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Ket v 08


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Ket v 08

  1. 1. VOCABULARY LISTKey English Test (KET)Updated January 2008KET Vocabulary List© UCLES 2008
  2. 2. Introduction to the KET Vocabulary ListThe KET Vocabulary List gives teachers a guide to the vocabulary needed when preparing studentsfor the KET examination.Background to the ListThe KET list was originally developed by Cambridge ESOL in consultation with external consultantsto guide item writers who produce materials for the KET examination. It includes vocabulary from theCouncil of Europe’s Waystage (1990) specification and other vocabulary which has been shown bycorpus evidence to be high-frequency.The list covers vocabulary appropriate to this level of English and includes receptive vocabulary(words that the candidate is expected to understand but which is not the focus of a question), andproductive vocabulary (words that the candidate needs to know in order to answer a question).The list does not provide an exhaustive list of all words which appear on the KET question papersand candidates should not confine their study of vocabulary to the list alone.How the List is UpdatedThe vocabulary of English changes over time, with words being added and other words falling intodisuse. In order to maintain its currency, the list is updated on an annual basis by the addition andremoval of words, using a corpus-based approach. Suggested additions to the wordlist are collatedand the frequency of these words is obtained by reference to established corpora (electronicdatabases). The corpora in question represent receptive and productive language in generalcontexts. The main corpora used for the validation of the KET Vocabulary List are:• the Cambridge Learner Corpus (CLC) which includes over 20 million words of written learner English;• the British National Corpus (BNC) which includes 100 million words of written and spoken native speaker data.Organisation of the List • Word setsSome categories of words a learner at this level might be expected to know are not included in thealphabetical list but are listed separately. Words formed with common affixes, some compounds andwords from some common word sets, e.g. days of the week are described below and in Appendix 1.Although some ‘grammar words’ (pronouns, modals, etc.) are included, the ‘Language Specification’section of the KET Handbook (available under ‘Downloads’) should be consulted for a morecomplete listing. • ExemplificationExample phrases and sentences showing how words might be used are given only where wordswith different meanings need to be constrained e.g. the use of bank is followed by ‘I changed mymoney in a bank’ i.e. is limited to the idea of a financial institution: candidates are not expected toknow other meanings, such as ‘a river bank’. • Prefixes and SuffixesA list of possible prefixes and suffixes is provided in Appendix 2, and these may be combined withthe vocabulary items in the list as appropriate. Words with an affix which is not included in theappendix are listed separately in the alphabetical list.
  3. 3. • Compound WordsCompound words are not included in the list where both individual words are present and themeaning of the compound is literal and transparent, e.g. coursebook, school children, shoppingcentre. • Multi-word VerbsAll multi-word (or phrasal) verbs that a KET candidate might be expected to know are included in thelist. These verbs include ‘literal’ verbs (i.e. where the meaning is transparent) e.g. sit down, go outand ‘non-literal’ verbs e.g. look after, get up. • Topic ListsIn Appendix 3 words have been grouped together under common KET themes, such as ‘The Home’,‘Jobs and Work’, ‘Food and Drink’.Unsuitable TopicsCambridge ESOL examinations must not contain anything that might offend or upset candidates,potentially affect their performance or distract them during the examination. A number of ‘sensitive’topics are considered unsuitable for use in KET, for example, war and politics, and vocabularyrelating to these is not included in the Vocabulary List.Personal VocabularyThe content of the KET list is general in nature and is unlikely to cover completely the productivevocabulary that may be required by candidates. Candidates should know the specific lexis they willneed to describe themselves and their lives, for example, work, hobbies, likes and dislikes.AbbreviationsAbbreviations used in the Vocabulary List are:abbrev abbreviation or acronymadj adjectiveadv adverbAm Eng American Englishart articleBr Eng British Englishconj conjunctiondet determinerexclam exclamationint interjectionn nounphr v phrasal verbpl pluralprep prepositionprep phr prepositional phrasepron pronounsing singularv verbSummary of Points to be noted • The list does not include every word that may appear on a KET paper. • The list covers receptive and productive vocabulary. • It is updated every year.
  4. 4. angry (adj) A animal (n) another (det & pron)a, an (art) answer (n & v)able (adj) any (det and pron) • be able to anybody (pron)about (prep) anyone (pron) • What about a cold drink? anything (pron) • I have about £3. anyway (adv) • a book about animals anywhere (adv)above (prep) apartment (n)act (v) apple (n)accident (n) appointment (n)across (prep) • an appointment with the doctor • The bank’s across the road. area (n) • He walked across the bridge. arm (n)activity (n) (a)round (adv & prep)actor (n) • to travel around (adv)actually (adv) • to sit around the table (prep)add (v) arrive (v)address (n) art (n)adult (adj & n) artist (n)advanced (adj as (prep) • as good asadventure (n) • as soon as possibleadvertisement (n) • the same asaeroplane (n) ask (v)afraid (adj) assistant (n)after (prep) as well (adv)afternoon (n) as well as (prep)afterwards (adv) at (prep)again (adv) at all (adv)against (prep) • It doesn’t matter at all. • We watched England play against France. aunt (n)age (n) autumn (n) • I don’t know his age. away (adv)ago (adv) • He’s gone away.agree (v) • It’s two miles away. • Yes, I agree with you. • Don’t you agree, Sam?air (n) B • to travel by airairport (n) baby (n)all (det & pron) back (n, adv & adj)all right/alright (adv) bad (adj)almost (adv) bag (n)alone (adj & adv) ball (n)already (adv) banana (n)also (adv) band (n)always (adv) bank (n)a.m. (adv) • I changed my money in the bank.ambulance (n) barbecue (n)among (prep) baseball (n)and (conj) basketball (n)
  5. 5. bath (n) box (n)bathroom (n) boy (n)be (v) brake (n & v)beach (n) bread (n)bear (n) break (n & v)beautiful (adj) • a break for lunch (n)because (conj) • Someone’s broken the window.(v)become (v) breakfast (n)bed (n) bridge (n)bedroom (n) bring (v)before (adv & prep) brother (n)begin (v) brown (adj)beginner (n) build (v)behind (adv & prep) building (n)believe (v) burger (n)belong (v) burn (v)below (prep) • He has burnt his hand.belt (n) bus (n)between (prep) business (n)bicycle (n) businessman (n)big (adj) businesswoman (n)bike (n) bus station (n)bill (n) bus stop (n) • Can I have my bill, please? busy (adj)bird (n) but (conj)birthday (n) butter (n)biscuit (n) buy (v)bit (n) by (prep) • Just a small bit of cake, (adj)blanket (n) Cblond(e) (adj)blouse (n) cafe/café (n)blue (adj) cake (n)board (n) call (v) • The teacher’s writing on the • I’ll call (phone) again later this afternoon. (black/white)board. • He’s called John.boat (n) camelbody (n) camera (n)boil (v) camp (n & v)book (n & v) campsite (n)bookshelf (n) can (n & v)bookshop (n) canal (n)boot (n) car (n) • football boots card (n)boring (adj) • birthday cardborn (adj) • credit card • I was born in Manchester. career (n)boss (n) careful (adj)both (pron & det) • Be careful!bottle (n) carpet (n)bottom (n) carrot (n) • at the bottom of the stairs carry (v)bowl (n) cartoon
  6. 6. cash (n & v) close to (prep) • I’d like to cash this cheque. clothes (n pl)cassette (n) cloud (n)cassette player (n) cloudy (adj)cassette recorder (n) clowncastle (n) club (n)cat (n) • to join a clubcatch (v) coach (n)cathedral (n) • a coach tripCD (n) coat (n)cent (n) coffee (n)centre (n) cold (adj & n)centimetre (n) colleague (n)century (n) collectcertain (adj) collecting/to collect (v) • I’m certain (+ that clause) college (n)certainly (not) (adv) colour (n)chair (n) comb (n)change (v & n) come (v)channel (n) comfortable (adj)chat (n) company (n)chatroom (n) • What’s the name of your company?cheap (adj) competition (n)check (v) computer (n)cheers! (exclam) concert (n)cheese (n) congratulations! (exclam)chemist (n) conversation (n)cheque (n) cook (n & v)chicken (n) cooker (n)child (n) corner (n)chips (n pl) • the corner of the street • egg and chips correct (adj)chocolate (n) cost (n & v)choose (v) could (v)church (n) country (n)cinema (n) countryside (n)circus course (n)city (n) • a university courseclass (n) • a main course • a language class • of course (not) • a first-class ticket cousin (n)class member (n) cow (n)classical cream (n)classmate (n) credit card (n)classroom (n) cross (v)clean (adj & v) • Don’t cross the road here!clear (adj) crossing (n) • It’s not clear to me. • Use the crossing to cross the street.clever (adj) crossroads (n)click (v) crowd (n)climb (v) crowded (adj)clock (n) cry (v)close (v) • The baby’s crying.closed (adj) cup (n)
  7. 7. cupboard (n) door (n)curtains (n) double (adj)customer (n) • a double roomcut (v) down (adv & prep)cycle (v) downstairs (adv) dragon D draw (v) drawing (n) dream (n & v)dad(dy) (n) dress (n & v)daily (adj & adv) drink (n & v)dance (n & v) drive (v)dancing driving licence (n)danger (n) drum (n)dangerous (adj) dry (adj & v)dark (adj) during (prep)date (n) DVD (n) • What’s the date today? DVD player (n)daughter (n)day (n)dead (adj) Edear (adj) • Dear Anne, each (det & pron)decide (v) ear (n)degree (n) early (adj & adv) • The temperature’s 30 degrees today. earn (v)delay (n & v) east (n, adj & adv) • There will be a delay of two hours. (n) easy (adj) • The flight is delayed. (v) eat (v)dentist (n) egg (n)department (n) electric (adj)describe (v) electricity (n)desk (n) elephant (n)diary (n) else (pron)dictionary (n) • Anything else?die (v) email (n & v)difference (n) empty (adj & v)different (adj) end (v & n)difficult (adj) engine (n)digital engineer (n)dining room (n) enjoy (v)dinner (n) enough (det & pron)dinosaur entrance (n)diploma (n) envelope (n)dirty (adj) Euro (n)disco (n) even (adv)discount (n) evening (n)dish (n) ever (adv) • Chicken and chips is my favourite dish. every (det)do (v) everybody (pron)doctor (n) everyone (pron)dog (n) everything (pron)dollar (n) everywhere (adv)dolphin (n) examination/exam (n)
  8. 8. example (n) finish (v) • Look at the example first. fire (n) • for example first (det, adv & adj)excellent (adj) • First… then… (det)except (prep) • John came first. (adv)exercise (n) • first name (adj)exercise (v) fish (n & v)excited fit (adj)exciting (adj flat (n)excuse (v) flight (n) • Excuse me! floor (n)exhibition (n) • The bedrooms are on the first floor. • art exhibition • Don’t leave your clothes on the floor.exit (n) flower (n)expensive (adj) fly (n & v)explain (v) fog (n)extra (det) foggy (adj) follow (v) F food (n) foot (n) • my right footface (n) football (n)factory (n) for (prep)fan (n) foreign (adj)fail (v) forest (n)fair (adj) forget (v) • She has fair hair. fork (n)fall (v) • knife and forkfamily (n) form (n)famous (adj) • Fill in this form.far (adv) free (adj) • How far is the next garage? fresh (adj)farm (n) • fresh fruitfashion fridge (n)fast (adj & adv) fried (adj)fast food friend (n)fat (adj) friendly (adj)father (n) from (prep)favourite (adj) front (n)feel (v) • in the front of the train • to feel well • Stand in front of me.few (det) fruit (n)field (n) fry (v)fill (v) full (of) (adj)fill in (phr v) fun (n) • to fill in a form funny (adj)film (n) furniture (n)find (v)fine (adj) • That’s fine! G • I’m fine, thank you. • The weather is fine. game (n)
  9. 9. garage (n) hair (n)garden (n) hairdresser (n)gas (n) hairdryer (n) • a gas cooker half (n & pron)gate (n) hall (n)get (v) hallo/hello! (exclam)get fit (v) hand (n)get off (phr v) happen (v) • to get off the bus happy (adj)get on (phr v) hard (adj & adv) • to get on the bus • hard wood (adj)get up (phr v) • the homework was hard (adj) • to get up in the morning • to work hard (adv)girl (n) hat (n)give (v) hate (v)glad (adj) have (v)glass (n & adj) have got (v)glasses (n pl) have to (v)go (v) he (pron)go out (v) head (n) • Are you going out this evening? • My head (n) healthy (adj)gold (n & adj) hear (v)good (adj) heart (n)goodbye (exclam) heating (n)gram(me) (n) • Can you turn the heating on?grandchild (n) heavy (adj)grand(d)ad (n) • a heavy blanketgranddaughter (n) • How heavy is it?grandfather (n) helicopter (n)grandma (n) help (v)grandmother (n) her (det & pron)grandpa (n) herself (pron)grandparent (n) here (adv)grandson (n) hers (pron)grape (n) high (adj)grass (n) hill (n)great (adj) him (pron)green (adj) himself (pron)grey (adj) hip hopgrill (v) his (det & pron)grilled (adj) hit (v)group (n) hobby (n)grow (v) hockey (n)grow up (phr v) holiday(s) (n)guest (n) home (n & adv)guest-house (n) homework (n)guide (n) hope (v)guidebook (n) horse (n)guitar (n) hospital (n) hot (adj) H hotel (n) hour (n) house (n)
  10. 10. how (adv) journalist (n)hungry (adj) journey (n)hurry (v) juice (n)hurt (v) jump (v)husband (n) just (adv) • I’ve just seen Tom. I • Just a moment.I (pron) Kice (n)ice cream (n) keep (v)ice skating • May I keep this?idea (n) • Keep right!if (conj) key (n)ill (adj) keyboardimmediately (adv) • Instrument and computerimportant (adj) kilo(gram[me]) (n)impossible (adj) kilometre (n)improve (v) kind (adj & n)in (adv & prep) • That’s very kind of you.include (v) • What kind of book do you want?indoor (adj) king (n)indoors (adv) kitchen (n)information (n) kitein front of (prep) knife (n)insect (n) know (v)inside (adv & prep)instead (adv)instead of (prep) Linstructions (n pl)instrument (n) lake (n)insurance (n) lamp (n) • car insurance language (n)interested (adj) laptop (computer) (n)interesting (adj) large (adj)international (adj) last (adj & adv)internet (n) late (adj & adv)into (prep) • The train is going to be late.invite (v) later (adv)island (n) • I’ll see you (pron) laugh (v)its (det) learn (v)itself (pron) leather (n & adj) leave (v) J • The train leaves at 10 o’clock. • I left my bag in the cinema.jacket (n) • There isn’t any milk left.jam (n) left (n, adj & adv) • fruit jam • Go to the left.jeans (n pl) • left handjob (n) leg (n)join (v) lemon (n) lemonade (n)
  11. 11. less (det, pron & adv)lesson (n) Mlet (v)letter (n) machine (n)level (n) magazine (n) • language level make (v)library (n) make uplicence (n) man (n) • driving licence manager (n)lie down (phr v) many (det)life (n) map (n)lift (n) market (n) • Take the lift to the third floor. married (adj)light (n & adj) match (n)like (v, prep & adv) • football match • I’d like a drink. (v) matter (v) • It’s like an orange but bigger. (prep) • It doesn’t matter. • What’s the weather like? (adv) maybeline (n) me (pron) • draw a line meal (n) • the next line mean (v)lion (n) meat (n)listen (v) mechanic (n)litre (n) medicine (n)little (adj & det) meet (v)live (v) meeting (n)living room (n) member (n)long (adj) • a member of a clublook (v) menu (n) • You look happy. message (n) • Don’t look now! metre (n)look after (phr v) middle (n)look at (phr v) • in the middlelook for (phr v) midnight (n)look out (phr v) mile (n) • Look out – it’s going to fall! milk (n)lorry (n) million (n)lose (v) mind (v) • We lost the game. • Do you mind if I close the window? • I’ve lost my passport. • I don’t mind if…lot (det) • Mind your head! • a lot of homework. mine (pron)lots (det) mineral water (n)loud (adj) minute (n)love (n & v) mirror (n)lovely (adj) Miss (n)low (adj) miss (v)luck (n) mistake (n)lucky (adj) mobile (phone) (n)luggage (n) modern (adj)lunch (n) moment (n) • Just a moment. money (n) monkey (n)
  12. 12. month (n) north (n, adj & adv)monthly (adj & adv) nose (n)moon (n) not (adv)more (det, pron & adv) note (n & v)morning (n) nothing (pron)most (det, pron & adv) now (adv)mother (n) nowhere (adv)motorbike (n) number (n)motorway (n) nurse (n)mountain (n)mouse (n)mouth (n) Omove (v)Mr (n) occupation (n)Mrs (n) oclock (adv)Ms (n) of (prep)much (det, pron & adv) of course (not)mum(my) (n) off (adv)museum (n) office (n)music (n) often (adv)must (v) oil (n)my (det) • car oilmyself (pron) • cooking oil OK/O.K./okay (exclam) N old (adj) omelette (n) on (prep & adv)name (n) once (adv)national (adj) • only oncenationality (n) one (pron, det & num)nature onion (n)near (adv & prep) onlinenearly (adv) only (adv & adj)neck (n) • I only wanted to help.need (v) • the only oneneighbour (n) open (adj & v)never (adv) opera (n)new (adj) opposite (prep)news (n) or (conj)newsagent (n) orange (adj & n)newspaper (n) order (n)next (adj & adv) other (det)next to (prep) our (det)nice (adj) ours (pron)night (n) ourselves (pron)no (det & exclam) out (adv)nobody (pron) outdoor (adj)no one (pron) outdoors (adv)noisy (adj) outside (prep & adv)noon (n) over (prep & adv)no one (pron) • over 60 people (prep)none (pron) • to travel all over the world (adv) own (adj)normal (adj • They cook their own meals.
  13. 13. pity (n) • What a pity! P pizza (n) place (n)pack (v) plan (n & v) • pack a suitcase plane (n)page (n) • The plane was late.pain (n) plant (n)paint (v & n) plastic (n & adj)pair (n) plate (n) • a pair of shoes platform (n)paper (n & adj) • Your train leaves from Platform 8.pardon (exclam) play (v & n) • Pardon? • to play football (v)parent (n) • to play the guitar (v)park (n & v) • a play at the theatre (n)parrot playgroundpart (n) pleasant (adj) • the best part of the day please (v)party (n) p.m. (adv)pass (v) pocket (n) • You pass the station on the left. point (v) • to pass a driving test police (n)passenger (n) police car (n)passport (n) police officer (n)past (prep) police station (n)pasta (n) pool (n)path (n) • swimming poolpay (v) poor (adj)pay for (phr v) pop (n & adj)pen (n) • pop musicpence (n pl) popular (adj)pencil (n) possible (adj)pen-friend (n) post (v & n)penny (n) • to post a letterpeople (n pl) • What’s in the post today?pepper (n) postcard (n)per (prep) post office (n)perhaps (adv) poster (n)person (n) potato (n)pet (n) pound (£) (n)petrol (n) practice (n)petrol station (n) • football practicepharmacy (n) practise (v)phone (v & n) • You must practise if you want to play (n) prefer (v)photography (n) present (n)piano (n) • a birthday presentpicnic (n) pretty (adj)picture (n) price (n)piece (n) prize (n)pillow (n) problem (n)pilot (n) programme (n)pink (adj) • TV programme
  14. 14. project (n) • my return from holiday (n) • a school project • He returned home late. (v)pull (v) • She returned her library books. (v)pupil (n) rice (n)purple (n) rich (adj)purse (n) ride (n)push (v) ride (v)put (v) right (n, adj & adv)put on (phr v) • He swam to the right. (n) • your right hand (adj) Q • That’s the right answer. (adj) • Turn right here. (adv) river (n)quarter (n) road (n) • a quarter of an hour roast (v & adj)queen (n) rock (n)question (n) • rock concertquick (adj) roof (n)quiet (adj) room (n)quite (adv) • a double room • Are you quite sure? round (adj) • quite old roundabout (n)quiz ruin(s) (n) • Let’s visit the castle ruins today. run (v) R Srace (n & v) • a running race sad (adj) • She raced her brother to the bus stop. safe (adj)radio (n) salad (n)railway (n) sale (n)rain (n & v) • for saleraincoat (n) salt (n)rap same (adj & pron)rather (adv) • at the same time (adj) • rather old • Your watch is the same as mine. (pron)read (v) sandwich (n)ready (adj) save (v) • When will it be ready? • to save moneyreal (adj) • to save timereally (adv) say (v)receptionist (n) school (n)red (adj) screen (n)reggae scooterremember (v) sea (n)rent (v) seat (n)repair (v) second (n & det)rest (n & v) secretary (n) • to have a rest see (v) • ‘Try to rest’, the doctor said. sell (v)restaurant (n) send (v)return (n & v) sentence (n)
  15. 15. several (det) sofa (n)shall (v) soft (adj)shampoo (v & n) some (det & pron)she (pron) somebody (pron)sheet (n) someone (pron) • a bed sheet something (pron)shelf (n) sometimes (adv)ship (n) somewhere (adv)shirt (n) son (n)shoe (n) song (n)shop (n & v) soon (adv)shop assistant (n) sorry (adj)short (adj) • I’m sorry I’m late. • a short time • Sorry, I don’t understand that.shorts (n pl) sound (v)should (v) • That sounds nice.shout (v) soup (n)show (v & n) south (n, adj & adv) • Show me your photos. space (n) • a film show speak (v)shower (n) special (adj)shut (v) spell (v)sick (adj) spend (v)side (n) spoon (n) • this side of the room sport (n)silver (n & adj) sports centre (n)since (prep) spring (n)sincerely (adv) • I hate winter but I love spring. • Yours sincerely square (n & adj)sing (v) stadium (n)single (adj) staff (n)sister (n) stage (n)sit (v) stairs (n pl)sit down (phr v) stamp (n)sitting room (n) • Put a stamp on the envelope.size (n) stand (v)skate (v) • She was standing at the bus stop.skateboard (n) star (n)ski (v) star (v)skirt (n) start (v)sky (n) station (n)sleep (v) stay (v)slice (n) steak (n)slow (adj) steal (v)small (adj) • Someone’s stolen my bag!smoke (v) still (adv)snack (n) stomach (n)snow (n & v) stop (n & v)so (conj & adv) store (n) • So, I think it’s right. (conj) storm (n) • He ate too much, so he felt ill. (conj) story (n) • He wanted to go but he didn’t say so. (adv) straight (adj)soap (n) straight on (adv)sock (n) strange (adj)
  16. 16. • That’s a strange story! temperature (n)street (n) • The temperature was below zero.strong (adj) tennis (n)student (n) tent (n)studies (n pl) termstudy (v) terrible (adj)subject (n) test (n) • What’s your favourite subject at school? text (v) • the subject of a talk text booksuccess text messagesuch (det) than (prep & conj)suddenly (adv) thank (v)sugar (n) the (det)suit (n) theatre (n) • He was wearing a grey suit. their (det)suitcase (n) theirs (pron)summer (n) them (pron)sun (n) themselves (pron)sunny (adj) then (adv)supermarket (n) there (adv)supper (n) these (det & pron)suppose (v) they (pron) • I suppose so. thin (adj) • I suppose you’re right. thing (n)sure (adj) think (v) • I’m (not) sure. thirsty (adj)surfing this (det & pron)surname (n) those (det & pron)surprise (n) through (prep)surprised (adj) throw (v)sweater (n) thunderstorm (n)sweet (n & adj) ticket (n)swim (v) tidy (adj & v) tidy up (v) tiger T tights (n pl) till (prep)table (n) time (n)table-tennis (n) tired (adj)take (v) to (prep) today (n & adv) • I’ll take it to your room. together (adv) • It takes three hours. toilet (n)take off (phr v) tomato (n) • She took off her shoes. tomorrow (n & adv)talk (n & v) tonight (n & adv)tall (adj) too (adv)taxi (n) tooth (n)tea (n) toothbrush (n)teach (v) top (n)team (n) • the top of the pageteenager (n) total (adj & n)telephone (n & v) tour (n & v)television (n) tour guide (n)tell (v) tourist (n)
  17. 17. tourist information centre (n) violintowel (n) visit (v)town (n) visitor (n)toy (n) volleyball (n)traffic (n)traffic lights (n pl)train (n) Wtrainers (n pl)tram (n) wait (v)travel (v) waiter (n)travel agent (n) waitress (n)tree (n) wake up (phr v)trip (n) walk (v)trouble (n) wall (n)trousers (n pl) wallet (n)try (v) want (v)try on (phr v) warm (adj)T-shirt (n) wash (v)turn (v) wash up (phr v)turn off (phr v) watch (n & v) • Turn the gas off. water (n)turn on (phr v) way (n) • Turn the heating on. • Do it this way.twice (adv) • one-way streettype (n) • Is this the quickest way home?tyre (n) we (pron) wear (v) U weather (n) website (n) weddingumbrella (n) week (n)uncle (n) weekday (n)under (prep) weekend (n)underground (n & adj) weekly (adj & adv)understand (v) welcome (v)uniform (n) • Welcome to London!university (n) well (adv & adj)until (prep) west (n, adj & adv)up (prep & adv) wet (adj)upstairs (adv) whale (n)us (pron) what (det & pron)use (v) wheel (n)useful (adj) when (adv)usual (adj) where (adv) which (det) V while (conj) white (adj) who (pron)variety (n) whole (adj & n)vegetable (n) • the whole world (adj)very (adv) • the whole of July (n)video (n) whose (pron)video recorder (n) why (adv)village (n) wife (n)
  18. 18. wildwill (ll) (v)win (v) Ywind (n)window (n) year (n)windsurfing yellow (adj)windy (adj) yes (exclam)winter (n) yesterday (n & adv)wishes (n pl) yet (adv) • Best wishes • Has he arrived yet?with (prep) you (pron)without (prep) young (adj)woman (n) your (det)wonderful (adj) yours (pron)wood (n) yourself (pron)wool (n)word (n)work (n & v) Zworld (n)worry (v) zero (n)would (v) zoo (n)write (v)write down (phr v)wrong (adj)Appendix 1Word setsIn addition to the words in the alphabetical list, KET candidates are expected to know:Cardinal numbersone, two, three, etc. to one thousandOrdinal numbers
  19. 19. first, second, third, fourth, etc. to thirty-firstDays of the weekMonday, Tuesday, etc.Months of the yearJanuary, February, etc.Countries, languages and nationalitiesEnglish-speaking countries and others, for example, Brazil/Brazilian, Canada/Canadian,China/Chinese, France/French, Ireland/Irish, India/Indian, Italy/Italian, Spain/Spanish, etc.ContinentsAfrica, North America, South America, Asia, Antarctica, EuropeSchool subjectsgeography, history, mathematics, science, etc.Appendix 2AffixesThe words in the alphabetical list may be extended by the use of these affixes:-er with verbs and nouns to make nouns, eg driver, farmer, footballer, shopper, teacher, etc.-ing with verbs to make nouns (activities), eg fishing, parking, reading, sailing, shopping, etc.-ly with adjectives to form adverbs, eg carefully, quickly, slowly, usually, etc.un- with adjectives and adverbs to make negative forms, eg uncertain, unhappy, unhappily, uninteresting, etc.Appendix 3Topic ListsNatural World and Weatherair grass sea waterbeach grow sky weathercloud hill snow (n & v) westcloudy hot south wet
  20. 20. cold ice space windcountry island spring windycountryside lake star wintereast moon storm woodfield mountain summer woolfire north sun worldflower outdoor sunnyfog plant thunderstormfoggy rain (n & v) treeforest river warmColourslight/dark brown orange redblack green pink whiteblue grey purple yellowBuildings and Places We Live and Workairport corner market squareapartment crossing museum stadiumbank crossroads newsagent stationbookshop department store office streetbuilding disco park supermarketbus station entrance petrol station swimming poolcafé exhibition police station theatrecampsite exit post office tourist information centrecanal factory railway station towncastle farm restaurant travel agentcathedral flat river undergroundcentre guesthouse road universitychurch hospital roundabout villagecinema hotel ruin zooclub house schoolcity library shopcollege lift sports centreTravel and Transport(aero)plane far passport suitcaseairport flight petrol taxiambulance fly petrol station ticketboat garage pilot tour (n & v)brake helicopter plane tour guidebridge journey platform touristbus leave police car tourist information centrebus station left problem traffic
  21. 21. bus stop lights railway traffic lightscanal lorry repair (v) tramcar luggage return (n & v) travelcoach machine ride travel agentcountry map right trip (n)crossing mechanic road tyrecrossroads mile roundabout underground (n)delay (n & v) mirror sailing visitdelayed (adj) miss seat visitordrive motorway ship way (n)driver move station wheeldriving licence oil stop windowengine park (v) straight onengineer passenger streetFood and Drinkapple chocolate hungry piece of cakebanana coffee ice pizzabarbecue cook (n & v) ice cream platechips cooker jam potatobiscuit cream juice ricebit of cake cup kitchen roast (v & adj)boil cut knife saladbottle dinner lemon salt
  22. 22. bowl dish lemonade sandwichbox drink lunch slicebread eat main course snackbreak (n) egg meal soupbreakfast food meat steakburger fork menu sugarburn fish milk sweet (n & adj)butter fridge mineral water teacafe fried oil thirstycake fruit omelette tomatocarrot fry onion vegetablecan (n) glass orange waitercheers! grape pasta waitresscheese grill (v) pepper wash upchicken grilled picnicTimeafternoon evening morning weekenda.m./p.m. holidays night weeklyappointment hour noon winterautumn January - December o’clock yearbirthday meeting second yesterdaycentury midnight springclock minute summerdaily moment timedate Monday - Sunday todayday month tomorrowdiary monthly tonightCommunication, Culture and Entertainmentadvertisement cinema drum guidebookart click (v) DVD guitarband competition exhibition informationbook concert email (n & v) internetcall (v) conversation film journalistcamera dance (n & v) fun laughcard disco game listen tocassette draw go out look atCD drawing group magazine
  23. 23. mobile (phone) photo(graph) prize talk (n)mouse photographer programme telephonemuseum photography project televisionmusic piano radio theatrenews picture read ticketnewspaper play (n) rock (concert) watch (v)opera pop (music) show (n) websitepaint (v) practice sing writerpainter practise singerparty present (n) songJobs and Workactor diploma king secretaryartist doctor letter shop assistantboss driver manager shopperbreak earn mechanic singerbusiness email (n & v) meeting staffbusinessman engineer message studentbusinesswoman factory nurse teacherchemist farm occupation tennis playercleaner farmer office tour guidecolleague footballer painter travel agentcompany guest pharmacy uniformcomputer guide photographer waitercustomer hairdresser pilot waitressdentist instructions police officer workdesk job queen workerdiary journalist receptionistBody and Healthaccident burn dead footambulance check (v) dentist hairappointment chemist die handarm clean (adj & v) doctor headbaby comb (n) ear hear (v)back cut face heartbody danger fall (v) hospitalbreak (v) dangerous feel (v) hurt (v)
  24. 24. ill neck problem stomachinsurance nose rest (n & v) tiredleg nurse sick toothlie down pain sleep toothbrushmedicine pharmacy soap well (adj)Appliances and Servicescamera cooker hairdryer tape recordercassette DVD heating (tele)phone player/recorder electric lamp televisionCD electricity lights TVclock fridge mobile (phone) videocomputer gas radio video recorderMeasurementscentimetre hour mile temperatureday kilo(gram) minute weekdegree kilometre moment yeargram(me) litre quarterhalf metre secondDocuments and Textsbill form menu postcardbook insurance message projectcard letter newspaper ticketdiploma licence noteemail magazine passportShopping and Moneyassistant cheque expensive shopbill close (v) for sale shop assistantbookshop closed (adj) open (v & adj) shopperbuy (v) cost (n & v) pay (for) shoppingcash (n & v) customer pence spendcent department store penny supermarketchange (n & v) dollar pound try oncheap Euro price
  25. 25. Studiesbeginner exam(ination) library studiesboard Geography Mathematics study (v)book History practice subjectbookshelf homework practise teachclass(room) information project teacherclever instructions pupil test (n)college know read universitycourse language rememberdesk learn schooldictionary lesson Sciencediploma level studentFamily and Friendsboy friend group Msbrother friendly guest mum(my)child girl husband neighbourcolleague grandchild love (n & v) parentcousin granddaughter married pen-frienddad(dy) grandfather Miss sisterdaughter grandmother mother surnamefamily grandparent Mr teenagerfather grandson Mrs wifeSport and Leisureball camera football magazinebaseball camp footballer memberbasketball campsite game park (n)beach catch (v) golf partybicycle climb hobby picnicbike club hockey play (v)boat competition holidays playerbook fishing luck pool
  26. 26. practice sailing swimming tiredpractise sea table-tennis trainersprize ski team volleyballrace (n & v) skiing tennis walk (v)rest (n & v) sport(s) tennis player watch (v)ride sports centre tent win (v)riding stadium throw (v) winnerrun (v) swim ticketThe Homeaddress cup gate platebath cupboard hall roofbathroom desk home roombed dining room house safe (adj)bedroom door key shelfblanket downstairs kitchen showerbookshelf flat lamp sitting roombowl floor lights sofabox furniture live (v) stay (v)chair garage living room toiletclock garden pillow towelClothes and Accessoriesbag hat shorts T-shirtbelt jacket skirt umbrellablouse jeans suit uniformboot pocket sweater walletclothes purse tights wear (v)coat raincoat trainersdress (n & v) shirt trousersglasses shoe try on (v)