Tobacco youth


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Program proposal with Granite Peaks High School.

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Tobacco youth

  1. 1. Granite Peaks Tobacco Prevention By: Morgan Marietti
  2. 2. Literature Review- Motivations ofBehaviors● Counseling about smoking can help adolescents quit smoking● Adolescents smoke for the same reasons adults do: ○ Nicotine Dependence ○ Affective Control (Interpretations of stress) ○ As adolescents take on their role as adults, they are more likely to succeed in quitting smoking (Singleton & Pope, 2000)
  3. 3. Literature Review Contd- Similiar StudyStages of Change Model Program Outcomes: ● Adolescents were placed in ● Adolescent smokers are groups. less likely to quit ● Each group was educated by ● Smoking cessation is rare either a Nurse or a Dentist among adolescents when ● Three Groups were formed: Nurse, Dentist and Control parents smoke as well. ● A video was shown to the ● Adolescents who were Nurse and Dentist group as counseled by health well as a survey was given to professionals had the nurse and dentist group. an increased ● The control group was given a rate in smoking single leaflet on quitting cessation. smoking (Heikkinen, Broms, Pitkaniemi, Koskenvuo, & Meurman, 2009)
  4. 4. N.O.T. Program ● From the American Lung Association Not On Tobacco (N. O.T.) is a state-of-the-art, school-based program that provides assistance to teens who wish to quit smoking. ○ 10-sessions focusing on: ■ The quitting process ■ Preventing relapse ● A gender-sensitive program implemented by teachers, counselors, nurses or health educators.Outcome: Early findings show significant reduction and cessation among teens, as well as higher school grades and enhanced self-esteem and a 21% quit rate. (American Lung Association, 2008)
  5. 5. E.N.D. Program-Overview ● E.N.D. is a tobacco cessation program developed by the Utah Department of Health (UDH) for teens, and it focuses on: ○ Benefits of tobacco cessation ○ Quitting skills ○ Healthy lifestyle skills ○ Skills to maintain tobacco reduction/cessation status ○ Information on the dynamics of addiction ○ Peer support ● An 8-session curriculum that is not gender specific and is usually implemented by health educators in various settings.(Utah Department of Health, 2007)
  6. 6. E.N.D. Program- Effectiveness ● The E.N.D. Program is effective not only with youth who want to quit, but also with those who enter the program involuntarily. ■ Youth are learning skills they can draw upon when they are ready to quit. ■ As of 2007, over 6,000 Utah youth have been E.N.D. participants. ● Annual E.N.D. evaluations show that the program is effective in meeting its designated goals. ■ Average reduction rate: 50.1% ■ Tried to quit since starting the E.N.D. program- 49% ■ Recommendation rate: 64.6%(Utah Department of Health, 2007)
  7. 7. Program Goals ● Increase program participants knowledge and awareness of immediate and long term health and social effects of tobacco use. ■ After the program 100% of the program participants will understand the risk factors associated with tobacco use. ● Improve the life-skills functioning of youth through skill building in the areas of: ○ Stress management ○ Communication and refusal skills ○ Identifying and seeking social support ○ Goal setting ■ After the program 80% of students will have the knowledge to make improved life decisions.(Utah Department of Health, 2007)
  8. 8. Program Goals Contd ● Improve skills to help participants quit tobacco use and remain tobacco free. ○ After our program 60% of participants will have increased their number of attempts to quit using tobacco. ● Parents will walk away from parent teacher conferences with educational resources to help the parents and their students prevent or reduce the use of tobacco. ○ 40% of parents will have the knowledge to take the steps to prevent or reduce their use of tobacco.(Utah Department of Health, 2007)
  9. 9. Logic Model
  10. 10. Our Program● We will partner with The South Salt Lake Coalition for Drug Free Youth(SSL-Drug Free) to implement the E.N.D. curriculum.● 8 week course: ○ 1 hour sessions (7:30am-8:30am) ○ Every Monday beginning February 14th ○ Held at Granite Peaks High School ○ Classroom setting● By partnering with the SSL-Drug Free, we will share responsibility of teaching 4 of the 8 modules.
  11. 11. Our Program ContdParent Teacher Conferences: ● February 17th from 4-7pm ● Held at Granite Peaks High School ● Our booth: ○ Visuals ○ Handouts ○ Resources for them to take home
  12. 12. What Topics will be Covered? ● Module 1: Introduction and Getting to Know Each Other ○ Distribute pre-test questionnaire and describe the program. ● Module 2: Moving Closer to Quitting ○ Discuss what is in cigarette smoke, and different quitting methods. ● Module 3: Dealing With My Stress ○ Discuss consequences of using tobacco, the high cost of smoking, benefits of quitting and coping and stress management. ● Module 4: Communicating Effectively ○ Discuss communication styles and ways to communicate more effectively(Utah Department of Health, 2007)
  13. 13. What Topics will be Covered Contd ● Module 5: Making Tough Decisions ○ Discuss decision making and problem solving, and coping with triggers. ● Module 6: Understanding Media Messages ○ Discuss media literacy and show examples of how tobacco companies target youth. ● Module 7: Nutrition and Exercise ○ Introduction to nutrition and physical activity ● Module 8: Remaining Tobacco Free ○ Tips to avoid relapse and post-test questionnaire.(Utah Department of Health, 2007)
  14. 14. Supplies and Resources Needed● Supplies: ○ Copies of the E.N.D. Pre and Post Test Questionnaires, a laptop, E,N.D. PowerPoint presentation slides, a projector, and any supplies needed for E.N.D. related activities.● Resources: ○ South Salt Coalition for Drug Free Youth ○ Kathy Baebler from the SLVHD ○ Principal Callahan at Granite Peaks High ○ E.N.D. Facilitator Manual ○ Utah Quit Line
  15. 15. Evaluation Plan● The E.N.D. Program pre-class questionnaire will be completed in the 1st module. ○ 34 questions● The E.N.D. Program post-class questionnaire will be completed in the 8th module. ○ 21 questions● The E.N.D. Program also includes a 3 and 6 month follow up questionnaire. ○ These questionnaires include: ■ Background information, questions regarding cigarette smoking, quit attempts, smokeless tobacco, cigars, support for quitting, exposure to tobacco use and opinions about tobacco use.
  16. 16. Evaluation Plan ContdQuestionnaires will be completed in a classroom setting: ○ Each student will be assigned a number ○ We will fill out the top corner box of each pre-test and post-test prior to passing out surveys to students ■ Pass surveys out, the number on the survey should match the students number ○ Explain the survey ○ Allow time for participants to complete the survey ○ Collect the completed surveyWe will use the statistical database SPSS to analyze ourfindings. ○ We will compare the results of pre and post test to analyze if the students changed their opinions and habits involving tobacco use.
  17. 17. References● American Lung Association. (2008). Not On Tobacco. Washington DC.● Heikkinen, A., Broms, U., Pitkaniemi, J., Koskenvuo, M., & Meurman, J. (2009). Key Factors in Smoking Cessation Intervention among 15-16-Year-Olds. Behavioral Medicine, 35(3), 93-99. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.● Singleton, M. G., & Pope, M. (2000). A Comparison of Successful Smoking Cessation Interventions for Adults and Adolescents. Journal of Counseling & Development, 78(4), 448-53. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.● Utah Department of Health. (2007). End Nicotine Dependence. Salt Lake City.