The psychosocial impact of the breast cancer patients
•DEFINITION: Overgrowth of breast cells.
•Most breast cancers begin in the cells that line the ducts or the
lobules. A small number start in other tissues.
•Breast tumours can be classified in:
•Growth abnormally of the cells and the formation of the lump.
•The cancer cells can be able to spread beyond the breast.
Statistical Information Team at Cancer Research UK, 2012
Previous breast conditions
•Exposure to the oestrogen and
progesterone hormones for long and
• Nulliparity or 1st pregnancy after 30;
•Overweight or obesity;
• Early menstruation (before 12);
•Late menopause (after 50).
Non-reprodutive lifestyle factors
carcinoma in situ
carcinoma in situ
Adaptation to a new
• Disease's impact in their life
Sexual and attractive
LOSS THEIR IDENTITY AS A
•Loss of breast;
•Increase in weight
Wrong coping COPING
quality of life
• Encourage changes in psychosocial aspects;
• Upgrade the current lifestyle;
•Improve the quality of life.
•Provide an atmosphere of acceptance, openness and availability as well as privacy
•Promote a calm and quiet environment.
•Explore with her previous methods of dealing with life problems.
•Encourage verbalization of their feelings and fears.
•Encourage to identify their own strengths and abilities.
•Arrange social support.
•Encourage the participation in breast cancer support groups.
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