Teaching Materials: A Critical Position about the Role they play in the Language Classroom.<br />
Reflection:<br />What do you think the role of schools <br /> in Colombia is?<br /> Is this the same all over the world?<br />What is the role of teaching materials in<br /> foreign languages?<br />Are Colombian EFL teachers preparing students for a global world? <br />
Introduction<br />Why is TEFL a difficult task?<br />What is Language?: <br />Part of society.<br />Inputs, experiences, emotions, discourses to solve everyday problems.<br />Way to position oneself in a world moved by unequal power relationships.<br />Teaching-learning scenario: <br /><ul><li>challenging.
Role of language: critical understanding in politics, economics, individual differences, linguistic communities. </li></li></ul><li>Language Teaching-Learning and Teaching Materials<br />Teaching materials:<br /><ul><li>Help teachers and Ss. develop more critical thinking or to construct misconceptions.
Regulate the use and production of lang. in the educational processes.</li></ul>What does the development of curriculum depends on?<br /><ul><li>Context, role of individuals, use of resources.
Pedagogical choices are Ideological in nature with significant implications for learners.</li></li></ul><li>Language planning is aimed at promoting critical thinking. How?<br />Teachers must think about the implicit information and values Ss. are provided with to promote or create common sense assumptions.<br />What is presented in the curriculum is the ultimate truth.<br />Language functions should include a critical view of cultural practices, values<br /> and attitudes.<br />
Teaching Materials: Conceptual Considerations.<br />Krashen: They function as stimulus to promote learning.<br />Tomlinson: they can be anything used to increase the learner’s knowledge and/or experience of the language.<br />Martín: Vital resources that stimulate and develop students’ linguistic skills.<br />Materials are meaningful constructions of reality and truth. They create mental images and representations of everything related knowledge.<br />
TeachingMaterials and Ideology<br />Materials are ideological contructions to deal with language matters and the world.<br />Teaching materials can determine the perception of the world students and teachers build up in regards to linguistic and pragmatics. They are related to discourse and ideology. <br />
Teaching Materials and Critical Thinking<br />Critical thinking refers to a whole pedagogy that empowers Ss to think and reason more carefully.<br />Both, teachers and Ss can question the content of the materials and discern their implicit worldview.<br />Both can criticize the social, political, economical and cultural discourses of the materials provided by official institutions.<br />Materials should permit Ss to express diverse viewpoints respecting differences and see the implications.<br />Materials can be means of “EMANCIPATION”<br />
What Does This Have to Do with Colombia?<br />
Remembering<br />Recalling and recognizing previously learned material, such as a fact, a definition, or a theory. <br />Key words: choose, find, define, label, spell, list, select, write, tell.<br />Tell about the main character in the story?<br /> Where do people find her?<br />
Understanding<br /><ul><li>Making sense of the material. This level goes beyond simple recall, and students might say, “Ah, now I get it!”
Key words: discuss, outline, explain, summarize, restate, describe</li></ul>Describe in your own words the setting of the story.<br />Explain what happened to La Llorona’s children?<br />
Applying<br />Using learned material in new situations. Practice is essential at this level. <br />Key words: apply, select, plan, solve, use, show, calculate, build, develop<br />When you were a child, how did you feel when you heard the story of La Llorona?<br />What do you think parents should tell their children about La Llorona?<br />
Analyzing<br /><ul><li>Breaking information into its various parts and examining the relationships of the parts to the whole.
What lesson(s) should we learn from the La Llorona story?</li></li></ul><li>Evaluating<br /><ul><li>Presenting and defending opinions by making judgments about information based on a set of criteria.
What lessons do you think the story of La Llorona is supposed to teach children? </li></li></ul><li>Creating<br />Taking information and doing something completely different with it. <br />Key words: imagine, compose, design, predict, combine, invent, propose, infer.<br />Write the story as if La Llorona were living today.<br />
Are our teaching materials developing critical thinkers?<br />Are we assuming a critical position towards the curriculum, content and material previously given?<br />Thanks……..<br />