the file tells how one can manage waste in the community and at home. if every one does it on a small scale the world would be a better place to live in. i have tried to show some steps by which waste can be controlled.
Action plan on waste management at home and in the community.
Action Plan to provide a solution for
• Effective Solid Waste Management for
National Capital Delhi
+ Solid Waste collection, disposal and recycling
• Managing Waste Stream has become a daunting task
• Landfills facing Capacity Crisis
• Most Landfills are used just for Dumping Raw Waste
+ ignoring a possible source of income through
Location – Ghazipur Landfill Site
Key to Success
• Continuous and abundant Supply of
• Vendor Management
• Management the
collection, segregation and movement
of Solid Waste Stream
• Processing of Solid Waste Stream
• Client Management
• Organizational Culture
Solid Waste Management
• Delhi generates ~ 6000 tonnes of Solid
Waste per day
+ Rank last amongst the four Indian metros in
solid Waste Collection, Disposal and
• Need to provide a solution to Urban Solid
Waste Management problem
• Utilize increasing stream of Urban Solid
Waste as a source of income through
recycling, producing electricity etc.
Waste- Definition & Classification
Any material which is not needed by the
owner, producer or processor.
• Domestic waste
• Factory waste
• Waste from oil factory
• Construction waste
• Agricultural waste
• Food processing waste
• Bio-medical waste
• Nuclear waste
Classification of Wastes
• Solid waste- vegetable waste, kitchen
waste, household waste etc.
• E-waste- discarded electronic devices like
computer, TV, music systems etc.
• Liquid waste- water used for different industries eg
tanneries, distillaries, thermal power plants
• Plastic waste- plastic bags, bottles, buckets etc.
• Metal waste- unused metal sheet, metal scraps etc.
• Nuclear waste- unused materials from nuclear power
Solid Waste in India
• 7.2 million tonnes of hazardous waste
• One Sq km of additional landfill area every-year
• Rs 1600 crore for treatment & disposal of these
• In addition to this industries discharge about 150
million tonnes of high volume low hazard waste
every year, which is mostly dumped on open low
lying land areas.
Source: Estimate of Ministry of Environment & Forest
Growth of Solid Waste In India
• Waste is growing by leaps & bounds
• In 1981-91, population of Mumbai increased from 8.2
million to 12.3 million
• During the same period, municipal solid waste has
grown from 3200 tonnes to 5355 tonne, an increase
• Waste collection is very low for all Indian cities
• City like Bangalore produces 2000 tonnes of waste
per annum, the ever increasing waste has put
pressure on hygienic condition of the city
Source: The Energy & Resources Institute, New Delhi
Waste Collection in India
• Primarily by the city municipality
-No gradation of waste product eg bio-
degradable, glasses, polybags, paper shreds etc
-Dumps these wastes to the city outskirts
• Local raddiwala / kabadiwala (Rag pickers)
-Collecting small iron pieces by magnets
-Collecting glass bottles
-Collecting paper for recycling
• MCD- Sophisticated DWM (Delhi Waste
How solid waste affected us in recent
• Cloudburst in Mumbai (2005) clogged the
sewage line due to large no. of plastic bags
• Blast in the Bhusan Steel factory at
Noida, caused due to imported scrap from Iran
• Reduction in the number of migratory birds due
to consumption of contaminated foods
• Stray animals dying on streets and farmland due
to consumption of plastic bags, which blocks the
food movement in their stomach
Hazardous / Toxic Waste & Dumping Site
• Industrialised countries have waste
• Developed countries have strict
environment regulation norms
• Most attractive option for them- to dump
into developing countries
Philadelphia’s Municipal Waste
• 16 years journey for the cargo ship to eleven
countries and four continents
• 25,000 tonnes of flyash came back to
Philadelphia’s garbage dump
• Several government refused cargo ships
• In 2002, Cargo ship returned back to US
Major Polluting Industries in India
• Around 2500 tanneries discharge 24
million cu m of waste water containing
high level of dissolved solids and 4,00,000
tonnes of hazardous solid waste
• 300 distilleries discharge 26 million kilo-
litres of spend wash per year containing
• Thermal power plants discharge huge
Recycling: Processing of a waste item into usable
Benefits of recycling:
-Reduce environmental degradation
-Making money out of waste
-Save energy that would have gone into waste handling
& product manufacture
Saving through recycling:
-When Al is resmelted- considerable saving in cost
-Making paper from waste saves 50% energy
-Every tonne of recycled glass saves energy equivalent
to 100 litres of oil
Recycling not a solution to all problems!
Recycling is not a solution to managing
every kind of waste material
For many items recycling technologies are
unavailable or unsafe
In some cases, cost of recycling is too high.
Solution: More Profit With Zero
• Exchanging output that are considered
• Waste of one could be input or raw
material for others
• Evolving a closed system- matter & energy
• System was not designed to be so
• The system of exchange evolved in 10
Problems in Dealing With Solid
• Education & voluntary compliance
• Collection of waste
• Technological interventions
• Institutions & regulatory framework
• Absence of mandatory standards for waste reduction
• Market action for waste reduction
Source: The Energy & Resources Institute
We, the members of our team have set some great goals for us to address
this issue, and to achieve those goals our team has taken some serious
1.AT THE PERSONAL LEVEL.
It is important to start at the personal level first, because for making other
people do what we tell them, we need to set an example for them.
a).So to reach our objective of managing waste properly it all had to start
from our home. We started by the most basic thing, that is dumping our
own waste into proper dustbins. Because if we dump our garbage in proper
bins it ultimately goes to the right place which is the dumping grounds. So
this small step can help us manage the waste not only in our homes but in
the community too.
b).Another thing we did was placing two different
bins at our home, one for bio degradable waste and
one for non biodegradable waste so if there are
special dumping bins for bio degradable and non
bio degradable waste, which are usually present in
almost every neighborhood now, we can dump our
wastes according to their reusability so they can be
c).As it’s summer time, air conditioners will be used
in almost every household so we also decided to
collect the water released by the AC’s,and use it for
other purposes such as watering our plants.
2.AT THE COMMUNITY LEVEL
We also need to manage waste in our community too.Becuase until and
unless the whole community comes together to take action, nothing can
a).We all decided to spread awareness amongst people in our
community, telling them specially what have we done to our environment
and what could be the consequences if we don’t take action in the near
future. That with the help of mostly posters.
b).Another thing which we decided to do was instruct anyone we see
disposing waste improperly. We asked that person to dispose off their waste
in proper bins.
c).Most importantly, we checked the waste disposing facilities present in our
respective neighborhoods. Some of us noticed that they were not properly
managed. So we decided to get in touch with the authorities ,and it really did
d).To keep the society clean we must start from our
homes. So the most major step to be taken to keep the
society clean is to keep our homes and the surroundings
clean. This is what we brought to the notice of our fellow
e).We also got in touch with many NGO’s who are working
for the cause and got their help too for pressurizing the
d).We also decided to set up a special bin our
neighborhoods to dump waste which can be reused
directly, such as papers,cardboards,etc.
f).Another bin was set up in some of the neighborhoods for
dumping books which were in a readable condition.
The duties in our group were divided into the members.The
following is a list of the duties
Eeshwari,Tanya,& Karandeep-These three were given the
responsibility of designing the posters, making them, getting the
Raunaq, Rishab, Aayush-These three collected the information
from all group members about the waste disposing facilities
present in their respective neighborhoods and getting the work
done by contacting the authorities and the NGO’s.
Another duty which was performed by all group members was
sticking posters in their respective neighborhoods, this was a
specific duty performed by all of us. Also collecting reusable
items from the special bins we set up was performed collectively
by all of us
Reusing pet bottles
Reusing plastic as bin
Kudawala of my locality
RISHAB’S WASTE MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
Tea leaves used to make compost
bins to store
Water harvesting pit in my building
initiated by me and my father
A.C water used for
Collection of plastic
Our team will measure success by just checking around their own societies. ether-
• Garbage is being dumped in proper bins by the people of the society.
• Garbage is being dumped properly according to their reusability, or recyclability.
• Garbage is being picked up the authorities and bins have been cleared regularly.
• Other people are taking the initiative themselves by stopping someone doing
something wrong, such as dumping biodegradable waste into the bin made for non
biodegradable waste and vice versa.
• The neighborhood is clean and not a single piece of garbage is found lying here and
• People are reusing substances according to their reusability.
These were some of the ways our team used to measure how successful we were in
our plan, but it will be a great disappointment for us if we not end up successfully.
• We combined the information about how much water we all saved and reused
it, specially by collecting water from air conditioners,rainwater,etc. and the total
water we collected was about 8 litrs. (approx.) .We collected it in buckets and
each of us weighed the total water they had saved and we combined it. Each of
us used it mostly for watering the plants present in our homes, and mopping the
• As mentioned before, we had set up a bin for reusable waste in each of our
neighborhoods. After clearing all garbage which was not reusable, the total
weight of the reusable content we collected was 1.5 kg’s (approx.),which is a
quite remarkable figure.
• We also collected readable books from our friends and neighbors, and it
accounted for almost 14 of these kinds of books. These were exchanged
amongst us all and all who helped us as most of those were only read novels.
So this is how we decided to manage waste at our community and personal level
and this is how we quantified the impact, as the other steps we took did give us
success but they can not be quantified like this.
Feedback on waste management
People were generally found to be oblivious to the
hygiene and the effect of dirty surroundings on their
health. There was a clear lack of efforts on the individual
as well as on community basis to manage the garbage
and more dependency was shown on the government
machinery to manage waste .
For them the cleanliness in the neighbourhood was not
the priority . Even the youth were found to be ignorant of
the importance of good health . The amount of money paid
on the medical subscriptions and the medicines were
never thought to be the direct effect of their poor hygiene.
Even the awareness campaigns carried out through mass
media did not have the desired impact.
• The NGO’s are doing good community services and are
able to fulfill the gap between the
• Government and the people living in such surroundings .
Though reluctantly , people have begun to accept the
importance and need of clean water, clean open spaces
for their kids to play and grow ,which could come
through clean surroundings.
• They have started participating in cleanliness drives
carried out from time to time though
• a much persistent effort is still required .
The school going kids have contributed significantly in
bringing about a change in the mindset of their parents
and people about their living conditions and the need to
we realized the contribution that an individual can make towards keeping
the environment clean . While visiting markets , we made it a point to carry
jute bags to avoid the use of polythenes which are disastrous for the
we have started using registers made up of recycled paper for my rough
work and notes. We now judiciously segregate the garbage into
biodegradable and non-biodegradable and accordingly dispose them into
The group approached various agencies like MCD and NDMC to learn
about the difficulties they face in managing over populated and
unauthorized colonies which lack proper sewage and disposal system . We
also visited water treatment plants to learn about technologies involved in
water treatment . Visits to slums and JJ clusters gave us first hand account
of the enormity of the problem and lack of concern of the people about their
surroundings in which they live.