WRANGLING WIKIPEDIA    SAMARA CARTER      MONIQUE CLARK, M.L.S. LIBRARY CIRCULATION   LIBRARY TECHNOLOGY      SPECIALIST  ...
WIKIMEDIA.ORG“The mission of the Wikimedia Foundation    is to empower and engage peoplearound the world to collect and de...
 Freedom Accessibility Quality Independence Commitment to openness and diversity Transparency Our community is our ...
FIVE PILLARS OF WIKIPEDIA• Wikipedia is an encyclopedia.• Wikipedia is written from a neutral POV.• Wikipedia is free to e...
WIKIPEDIA FACTS• 78% of students say they often use Wikipedia.  • http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/students-use-    ...
Top Trending Wikipedia Articles —              December 20121. Gaussian Units                      2. Ada Lovelace3. Jovan...
STATISTICS• 2005, the journal Nature discovered that Wikipedia was nearly  as accurate as the Encyclopedia Britannica.  • ...
WIKIMEDIA AS A RESEARCH         TOOLWITH GREAT KNOWLEDGE COMES GREAT           RESPONSIBILITY
WIKIMEDIA PROJECTS              Wikidata                  Wikimedia CommonsWhat is it?   Structural data for   What is it?...
WIKIMEDIA PROJECTS              Wikipedia                                WikisourceWhat is it:   Free, online,            ...
THE ANATOMY OF WIKIPEDIA
CLASSROOM USES Research topics  ideas and  information Collaborative  editing within a  discipline Composition ESL and...
RESEARCH TOPICS & IDEASSerendipitous discovery or structured         gathering of ideas Wikipedia article portal for relat...
EVALUATING WIKIPEDIACurrencyRelevanceAccuracyAuthorityPurpose     Thomas Nast, An Intellectual contrasted with a          ...
COLLABORATIVE EDITING          Wikipedia Education Program:          Integrate Wikipedia into the          classroom. Curr...
COMPOSTITIONTeach and develop academic writing skillsImprove EN and foreign language writing skillsUnderstand the importan...
ESL & TRANSLATIONDevelop EN language skills by translating Wiki articles.Increase cultural knowledge by translating articl...
ESL & TRANSLATION
WHY EMBRACE THIS?Why? Because Wikimedia is a dynamic, vibrantorganization seeking to increase the sum of humanknowledgeWhy...
MORE INFORMATION                             •   Wikimedia.org                             •   Education.wikimedia.org    ...
Wrangling Wikipedia
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Wrangling Wikipedia

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Presented by Samara Carter and Monique Clark at the 2013 Power Up Your Pedagogy Conference held at the Annandale campus of Northern Virginia Community College.

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  • Press F5 or enter presentation mode to view the poll\r\nIn an emergency during your presentation, if the poll isn't showing, navigate to this link in your web browser:\r\nhttp://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/MTk0OTk4OTc1NwIf you like, you can use this slide as a template for your own voting slides. You might use a slide like this if you feel your audience would benefit from the picture showing a text message on a phone.
  • The Five Pillars of Wikipedia are the foundations upon which the editing community is built. “It incorporates elements of general and specialized encyclopedias, almanacs, and gazetteers. Wikipedia is not a soapbox, an advertising platform, a vanity press, an experiment in anarchy or democracy, an indiscriminate collection of information, or a web directory. It is not a dictionary, a newspaper, or a collection of source documents; that kind of content should be contributed instead to the Wikimedia sister projects.Written from a neutral POV: Wiki strives to be free of biases within the entries. Entries suspected of bias can be marked for removal.Free to edit, etc: Be mindful of copyright and plagiarism. Likewise, anything contributed to Wikipedia will be shared, redistributed, etc. No firm rules: Reflection of Wikimedia as an organization which tries to remain relevant and current and respond to changes in thought.
  • In this section, we will give an overview of the Wikimedia projects and ways in which they can be used as a research tool for class assignments or as part of a semester-long class project. There are many more projects under the Wikimedia umbrella, but we think that these four projects will be of most use to students and instructors.
  • Wikidata is the newest Wikimedia project which began in October 2012. This project was unveiled at the Wikimania conference. Wikidata.org Still a work in progress. It’s important for students to be aware of copyright issues and limitations surrounding images. It can be difficult to find good quality images that can be used for educational purposes or altered. Wikimedia Commons images are free to use and distribute within reason. The images are licensed under the Creative Commons. Each image file contains information about licensing and attribution.
  • Wikipedia—Most of us are probably already familiar with Wikipedia. Although anyone can edit it, fewer people actually do so. There are over 18 million registered accounts on the English Wikipedia, but only a small number actively contribute. About 40% are from the U.S.: Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Wikipedia#Users_and_editors. An article published in the WSJ in November 2009 reports that Wikipedia actually LOST over 49,000 editors. Source: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB125893981183759969.htmlWikisource: Good alternative for students working with primary documents or with older texts. Similar to Project Gutenberg.
  • Using Wikipedia to gather ideas for research topics offers an alternative to the oh-so-common “controversial issues” or “daily life in Ancient wherever” topics that are usually assigned to students. Students can discover a topic of interest to them and use the Wikipedia article’s references as a way to find more background information on a particular subject. The portals offer a way to find a group of related articles on Wikipedia. For example, the WWI portal serves as a nexus to information about the First World War on Wikipedia. Using the WWI portal, students can learn information that may not have been covered in class (such as the Finnish Civil War [1918]). If students are studying WWI and want to contribute to an article, the portal has a section that lists articles that need to be created, articles that need to be expanded upon or cleaned up, etc. Students can browse the talk pages on an article to see the issues surrounding the creation of an article, such as verifying sources and accuracy. Wikipedia does not have to be a passive, one-dimensional experience.
  • Critical thinking and information literacy skills also important when examining Wikipedia articles. Students should learn how to look at Wiki through the eyes of a researcher. Consider whether the article is “good enough” to be included in a print encyclopedia? Is there any information missing from the article? What could make it better? Strengths and weaknesses? Are the sources credible? Why or why not?
  • https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Education_Program.Program began in the U.S. in 2010 and is currently being run in four countries. Use to students: 93% of students found the ambassadors helpful and 72% of students preferred the Wikipedia assignment over a regular paper. Wikipedia was used in over 55 courses in the Spring 2012 semester. Valuable in that students see the real-world impact of their academic work. Example. Students at Georgetown and Cairo University collaborating on Wiki edits for mass communication program. Example. Psych 111 students at Concordia spent a semester creating and expanding on psychology Wikipedia articles. (Conclusion of these experiments)
  • Wikipedia is written in an encyclopedic style, which means that the articles have to follow a certain stylistic convention. This is helpful in distinguishing between academic writing, encyclopedic writing, and more casual forms of writing. Instructors and librarians often stress the necessity of avoiding plagiarism by properly documenting and citing all sources used within a paper. With wiki, students see a real-world example of why citing sources is important. Unsourced that aren’t properly cited are subject to removal. We can liken this to cases in which a story is retracted because some information within the story is unverifiable (case in point, This American Life’s retraction of “Mr. Daisey and the Apple Factory.”). Basically, it’s important to be able to back up one’s information with verifiable sources and Wikipedia is a good way for students to see how this works.
  • ITESM—CCM student groups translated and created articles from English to Spanish and vice-versa. Oftentimes, information found in a Wikipedia article in another language may not be available for the same article written in English and vice-versa. http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printemps_arabeLe « Printempsarabe » est un ensemble de contestations populaires, d'ampleur et d'intensitétrès variables, qui se produisentdans de nombreux pays du monde arabe à partir de décembre 2010. L'expression de « Printempsarabe » fait référence au « Printemps des peuples » de 1848 auquelil a étécomparé. Cesmouvementsrévolutionnaires nationaux1 sontaussiqualifiés de révolutionsarabes, de révoltesarabesou encore de « réveil arabe2 ».http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab_SpringThe Arab Spring (Arabic: الثوراتالعربية‎, al-Thawrāt al-ʻArabiyyah) is a revolutionary wave of demonstrations, protests, and wars occurring in the Arab world that began on 18 December 2010.Main difference between these two opening paragraphs is that the French Wiki article mentions the etymology of the term “Arab Spring” from the beginning and draws a connection to the revolutionary uprisings that occurred throughout multiple countries in Europe in 1848. This information isn’t included until later in the English language article. Also, the French Wiki article does not include the Arabic translation of the term. If a student were doing a compare/contrast on these articles, he or she might explore the reasons why the articles differ.
  • http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printemps_arabeLe « Printempsarabe » est un ensemble de contestations populaires, d'ampleur et d'intensitétrès variables, qui se produisentdans de nombreux pays du monde arabe à partir de décembre 2010. L'expression de « Printempsarabe » fait référence au « Printemps des peuples » de 1848 auquelil a étécomparé. Cesmouvementsrévolutionnaires nationaux1 sontaussiqualifiés de révolutionsarabes, de révoltesarabesou encore de « réveil arabe2 ».http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab_SpringThe Arab Spring (Arabic: الثوراتالعربية‎, al-Thawrāt al-ʻArabiyyah) is a revolutionary wave of demonstrations, protests, and wars occurring in the Arab world that began on 18 December 2010.Main difference between these two opening paragraphs is that the French Wiki article mentions the etymology of the term “Arab Spring” from the beginning and draws a connection to the revolutionary uprisings that occurred throughout multiple countries in Europe in 1848. This information isn’t included until later in the English language article. Also, the French Wiki article does not include the Arabic translation of the term. If a student were doing a compare/contrast on these articles, he or she might explore the reasons why the articles differ.
  • Instead of banning Wikipedia from classrooms, we can use Wikipedia and the other Wikimedia projects to as a way teach the skills that we want students to be equipped with by the time they leave NOVA. Students can participate and enhance their experience of Wikipedia. I’m sure some tie could be made to the original Encyclopedie, which was itself a collaborative project!
  • Wrangling Wikipedia

    1. 1. WRANGLING WIKIPEDIA SAMARA CARTER MONIQUE CLARK, M.L.S. LIBRARY CIRCULATION LIBRARY TECHNOLOGY SPECIALIST SPECIALIST SECARTER@NVCC.EDU MKCLARK@NVCC.EDU
    2. 2. WIKIMEDIA.ORG“The mission of the Wikimedia Foundation is to empower and engage peoplearound the world to collect and developeducational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally. “ http://wikimediafoundation.org/wiki/Mission_statement
    3. 3.  Freedom Accessibility Quality Independence Commitment to openness and diversity Transparency Our community is our biggest asset Source: http://wikimediafoundation.org/wiki/Values
    4. 4. FIVE PILLARS OF WIKIPEDIA• Wikipedia is an encyclopedia.• Wikipedia is written from a neutral POV.• Wikipedia is free to edit, use, distribute, or modify.• Wikipedia editors should be respectful and civil.• Wikipedia has no firm rules. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Five_pillars
    5. 5. WIKIPEDIA FACTS• 78% of students say they often use Wikipedia. • http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/students-use- wikipedia-earlyoften/21850• 10,798,154 views per hour for December 2012. • http://stats.wikimedia.org/EN/Sitemap.htm• Top Ten Facts about Wikipedia: • http://www.wired.com/business/2011/01/ten-facts-about- wikipedia/2/
    6. 6. Top Trending Wikipedia Articles — December 20121. Gaussian Units 2. Ada Lovelace3. Jovan Belcher 4. Sandy Hook Elem. Shootings5. Jenni Rivera 6. Talaash (2012 film)7. Computer virus 8. Hector Comacho9. Black Friday shopping 10. Christmas Source: http://toolserver.org/~johang/wikitrends/english-uptrends-this-month.html (accessed 12.17.12)
    7. 7. STATISTICS• 2005, the journal Nature discovered that Wikipedia was nearly as accurate as the Encyclopedia Britannica. • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/4530930.stm• 2007 peer-review study found 42% of damage is repaired almost immediately. • http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=1316624.1316663• 2008 study by PC Plus indicated that accuracy was on par with World Book Encyclopedia. • http://www.techradar.com/news/internet/web/wikipedia-vs- encyclopaedia-a-question-of-trust-316163• Wikipedia has a Protection Policy for pages that are often vandalized (i.e. religions, political figures)
    8. 8. WIKIMEDIA AS A RESEARCH TOOLWITH GREAT KNOWLEDGE COMES GREAT RESPONSIBILITY
    9. 9. WIKIMEDIA PROJECTS Wikidata Wikimedia CommonsWhat is it? Structural data for What is it? Images, audio, video Wikimedia projects free for public useGood for: Streamlining common Good for: Free audiovisual elements on materials*** Wikimedia sitesExample: World Bank Example: Commons.wikimedia.org IMF US Census***With certain limitations
    10. 10. WIKIMEDIA PROJECTS Wikipedia WikisourceWhat is it: Free, online, What is it: Texts, documents, collaborative primary sources encyclopediaGood for: Quick access to Good for: Historical research, information spanning other humanities many topics applicationsExample: http://en.wikipedia.org/ Example: http://en.wikisource.or wiki/Golden_White-eye g/wiki/Virginia_Declar ation_of_Rights
    11. 11. THE ANATOMY OF WIKIPEDIA
    12. 12. CLASSROOM USES Research topics ideas and information Collaborative editing within a discipline Composition ESL and translation
    13. 13. RESEARCH TOPICS & IDEASSerendipitous discovery or structured gathering of ideas Wikipedia article portal for related entries about topic http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:World_War_IBrowse references for primary docs and info Visit talk page for meta discussion Image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syrian_civil_war
    14. 14. EVALUATING WIKIPEDIACurrencyRelevanceAccuracyAuthorityPurpose Thomas Nast, An Intellectual contrasted with a prize fighter. Ca. 1875. commons.wikimedia.org
    15. 15. COLLABORATIVE EDITING Wikipedia Education Program: Integrate Wikipedia into the classroom. Currently being run in four countries. Campus and Online Ambassadors: Support instructors in using Wiki as part of a class assignment
    16. 16. COMPOSTITIONTeach and develop academic writing skillsImprove EN and foreign language writing skillsUnderstand the importance of citing sources
    17. 17. ESL & TRANSLATIONDevelop EN language skills by translating Wiki articles.Increase cultural knowledge by translating articles from nativelanguage into EN.
    18. 18. ESL & TRANSLATION
    19. 19. WHY EMBRACE THIS?Why? Because Wikimedia is a dynamic, vibrantorganization seeking to increase the sum of humanknowledgeWhy? Because Wikipedia can be a great tool forteaching research and critical thinking skillsWhy? Because students and instructors can beactively engaged in the Wikipedia/Wikimediacommunity as editors!
    20. 20. MORE INFORMATION • Wikimedia.org • Education.wikimedia.org • Wikicommons.org • Wikidata.org • Wikipedia.org • Wikisource.org Samara Carter Monique Clark, M.L.S.Library Circulation Specialist Library Technology Specialist secarter@nvcc.edu mkclark@nvcc.edu 703-323-3864 703-323-3862

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