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Comparatives & superlatives

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Comparatives & superlatives

  1. 1. COMPARATIVES
  2. 2. ADJECTIVES & ADVERBS <ul><li>What is an ADJECTIVE? </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a word that describes a NOUN </li></ul><ul><li>BIG </li></ul><ul><li>FAST CAR </li></ul><ul><li>EXPENSIVE </li></ul>
  3. 3. ADJECTIVES & ADVERBS <ul><li>What is an ADVERB ? </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a word that describes a VERB . </li></ul><ul><li>Speak FAST </li></ul><ul><li>Walk SLOWLY </li></ul>
  4. 4. ADJECTIVES & ADVERBS <ul><li>You speak English well (adverb) </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a very good activity. You read very well . </li></ul><ul><li>DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GOOD-WELL </li></ul><ul><li>Your English is good (adjective) </li></ul>
  5. 5. COMPARATIVES Adjective + ER + than MORE + adjective + than 1 syllable adjectives 2 syllable adjectives or more 2 syllable adjectives ending in - Y Adverbs ending in - ly
  6. 6. COMPARATIVES -ER Old Old er than 1 syllable + ER Big Bigg er than Consonant+vowel+consonant= double consonant Nice Nice r than Ending in -e= + r Noisy Nois ier than Ending in -y= +ier
  7. 7. COMPARTIVES with “MORE” Modern More modern than 2 syllable adjectives Important More important than 3 syllable or more adjectives Slowly More slowly than Adverbs ending in -ly
  8. 8. -ER & MORE COMPARATIVES It’s too noisy here. Can we go somewhere quieter / more quiet ? Some 2 syllable adjectives can use - ER or MORE : Clever Narrow Quiet Simple Common Cleverer Narrower Quieter Simpler Commoner More clever More narrow More quiet More simple More common
  9. 9. SUPERLATIVES The +Adjective + EST THE MOST + adjective 1 syllable adjectives 2 or more syllable adjectives 2 syllable adjectives ending in - y Adverbs ending in - ly
  10. 10. SUPERLATIVES with - EST Old The old est 1 syllable + EST Big The bigg est Consonant+vowel+consonant= double consonant Nice The nic est Ending in -e= +ST Noisy The nois iest Ending in -y= +iest
  11. 11. SUPERLATIVES with “MOST” Modern The most modern 2 syllable adjectives Important The most important 3 syllable or more adjectives Slowly The most slowly Adverbs ending in -ly
  12. 12. SUPERLATIVES + PRESENT PERFECT <ul><li>We use Present Perfect (I have done) after a Superlative: </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the most important decision you’ve ever made ? </li></ul><ul><li>This was the best holiday I’ve had for a long time </li></ul>
  13. 13. IRREGULAR Comparative Superlative Good Better Best Bad Worse Worst Far Further Farther Furthest Farthest
  14. 14. Specifying <ul><li>Could you speak a bit more slowly? ( a little more slowly) </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s go by car. It’s much cheaper. ( a lot cheaper) </li></ul>Much A bit A little A lot
  15. 15. (Not) AS....AS (Equality) <ul><li>Joe is tall. He is taller than Al . </li></ul><ul><li>But he isn’t as tall as Ed . </li></ul><ul><li>Ed is taller than he is / him. </li></ul>
  16. 16. LESS THAN (inferiority) <ul><li>Al is less tall than Joe </li></ul><ul><li>Al isn’t as tall as Joe </li></ul><ul><li>Al is SHORTER than Joe </li></ul>MORE POLITE LESS POLITE
  17. 17. HOW TO BE POLITE Good-looking Pau Gasol isn’t as good-looking as George Clooney. Pau Gasol is less good-looking than George Clooney. Pau Gasol is uglier than George Clooney.
  18. 18. THE SAME AS (Equality) <ul><li>David is the same age a s John </li></ul><ul><li>Her salary is t he same as mine </li></ul><ul><li>Her salary is the same like mine </li></ul><ul><li>Anna wore the same dress as Juliet </li></ul>
  19. 19. LET’S PRACTICE! <ul><li>This coffee is very weak. I expected it to be ....... </li></ul>I was surprised how easy it was to use the computer. I thought it would be ... You hardly ever phone me. Why don’t you phone me ...? You’re standing too near the camera. Can you move a bit ...away? Your work isn’t very good. I’m sure you can do ... Unfortunately her illness was ... we thought at first There were a lot of people on the bus. It was .... than usual
  20. 20. LET’S PRACTICE! This coffee is very weak. I expected it to be ....... Stronger I was surprised how easy it was to use the computer. I thought it would be ... easier You hardly ever phone me. Why don’t you phone me ... more often You’re standing too near the camera. Can you move a bit ...away? further Your work isn’t very good. I’m sure you can do ... better Unfortunately her illness was ... we thought at first more serious There were a lot of people on the bus. It was .... than usual more crowded
  21. 21. SUPERLATIVES What do you say in these situations? <ul><li>You’ve just been to the cinema. The film was extremely boring. You tell your friend: </li></ul><ul><li>It was the most boring film I’ve ever seen </li></ul><ul><li>*You’re talking to a friend about Mary. Mary is very generous. You tell your friend about her: </li></ul><ul><li>GENEROUS/PERSON/MEET </li></ul><ul><li>*You’ve just run 10 kilometres. You have never run further than this. You say to your friend: </li></ul><ul><li>FAR / RUN </li></ul><ul><li>*You decided to give up your job. Now you think this was a bad mistake. You say to your friend: </li></ul><ul><li>BAD/ MISTAKE/ MAKE. </li></ul>

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