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Odata

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Basic concepts of Odata

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Odata

  1. 1. 1 Presentation on OData
  2. 2. What is OData • Open Data Protocol (OData) is an open protocol for sharing data. • It is built upon AtomPub, itself an extension of Atom Publishing Protocol. [The Atom Publishing Protocol (AtomPub) is an Application level protocol for publishing and editing web resources.] • OData is based on REST (Representational State Transfer) ; therefore a simple web browser can view the data exposed through an OData service. • The basic idea behind OData is to use a well known data format (Atom feed) to expose a list of entities. • AtomPub extends the basic Atom Protocol by allowing not only read but the whole set of CRUD operations. 2
  3. 3. • Atom is an XML-based document format that describes Collections of related • information known as "feeds". Feeds are composed of a number of items, known as Entries. 3
  4. 4. How OData Works: Technology Basics 4 • The OData technology has four main parts: 1. OData data model 2. OData protocol 3. OData client libraries 4. OData service
  5. 5. 1. The OData data model, which provides a generic way to organize and describe data. 2. The OData protocol, which lets a client make requests to and get responses from an OData service. Those interactions include the usual create/read/update/delete (CRUD) operations, along with an OData- defined query language. 3. OData client libraries, which make it easier to create software that accesses data via the OData protocol. Because OData relies on REST, using an OData-specific client library isn't strictly required. But most OData clients are applications, and so providing pre-built libraries for making OData requests and getting results makes life simpler for the developers who create those applications. 4. An OData service, which exposes an endpoint that allows access to data. This service implements the OData protocol, and it also uses the abstractions of the OData data model to translate data between its underlying form, which might be relational tables, SharePoint lists, or something else, into the format sent to the client. 5
  6. 6. Consumption of Odata Example 1. Requesting resources : Foe example here we use the service of an open trip management system . If a person named Russell White, who has formerly registered TripPin, would like to find out who are the other people in it. GET http://services.odata.org/v4/TripPinServiceRW/People HTTP/1.1 OData-Version: 4.0 OData-MaxVersion: 4.0 This uses version 4 TripPin from where it fetch data List of people whose data are retrieved HTTP Version 1.1 6
  7. 7. In Response • HTTP/1.1 200 OK • Content-Length: 1007 • Content-Type: application/json; odata.metadata=minimal Service Route URL Resource path • OData-Version: 4.0 • { • "@odata.context":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/$metadata#People", • "@odata.nextLink":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/People?%24skiptoken=8", • "value":[ • { • "@odata.id":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/People('russellwhyte')", • "@odata.etag":"W/"08D285C0E2748213"", • "@odata.editLink":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/People('russellwhyte')", • "UserName":"russellwhyte", • "FirstName":"Russell", • "LastName":"Whyte", • "Emails":[ • "Russell@example.com", • "Russell@contoso.com" • ], • "AddressInfo":[ • { • "Address":"187 Suffolk Ln.", • "City":{ • "CountryRegion":"United States", • "Name":"Boise", • "Region":"ID" • } • } • ], • "Gender":"Male", • "Concurrency":635717560892162579 • }, • { • ...................................... • } • ]} 7
  8. 8. 2. Requesting an individual resource GET http://services.odata.org/v4/TripPinServiceRW/People('russellwhyte') HTTP/1.1 OData-Version: 4.0 User name of the individual OData-MaxVersion: 4.0 Resource 3. Queries GET http://services.odata.org/v4/TripPinServiceRW/People?$top=2 & $select=FirstName, LastName & $filter=Trips/any(d:d/Budget gt 3000) HTTP/1.1 OData-Version: 4.0 OData-MaxVersion: 4.0 8
  9. 9. In Response • HTTP/1.1 200 OK • Content-Length: 367 • Content-Type: application/json; odata.metadata=minimal • OData-Version: 4.0 • { • "@odata.context":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/$metadata#People(FirstNam e,LastName)", • "value":[ • { • "@odata.id":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/People('scottketchum')", • "@odata.etag":"W/"08D285C0E2748213"", • "@odata.editLink":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/People('scottketchum')", • "FirstName":"Scott", • "LastName":"Ketchum" • }, • { • "@odata.id":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/People('ronaldmundy')", • "@odata.etag":"W/"08D285C0E2748213"", • "@odata.editLink":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/People('ronaldmundy')", • "FirstName":"Ronald", • "LastName":"Mundy" • } • ] • } 9
  10. 10. 4. Creating a new resource POST http://services.odata.org/v4/(S(34wtn2c0hkuk5ekg0pjr513b))/TripPinServiceRW/People HTTP/1.1 OData-Version: 4.0 OData-MaxVersion: 4.0 Content-Length: 428 Content-Type: application/json { "UserName":"lewisblack", "FirstName":"Lewis", "LastName":"Black", "Emails":[ "lewisblack@example.com" ], "AddressInfo":[ { "Address":"187 Suffolk Ln.", "City":{ "CountryRegion":"United States", "Name":"Boise", "Region":"ID" } } ], "Gender":"Male", "Concurrency":635519729375200400 } 10
  11. 11. In Response HTTP/1.1 201 Created Content-Length: 652 Content-Type: application/json;odata.metadata=minimal;odata.streaming=true;IEEE754Compatible=f alse;charset=utf-8 ETag: W/'08D1D3800FC572E3' Location: http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(34wtn2c0hkuk5ekg0pjr513b))/TripPinServiceRW/Peop le('lewisblack') OData-Version: 4.0 NOTE :- IEEE754Compatible=false ;= means that Int64(Represents a 64-bit signed integer.) and Decimal are serialized as numbers. 11
  12. 12. 5. Relating resources In RESTful APIs, resources are usually dependent with each other. For that, the concept of relationships in OData can be defined among resources to add flexibility and richness to the data model. Example - POST http://services.odata.org/v4/(S(34wtn2c0hkuk5ekg0pjr513b))/TripPinServiceRW/Peop le('lewisblack')/Trips/$ref HTTP/1.1 OData-Version: 4.0 OData-MaxVersion: 4.0 Content-Length: 123 Content-Type: application/json { "@odata.id":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(34wtn2c0hkuk5ekg0pjr513b))/TripPinSer viceRW/People('russellwhyte')/Trips(0)" } 12
  13. 13. In Response HTTP/1.1 204 No Content OData-Version: 4.0 6. Invoking a Function OData supports defining functions and actions to represent complicated logic and which can be frequently used. For Example :- After having explored the TripPin OData service, Russell finds out that it has a function called GetInvolvedPeople from which he can find out the involved people of a specific trip. 13
  14. 14. GET http://services.odata.org/v4/(S(34wtn2c0hkuk5ekg0pjr513b))/TripPinServiceRW/Peop le('russellwhyte')/Trips(0)/Microsoft.OData.SampleService.Models.TripPin.GetInvolved People() HTTP/1.1 OData-Version: 4.0 OData-MaxVersion: 4.0 In Response : HTTP/1.1 200 OK Content-Length: 582 Content-Type: application/json; odata.metadata=minimal OData-Version: 4.0 { "@odata.context":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/$metadata#People", "value":[ { "@odata.id":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/People('russellwhyte')", "@odata.etag":"W/"08D285C4BEF5EC5D"", "@odata.editLink":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/People('russellwhyte') ", 14
  15. 15. • "UserName":"russellwhyte", • "FirstName":"Russell", • "LastName":"Whyte", • "Emails":[ • "Russell@example.com", • "Russell@contoso.com" • ], • "AddressInfo":[ • { • "Address":"187 Suffolk Ln.", • "City":{ • "CountryRegion":"United States", • "Name":"Boise", • "Region":"ID" • } • } • ], • "Gender":"Male", • "Concurrency":635717577476533341 • }, • { • "@odata.id":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/People('scottketchum')", • "@odata.etag":"W/"08D285C4BEF5EC5D"", • "@odata.editLink":"http://services.odata.org/V4/(S(fo3by51qwd1q124ngi2rxrzc))/TripPinServiceRW/People('scottketchum')", • "UserName":"scottketchum", • "FirstName":"Scott", • "LastName":"Ketchum", • "Emails":[ • "Scott@example.com" • ], • "AddressInfo":[ • { • "Address":"2817 Milton Dr.", • "City":{ • "CountryRegion":"United States", • "Name":"Albuquerque", • "Region":"NM" • } • } • ], • "Gender":"Male", • "Concurrency":635717577476533341 • } • ] } 15
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