Parties & elections final!

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Parties & elections final!

  1. 1. PARTIES & ELECTIONS Prepared by: Patrycja Pociecha & Monika Polak
  2. 2. PARTIES
  3. 3. PoliticalParties - An organized group with shared goals and ideals thatjoins togetherto run candidates for office and exercise political and electoral power.
  4. 4. THE ROLE OFPOLITICAL PARTIES • Selectcandidates • Inform thepublic • Coordinate policymaking • Runcampaigns • Raisemoney for candidates
  5. 5. AMERICA’S TWO PARTY SYSTEM
  6. 6. WHERE DID THE PARTY SYMBOLS ORIGINA 1874,Thomas Nast
  7. 7. DEMOCRATICLEADER HarryMasonReid(born December2,1939)
  8. 8. REPUBLICAN LEADER AddisonMitchell "Mitch"McConnell, Jr. (bornFebruary20,1942)
  9. 9. THIRD PARTIES INA TWO-PARTY SYSTEM (MINOR PARTIES)
  10. 10. IMPORTANT NOTIONS Mandate - A command, indicated by an electorate’s votes, for the elected officials to carry out a party platform or policy agenda. Electorate - citizens eligible to vote Ballot- A system of voting secretly Poll- The process of voting in an election/ places where votes are cast in an election
  11. 11. PURPOSESOFELECTIONS - Elections confirm the concept of popular sovereignty, the idea that legitimate political power derives from the consent of the governed, and they serve as the bedrock for democratic governance. - In addition, elections are the primary means to fill public offices and to organize and staff the government.
  12. 12. TYPES OFELECTIONS -PRIMARY ELECTIONS -GENERAL ELECTIONS -INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM -RECALL
  13. 13. PRIMARY ELECTIONS
  14. 14. closed primaries-A primary electionin which only aparty’s registeredvotersare eligibleto casta ballot. open primaries-A primaryelectionin which partymembers,independents,and sometimes membersoftheother party are allowedtoparticipate
  15. 15. crossover voting-Participationin theprimary election of a party withwhich thevoter is notaffiliated
  16. 16. runoff primary-A second primary electionbetweenthe two candidates receiving the greatestnumber of votes in thefirst primary.
  17. 17. GENERAL ELECTIONS
  18. 18. Initiative - An election that allows citizens to propose legislation or state constitutional amendments by submitting them to the electorate for popular vote. Referendum - An election whereby the state legislature submits proposed legislation or state constitutional amendments to the voters for approval. INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM
  19. 19. HOW AREBALLOTMEASURESUSED? Citizens and state legislators useballot measuresto makepublic policy on a wide range of controversial issues. Here, a sign expresses opposition to AmendmentOne, a 2012North Carolina ballot measure that prohibited same-sex marriagein that state.
  20. 20. RECALL Recall - An election in which voters can remove an incumbent from office prior to the next scheduled election.
  21. 21. ELECTIONS ALLOW CITIZENSTOCHOOSE THEIR LEADERS in orderto be elected to Congress, candidates mustconvince voters to turn outon Election Day.
  22. 22. CONGRESIONAL ELECTIONS TYPES OF ELECTION: - Primary election - General election - Special election ELIGIBILITY FOR CONGRESS House of Representatives Senate Minimum Age 25 30 Minimum Length of Citizenship 7 years 9 years State Residency Yes Yes
  23. 23. TO SUM UP …
  24. 24. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS
  25. 25. HOW MANYPRESIDENTS OF U.S. CANYOU NAME?
  26. 26. WHO CAN BECOME THEPRESIDENT OF U.S.?
  27. 27. THEPRESIDENTIAL ELECTION PROCESS
  28. 28. - Winner-take-allprimary - Proportional representation primary - Caucus
  29. 29. WINNER-TAKE-ALLPRIMARY
  30. 30. PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION PRIMARY • ClosedPrimary • Open Primary • Semi-open • Run-off • MixedSystems
  31. 31. CAUCUS
  32. 32. CAUCUS VS PRIMARIES CAUCUS PRIMARY Voting method Voting is conducted at local party meetings and is done by raising hands or breaking up into groups. An election is held/ secret ballot Who can vote Only members registered with the political party can participate (if closed system) Depends upon the state. Some states allow only registered party members to vote; some allow party registrations on the same day; some are completely open to all residents of the state. States States that use the caucus system are Alaska, Colorado, Hawaii, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota, Nevada, North Dakota, Wyoming and Iowa All other states
  33. 33. NATIONAL CONVENTIONS A party meeting held in the presidential election year for the purposes of nominating a presidential and vice presidential ticket and adopting a platform.
  34. 34. GENERAL ELECTIONS
  35. 35. ELECTORAL COLLEGE
  36. 36. ELECTORAL COLLEGE - 538 electoral votes - The candidate with 270 or more votes become President - When no candidate gets 270 votes, then the House of Representatives votes for President
  37. 37. WHY DON’T AMERICANS TURN OUT?
  38. 38. HOW OFTEN ARE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS? a)Every two years b)Every four years c)Every six years
  39. 39. IN WHAT TYPE OF ELECTION DO CANDIDATES RUN AGAINST MEMBERS OF THEIR OWN PARTY? a. General b. Initiative c. Referendum d. Primary e. Mid-term
  40. 40. HOW OFTEN ARE ELECTIONS HELD FOR SEATS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES? a) Every two years b) Every four years c) Every six years
  41. 41. HOW LONG ARE THE TERMS SERVED BY U.S. SENATORS? a) Two years b) Four years c) Six years
  42. 42. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A REQUIREMENT TO BECOME PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES? a. Be at least 35 years old b. No prior criminal record c. Have a valid U. S. passport d. Be a resident of the United States for at least thirty years e. Have previous government experience
  43. 43. IN THE UNITED STATES, GENERAL ELECTIONS FOR PRESIDENT ALWAYS TAKE PLACE DURING WHAT MONTH? a) January b) July c) November
  44. 44. HOW MANY TERMS CAN A PRESIDENT SERVE? a) As many as he wants b) Three term c) Two terms
  45. 45. Presidental Elections are example of __________ Democracy. ________ - places where votes are cast in an election ________ - A system of voting secretly
  46. 46. EPIC RAP BATTLE OF HISTORY
  47. 47. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION AND… 

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