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How New Words Are Made

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How New Words Are Made

  1. 1. New Words<br />English Language<br />
  2. 2. Creation<br />How are new words are made?<br />Acronyms<br />Compounds<br />Blends<br />Word Coinage<br />Clippings<br />Borrowing<br />
  3. 3. Acronyms<br />What is an acronym?<br />What are some examples?<br />
  4. 4. Acronyms<br />Made from all or most of the letter in a name or phrase; e.g QANTAS, ANZAC.<br /><ul><li>Radar
  5. 5. radio detecting and ranging apparatus
  6. 6. Scuba
  7. 7. self contained underwater breathing apparatus</li></li></ul><li>Acronyms and Initialisms<br />Why are abbreviations such as “HMSO” or “GPS” not acronyms?<br />Because they are not said as words.<br />
  8. 8. Acronyms or Initialism?<br />BRB<br />NASA<br />CSIRO<br />RAM<br />DSL<br />DVD<br />TV<br />
  9. 9. Blends<br />Some new words are a blend of two older words.<br />They take a part from two or more words and blend them together.<br />Can you think of some examples?<br />
  10. 10. Blends<br /><ul><li>Brunch
  11. 11. = breakfast + lunch
  12. 12. Motel
  13. 13. = motor car + hotel
  14. 14. Sitcom
  15. 15. = situation + comedy
  16. 16. Telecast
  17. 17. = television + broadcast
  18. 18. Breathalyser
  19. 19. = breath analyser</li></li></ul><li>Clippings<br />New words come from part of an existing word.<br />These are more commonly found in informal writing and speech.<br />In formal writing, the longer form continues to used.<br />Can you think of some examples?<br />
  20. 20. Clippings<br /><ul><li>Professor
  21. 21. Prof
  22. 22. Laboratory
  23. 23. Lab
  24. 24. Telephone
  25. 25. Phone
  26. 26. Mathematics
  27. 27. Maths
  28. 28. Pianoforte
  29. 29. Piano</li></li></ul><li>More Clippings<br />Advertisement<br />Ad<br />Bicycle<br />Bike<br />Gymnasium<br />Gym<br />
  30. 30. Compounds<br />Compound words are made when two existing words are joined.<br />Can you think of any examples?<br />
  31. 31. Compounds: Noun + Noun<br /><ul><li>Noun + Noun = New Noun
  32. 32. Girlfriend
  33. 33. Girl+Friend
  34. 34. Landlord
  35. 35. Land+Lord
  36. 36. Rainbow
  37. 37. Rain+bow
  38. 38. Postman
  39. 39. Post+man</li></li></ul><li>Compounds: Adjective + Adjective<br />Adjective+Adjective=?<br />New adjective<br />Red+hot<br />Red-hot<br />Bitter+sweet<br />Bittersweet<br />
  40. 40. Compound: Noun+Adjective<br />head+strong<br />Headstrong<br />Life+long<br />Lifelong<br />Noun+adjective=?<br />New adjective<br />
  41. 41. Compound: Verb+Noun<br />Dare+Devil<br />Daredevil<br />Pick+Pocket<br />Pickpocket<br />Verb+Noun=?<br />New noun<br />
  42. 42. Compound or Blend?<br />iMac<br />Facebook<br />Chillax<br />Floordrobe<br />
  43. 43. Word Coinage<br />Words are created to cater for new inventions, products or services.<br /><ul><li>Nylon
  44. 44. Polyester
  45. 45. Internet
  46. 46. Lycra</li></ul>Can you think of some more?<br />
  47. 47. Word Coinage<br />Coinage also occurs when brand names are used as normal words.<br /><ul><li>Coke
  48. 48. Kleenex
  49. 49. Windex
  50. 50. Can you think of some more?</li></li></ul><li>Borrowing<br />Words that originate in other languages are said to have been “borrowed” by English.<br />
  51. 51. What language did these words come from?<br />Landscape<br />Uproar<br />Knapsack<br />Brandy<br />Roster<br />Easel<br />From which language?<br />Dutch<br />
  52. 52. What language did these words come from?<br />Tornado <br />Alligator<br />Mosquito<br />Comrade<br />Guitar<br />Esplanade<br />From which language?<br />Spanish<br />
  53. 53. What language does this word come from?<br />Ombudsman<br />Norwegian<br />
  54. 54. What language did these words come from?<br />Pioneer<br />Liaison<br />Reservoir<br />Police<br />Chef<br />From which language?<br />French <br />
  55. 55. What language did these words come from?<br />Tempo<br />Forte<br />Pasta<br />Crescendo<br />From which language?<br />Italian<br />
  56. 56. How were these words made?<br />Webinar<br />Fanboy<br />Frenemy<br />Webisode<br />Missalette<br />Waterboarding<br />Goji<br />
  57. 57. References<br />This pack was based on the pack called “Morphology” that Mr Atherton gave to me.<br />

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