Civil[Rights]Accomplishments

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Civil[Rights]Accomplishments

  1. 1. Accomplishments of the Civil Rights Movement <ul><li>African Americans Gained the Right to Vote </li></ul><ul><li>School Segregation Banned </li></ul><ul><li>NAACP </li></ul><ul><li>African American Discrimination Limited </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans Accomplishments in the fight for Freedom and Equality! </li></ul>
  2. 2. The 1948 Election <ul><li>Truman vs. Thomas E. Dewey (New York Governor) </li></ul><ul><li>Dixiecrats – Southern democrats who formed the states’ rights democratic party </li></ul><ul><li>Truman’s campaign “give ‘em hell, Harry” </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights Movement keeps moving! </li></ul><ul><li>Positive personal freedom and respect for human dignity because the Civil Rights Movement keeps on rollin. </li></ul>
  3. 3. NAACP Legal Strategy <ul><li>Focused mostly on the inequality between separate schools that many states provided </li></ul><ul><li>1938 – best law students were put under the direction of Thurgood Marshall </li></ul><ul><li>Over the next 23 years, Marshall and NAACP lawyers won 29 out of 32 cases argued in the Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Several cases became milestones </li></ul><ul><li>Plessy vs. Ferguson, Morgan vs. Virginia and Sweatt vs. Painter </li></ul><ul><li>Morgan vs. Virginia – Supreme court declared it was unconstitutional to mandate segregated seating on buses </li></ul><ul><li>Sweatt vs. Painter – State law schools must admit black applicants, even if there is a separate black school. </li></ul><ul><li>Positive personal freedom because Civil Rights was winning more and more court cases and this led to the continuous movement of Civil Rights. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Brown vs. Board of Education <ul><li>Marshall’s most shocking victory </li></ul><ul><li>May 17, 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>Father of an 8 year old girl charged the board of education, Kansas, Topeka of denying her admission to an all-white school that was 4 blocks from her house </li></ul><ul><li>The closest all black school was 21 blocks from her house </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court struck down segregation in schools </li></ul><ul><li>“ In the field of public education, the doctrine of separate but equal has no place.” Chief Justice Earl Warren </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant to 12 million schoolchildren in 21 states! </li></ul><ul><li>Positive personal freedom and respect for human dignity because this was one of the biggest supreme court cases for the NAACP. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Voting Rights Act 1965 <ul><li>This Act eliminated so-called literacy tests that had disqualified many voters. </li></ul><ul><li>Also stated that federal examiners could enroll voters who had been denied suffrage by local officials. </li></ul><ul><li>Marked a major civil rights accomplishment </li></ul><ul><li>But still discrimination was not stopped due to people’s beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Positive respect for human dignity because this was one of the many acts passed for the Civil Rights Movement. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Legacy & Accomplishments <ul><li>Civil Rights Act of 1968 – ended discrimination in housing. </li></ul><ul><li>School segregation ended </li></ul><ul><li>Give African Americans greater pride in their racial identity </li></ul><ul><li>Made political gains (Jesse Jackson – Democratic Presidential Campaign) </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of African Americans eligible to vote </li></ul><ul><li>Positive personal freedom, respect for human dignity and individual responsibility. </li></ul>

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