Action plan on waste management at home and in the community.


Published on

the file tells how one can manage waste in the community and at home. if every one does it on a small scale the world would be a better place to live in. i have tried to show some steps by which waste can be controlled.

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Action plan on waste management at home and in the community.

  1. 1. Green Teens
  2. 2. Objective Action Plan to provide a solution for • Effective Solid Waste Management for National Capital Delhi + Solid Waste collection, disposal and recycling
  3. 3. Introduction • Managing Waste Stream has become a daunting task • Landfills facing Capacity Crisis • Most Landfills are used just for Dumping Raw Waste + ignoring a possible source of income through recycling Location – Ghazipur Landfill Site
  4. 4. Key to Success • Continuous and abundant Supply of Solid Waste • Vendor Management • Management the collection, segregation and movement of Solid Waste Stream • Processing of Solid Waste Stream • Client Management • Organizational Culture
  5. 5. Increasing Demand for Waste Management 0 5,000,000 10,000,000 15,000,000 20,000,000 25,000,000 30,000,000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2024 Year Population 0 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 WasteQuantity Waste Quantity Popuation
  6. 6. Current Scenario Solid Waste Management • Delhi generates ~ 6000 tonnes of Solid Waste per day + Rank last amongst the four Indian metros in solid Waste Collection, Disposal and Recycling
  7. 7. Opportunity • Need to provide a solution to Urban Solid Waste Management problem • Utilize increasing stream of Urban Solid Waste as a source of income through recycling, producing electricity etc.
  8. 8. Waste- Definition & Classification Any material which is not needed by the owner, producer or processor. Classification • Domestic waste • Factory waste • Waste from oil factory • E-waste • Construction waste • Agricultural waste • Food processing waste • Bio-medical waste • Nuclear waste
  9. 9. Classification of Wastes • Solid waste- vegetable waste, kitchen waste, household waste etc. • E-waste- discarded electronic devices like computer, TV, music systems etc. • Liquid waste- water used for different industries eg tanneries, distillaries, thermal power plants • Plastic waste- plastic bags, bottles, buckets etc. • Metal waste- unused metal sheet, metal scraps etc. • Nuclear waste- unused materials from nuclear power plants
  10. 10. Solid Waste in India • 7.2 million tonnes of hazardous waste • One Sq km of additional landfill area every-year • Rs 1600 crore for treatment & disposal of these wastes • In addition to this industries discharge about 150 million tonnes of high volume low hazard waste every year, which is mostly dumped on open low lying land areas. Source: Estimate of Ministry of Environment & Forest
  11. 11. Solid Waste
  12. 12. Growth of Solid Waste In India • Waste is growing by leaps & bounds • In 1981-91, population of Mumbai increased from 8.2 million to 12.3 million • During the same period, municipal solid waste has grown from 3200 tonnes to 5355 tonne, an increase of 67% • Waste collection is very low for all Indian cities • City like Bangalore produces 2000 tonnes of waste per annum, the ever increasing waste has put pressure on hygienic condition of the city Source: The Energy & Resources Institute, New Delhi
  13. 13. Waste Collection in India • Primarily by the city municipality -No gradation of waste product eg bio- degradable, glasses, polybags, paper shreds etc -Dumps these wastes to the city outskirts • Local raddiwala / kabadiwala (Rag pickers) -Collecting small iron pieces by magnets -Collecting glass bottles -Collecting paper for recycling • MCD- Sophisticated DWM (Delhi Waste Management) vehicle
  14. 14. How solid waste affected us in recent years? • Cloudburst in Mumbai (2005) clogged the sewage line due to large no. of plastic bags • Blast in the Bhusan Steel factory at Noida, caused due to imported scrap from Iran • Reduction in the number of migratory birds due to consumption of contaminated foods • Stray animals dying on streets and farmland due to consumption of plastic bags, which blocks the food movement in their stomach
  15. 15. Hazardous / Toxic Waste & Dumping Site • Industrialised countries have waste management problems • Developed countries have strict environment regulation norms • Most attractive option for them- to dump into developing countries
  16. 16. Philadelphia’s Municipal Waste • 16 years journey for the cargo ship to eleven countries and four continents • 25,000 tonnes of flyash came back to Philadelphia’s garbage dump • Several government refused cargo ships • In 2002, Cargo ship returned back to US
  17. 17. Major Polluting Industries in India • Around 2500 tanneries discharge 24 million cu m of waste water containing high level of dissolved solids and 4,00,000 tonnes of hazardous solid waste • 300 distilleries discharge 26 million kilo- litres of spend wash per year containing several pollutants • Thermal power plants discharge huge waste materials
  18. 18. Collection & Recycling of Waste Materials
  19. 19. Managing Waste Recycling: Processing of a waste item into usable forms. Benefits of recycling: -Reduce environmental degradation -Making money out of waste -Save energy that would have gone into waste handling & product manufacture Saving through recycling: -When Al is resmelted- considerable saving in cost -Making paper from waste saves 50% energy -Every tonne of recycled glass saves energy equivalent to 100 litres of oil
  20. 20. Recycling not a solution to all problems! Recycling is not a solution to managing every kind of waste material For many items recycling technologies are unavailable or unsafe In some cases, cost of recycling is too high.
  21. 21. Solution: More Profit With Zero Waste • Exchanging output that are considered waste • Waste of one could be input or raw material for others • Evolving a closed system- matter & energy circulate within • System was not designed to be so • The system of exchange evolved in 10 years
  22. 22. Problems in Dealing With Solid Waste • Education & voluntary compliance • Collection of waste • Technological interventions • Institutions & regulatory framework • Absence of mandatory standards for waste reduction • Market action for waste reduction Source: The Energy & Resources Institute
  23. 23. TERI Projections on Waste Generation In India
  24. 24. We, the members of our team have set some great goals for us to address this issue, and to achieve those goals our team has taken some serious steps :- 1.AT THE PERSONAL LEVEL. It is important to start at the personal level first, because for making other people do what we tell them, we need to set an example for them. a).So to reach our objective of managing waste properly it all had to start from our home. We started by the most basic thing, that is dumping our own waste into proper dustbins. Because if we dump our garbage in proper bins it ultimately goes to the right place which is the dumping grounds. So this small step can help us manage the waste not only in our homes but in the community too.
  25. 25. 25 b).Another thing we did was placing two different bins at our home, one for bio degradable waste and one for non biodegradable waste so if there are special dumping bins for bio degradable and non bio degradable waste, which are usually present in almost every neighborhood now, we can dump our wastes according to their reusability so they can be recycled efficiently. c).As it’s summer time, air conditioners will be used in almost every household so we also decided to collect the water released by the AC’s,and use it for other purposes such as watering our plants.
  26. 26. 2.AT THE COMMUNITY LEVEL We also need to manage waste in our community too.Becuase until and unless the whole community comes together to take action, nothing can happen. a).We all decided to spread awareness amongst people in our community, telling them specially what have we done to our environment and what could be the consequences if we don’t take action in the near future. That with the help of mostly posters. b).Another thing which we decided to do was instruct anyone we see disposing waste improperly. We asked that person to dispose off their waste in proper bins. c).Most importantly, we checked the waste disposing facilities present in our respective neighborhoods. Some of us noticed that they were not properly managed. So we decided to get in touch with the authorities ,and it really did work.
  27. 27. 27 d).To keep the society clean we must start from our homes. So the most major step to be taken to keep the society clean is to keep our homes and the surroundings clean. This is what we brought to the notice of our fellow community members. e).We also got in touch with many NGO’s who are working for the cause and got their help too for pressurizing the authorities. d).We also decided to set up a special bin our neighborhoods to dump waste which can be reused directly, such as papers,cardboards,etc. f).Another bin was set up in some of the neighborhoods for dumping books which were in a readable condition.
  28. 28. The duties in our group were divided into the members.The following is a list of the duties Eeshwari,Tanya,& Karandeep-These three were given the responsibility of designing the posters, making them, getting the copies made. Raunaq, Rishab, Aayush-These three collected the information from all group members about the waste disposing facilities present in their respective neighborhoods and getting the work done by contacting the authorities and the NGO’s. Another duty which was performed by all group members was sticking posters in their respective neighborhoods, this was a specific duty performed by all of us. Also collecting reusable items from the special bins we set up was performed collectively by all of us
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. 30 Reusing pet bottles Reusing old books Reusing plastic as bin liner Kudawala of my locality segregating waste. RISHAB’S WASTE MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
  31. 31. 31 Tea leaves used to make compost Separate bins to store wastes. Water harvesting pit in my building initiated by me and my father My store room
  32. 32. 32 A.C water used for mopping Collection of plastic articles
  33. 33. Our team will measure success by just checking around their own societies. ether- • Garbage is being dumped in proper bins by the people of the society. • Garbage is being dumped properly according to their reusability, or recyclability. • Garbage is being picked up the authorities and bins have been cleared regularly. • Other people are taking the initiative themselves by stopping someone doing something wrong, such as dumping biodegradable waste into the bin made for non biodegradable waste and vice versa. • The neighborhood is clean and not a single piece of garbage is found lying here and there. • People are reusing substances according to their reusability. These were some of the ways our team used to measure how successful we were in our plan, but it will be a great disappointment for us if we not end up successfully.
  34. 34. • We combined the information about how much water we all saved and reused it, specially by collecting water from air conditioners,rainwater,etc. and the total water we collected was about 8 litrs. (approx.) .We collected it in buckets and each of us weighed the total water they had saved and we combined it. Each of us used it mostly for watering the plants present in our homes, and mopping the floor. • As mentioned before, we had set up a bin for reusable waste in each of our neighborhoods. After clearing all garbage which was not reusable, the total weight of the reusable content we collected was 1.5 kg’s (approx.),which is a quite remarkable figure. • We also collected readable books from our friends and neighbors, and it accounted for almost 14 of these kinds of books. These were exchanged amongst us all and all who helped us as most of those were only read novels. So this is how we decided to manage waste at our community and personal level and this is how we quantified the impact, as the other steps we took did give us success but they can not be quantified like this.
  35. 35. Feedback on waste management Negative People were generally found to be oblivious to the hygiene and the effect of dirty surroundings on their health. There was a clear lack of efforts on the individual as well as on community basis to manage the garbage and more dependency was shown on the government machinery to manage waste . For them the cleanliness in the neighbourhood was not the priority . Even the youth were found to be ignorant of the importance of good health . The amount of money paid on the medical subscriptions and the medicines were never thought to be the direct effect of their poor hygiene. Even the awareness campaigns carried out through mass media did not have the desired impact.
  36. 36. • Positive • The NGO’s are doing good community services and are able to fulfill the gap between the • Government and the people living in such surroundings . Though reluctantly , people have begun to accept the importance and need of clean water, clean open spaces for their kids to play and grow ,which could come through clean surroundings. • They have started participating in cleanliness drives carried out from time to time though • a much persistent effort is still required . The school going kids have contributed significantly in bringing about a change in the mindset of their parents and people about their living conditions and the need to improve them. 36
  37. 37. experience we realized the contribution that an individual can make towards keeping the environment clean . While visiting markets , we made it a point to carry jute bags to avoid the use of polythenes which are disastrous for the environment . we have started using registers made up of recycled paper for my rough work and notes. We now judiciously segregate the garbage into biodegradable and non-biodegradable and accordingly dispose them into the bins. The group approached various agencies like MCD and NDMC to learn about the difficulties they face in managing over populated and unauthorized colonies which lack proper sewage and disposal system . We also visited water treatment plants to learn about technologies involved in water treatment . Visits to slums and JJ clusters gave us first hand account of the enormity of the problem and lack of concern of the people about their surroundings in which they live.