1850-1880 – Crime epidemic, immigration, Civil War (1861-65). Destruction, $ spent, displaced families, trained soldiers w/no jobs 1920-1933 – Organized crime grows, Prohibition 1960-1970 – Civil rights movement encouraged disrespect for authority, WWII baby boomers reach 20s, crime growth 1970s – Murder, rape & assault reports grow 1980s – Drug crimes grow 1992 – Rodney King beating 1990s – 1995 Ok City, 1999 Columbine. Get Tough on Crime era 2000s – Police more pro-active, global perspective 2001 – 9/11 Terrorist attacks 2002 – Sarbanes/Oxley Act stiffened financial crime penalties 2009 – Bernard Madoff brought white collar crime into focus
1960’s/1970’s: The focus of individual rights through the civil rights movement impacted the criminal justices system and how the system operates. As we move throughout the semester, we will discuss various cases and find that many important decisions came during the civil rights movement. 1980s: With the increase in the sale and use of drug, we had the “War on Drugs” which many credit with changing the face of those who are arrested and increasing the corrections population. 1992: The benefit of the Rodney King case is that the policies and procedures of law enforcement were captured on video tape and put under an intense public microscope. 9/11: This also changed how we viewed “racial profiling” and “privacy”, and forced us to reexamine the issues of individual rights and public order: this ties directly into the Patriot Act. 2006 = Ken Lay and the Enron scandal is a great example to discuss.
Lecture Notes: Discuss Multiculturalism vs. Diversity terminology. Often discussed in terms of race, but broader than that. Multiculturalism – Diverse groups within one society that maintain unique cultural identities as they participate in the society’s legal and political systems Diversity – Variety. Diverse values, perspectives, behaviors of multicultural groups in society impact the justice system.
Challenges – immigration, distrust/fear of law; disagreement about right/wrong/justice Opportunities – wide range of cultures from which to learn
ADMJ2 Ch 1 - Introduction to Administration of Justice