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Chinese culture

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Chinese culture

  1. 1. Survey of China
  2. 2. Catalogue Chinese Geography Chinese Tea Culture Chinese History Chinese food Chinese ethnic groups Four Treasures of the Study Chinese Festivals Chinese Paintings Chinese Language and Characters Chinese Traditional MusicTwelve Animal Signs for the Chinese Traditional Chinese Medicine Religions in China Chinese Jingju Chinese Confucianism Chinese Names Chinese Kungfu
  3. 3. Return to catalogue U n it 1 Chinese Geography
  4. 4. China is located in East Asia, on the western shore of thePacific Ocean .It has a land area of about 9.6 million The geography position of China The administration area of China The weather general situation of China The two greatest rivers of China The national organization of China The capital of China
  5. 5. Return to catalogue U n it 2 Chinese History
  6. 6. Chinese nation has long history and brilliant of ancient culture.Chinese history is divided into Chinese ancient history and Chinese modern history . Chinese ancient history : Yuanmou Man who lived about 1.7 million years ago Opium War in 1840 Chinese modern history : Opium War in 1840 the establishment of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949 Acient Kings
  7. 7.  The Prehistoric Culture Culture in the Dynasties of Xia and Shang Culture in the Dynasties of Eastern and western Zhou Culture in the Qin Dynasty and the Han Dynasty Culture in the Dynasties of Wei and Jin,and the Northern and Southern Dynasties. Culture in the Sui Dynasty and the Tang Dynasty Culture in the Song Dynasty and the Yuan Dynasty Culture in the Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty Modern China
  8. 8. Return to catalogue U n it 3 Chinese ethnic groups
  9. 9. China is a multiracial socialism nation which consists of 56 ethnic groups,for example,Han people ,Hui and Dai people. The population of race The policy of race Language and Characters of race The customs and habits of race
  10. 10. Return to catalogue U n it 4 C h in e s e F e s tivals
  11. 11. Chinese festivals contains traditional chinese festivals,festivals of Minority Nationalitiesand the festivals in the 20th Century. traditional festivals festivals of Minority Nationalities festivals in the 20th Century
  12. 12. Return to catalogue Unit 5 Chinese Language and Characters
  13. 13. The Chinese language is one of the oldest languages in the world.Chinese characters are signs that record Chinese language. Chinese language Chinese characters
  14. 14. Return to catalogue Unit 6 Twelve Animal Signs for the chinese
  15. 15. Chinese name each year with an animal,which is the animal sign system.Chinese used to track the days with the Heavenly-stem and Earthly-branch system.• Animal sign system• Heavenly-stem and Earthly-branch system• Twenty-four seansonal division points
  16. 16. Return to catalogue Unit 7 Religions in China
  17. 17. The major religions in China are Buddhism, Taoism, Islam and Christianity.In China people may believe in any religion as they like.However, most people don’t believe in religion of any kind.• Buddhism• Taoism• Islam• Christianity
  18. 18. Return to catalogue U n it 8 C h in e s e C o n fu c ian is m
  19. 19. Confucianism advocated the principle of benevolence.It exerted the greatest influence on every aspect of the Chinese way of life.Confucius and Mencius are considered two forefathers of the Confucianism.• The formation of Confucianism• The represent of Confucianism• The influence of Confucianism
  20. 20. Return to catalogue U n it 9 C h in e s e Ku n g fu
  21. 21. Kungfu is a simple and effective way tocultivate both mind and body.Chinese Kungfuhas quite a long history.It stresses both forceand tactics,for instance,Taijiquan,Shaolingun.
  22. 22. Return to catalogue U n it 1 0 Chinese Tea Culture
  23. 23. Tea drinking originate from China.Tea drinking is a constituent part of Chinese culture. The category of Chinese tea-leaf Famous springs The influence on Chinese culture
  24. 24. Return to catalogue Unit 11 C h in e s e fo o d
  25. 25. The Chinese dietetic culture has special features.The speciality of Chinese food has already spread world-widely .The dietetic culture of China is conquering world. The cuisine of China
  26. 26. Return to catalogue Unit 12 Four Treasures of the Study
  27. 27.  Traditionally,China’s stationery includes four main “treasures”: the writing brush,ink-stick,paper and ink stone. picture Four treatures
  28. 28. Return to catalogue U n it 1 3 C h in e s e Pain tin g s
  29. 29. In addition to knowing the outside characteristic of object, the Chinese paintings pay more attention to its inside essence and poetic charm , and pass the authors feeling of the object further. The traditional paintings of china The difference between chinese and western paintings
  30. 30. Return to catalogue U n it 1 4 C h in e s e Trad itio n al Mu s ic
  31. 31. Chinese traditional music has quite graceful and restrained melodies.It is quite different from western styles.There are many traditional musical instruments and folk songs in China Chinese traditional musical instruments Chinese folk songs
  32. 32. Return to catalogue Unit 15 Traditional Chinese Medicine
  33. 33. The Chinese medicine has special traits .It is one of the most precious inheritances in the Chinese traditional culture. Si Zhen(Four Diagnostic Methods)and Ba Gang(Eight Curing Methods) Ancient famous doctors Acupuncture therapy and Chinese herbal medicine
  34. 34. Return to catalogue U n it 1 6 Chinese Jingju
  35. 35. Jingju is the Chinese cultural heritage.Mei Lanfang is the master of Jingju . The formation of Jingju The characteristics of Jingju The role of Jingju The theatrical mask of Jingju
  36. 36. Return to catalogue U n it 1 7 Chinese Names
  37. 37. A Chinese name usually has three characters,with the first character being the surname ,and the second and third a given name.The most common surnames of the Han Chinese number some 500.• The origination of surnames• The current condition of Chinese name
  38. 38. Return to catalogue Thanks for watching