Newsletter April 2012


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Newsletter April 2012

  1. 1. Proyecto Mono Tocón Local Initiatives for Biodiversity Conservation April 2012 Content I n February I was again in Peru to experience the developments of Proyecto Mono Tocón. Our team works hard and has become very professional. Where can we protect the San Martin titi monkey? Besides many meetings and workshops in the office, we spent a weekConservation Concessions in in the Central Huallaga region. While the rate of deforestation is Central Huallaga. A future worrying, it was great to meet local associations that are determined to for the San Martin titi protect the forest around their villages. Their motivation is contagious, and monkey? motivated us to support the associations with their activities. By joiningPucunucho. An educational forces, there is a good chance that the San Martin titi monkey can be savedtool for the conservation of from extinction.the San Martin titi monkey Jan Vermeer Second Nature Summer School Project Director I would like to join our director to First Seminar of welcome you to this newsletter. We hope Conservation Biology that it will bring you closer to the Workshop for the validation diverse activities of our association. of educational materials forthe Indigenous Communities Thank you for supporting our work for the conservation of Peru’s biodiversity. Victoria Pérez Tello President of the association Where can we protect the San Martin titi monkey? I n 2007, when the Proyecto Mono Tocón started its work, not much was known about the San Martin titi monkey (Callicebus oenanthe). The only information that was available was that it was probably restricted to the Alto Mayo Valley, that there was some variation in colouration and that the species was probably endangered. Conservation actions where probably hindered by a lack of knowledge on the distri- bution and conservation status of the species. A poorly known species simply receives little international attention. Our research program showed that the San Martin titi monkey was more widespread than thought. However, most of the lowland forest that was their habitat had been converted into agricultural lands. How could the species be saved from the extinction? No forest large enough for a viable population was encountered and the few munici- pal and private conservation areas only had small numbers of titi monkeys. San Martin titi monkey (Callicebus oenanthe)
  2. 2. Titi monkeys are still relatively easy found in forest frag-ments, but these fragments always hold only a few iso-lated groups, and connectivity with other fragments isdifficult due to the strong human presence around thefragments.To guide us in our search for conservation possibilities,we conducted together with Sam Shanee of NeotropicalPrimate Conservation a GIS Risk assessment and GAPhabitat analysis.Data from our research program, satellite images, mapsof mining concessions and production forests were allcombined in a computer program. The result was a goodoverview of the alarming situation, but also an indicationwhere the creation of conservation areas for titi monkeystheoretically could be possible.As it was just a theoretical study, a field study is neces-sary to compare the results of the study with the actual Low risk Callicebus oenanthe habitat (Shanee et al. 2011)situation in the field. Fortunately, the French organisationThoiry-Peaugres Conservation offered us funding to commence this study.The study is still going on, but the results are inconclusive. While we found forest and titi monkeys insome areas, in others most of the forest had disappeared (the satellite images were from 2008/2009) orwas being destroyed at high speed. There is also a zone with good forest cover, but for some reason titimonkeys seem to be absent. It is too early to make any final conclusions, but this work will help us to Principal financerdetermine where the next years our priorities should be. of this project Conservation Concessions in Central Huallaga. A future for the San Martin titi monkey?T he future of the San Martin titi monkey probably depends on local initiatives for forest conservation.The regional government has published an“Ecological and Economical Zoning Plan”, inwhich certain areas are indicated as suitablefor nature conservation, but no direct govern-mental actions are being taken.However, private initiatives for the conserva-tion of these areas often receive support bythe regional government. At a local level, theinhabitants of San Martin are often consciousof the importance of nature conservation. Theyknow how much they depend on the forestsfor their supply of drinking water and the rainon their plantations. Settlement of Bagazán, Pachiza Page 2 PROYECTO MONO TOCÓN
  3. 3. Despite not being owner of the land they live on (most land is government property), they have the possibility to create anassociation that can apply for the creation of a “Conservation Concession”.Proyecto Mono Tocón and Neotropical Primate Conservation support the villages of Ricardo Palma and Bagazán with thecreation of their conservation concessions, together approximately 5.800 hectares. However, during our visit to both villages in February the people indi- cated that more villages were probably willing to create concessions continuous with their reserve, but that these villages also needed help. Therefore Proyecto Mono Tocón has initiated a new project to promote nature conservation in the Central Huallaga region, to inform local in- habitants about the possibilities of the creation of conservation con- cessions and to support them with the applications and management. We hope that we can extend the existing conservation concession with at least another 4.000 hectares. Great for the titi monkeys, red howler monkeys and all other wildlife that lives there. We have planned to create a special “Central Huallaga team” for this work, which will mainly focus on this area. They will receive support from our research and education departments. We are pleased that the Amnéville Zoo in France has offered to finance partially this project for a pe- riod of three years, and are convinced that we will find another sponsor for Shitariyacu creek, Ricardo Palma the remaining costs. Principal financer of this project Pucunucho. An educational tool for the conservation of the San Martin titi monkeyP ucunucho is a small conservation area in the Mariscal Cáceres province, created and managed by the NGO AMPA (Amazónicos por la Amazonía).This small area is an important refuge for severalgroups of titi monkeys. It is a special area that canbecome a destination for tourists that are inter-ested in nature conservation, while using the SanMartin titi monkey as a flagship species. The areais at this moment only 23 hectares; its forest coverhas been restored by the planting of native treespecies.Recently, AMPA has received support from thePurchase of Nature small grants program of theIUCN-NL. The grant makes it possible to buy addi-tional land, allowing the creation of a biologicalcorridor between Pucunucho and Cunchuhuillo. Coordination meeting with the neighbours of Pucunucho Page 3 PROYECTO MONO TOCÓN
  4. 4. This latter area has some 500 hectares of primary and secon-dary forest, but human pressure is very high. Within the pro-ject, the participation of Proyecto Mono Tocón was consid-ered for the implementation of educational activities. Wedeveloped a program for the neighbouring population to in-crease their respect for the natural resources and to developmore sustainable attitudes. By creating more understandingfor the work in Pucunucho, we hope to ensure support forthe biological corridor for the San Martin titi monkey.The project will last until Mai and includes the creation of aConservation Committee, the establishment of an Education Workshop with the adult neighboursCentre and a preliminary evaluation of the potential ofCunchuhuillo as conservation area.In January the work commenced with an initial survey among the owners of land around the conservation area and theplanned corridor. The intention is to understand the difficulties that may accompany the project and the conservation ofthe area. The initial results show that the efforts to receive local support for the project should be increased to prevent fu-ture problems. The Conservation Committee has been formalized, and the capacity building has started. After a workshop about water, the participants had much more understanding of the water cycle, the causes and consequences of water contamination and how to protect this valuable natural resource. The workshop on soil focused on the negative consequences of the burning of agricultural fields and forest, to break with the local myth that smoke pro- vokes rain. The workshop on air also treated the negative effects of burning waste, forest and fields. The educational program has been expanded for Entity responsible for this the children and adolescents of the communities. project Educational materials developed by the education department of Proyecto Mono Tocón were used to capture the interest of the youth and facilitate the learning process. To assure a continuing participation to the work- Principal financer of this project shops, the methods are adapted to the ages of the Workshop with children and adolescents children and are very dynamic. Second Nature Summer SchoolDuring the summer holidays of the schools in Moyobamba, Proyecto Mono Tocón organised from January till March thesecond edition of the nature Summer School in the San Francisco Botanical Garden.An extensive activity program was developed, to bring children and adolescents closer to the nature that surrounds them.The inscription is free of charge to all children, stimulating the participation of the family-members of the associationmanaging the Botanical Garden. Page 4 PROYECTO MONO TOCÓN
  5. 5. The summer school is the graduation project of stu-dents from the local university, coordinated by theteam of Proyecto Mono Tocón.The enthusiastic and juvenile character of the team re-sulted in the presence of 39 children of between 6 and14 years old, who never failed an activity during the 2months.During the summer school, the children carried outmany practical and dynamic activities, all connected toflora, fauna and the importance of the biodiversity con-servation.The summer school served for many children as an ini-tiation in the “world of recycling”, motivating themthrough entertaining and pleasant activities to think Reforestation in the San Francisco Botanical Gardenabout the handling and reuse of their waste. Additionally, the municipality of Moyobamba provided plants to organise a small reforestation activity. The final objective of the summer school is the creation of a Nature Club, first of all for the participants of the program, but later for all the children of Moyobamba. The NAUCA (Niños y Adolescentes Unidos para Conservar el Ambiente / Children and Adolescents United for Environ- mental Conservation) is a new initiative of the Proyecto Mono Tocón to involve the youth of Moyobamba in nature conservation. Crafts with rolls of toilet paper A member of our other nature club in Calzada, JOESUCNA, has attended to many of the summer school activities, sharing her experiences with the new members of NAUCA. Funded by With the Nature Club we hope to involve the inhabi-our partners tants of the San Francisco-quarter more in the conser- vation and rehabilitation of the botanical garden.The revitalisation of the botanical garden will not only be impor-tant for nature education, but can also generate a better incomefor the neighbours. Page 5 PROYECTO MONO TOCÓN
  6. 6. First Seminar of Conservation BiologyO n the 14th and 15th of March 2012, Proyecto Mono Tocón organised in cooperation with the Ecology Faculty of the National University of San Martin the first Conservation Biology Seminar. Speakers at the event in Moyobamba wereDr. Manuel Antonio González González (University of León, Spain), the ecologist Beatriz Blanco Fontao (University ofOviedo, Spain) and Julio C. Tello Alvarado (Responsible of the Research Department of Proyecto Mono Tocón).The principal objective of the seminar was to shareknowledge and experiences about conservation, to in-crease involvement in the conservation programs of theSan Martin Region.The themes treated were:√ General topics of Conservation Biology.√ Practical instruments developed in Europe; cases of theWood Grouse (Tetrao urogallus) and the Brown Bear(Ursus arctos).√ Adaptation of experiences for Peru.√ Evaluation of primate species of the San Martin Region. Beatriz Blanco Fontao during her presentation at the Ecology Faculty√ Current situation of the San Martin titi monkey(Callicebus oenanthe).A large number of students and teachers of the university participated to the seminar, as well as professionalsfrom public and private entities that work on themes related to nature conservation.This first seminar organised at the Faculty of Ecology intended to be an interactive platform for many peopleinvolved in nature conservation.Proyecto Mono Tocón has conventions with the Faculty of Ecology and the National University of San Martinto assist with the formation of their students and to share the results of studies conducted by the association Funded byin San Martin. our partners Workshop for the validation of educational materials for the Indigenous CommunitiesT he local Educational Authorities of the small town of Rioja (UGEL-Rioja), the Regional Educational Management of SanMartin (DRE-SM) and the association Proyecto Mono Tocón or-ganised on the 16th of March the workshop Environmental Edu-cation in the Alto Mayo valley and the process for its applicationin the Indigenous Communities.In the past years the Proyecto Mono Tocón has developed anEnvironmental Education Program for schools in the small townsof Calzada and Yantalo. The association has adapted this curricu-lum for an educational program in the Indigenous AwajunCommunities of the Alto Mayo Valley. Validation of the Inspector Chas materials Page 6 PROYECTO MONO TOCÓN
  7. 7. During the workshop, the curriculum was presented to members of the community and experiences of the past few years were shared. The workshop has permitted us to integrate proposals of educa- tion specialists working with the native communities and to re- ceive validation for the proposed materials. With the obtained observations and proposals we can adapt our materials for this new educational program, which we will execute in the Awajun schools of the Alto Mayo. The program has started in April, and will continue until the end of the school year. Demonstration of the board game Ludo del Aire Funded byour partners Associates in the workshop Specialists participating in the workshop Ongoing projectsEvaluation of the conservation status of primates in the Bosque de Protección Alto Mayo. With the sup-port of Conservation International PeruStudy on the distribution of the San Martin titi monkey (Callicebus oenanthe) on the north of Huaya-bamba river. With the support of Thoiry Peaugres ConservationPucunucho. An educational tool for the conservation of the San Martin titi monkey. With the support ofAmazónicos por la AmazoníaInitiatives for the conservation of the San Martin titi monkey (Callicebus oenanthe) in Eastern San Martin.With the support of Zoo d’Amnéville, Neotropical Primate Conservation and Le Conservatoire pour la Pro-tection des PrimatesNature club JOESUCNA, a partner for conservation in Calzada. With the support of Le Conservatoire pourla Protection des PrimatesEnvironmental Education Program on the Awajun schools of the Alto Mayo. With the support of Le Con-servatoire pour la Protection des Primates All projects also receive the support from the dedicated European Zoos, without whom our work would not be possiblePage 7 PROYECTO MONO TOCÓN
  8. 8. Proyecto Mono Tocón would not be possible without our partners. Thanks for supporting the conservation of Peru’s biodiversity! Join our group at Facebook are rebuilding our website. In the meanwhile, pleasevisit us at… www.proyecto-mono-tocon.orgFor more information, please contact:Jan Vermeerjan.vermeer@telfort.nlT: (+51) 42 564462You can find us at...Proyecto Mono TocónJr. Reyes Guerra, 430MoyobambaPerú