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Biometrics

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Biometrics

  1. 1.   Biometrics is the technique of studying the physical characteristics of a person such as fingerprints, hand geometry, eye structure or voice pattern. Ancient greek word ‘bios’=life, ‘metron’=measure. Biometrics is used for uniquely recognizing humans based on physical traits or behavior traits.
  2. 2.        Introduction Types Threat to biometric privacy Biometric fingerprints Biometric theft Uses Conclusion
  3. 3.    Biometric techniques involve 'metrics' or measurements of some kind, rather than depending merely on informal or subliminal methods Performance of biometric systems is measured in terms of False Accept Rate (FAR), False Reject Rate (FRR). The Test Center has also been carrying out applied research using currently available biometric technologies.
  4. 4.          Fingerprint Recognition Finger Geometry Recognition eyes-iris recognition Eyes-retina recognition Voice - Speaker Verification Voice - Speaker Recognition Hand Geometry Recognition Signature Recognition Typing Recognition
  5. 5.  Fingerprint recognition or fingerprint authentication refers to the automated method of verifying a match between two human fingerprints. Fingerprints are one of many forms of biometrics used to identify individuals and verify their identity.
  6. 6.  Iris recognition is a method of biometric authentication that uses patternrecognition techniques based on high-resolution images of the irides of an individual's eyes.
  7. 7.  Retina recognition technology captures and analyzes the patterns of blood vessels on the thin nerve on the back of the eyeball that processes light entering through the pupil.
  8. 8.  Speaker recognition is the computing task of validating a user's claimed identity using characteristics extracted from their voices. The term "voice recognition" is sometimes used to refer to recognition systems that must be trained to a particular speaker—as is the case for most desktop recognition software.
  9. 9.  Hand geometry is a biometric that identifies users by the shape of their hands. Hand geometry readers measure a user's hand along many dimensions and compare those measurements to measurements stored in a file.
  10. 10.  signature recognition (also called dynamic signature recognition) authenticates identity by measuring handwritten signature. Unlike electronic signature capture, which treats the signature as a graphic image, signature recognition technology measures how the signature is signed.
  11. 11.   Passports: From 26 October 2005 all newly issued New Zealand and Australian passports used a biometric identifier to continue to meet visa waiver requirements for travel to or through the USA. Australian Customs Service - Smart Gate System: First fully operational face recognition system for border control in the world. Processes aircrew at Sydney Airport, has now been operating successfully for over a year.

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