Handwashing presentation loop st als


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  • First, just another day at the office
  • Inappropriate use of antibiotics has led to strains that are resistant to treatments with different types of antibiotic medications
  • Some germs can survive on moist surfaces up to three days.
  • In the 1800’s, Dr. Semmelweis worked in a Viennese hospital where maternity patients were dying at a rate five times higher for mothers who delivered in the hospital than for mothers who delivered at home. He realized most of those dying had been treated by student physicians who worked on cadavers during an anatomy class before beginning their rounds in the maternity ward. He demonstrated that washing hands could dramatically reduce the rate of these deaths, in some studies to less than 1%. Some doctors were offended at the suggestion they should wash their hands. His ideas did not earn widespread acceptance until years after his death. He died in a asylum of septicemia at age 47.
  • Washing hands with water alone is significantly less effective than washing hands with soap in terms of removing germs. Alcohol based products are more effective than soap and water and their antiseptic properties last longer. Effective hand washing involves massaging, rubbing, and friction to dislodge germs from fingertips, and between the gingers. Effective hand washing with soap takes at least 8 to 15 seconds followed by thorough rinsing with running water
  • Handwashing presentation loop st als

    2. 3. <ul><li>Germs are getting stronger: </li></ul><ul><li>be smarter! </li></ul>(Wash your hands) Germs make us sick
    3. 4. Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by germs (bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites)
    4. 5. <ul><ul><li>Influenza, (the Flu) and rhinovirus, (the Common Cold), are examples of illnesses caused by viral infections </li></ul></ul>
    5. 6. <ul><li>Germs are too small to see with the naked eye. You can’t see them but they are everywhere around us and they can make you sick. </li></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>Antibiotic drugs can kill bacteria but they are not effective against viruses. </li></ul><ul><li>Antibiotics do not make a flu or a cold better. </li></ul>
    7. 8. <ul><li>Rotavirus, the virus that causes gastrointestinal illness, can survive on clean dry surfaces up to 20 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Some germs can survive up to three days on moist surfaces. </li></ul>
    8. 9. <ul><li>Many respiratory illnesses are spread by breathing in germs that are in the air or by touching surfaces contaminated with infected saliva or mucus </li></ul>
    9. 10. <ul><li>You can catch a cold by rubbing your nose or eyes after touching someone or something that is contaminated with the cold virus. </li></ul>
    10. 11. Many illnesses are contagious before symptoms appear <ul><li>An infected person who does not look or feel sick can pass the flu to others before symptoms of illness develop </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>Germs! </li></ul><ul><li>You can’t : see them… </li></ul><ul><li>feel them… </li></ul><ul><li>smell them… </li></ul><ul><li>taste them… </li></ul><ul><li>But they are everywhere and they can make you sick </li></ul><ul><li>What’s a body to do? </li></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>According to the CDC, the single most important thing we can do to keep from getting sick and spreading illness to others is to wash our hands with soap and water. </li></ul>
    13. 14. <ul><li>Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis: </li></ul><ul><li>First demonstrated over a hundred years ago that routine hand washing can prevent the spread of disease. </li></ul>
    14. 15. <ul><li>Your hands carry many germs even if you can’t see them. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people don’t wash their hands because they look clean. </li></ul>
    15. 17. <ul><li>At the office </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before and after eating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After using a co-worker’s keyboard or other office tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After using shared office equipment like faxes, phones, copiers </li></ul></ul>Critical times in hand washing with soap
    16. 18. Critical times in hand washing with soap <ul><li>At home </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After working outside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before and after handling food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After handling pets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After wiping a child’s nose or your own </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When your hands are visibly dirty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before and after toileting </li></ul></ul>
    17. 19. <ul><li>Everything you need to know about hand washing you probably learned in preschool! </li></ul>
    18. 20. <ul><li>Hand washing guidelines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wet hands with warm, running water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add soap (preferably liquid), rub hands together to make a lather, away from water, for at least 15 seconds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rinse well </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry thoroughly with a clean paper towel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn off faucet with clean paper towel </li></ul></ul>
    19. 21. How long should you wash your hands? <ul><li>Sing the happy birthday song twice! </li></ul>
    20. 22. Where is the dirt? <ul><li>Number of bacteria per square centimeter: </li></ul><ul><li>Scalp-1,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Forearm-10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Arm pit-500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Abdomen-40,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Hands-40,000 to 500,000 </li></ul>
    21. 23. P.S. How to sneeze to prevent disease!
    22. 24. <ul><li>Any Questions? </li></ul>
    23. 25. References <ul><li>Anasari, S.A., Sattar, S.A., Springthorpe, V.S., Wells, G.A, and Tostowaryk, W. (1988). Rotavirus survival on human hands and transfer of infectious virus to animate and nonporous inanimate surfaces. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 26 (8): 1513-1518 </li></ul><ul><li>Aziz, A. (2011). Minimizing Respiratory Infections through Hygiene. Nursing & Residential Care , 13 (7), 330-333 </li></ul><ul><li>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1996). Guideline for hand hygiene in Health-care settings. Retrieved from www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5116a1.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2000). Why is handwashing important? Retrieved from www.cdc.fov/media/pressrel/r2k0306c.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Centers for disease control and prevention. Retrieved September 2011 from http://www.cdc.gov/cleanhands </li></ul><ul><li>Canham, L. (2011). The first step in infection control is hand hygiene. Dental Assistant, 80 (1), 42-46. </li></ul><ul><li>The Handwashing Handbook: a guide for developing a hygiene promotion program to increase handwashing with soap. Retrieved from http://esa.un.org/iys/docs/san_lib_docs/Handwashing_Handbook.pdf: </li></ul><ul><li>Jacob, C., Powell, D., Wilson, S. (2011). Behavior-change interventions to improve hand-hygiene practice: a review of alternatives to education. Critical Public Health , 21 (1), 119-127. </li></ul>
    24. 26. References <ul><li>Kim, H.S., Snow, M., & White, G.L. (2008). Inexpensive and time-efficient hand hygiene interventions increase elementary school children’s hand hygiene rates. Journal of School Health , 78 (4), 230-233. </li></ul><ul><li>More stick, less carrot: Hand hygiene fines (2011, April). Hospital Infection Control & Prevention , 38 (4), 45-47. </li></ul><ul><li>Reality Check: Joint Commission drops 90% hand hygiene compliance expectation. (2011, May). Hospital Employee Health , Supplement 2: 1-4 </li></ul><ul><li>Smith, S. (2009). A review of hand-washing techniques in primary care and community settings. Journal of Clinical Nursing , 18 (6), 786-790. </li></ul><ul><li>The World Health Organization (2009). WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care. Retrieved from: </li></ul><ul><li>http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2009/9789241597906_eng.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Utah State University. Do most people wash their hands? Retrieved from http://uwyo.edu/soaperhero/soaper_hero_facts/do_most.html </li></ul>