Come up with a list of the pros and cons of the circular and pyramid models.Make an argument for which you would prefer and justify using 2-3 pieces of evidence.
Offices within the Executive Branch
Take out reading materials from Friday (handout packet) Term Limits: 22nd Amendment 2 terms Can serve up to ten years if you enter office mid-term Precedent set by George Washington. Read Washington’s Farewell Address (1796) and answer reading questions.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945) Served three terms, won four elections. Lyndon Johnson (1963) Vice president 1961 Allowed to run twice. Gerald Ford (1974) Nixon’s term began in 1973, took over for Spiro Dec. 6, 1973. Allowed to run once.
Set by Congress. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services, a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument (compensation) from the United States, or any of them. Paraphrase the selection from Article II Section I about presidential compensation. Speaking fees Writing memoirs Serving on corporate boards of directors
If a pay raise were to affect Obama in his second term, by whenwould it have to be passed? Inauguration Date: Monday, January 21, 2012
25th Amendment Read the text and paraphrase each section of the 25th Amendment Invoked six times since ratification: Gerald Ford as V.P (1973) when Spiro Agnew resigned from the office of V.P. Gerald Ford as President (1974) Nelson Rockefeller as V.P. (1974) when Gerald Ford became president George H.W. Bush (1985) to take over for Reagan after assassination attempt Dick Cheney (2002, 2007) while George W. bush underwent a colonoscopy.
Objective: SWBAT define presidential requirements, terms, compensation, and succession and analyze the Constitutional roots of each.3 DOL: Given a multiple choice/constructed response exit ticket, SW (80% accuracy) Identify the correct response Write a 2-3 sentence justification for each using evidence from the Constitution
1) According to the term limits imposed by the Constitution 1) The president cannot be elected to the office of president more than twice 2) The president and vice president cannot serve more than two terms in office 3) The president and his cabinet cannot serve more than eight years in office 4) The president cannot be elected to more than four terms of office (Roosevelt) 5) There are no limits on the number of terms a president may serve by tradition, since George Washington’s refusal to serve a third term, president’s only serve two terms.
All of the following are constitutional requirements to become president except: 1) Natural-born citizen 2) 35 years old 3) Resident for 14 years in Washington D.C. 4) A resident of the United States for 14 years
3) Write a detailed description to explain presidential compensation. ▪ Which body of government sets the president’s salary? ▪ When can a salary change take into effect?
Objective: SWBAT define the offices and roles of the executive branch. DOL: Given a multiple choice quiz, SW (80% accuracy) Select the executive role that best fits the description. Write a 1-2 sentence justification for each. Relevance: Barack Obama does not operate alone. Rather, there are more than 400 people who help with office work, and create policy decisions. Many of the current decisions that impact you as an American citizen (education policy, America’s decision to go to war, etc.) do not solely belong to Obama himself.
President Vice President White House Office Executive Office Cabinet Independent Agencies and Commissions
Roles: Preside over the senate ▪ Vote in order to break a tie Decide the question of presidential disability Take over the presidency 12th Amendment: electors to vote for a president/vice president.
President’s closest assistants Chief of staff Press secretary Appointed without Senate confirmation. Rule of propinquity [0-5] Power belongs to those who are in the room when a decision is made.
Pyramid Model Circular Model President Chief of Staff Chief of Staff Press Senior Secretary Advisor Councilor to the President President PressSecretary Senior Advisor Senior Deputy Chief Advisor of Staff
Identify the relationship between the White House Office Staff and the President throughout the clip. Explain the roles of the White House Office using evidence from the clip.
Report directly to the president Appointees must be confirmed by the Senate National Security Council Office of Management and Budget National Economic Council In your groups, highlight: 1) The major roles of the executive office 2) Describe one recent decision of the office that highlights that role 3) Your own evaluation: is this office crucial to the success of the Executive branch? Should we alter its functions, Etc.?
Independent of president’s control Serve for fixed terms and can be removed only “for cause” Function to keep the government and economy running smoothly. Federal Reserve Board Federal Communications Commission Interstate Commerce Commission Securities and Exchange Commission
Oldest traditional body of the executive branch – “inner cabinet” Secretary of state Secretary of the treasury Secretary of war Attorney general Focus on department issues, compete for federal budget.