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20th Century Design

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Art history desing lecture series, lecture 3

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20th Century Design

  1. 1. THE ELECTRIC KETTLE THE MOBILE PHONE 20 th Century Design
  2. 2. The Electric Kettle, 1983. <ul><li>1894. Crompton & Co. Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional appearance and materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Copper/brass with wooden handles </li></ul>Premier Kettle, 1912, Fire under water
  3. 3. AEG- Peter Behrens, 1909.
  4. 4. Germany. <ul><li>Choice of finish materials and shape. </li></ul><ul><li>First company to experiment with emersible element. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bulpitt & Sons “Swan”, 1922 <ul><li>First kettle with totally immersed element. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Middle class households </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Russell Hobbs 1960, Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Model K2, (K1, 1956), </li></ul><ul><li>William Russell. </li></ul><ul><li>Chrome plated, with black plastic. </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic switch </li></ul><ul><li>Stylish reputation </li></ul><ul><li>First fully automatic kettle </li></ul>
  7. 7. Model K2s 1971 <ul><li>Stainless steel </li></ul><ul><li>Two safely cut off points, </li></ul><ul><li>First company to provide parts and repair service. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Philips Alessi <ul><li>Re-emergence of the jug kettle in the 70’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Polypropylene first plastic used for kettle body. </li></ul><ul><li>Water level, lime scale filter, easy cleaning . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Alessi - Michael Graves Thermoplastic <ul><li>1986, the first cordless </li></ul><ul><li>kettle. </li></ul><ul><li>Company image </li></ul><ul><li>Improved materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety: cut off power when </li></ul><ul><li>lifted from base, polymer </li></ul><ul><li>handles that are heat </li></ul><ul><li>resistant. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mobile phone
  11. 11. <ul><li>The first wireless telephone calls were made from cars and trucks. </li></ul>1946– Wireless Telephones
  12. 12. <ul><li>The first portable units were really big and heavy. </li></ul><ul><li>Large mainly because of the size of the battery that they were housed in their own briefcase </li></ul>Transportable
  13. 13. <ul><li>In 1983 Motorola released the first true mobile phone. </li></ul><ul><li>It weighed about the same as a bag of sugar and had a battery life of only 8 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>It cost $3,995 and sold over 300,000 units in the first year alone. </li></ul>Motorola 1983 - DynaTAC 8000X
  14. 14. <ul><li>The vast majority of phones were black or dark grey with aerials and small screens . </li></ul><ul><li>The first clamshell cellular phone. Also one of the first display screens featured on a cell. </li></ul>Motorola- Startac ,1996
  15. 15. Convergent Devices <ul><li>Mobile phones can also be used as PDAs, MP3 players, games consoles and as devices to surf the internet. </li></ul>Nokia 350i, The first internet phone
  16. 16. Smart Phones- iPhone or Blackberry? <ul><li>2007 </li></ul><ul><li>iPhone </li></ul><ul><li>Touch screen and sensor. </li></ul><ul><li>Blackberry more popular in the Middle East and America. </li></ul><ul><li>Blackberry kept the Qwerty format and tailored their phones for the demand of their customer. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Concept Phones

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