservation Award which was delivered to the well known condor project, a WAZA branded project. In conclusion, I have felt a lot of engage- ment and passion for our common goals as zoo community during my © WAZA visit and I like to thank my hosts for Jörg Junhold at Foz Iguazu, Brazil, Bird Park. sharing with me this spirited work in biodiversity conservation. It is a pleasure for me as for each The Association of Latin American The WAZA Council has spent its mid- WAZA President to be invited to Zoos and Aquariums (ALPZA) held its year meeting in Temaiken/Argentina many association’s conferences annual conference in Puebla/Mexico in April which was another chance to around the world. This means in my at the end of June. Their meeting learn more about the ALPZA region. case that I get a much closer view of was put under the theme “Celebrat- Next to many different other top- our zoo community as ever before ing Biodiversity, the achievements in ics we focused on the question of and I must say that every single meet- Conservation, and Brotherhood” and structuring our overall work at one ad- ing increases my respect! Although had a variety of very good presenta- ditional “strategic day”. Thanks to our the associations and the individual tions and discussions about this topic. Executive Office with its most quali- zoos behind them are very different I was happy to add the international fied staff WAZA as an organization and manifold in various ways they perspective of WAZA’s cooperation becomes more and more professional. constitute one large community and strategies towards biodiversity This is great – but leads to the ques- which pursues common ideal goals! conservation. tion of how to integrate the work and tasks of our different Committees into The British and Irish Association of Beyond that I was invited to join the this changing structure and how to Zoos and Aquariums (BIAZA) had board meetings of both the Mexican generate more synergies at the same its annual meeting in mid June at Association of Zoos and Aquariums time. This issue is an ongoing one and Paradise Wildlife Park/UK. What has (AZCARM) and ALPZA to gain more hence we have decided to have a sup- impressed me very much is the close insight into their work. The Mexican plementary separate workshop on the contact that they have established to association with 74 members has set issue, WAZA Council together with all the political arena on national level – up an accreditation system for its Committee Chairs. This one will take visible by the welcome address and members to secure high operational place in August and I am honoured to presentation of a Member of Parlia- standards which has impressed me be the host in Leipzig. ment. The conference focused on the very much. Furthermore they have question of how we can present and adopted a strategic plan for the com- I am confident that we will come up let tour visitors get close to animals ing two years and included significant with new ideas on how to more ef- in an ethically responsible way and conservation and education actions ficiently organize our work and I look what the results of these contacts like the support for an important very much forward to this meeting!  to animals are. Do visitors change jaguar reserve and the production of their attitudes and behaviour? There an educational manual. is of course a range of possibilities of animal encounters used in different institutions but I have a very positive feeling that the respect towards ani- mals is always the key of all efforts.
  4. 4. 2 WAZA news 3/12Wolfgang W. Gettmann – Aquazoo DüsseldorfArthropods: Insects & Co Are Partof a Zoo Like Lions or Great ApesThe Invertebrate World at Aquazoo DüsseldorfZoo departments dedicated to the It is often surprising to learn that produce valuable fabrics while otherpresentation of arthropods, particu- insects constitute the class of animals insects produce valuable substanceslarly spiders and insects, are usually that by far covers the most diverse for use in pharmaceuticals and fruitcalled „insectariums“. The insectari- ranges of species. To date, around flies (Drosophilia) are the „pets“ ofum at the Aquazoo/Loebbecke-Muse- one million animals have been sci- genetic research. Even forensic sci-um in Düsseldorf is able to work from entifically described, which is more ence uses knowledge about insectsa long tradition as it was established than 60% of all known species. And to help solve crimes (entomologicalin 1976 when the institute was still, as countless insects and other arthro- forensics). And, last but not least,a result of the destruction caused dur- pods (spiders, isopods, crustaceans, more and more people are beginninging World War II, temporarily housed myriapoda, etc.) remain undiscov- to keep and breed insects, spidersin an air-raid shelter. It was here that ered. It is remarkable that the general and other arthropods as pets with thethe presentation already started to population is not very familiar with intention of studying these animalsbecome a highlight and very popular these animals and that it is becom- at home, of opening a „window onwith visitors. The dissemination of ing increasingly less knowledgeable nature“ or of just relaxing and observ-knowledge about the actual „rulers of about them as time progresses. Few ing them.the world“ – as insects are frequently school students, for example, areknown – was then already the objec- able to name any species of insect, The Aquazoo exhibits arthropods overtive and had been declared as such much less say anything about how an area of 103 square metres. Thereat a time when zoos did not always they live or behave. It is even fre- is also a further 23 square metres ofregard insectariums as essential. The quently too much for people intend- space and additional rooms behindpresentations developed at the „zoo ing to be trained as animal keeper to the terrariums which are not openbunker“, as the people of Düsseldorf list five species of insects or to explain to the public that the keepers use foroften called the institute, were so the difference between insects and their work and for breeding insects.highly informative and timeless that spiders. The first thing that comes to The presentation is divided into sec-to this day, 25 years after they were people’s minds when arthropods are tions by a giant star-shaped combi-relocated to the new premises in the mentioned is that insects are „pests“, nation of showcases and a partitionNordpark in 1987, they are still used that they can cause damage and wall, which uses illuminated graph-to inform broad audiences about the that they are detrimental to plants, ics and display cases to explain thelife of arthropods. wooden structures and food. Some basic structures of nine insect orders. people will perhaps also say that as A screen with „trackball“ allows parasites they are harmful to other visitors to penetrate deeper into the organisms and that they transmit subject matter by providing informa- diseases. But insects can also be tion about the „insect of the year“, by beneficial to humans. For instance, showing the Aquazoo’s special Inter- around 500 species of insects repre- net site that focuses on insects to be sent a valuable source of protein to called up, by enabling the world of many people around the world and insects in indigenous deciduous for- many insects also play a major role as ests to be explored and by presenting pollinators in agriculture. It wouldn’t a simple slide show of the world of be possible to make honey without arthropods. The Aquazoo’s Internet bees, for example, and ichneumon site does not only list many of the wasps help control pests, silkworms species according to the Arachnida, Crustacea, Myriapoda and Hexapoda groups that are or that were formerly kept at the Aquazoo, it is also home to a picture gallery, distribution maps and tips for breeding specific species.
  5. 5. WAZA news 3/12 3 » © Gettmann Twenty-two terrariums are used to exhibit living arthropods. © Gettmann Leafcutter ants unerringly find their way through a maze © Gettmann of glass tubes. Long-jawed Orb Weaver, Nephila senegalensis. The site also provides information to Another frequently visited presenta- containing a variety of tarantulas is the general public about the scientific tion has been dedicated to “state- exhibited in their place. Spiders gen- work that the Aquazoo/Loebbecke building insects” (social insects) erally attract many visitors who – for Museum does in the scientific field of which uses two tall showcases along the most part – find them fascinat- entomology. Two associated socie- with large models to exhibit termites ing. That’s why a presentation, which ties (“Entomologische Gesellschaft and wasps. The wall opposite this also includes a series of exoskeletons Düsseldorf 1866” and “Arbeitsge- installation is home to an eight-metre (exuviae) that demonstrates how meinschaft Rheinisch-Westfälischer long presentation that uses three- this group of animals grows, has also Lepidopterologen”) use the insti- dimensional models of the continents been permanently dedicated to the tute’s collections (including 341,000 to show typical (sub-) tropical beetles geographic distribution of the Avicu- butterflies from 17,000 species, and butterflies behind glass: Agrias, lariidae. The impressive mouthparts 117,000 beetles from 15,000 species Morpho and Dynastes from South that male spiders also use in mating and many other specimens) in their America; Charaxes, flower chafers are also on exhibited. work and meet every week to carry and Goliath beetles from Africa and out research in the zoo’s magazine. Ornithoptera and Chalcosoma from Such a wealth of detail creates A two-day congress (“Westdeutscher India to Australia. Honey bees are knowledge but such knowledge Entomologentag”) is held every social insects with which everyone is also requires the exhibition of living year – for the 25th time in 2012 – with familiar and the Aquazoo does not specimens. The Aquazoo therefore presentations from the whole field of only provide information about their is home to 22 insect presentations entomology and arachnology. Thanks biology (anatomy, life inside the hive, (including two major terrariums), to regular field work, for instance, it language of dance, etc.) in showcases which, mostly over two floors, the has been impressively shown that the and on information boards, it also keepers can access from the rear. It number of diurnal butterflies within allows them to be observed in a living is also possible to move the upper Düsseldorf’s city limits has fallen by hive during the warm period of the sections backwards on rails, which al- more than 50% – which shows just year. Something else that is special lows the keepers to serve them from how much biodiversity has been lost happens in winter: the live bees are the front thus enabling them to see in recent decades in the group of removed to spend the winter with the terrariums as the public does. All Lepidoptera alone. their keeper so a small showcase small enclosures are equipped with
  6. 6. 4 WAZA news 3/12» illuminated boxes that at the touch of a button reveal to visitors the species of animal being shown while provid- ing interesting information about them (type of species, systematic classification, place of origin, food and a brief text with biological de- tails). The showcases containing live animals attract many visitors thus in- dicating how fascinating the world of arthropods actually is. It is also excit- ing to see how Peruvian stick insects © Dieter Schulten (Peruphasma schultei) initiate their Atlas moth (Attacus atlas). mating behaviour and how sphecoid and jewel wasps (Ampulex compressa) © Dieter Schulten paralyse cockroaches with their Girl with Phanacia westwoodi. stings, lay their eggs on them and then bury them in small cavities. The research into how these animals can be bred that was carried out at the Aquazoo is helping scientists all over the world in their biological studies and toxin analyses – specimens have, end of stalks just behind the anten- Much experience is required for the for instance, been sent from Düs- nae. The reason for these stalks is still presentation of colonies of leaf-cutter seldorf to the universities of Frank- being researched. In some species, ants (Acromyrmex sp.) from South furt, Regensburg and in Israel. There the males with the longer stalks are America. Both young and old press are many more amazing facts to be the most likely to win mates and their noses against the glass panes discovered: banded-legged golden establish harems. The larvae that of the terrariums to watch the many orb-web spiders (Nephilia senegalen- hatch from the eggs live on grass busy workers pass through metres sis), for example, weave giant webs (Poaceae = Gramineae). The wealth of of glass tubes to cut little pieces of and are also able to overpower even forms on show to visitors at the zoo is leaves from plants and process them larger insects, the giant African mil- almost endless. Be it the assassin bug into a paste-like substrate that is then lipede (Archispirostreptus gigas) can (Platymeris biguttatus) from western used to cultivate fungi – the organ- grow up to 25 centimetres long and Africa, the European house cricket isms which they eat for food. how the African cave cricket (Phae- (Acheta domesticus) or field crickets ophilacris bredoides) develops from (Gryllus bimaculatus) from southern It is not possible to list all types of egg to adult has only been entirely Europe (which by the way, like many arthropods that are being success- understood since 1986. Really unu- other insects, are bred at the insti- fully kept and bred by the team at the sual organisms also stand out, for ex- tute for food for other animals), the Aquazoo, there are a dozen alone in ample, the amblypygi that wait with water scorpion from Africa, which the group of stick insects (Phasma- their flat bodies under stones and grows to become as long as a finger, todea). Some groups have been bred bark for prey or the well-camouflaged or the stick insects from Asia – each in Düsseldorf for over 30 years. At wandering violin mantis (Gongylus terrarium provides new insights into times, between 50 and 60 species of gonylodes) from India that wait to the world of arthropods. Insights arthropods were kept as permanent snatch insects in the bushes. And the which are always complemented with exhibits, for research purposes and very strange stalk-eyed flies (Chaeto- additional museum exhibits. For in- for creating attractive lessons. But it diopsis meigenii) that are indigenous stance, large models allow the heads is not only children and young people to Africa: their eyes are located at the of insects and their mouthparts to be who are interested in this subject experienced as do the enlarged eggs (15% of all school classes focus on this and insect larvae that demonstrate topic in their lessons), a wider audi- the different phases of development. ence is also grateful for the oppor- tunity of gaining interesting insights into the amazing world of insects, spiders, isopods and their relatives. To find out more: No zoological facility can do without www.duesseldorf.de/eng/aquazoo/insektarium/index.shtml including at least a few arthropods in the range of species they exhibit. 
  7. 7. WAZA news 3/12 5 Tom Mason – Toronto Zoo Invertebrate Conservation: » Ongoing in North American Zoos The year was 1992. It was an amaz- For the past twenty years, the few Education ing time to be working with inver- zoos maintaining invertebrates tebrates in zoos in North America. has more than doubled. TITAG has Zoos are leading the way in changing Only a few facilities were looking at worked at making the zoo, inverte- attitudes. A favourite way of teach- invertebrates as a potential attrac- brate community a recognized group ing is with the use of a living animal tion to the public, but those that did within the larger community. It has as a tool. A living animal is capable found a huge market wanting to learn acted as a focal point for education, of maintaining an audience’s atten- more. It was not a field that one could discussion and dispersal of species tion better than any speaker. In the learn by picking up a book. It was in within the community. The commu- past few years no group of animal its infancy and thus was very exciting nity has worked together in coopera- has fulfilled this niche better than that the Toronto Zoo was hosting the tive breeding projects and stimulated arthropods. Species of insects and Association of Zoos and Aquariums interest to have individual zoos work arachnids now grace most educa- National Conference. It was also the within their region to make a differ- tional throughout the zoos of North first official meeting of ITAG, the ence for a species or a habitat. The America. And it is here that the grass Invertebrate Taxon Advisory Group, following is a discussion of what roots of conservation is taught. The now known as the TITAG, the Ter- North American zoos are doing for in- invaluable role of invertebrates and restrial Invertebrate Taxon Advisory vertebrates and conservation around respect for the animals can first Group. This group would become the the world. be seen here. Two programs that focal point for invertebrate people exemplify the role of invertebrates working in zoos in North America. Conservation has moved rapidly in in conservation are Audubon’s Insect several pathways in twenty years. Zoo in New Orleans and the Wood- This was also a time when the IUCN Zoos are now leading educators land Park’s “Bug Club” program. was looking at the zoo community as showing the public just how integral a strong partner in conservation. Zoos the role of invertebrates are to all The Insect Zoo was designed solely to attracted huge crowds throughout life on earth, TITAG has instigated show the visitor what lived out there the world, so better place was there several ideas that have brought the in world. Exhibits showed what the to send the world a message. Zoos zoos together in support of common animals were, where they live and why also were realizing that the natural goals and finally individual zoos have they were so important to our world. resources were not limitless and that partnered with institutes, universities Situated in the heart of New Orleans, our knowledge of wildlife could be uti- and government agencies to work on visitors become totally immersed lized to help preserve life on earth. We local projects to save a threatened into the world of invertebrates. Giant knew we could make a difference. We species or community of species replicas of common invertebrates mix weren’t exactly sure of how we could needing help. in with living examples. By the time do it. But we were going to try. a person leaves the exhibit they have become aware that these fascinating creatures do play a role on earth. American burying beetle brood (Nicrophorus americanus). © Lou Perrotti – Roger Williams Park Zoo in Rhode Island …A living animal is capable of maintaining an audience’s attention better than any speaker…
  8. 8. 6 WAZA news 3/12» © Erin Sullivan – Woodland Park Zoo Silverspotted crescent butterfly (Speyeria zerene hippolyta). The second example of education TITAG – SSP’s, RCP’s, release has taken place in three sites conservation in North America is the SWARM, IECC and the BFCI across the species range and one “Bug Club” program. It began at Roger site appears stable enough that the William’s Park Zoo in Rhode Island The Association of Zoos and Aquari- releases have stopped and the team and now resides at the Woodland ums (AZA) is the leading group for is now monitoring the Nantucket site Park Zoo. It began as an outreach organizing conservation programs to ensure that the population is sta- program using invertebrates but took across zoos. Specifically the group ble without the need for recruitment. the next step where children actually that works with terrestrial inverte- The lead for the Zoos is Lou Perrotti, became involved in looking for and brates (TITAG). Presently chaired by Director of Conservation Programs. identifying invertebrates in the wild. Erin Sullivan of Woodland Park Zoo, Roger William’s Park Zoo, Providence, Not only has the program been used Erin has been instrumental in moving Rhode Island. in local schools, it has traveled as far the aims and good practices stressed as New Guinea where it was used to by the group. With Erin is a group Another program set up and run by enlighten people in small villages in of dedicated entomologists, educa- the TITAG is the Regional Collection the Papua highlands. Many zoos are tors and zoo professionals that form Plan (RCP). Zoos working with in- now following the ideas shown by a steering committee to help guide vertebrates have selected a series of these programs. For more informa- and push the agenda developed by species maintained by Zoos that are tion contact the Audubon Insectarium TITAG. Some of the initiatives set up suggested as the species within this or Erin Sullivan at Woodland Park Zoo and maintained by TITAG are: Species massive taxonomic group for people to learn more. Survival Plans, a Regional Collection to choose when organizing their col- Plan, the SWARM program and sup- lection. In this way specimens utilized port of the IECC and the BFCI. by the zoos can be obtained from other zoos without putting pressure The strongest example of a Species on the wild populations. The steering Survival Plan for invertebrates is the committee has taken this one step American Burying Beetle. Once found further with a new program known as in 35 states and southern Canada, SWARM, the Safety Web for Arthro- the species range now is tentatively pod Reproduction and Management. recognized from nine states. The pro- In this program, species with special gram has been ongoing for nineteen attributes for captive programs are years and shows a strong collabora- highlighted for special consideration tion between zoos and the United in the development of guidelines for States Fish and Wildlife Endangered breeding and developing sustainable Species Branch. Captive breeding and programs for the species.
  9. 9. WAZA news 3/12 7 » A short scan through the zoo web- sites from North America show a huge array of invertebrate work taking place. Zoos are involved in biological surveys, habitat restora- tion, captive rearing and long term monitoring taking place. There is a group of zoos working on coral res- toration and rearing but marine work would take this article well beyond its proposed length. Butterfly work is most widespread but there is work on pollinators, beetles and even spiders. People are maintaining freshwater mussels and crayfish. The list of work is impressive and thus I will only list a few. What should be also noted is© Bela Nagy there are many projects underwayKarner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis). that are not listed. I only have to look at Toronto Zoo to see this. The fol- lowing are some highlights that are of note. The group has also set up an excellent in 2003, the BFCI has run workshops It is well known that pollinators are in support system for the IECC (Inverte- on butterfly conservation, supported trouble across the planet. Zoos such brates in Education and Conservation butterfly conservation across the as Lawry Park and Sea World have Conference). The conference is run by United States and educated people programs helping pollinators. An- the Sonoran Arthropods Study Incor- on the design and usefulness of other good example is the program poration and is the largest conference butterfly gardens in communities developed by the St. Louis Zoo. They specialized to support the community across North America. To see and have developed the Centre for Native involved in: captive propagation, understand the array of endangered Pollinator Conservation (CNPC). The education and conservation of inver- species of butterflies across North Centre has set three goals in which tebrate species. TITAG is a leading America visit the BFCI website (www. they focus on the importance and supporter of the program and annu- butterflyrecovery.org) diversity of native bees within North ally holds their mid-year meetings at America. The goals are: this conference despite pressure from • Educating people about the impor- their parent association. By doing this Individual projects tance of pollinators for the plants participants are ensured in having and wildlife around them and in a great meeting of others in the field Although TITAG pushes their specific their lives. of invertebrate conservation. projects, it must be made clear that • Developing and supporting local, individual zoos are also encouraged national and international collabo- Perhaps one of the strongest lasting to partner with institutions, NGO’s rations to develop pollinator conser- contributions that zoos are doing as and government agencies to work on vation programs and research. a whole is the support of the Butterfly local initiatives within their region. • Advancing our understanding and Conservation Initiative (BFCI). Run by Many species of invertebrates have appreciation of native bees and the Florida Biodiversity Foundation very limited ranges and it is often other pollinators. Inc., of the University of Florida, the a local zoo that can step in and program is dedicated to the con- become the lead or an important The group has already worked with servation of rare, endangered and partner in the conservation efforts of local gardeners on education, col- threatened butterfly species in North those species. Here are a few exam- laborated with the Xerces Society and America. Zoos across North America ples of what is being done. the Missouri Department of Transport are the strongest supporter of the to develop pollinator rights-of-way program and it is the financial contri- and been involved with developing butions of these zoos that keep the a conservation strategy for North program running. Since its inception American bumble bees. They are also members of the IUCN/SSC Bumble Bee Specialist Group.
  10. 10. 8 WAZA news 3/12» When dealing more specifically, North American Butterfly Association, One would not expect much from a great example of zoos helping specific projects dealing with habitat such a study as spiders but it was an individual species can be seen specialists in small populations to ac- noted that during the creation of in a collaborative effort with the tual captive propagation for re-release. a series of booklets on the Biodiver- Lincoln’s Children Zoo, Henry Doorly Species that zoos are involved in in- sity of Toronto, that spiders had not Zoo’s Berniece Grewcock Butterfly clude: Mitchell’s Satyr, the Oregon Sil- been looked at in the region for 100 and Insect Pavilion, the State of verspot, Taylors Checkerspot, Schaus years. In cooperation with the Royal Nebraska’s Game and Parks Depart- Swallowtail, the Miami Blue, Fedder’s Ontario Museum, the Rouge Park and ment and the US Fish and Wildlife. Blue, the Puget Blue and of course the the Canadian Institute of Biodiversity The group has teamed up to work on Karner Blue Butterfly. at the University of Guelph, Toronto the Salt Creek Tiger Beetle (Cicindella Zoo worked on this survey. Results nevadica lincolniana). Considered In many cases, the state in which from this short study came up with one of the most endangered species a specific butterfly exists is ap- 125 species, 30 of which were new for in the United States with numbers proached by the staff of that zoo or the Toronto region and one was new only in the 100’s, it is listed as highly chooses to approach that zoo for for Canada. On top of this a speci- endangered. The species comes help. The experts within the state, men of Ontario’s only mygalomorph from an extremely rare habitat quite determines the need for a captive (primitive spiders containing the near human settlements and thus breeding project and they see the tarantulas) was found. The Northern has had problems. The zoos wish to zoo as being the experts in that field. Purse-web Spider, Sphodros niger breed and head start specimens for This shows the influence that zoos has only been found approximately re-introduction into several protected have made over the past few years. 12 times in Canada and officially areas where the beetle once dwelt. It One good example of this influence only just over 100 times in its entire is the role of the zoos to use their ani- is the Karner Blue Butterfly. Several range. Its rarity has placed it on the mal husbandry expertise to develop zoos including Roger William’s Park proposed endangered species list for protocols and provide the numbers to Zoo, Toledo Zoo, Detroit Zoo and Canada. This represented a new site make a difference. Toronto Zoo have been involved with not known before for this extremely this species for 20 years. The suc- rare species. Freshwater mussels have suffered cess of many education and captive drastically over the past several years. breeding for re-release projects have This is just an example of what has Pollution and the creation of dams shown federal and state officials that not been published in regards to for hydro electricity have played partnerships with zoos work. conservation efforts ongoing in North major roles as stressors for these America by zoos. This short discus- species. The Toronto Zoo has started Most of the information so far writ- sion has not covered work done on an awareness program for species in ten has been published already. But Partula snails, Mossy rock tarantulas southern Ontario, but South Carolina it must be mentioned that there is or blind cave crayfish. There is just Aquarium and Columbus Zoo are a vast amount of work being done on too little space. It is needless to say working on programs for 10 years invertebrates for conservation that that the zoos of North America are or more. Columbus Zoo has built has not yet been published. Toronto making their mark in the efforts to a special facility capable of breeding Zoo can be an example of this. It has support invertebrate conservation. and maintaining rare mussels found been mentioned that the Zoo has be- Partnerships have developed and in the State of Ohio. The facility uses gan a program of awareness for the zoos are being appreciated for what natural river water to maintain their freshwater mussels in Ontario and they can offer.  populations. If some form of disaster that it has been involved in the effort occurs on the river, the facilities can to return the Karner Blue butterfly to maintain through an internal re-circu- Ontario. What isn’t mentioned is that lating system protecting the speci- they have been involved in butterfly mens from possible fatal mishaps. surveying for the Rouge Park and the eastern Toronto Region for 19 years, Butterflies are by far the most worked they have helped in surveying odo- on group of invertebrates within zoos. nates (dragonflies and damselflies) Programs range through several fields for over three years, they hosted the of expertise and levels of involve- first 24 hour “bioblitz” that identified ment. The BFCI alone is supported by over 1300 species in its first attempt over 40 zoos. There is the monitoring and recently they were the lead in of monarch butterfly populations a survey of the spiders within Rouge through Monarch Watch; annual but- Park, an urban wildlife park where terfly surveys that record data for the Toronto Zoo resides.
  11. 11. WAZA news 3/12 9 Shigeyuki Yamamoto My er Care “Kizuna” and “Tsunagari” » I’m already getting over 60 and spent In the 1970s, Japan was developing more than half of it in the zoologi- quickly. Roads, dams, factories, and cal world. When I started my career canals were being built everywhere. in zoos over 35 years ago, I was not As a consequence, nature was planning on staying in the field for systematically being destroyed at a long time. an alarming rate and environmental pollution was raging. Valuable tradi- I didn’t like zoos because I didn’t be- tions and knowledge related to living lieve in bringing animals into captivity in harmony with the natural world from the wild. I had thought to bring vanished, as rural populations, who them into captivity would lose their were the guardians of this knowledge, dignity to live in the wild by their will migrated into urban areas. Many and power. When I was a student, people became so far removed from I dreamed about the ideal of the nature, that is was common for city perfect society. I was inspired by the dwellers to be clueless about what philosophy of humanism. However, season it was. As time went by, more I soon recognized that this way of and more people became used to thinking ignored nature and was their new artificial environments, © WAZA exclusively focused on humans and where convenience and consumption Shigeyuki Yam their needs and peculiarities. I took to reigned. amoto. learning about wildlife instead. I was attracted by the raccoon dog that The Ocean and the mountains were I paid attention to the endemic doesn’t have a territory and lives at badly affected, as were areas such as animals that breathe the same air Satoyama. If we people would like to Satoyama and Satoumi. Both were and drink the same water as we do. know about wildlife, we make effort formerly productive regions where The planning for the building of the to go to their place and ask them to sustainable relationships between hu- Toyama municipal family park zoo excuse us to see their lives. That’s the mans and nature had existed for cen- started in 1974. The site was in my attitude how I came to the zoologi- turies. The wisdom of the people who hometown of Toyama. As the team cal world. I still believed that a zoo have lived together with nature was leader of animal management, I was was the urban device that brought made by feeling nature and learning interested in featuring animals which animals from the wild in a pompous from nature. We also learned from were endemic to Japan. Most of my manner. animals. I believe that if we lose this colleagues considered this an unusual connection with the natural world, idea, because at the time, zoos were we, as a species, cannot survive. We seen as places of leisure, not as facili- as people living in urban areas need ties for the conservation of nature. In a lot of effort to keep the relationship addition to featuring endemic animals, between humans and nature. It is this I wanted to include those who were philosophy that has guided me in my threatened or displaced by human work with zoos. I want to help keep over-development in Japan. I under- the relationship between humans stood that this collection of animals and nature alive. would not be as exotic as giant pan- das or giraffes and a lot of effort was spent convincing visitors of the im- portance of Japanese wildlife that are in conservative colors. I also wanted to showcase domestic animals that were significant in Japanese culture and heritage as well as were threat- ened by extinction. I was convinced © S.Y. at that keeping them and the associated age 28. Living August 1978, ith the rescue d culture is also one of the important mountains w a house in the issues that zoo should take care of. named My. raccoon dog
  12. 12. 10 WAZA news 3/12» © S.Y. 2000, age 50. Making the coal pit in the zoo, cutting making bamboo charco bamboo, al, starting the life in Sat oyama with local people 84. . ed in 19 rk open a Fa mily Pa tion b efore © S.Y. e Toyam onstruc e 34. Th g and c 1 984, ag ed the plannin oto join e zoo. Yamam me to th erow ca anese s the Jap Since the beginning of the 21st century, Japan’s environment and culture have changed a great deal. Much of this has happened unnoticed. © S.Y. e paddy With the rapid progress of globaliza- Making the ric 2004, age 54. ere in the zoo. tion and urbanization, the Satoyama s can play th so that visitor area, once the cradle of a harmonious coexistence between humans and na- ture, has become abandoned. Most of Japanese terrestrial animals are living The Toyama municipal family park I’m writing this article on 11 March, there. And the fragile balance, that zoo has no gorilla, no elephant. A zoo 2012, a year after the Tohoku earth- had existed for so many centuries of this style situated in a rural area quake. Since then, the words “Kizuna” before, has been broken. For exam- was an exception. It could have been and “Tsunagari” have been uttered ple, the appearance of the Asiatic heresy. And I have worked as the di- frequently. They mean “ligature, black bear in urban areas has caused rector of the zoo for 7 years. I became linkage”. The essence of these damage to human populations. the Chair of the Japanese Association words represent what we, as a na- Furthermore, increasing numbers of of Zoos and Aquariums (JAZA) in tion, have learned from the massive Japanese sika deer and wild boar have 2010. Most of the time, the Chair of earthquake that shook our country damaged crops and native ecosys- JAZA had been the Director of Ueno to its core. The current issue is how tems. It also happened in Toyama. zoo that is located in our capital. My to make “Kizuna” and “Tsunagari” an accession was also an exception. everyday affair and how to keep it. Since 2000, I have made the regen- From a zoo’s point of view, we hold eration of Satoyama a priority and The underlying principle of my work and keep many of lives and we can I have aspired to have the Toyama for the last 35 years has been the contribute to biodiversity conserva- municipal family park zoo contribute belief that Japanese zoos must help tion locally as well as globally. to the region’s issues, wherein we to reinforce the link between humans cooperate with local people. This and nature. My belief extends beyond aim constitutes a major reason for Japan. I am convinced that once why I started to work for the zoo in people see the world, they can rec- …I believed that the first place. I believed that it was ognize their position and their place, important to build bridges between and discover what they should do. it was important humans and nature. Over time, I have We cannot survive otherwise. If any worked hard to help establish links of what I have done has influenced to build bridges between the zoo and local businesses, other directors of Japanese zoos and the government, and academic aquariums, I would be most humbled. between humans institutions. My main objectives are to influence nature conservation, to and nature.… re-establish sustainable relationships between humans and nature, and to help revitalize local populations. Our activities are still expanding.
  13. 13. 11 Around age 40? Investigation of the status of Japanese serow in the Northern Alps for more than 20 years. © S.Y. © S.Y. 2012, age 61. With draft © S.Y. horse named Misaki aking the in heavy snow. 2009, age 59. M ting e zoo and star tree house in th ng. the tree climbi2004, age 54 © S.Y. . Draft horse that was the of the develo foundation pment of Hok kaido. We br them and ru ought n the horse cart in the zo o. © S.Y. d 2005, we had tween 2000 an 2004, age 54. Be Old pond the “zoo dream 21 symposium in ” to think 21st century. about the zoos A frog jumped in Sound of water This haiku, by Basho Matsuo, a haiku This is exactly the spirit of “Kizuna” In closing, I would like to humbly bow poet of the Edo era, represents and “Tsunagari”. I would like to my head to the people, regions, en- a world-view and a perspective on expand this vision of nature that is vironment, and animals, which have nature. In Japanese, the haiku is an inherent part of Japanese culture, been the victims of the earthquake. written by 17 letters and the vision of to all over the world. Making forests I would also like to thank WAZA and the world, nature, life and seasons healthier, making life healthier, and all of the people who have helped us. are fully described in such a short sen- making the Earth healthier, this tence. The old pond symbolizes the should be what WAZA should aim Japanese zoos and aquariums are coexistence of humans with nature to do through its focus on biodiver- the guardians of animal lives and we over a long time, and the jumping sity. This too, is what JAZA should strive to make “Kizuna” and “Tsuna- frog stands for immersing ourselves prioritize. gari” the basis for how we operate. in the life of the world of coexistence. JAZA is ready to lead the way, let’s go forward together! 
  14. 14. 12 WAZA news 3/12 Ray Morrison WAZA In terview An Alien in The Zooworld? Ray Morrison is the Facilities & Environment Manager at Chester Zoo, England. The Zoo was opened in 1934 and has a diverse range of build- ings and exhibits, including a Victorian Mansion house which once was home to the Zoo aquarium, and a free flight bat cave. Ray was a founder member of the Zoo’s Green Team and in 2004 helped Chester Zoo become the first zoo in the UK to achieve ISO 14001 accreditation, the ISO stand- ard for environmental management systems. He has helped Chester Zoo obtain a number of regional and national awards for excellence in envi- ronmental management. Ray is also a member of a team set up by BIAZA to promote and support environmental sustainable initiatives across the BIAZA membership. His particular focus is on energy conservation and efficiency. Ray has been in- vited to speak to the Aquariums and Zoos Facilities Association of the USA © Chester Zoo at Cincinnati Zoo, where he will share the challenges and successes of Ches- Ray Morrison (right) with Professor ter Zoo’s sustainable development journey. Gordon McGregor Reid in Chester Zoo at the occasion of the ISO 14001 certification. WAZA: Could you briefly explain What are the biggest projects you What is the biggest challenge you your professional background? are working on? In terms of capital had to face to implement the neces- Ray: Before joining the zoo I worked projects by far the biggest is the £30 sary changes of your projects? That’s in the maintenance and construction million ’Islands’ development. Due to easy – developing the smart building, industry as a craftsman. I started open in 2015 it will take our visitors systems and staff! We consider smart at the Zoo in 1989 and my first job on a conservation expedition bringing buildings to be those that maximise was as a plumber. I was promoted to the islands of the Philippines, Papua the potential to use passive systems Maintenance Supervisor and in 1999 New Guinea, Bali, Sumatra, Sumba for lighting, heating and cooling and became the Maintenance Manager. and Sulawesi to the heart of the minimise the use of energy hungry I obtained a Diploma in Environmen- North of England. The development systems. tal Management in 2008 and in 2011 will showcase the zoo’s conservation Smart equipment comes in many became the zoo’s Facilities & Environ- fieldwork and bring together a range forms from intelligent, yet relatively ment Manager of animals including Anoa, Banteng, inexpensive, lighting controls to What is exactly is a Facilities and Babirusa, Bali Starling, Cassowary, complex heat recovery equipment Environment Manager? The facilities Indonesian Rhinoceros Hornbill, and motor controls. We believe smart element of the role is focused on the Indonesian Wrinkled Hornbill, Lori- people are those who are aware maintenance and continuous im- keet, Sumatran Orangutan, Saltwater of the issues and who are aware of provement of the zoo’s built environ- Crocodile, Sulawesi Macaque, Suma- the impacts of their behaviour on ment and associated services – the tran Tiger and the Visayan Warty Pig. environmental performance and the zoo exhibits and enclosures, plus our Working closely with my colleagues associated costs, both environmental general buildings and utilities such in Estates and external teams I am and economic. as energy services, water supply and championing sustainable develop- waste services. The environmental ment on the project, where possible What’s the main obstacle for imple- aspect focuses on the zoo’s impact on endeavoring to influence a green menting such projects? Is money the the environment, promoting sustain- design and build practice. main barrier? Or is it changing the hu- able business practice and ultimately I am also working on the zoo’s Carbon man habits that are the most difficult sharing this with our visitors and Reduction plan. We have determined mission? If we strive for all new devel- other stakeholders. The aim is to energy, waste and transport as opments to be truly sustainable then, provide a safe, efficient, sustainable the big issues to focus on and I am when taking into account the whole and legally compliant zoo for staff working with colleagues across the ’life costs’ of our exhibits and facilities, and visitors. business to encourage resource ef- money is always the biggest chal- ficiency and improve environmental lenge. If money was no object then performance. We have a strategy all projects could be carbon neutral which recognises that there are many and contain only the best equipment elements which influence environ- and be maintained and operated by mental performance and that smart highly trained staff. In reality a com- places (buildings) with smart prod- promise has to be reached between ucts (technology) and smart people meeting the immediate expectations (staff) are the critical factors. and requirements of colleagues, the
  15. 15. WAZA news 3/12 13 Ray’s 3 wishes for the Zoo Genie 1. I wish that world © Chester Zoo Penguins exhibition and leaders meeting at the Earth Summit in energy saving equipment Rio de Janeiro, Brazil at Chester Zoo. (20–22 June 2012) truly embrace and subsequently deliver the changes required to tackle the mounting environ- data loggers to identify opportuni- mental crisis. Nature is currently ties for more savings. Once saving being subjected to unprecedented potential is identified we work hard destruction and loss due to our re- to ensure good intent is followed up lentless plundering of its resources. with action. 2. I wish that the world gov- Would you say that energy savings ernments, businesses, including is becoming a priority for the zoo all world zoos and citizens alike world? Absolutely. Unless we can adopt more sustainable lifestyles make all our developments carbon and that we are able to look back neutral, we are highly likely to be at this decade as being the time The final significant obstacle can be dependent on fossil fuels. The burn- that a fundamental shift occurred, resistance to change. However this is ing of fossil fuels, such as gas and coal embracing the principles of one becoming less of an issue as general used for electricity production, re- planet living. awareness of the environmental sults in carbon dioxide being released 3. I wish that I had a time issues is becoming more apparent into our atmosphere emissions. The machine so that I could go back to all – zoo colleagues and external overwhelming scientific evidence to 1934 and ensure that every service providers alike. and opinion is that this is harmful to electricity cable, and every water our environment. In addition to these and gas service that had ever been Have you been successful to combine environmental concerns, energy is buried in the zoo was recorded on energy savings and cutting back of becoming an increasingly expensive detailed plans and had been put in costs? Yes. We have had enjoyed commodity. World zoos have an to last for at least ninety years, by many success. A holistic approach obligation to conserve energy, so sup- which time I will have retired! to energy management, focussed porting conservation aims in recogni- on the three smarts -- smart places, tion of the pressures energy use puts products and people – has delivered on biodiversity, and to manage with significant gains in energy efficiency financial prudence. available finance and the need to con- and energy conservation. sider the future costs of running and Projects at the elephants, penguins, Do you feel as an “Alien” amongst zoo maintaining the facilities. It’s a classic and jaguars exhibits have been people? Not nearly as much as I once sustainable development dilemma – particularly successful. Savings on did! There is now a real awareness of meeting the needs of today without these exhibits alone are greater than the need to embed sustainable prac- compromising tomorrow. 500,000 kWh/hr each year, with re- tices thought out the business. For Time is also a significant obstacle, sulting CO2 emissions reducing by 200 example we recently set out to formal- both in terms of the design processes tonne a year. At the penguin exhibit ise and evaluate the temperature and for capital projects and the on-going fitting smart controllers to the system lighting requirements for both animal operations of our facilities. On pumps (see photo) reduced energy and plant sections. While both teams projects there are numerous drivers consumption by 50% and the invest- were very robust in looking after their which can conflict with achieving all ment paid back in eight months. needs we did achieve positive change of our sustainable objectives such as At the Elephant exhibit fitting air and worked in a collaborative partner- project deadlines, effective commu- quality monitoring equipment to the ship which has continued. We identi- nication paths and having the time ventilation system enabled a 60% fied opportunities to reduce some to pay attention to detail – as we say saving. Further initiatives across the temperature and lighting demands, the devil is always in the detail! I have site have had a considerable positive in particular with reduced heating learnt from experience that just impact. When taken cumulatively demand for the evening period, which because principles have been set and we have achieved a 10% reduction also better replicates the natural en- even when a design may have been in energy consumption in real terms. vironments in addition to the related agreed what actually gets delivered The return on investment predictions carbon and financial savings, these on site may somewhat differ. Tenacity has exceeded all expectations. Site savings represent true free wins as is essential – sometimes it can make energy usage is monitored using they were achieved by simply chang- one feel like a pest, but it is essential. smart energy meters and portable ing controls set points. 
  16. 16. 14 WAZA news 3/12 Laury Cullen Jr. – Instituto de Pesquisas Ecológicas (IPÊ), Brazil Brazil’s Great Atlantic Forest Rises Again Winding like delicate green ten- Cullen’s approach has successfully drils across the chequered farming managed to combine the goals of landscape of eastern Brazil are four conservation and landscape restora- corridors of hope. Prowled by oce- tion with finding new sources of in- lots, tamarins, pumas and lowland come for poor farmers and funds for tapirs, these slender Atlantic Forest further forest replanting – a plan that passages form links in a chain of saw him honoured as an Associate renewal – for threatened wildlife, for Laureate of the 2004 Rolex Awards. an all-but vanished rainforest and for poor farmers and their families. Today the scale of his achievement can be seen from space and via When forester Laury Cullen Jr first Google Earth, which shows the larg- moved to Pontal do Paranapanema in est forest corridors. “The change in São Paulo State to study an endan- the landscape is striking,” Cullen says. gered monkey, nine-tenths of the “We are extremely proud to see how once-mighty Mata Atlântica, Brazil’s our activities in the ground have ef- Atlantic Forest, had fallen. Cleared for fectively changed the landscape and timber and farms, its removal came contributed to additional cover in the © Laury Cullen – IPE at a devastating cost to the many Atlantic Forest.” Corridors, aerial view. hundreds of species of animals and plants living there, most of which are The corridors and associated “step- found nowhere else on Earth. ping stones” (islands of forest close enough together for animals and Although the new forest has been Twenty years on and the relentless birds to migrate between them) established only for a few years, march of human progress has taken contain two-thirds of a million trees ecology students monitoring wildlife a hopeful turn. Corridors and islands comprising 700 hectares of new transit are reporting that ocelots, pu- of forest are springing up anew, tend- forest that links the state’s two mas and tapirs are already using the ed by the caring hands of 310 farm- largest protected areas, Black lion corridor to move between protected ing families who today earn a better tamarin ecological station and Morro areas. “We now hope jaguars, one living from the intermingled trees, do Diabo state park. For the first of the species we want to save, will wildlife and crops than they were ever time in decades the long, slow ebb of begin to use them too,” says Cullen. able to gain from agriculture alone. the Atlantic Forest has reversed and regrowth has begun. When he began his project, much of the farming land was degraded. Patrícia Medici and tapir at At the same time, the Brazilian the Wildlife Rehabilitation Center in Campo Grande. government had decided to reset- © Marina Bandeira Klink tle thousands of urban poor in rural areas. Cullen and his team worked alongside the new settlers, showing them how to use agroforestry – the integration of trees with farming – to improve soil fertility and generate new sources of income from trees, seedlings and from organic farming of corn and coffee. Fifteen commu- nity-based agroforestry nurseries are now flourishing.
  17. 17. WAZA news 3/12 15 © Laury Cullen – IPE Corridors, aerial view. © Laury Cullen – IPE Planting trees. The ripples from those slender forest corridors are also making themselves felt in the corridors of power: the project has become one of Brazil’s most often quoted community-based Asked how to describe the mood Several organizations worldwide have conservation achievements, and is of the farmers today, he says: “The supported the project, helping to raise thus meeting one of its most ambi- main word is ’proud’. Our farmers are US$3 million in funding over the past tious goals – to influence the political very proud of their involvement in eight years. Nevertheless, finding process and thinking at local, state changing landscapes and changing enough funds to maintain momen- and national level. the history of land reform in Brazil. tum remains a challenge. “We need to They have demonstrated it is possible find ongoing funding for small tech- For Laury Cullen, the inspiration to to ’green’ the fragmented rural land- nologies like irrigation that can help keep going is readily drawn from the scapes and to generate new income.” increase production,” Cullen says. profound changes both in the natural and the human landscapes that are As the word spreads, the number of The benefits, he points out, are global. taking place. The keys to success, he participating farmers is growing at When fully grown, the 700 ha of new says, are “presence, passion and de- a steady rate of around 5 per cent forest will store 65,000 tonnes of termination”: at Pontal do Paranap- a year. The plan has also been ac- carbon and he hopes that fresh in- anema they are in plain view as a new cepted by larger farmers and sugar vestment will soon begin to flow from paradigm for modern humanity living cane growers in the area. Settlers large international corporations keen in harmony with the natural world from the nearby states of Parana to offset their carbon emissions. unfolds.  and Mato Grosso do Sul have visited to learn from the experiences of the Pontal farmers and are planning simi- lar projects in their own districts. …For the first time in decades the long, slow ebb of the Atlantic Forest has reversed and regrowth has begun.… To find out more: www.ipe.org.br/english/
  18. 18. 16 WAZA news 3/12 Andreas Kaufmann – GoWILD WAZA Elected on IATA’s Live Animals and Perishables Advisory Panel The Live Animals Regulations (LAR) Over the past years the CITES Ani- As chair of the CITES TWG I had the issued by the International Air Trans- mals Committee and the CITES Plants opportunity to consult and liaise with port Association (IATA) are the global Committee established a joint work- diverse stakeholders and experts standard for air transportation of live ing group (TWG) to work on a scoping on developing new guidelines for animals. The LAR are enforced by exercise to determine the need for non-air-transport of CITES listed the European Union and the US Fish creating new CITES guidelines. The species to replace the CITES guide- and Wildlife Service, are accepted by TWG comprising of representatives lines for transport and preparation the World Organization for Animal from manifold organisations includ- for shipment of wild animals and Health (OIE), the Council of Europe ing zoos and aquariums and related plants (1981) as well as attend several has used these regulations as a basis entities from around the world, found meetings of the IATA Live Animals for its code of conduct for the inter- that there was no need for writing and Perishables Board (LAPB), and national transport of farm animals, completely new guidelines from participate in various workshops and and they are deemed to meet the scratch but that one global standard round-tables on the non-air-transport air transport requirements of the for the shipment of live animals was of wildlife. Valuable expert opinions Convention on International Trade in desirable and special provisions for and documents relating to the non- Endangered Species of Wild Fauna the non-air transport were needed. air-transport of CITES-listed species and Flora (CITES). CITES furthermore IATA LAR were a good basis to start have been received and the taxa that recommends the usage of the LAR as from as the container requirements need deviations from the LAR have a reference to indicate suitable condi- in the IATA LAR can, in most cases, been identified. tions for carriage other than air where be used for non-air-transport as appropriate. As the CITES guidelines well. Some taxa, however, would Particular modifications for these for transport and preparation for require particular modifications of taxa have been elaborated and shipment of live wild animals, that the IATA container requirements and/ compiled into the „CITES Guidelines were last revised 30 years ago, still or transport procedures, in order to for the Non-Air Transport of Live Wild apply to the non-air transport of live be properly transported by non-air Animals and Plants“ that will serve as animals under certain circumstances, modes of transport. an addendum to the IATA LAR. conflicts were predictable. While all requirements for the ship- ment of plants are considered to Falcon shipment by air preparing for TSA check. be covered by the IATA Perishable © GoWILD KG Cargo Regulations (PCR), the docu- ment that deals with the transport of live wild animals consists of three parts. Following a short “Introduc- tion” on CITES and the transport of live specimens, a “General Condi- tions” section contains guidance on planning obligations for the transport of live animals, means of transport, marking and labeling, persons ac- companying transports, loading and unloading of animals, and measures to be taken during transport. The “Technical Specifications” section describes the technical details for the identified taxa that require transport conditions additional to or deviating from those found in the IATA LAR