PURUSHARTHAS<br />
INTRODUCTION<br />“Purusha” means human being and “artha” means object or objective.<br /> Purusharthas means objectives o...
धर्म<br />
DHARMA (RIGHTEOUSNESS)<br />Dharma means that which upholds this entire creation.<br /> It is a Divine law that is inheren...
 (MATERIAL WEALTH)<br />Artha means wealth. <br />Hinduism recognizes the importance of material wealth for the overall ha...
KAMA (DESIRE)<br />Kama in ordinarily termed as PLEASURE.<br />It can be mental pleasure, sensuous pleasure, pleasure deri...
MOKSHA (SALVATION)<br />Moksha (‘Freedom’, ‘release’ or ‘rid off’) from the cycle of birth and death is the ultimate goal ...
Rebirth and Salvation<br />Pattern of Life<br /><ul><li>Hindus believe universe, everyone in it, part of continual pattern...
After death atman reborn in process called reincarnation, or samsara</li></ul>New Life<br /><ul><li>Nature of person’s new...
Good karma, reincarnated to better station in life; bad karma, lower station in life
Ultimate goal of human existence, moksha, escape from cycle of rebirth</li></ul>Dharma <br /><ul><li>With moksha, atman le...
To achieve moksha is to fulfill one’s dharma—spiritual duties, obligations
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Purusharthas

8,617 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Education
  • Be the first to comment

Purusharthas

  1. 1. PURUSHARTHAS<br />
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION<br />“Purusha” means human being and “artha” means object or objective.<br /> Purusharthas means objectives of man.<br /> According to Hindu way of life, a man should strive to achieve four chief objectives (Purusharthas) in his life. They are: <br /> Of the four, dharma an moksa are the one that man ought to seek; while artha and kama are the one that man is naturally inclined to seek<br />
  3. 3. धर्म<br />
  4. 4. DHARMA (RIGHTEOUSNESS)<br />Dharma means that which upholds this entire creation.<br /> It is a Divine law that is inherent and invisible, but responsible for all existence.<br />It exists in all planes, in all aspects and at all levels of creation.<br />It is considered to be the first cardinal aim because it is at the root of everything and upholds everything.<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. (MATERIAL WEALTH)<br />Artha means wealth. <br />Hinduism recognizes the importance of material wealth for the overall happiness and well being of an individual.<br />A person may have the intention to uphold the dharma, but if he has no money he would not be able to perform his duties and fulfill his dharma.<br /> Hinduism advocates austerity, simplicity and detachment, but does not glorify poverty. <br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. KAMA (DESIRE)<br />Kama in ordinarily termed as PLEASURE.<br />It can be mental pleasure, sensuous pleasure, pleasure derived through satisfaction of work etc.<br />Kama is the enjoyment of the appropriate objects by the five senses assisted by the mind together with the soul.<br />The urge to enjoy pleasures and satisfy desires is the most powerful and effective incentive to individual progress.<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. MOKSHA (SALVATION)<br />Moksha (‘Freedom’, ‘release’ or ‘rid off’) from the cycle of birth and death is the ultimate goal of Hindu religious life. <br />Moksha is called Mukti (freedom) by Yogis , Nirvana by Buddhists and in Christianity moksha is termed Salvation<br />Highest end of life, attainable only by the individual himself, with the help and guidance of DHARMA.<br />It is total destruction of egoism.<br />Moksha is also called as the ‘sublime goal’<br />
  11. 11. Rebirth and Salvation<br />Pattern of Life<br /><ul><li>Hindus believe universe, everyone in it, part of continual pattern of birth, death, and rebirth
  12. 12. After death atman reborn in process called reincarnation, or samsara</li></ul>New Life<br /><ul><li>Nature of person’s new life shaped by karma—sum effect of deeds, actions
  13. 13. Good karma, reincarnated to better station in life; bad karma, lower station in life
  14. 14. Ultimate goal of human existence, moksha, escape from cycle of rebirth</li></ul>Dharma <br /><ul><li>With moksha, atman leaves world, reunites fully with Brahman
  15. 15. To achieve moksha is to fulfill one’s dharma—spiritual duties, obligations
  16. 16. By fulfilling dharma, one creates good karma, breaks free from rebirth cycle</li></li></ul><li>ELABORATION<br />Each of the four canonical purusarthas was subjected to a process of examination and elaboration which produced several key works in the history of Indian philosophy, including the Kamasutra of Vatsyayana (treating kama, particularly as "sexual gratification"), the Arthashastra of Kautilya (treating artha as "material pursuits"), the Dharmashastras of various authors, most notably Manu (treating dharma as "religious, social and personal ethics") and the principle sutras of the six orthodox schools of philosophy or darsanas, all of which are principally concerned with the attainment of moksha, often referred to as the parama-purusartha or "chief end of human life".<br />
  17. 17. CONCLUSION<br />Dharma is always held higher than Artha and Kama. <br />In the attainment of moksha only dharma can help, provided it has been cultivated through artha and kama. <br />Moral decay and disintegration will follow.<br />However with all these things also he is not seen to be happy and contended. <br />It can definitely help us to find PEACE OF MIND which is the birth right of every human being.<br />
  18. 18. BIBLIOGRAPHY<br />www.hindubooks.org<br />www.swamij.com<br />www.hindunet.org<br />BUSINESS ETHICS AND CSR (Himalaya Publications)<br />
  19. 19. THANK <br /> YOU….<br />

×