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Final Paper

  1. 1. Maura OlivosGEOG: 1820 – S. FestinThursday, December 8, 2011Final Project Alta Ske-Cology GIS ProjectAbstractAs the world of Geographic Information System (GIS) moves full throttle ahead in the technologicalworld, it is important to remember that there are other fields like education and tourism that are alsoconstantly being revised and technologized. This project continues to help bridge the gap of socialscience and informational technologies in order to introduce a new generation to a world of precisionand technology through a simple map. Though GIS and the Arc software are capable of so muchmore, it is this tangible primary output of these systems that allows the unfamiliar to relate to this newdirection. Alta Ski Area’s environmental education program Ske-Cology is another program that looksto bridge another well-known gap between recreational usage and environmental appreciation,making this project a correlating pursuit. The deliverables of this project will support the increaseddesire to have precise and modern means to execute a social-science program for all ages andabilities. This report will bring additional background to the project subject, Ske-Cology, projectdetails, and describe and display project deliverables.BackgroundIn 1995 Alta Ski Area (ASA) partnered with National Ski Area Association (NSAA) and Vail Resort topilot a new environmental education program that looked to supplement activities around children’sski lessons to take the focus off direct instruction and allow the lesson to be more instinctive. Theprogram proved to be a success for both ski areas and was trademarked Ske-Cology. However, aftersome years the program lost momentum and unfortunately lost the needed natural science leadershipto train ski instructors and update sign information.In 2008, ASA incorporated the Alta Environmental Center (AEC) to guide the ski area in its energyand operational efficiencies and function as the ski area’s educational and research facilitator overtheir 2,200 acres of National Forest and protected watershed. With this in mind AEC first set itssights to improve current programs that the ski area and Alta visitors would benefit from, so over thewinter of 2010-2011 an intern was hired and partnerships were formed to revamp the Ske-Cologysigns. The naturalist program was expanded and was an immediate success. In addition to updatingand offering more signs, AEC expanded the usage of the program for summer use and is also in themiddle of developing a training program for formal and non-formal educators, completing aneducator’s K-12 manual, and in regards to this project - developing an interactive GIS focused self-guided tour brochure.Summer expansion of the program and brochure was highly supported by partners, the Town of Altaand the Forest Service, because Alta has grown to be a popular summer destination, but with minimalinformation to the public in regards to the area’s importance. The trail chosen for the location of thesigns leads into Albion Basin, an area world-renown for its geological and ecological scenery andsees tens of thousands of visitors each summer. The Albion Meadows Trail then became the perfectsetting for the summer location of Ske-Cology so as to help defer vehicle traffic up the mountain,increase the use of this easy access trail and great entry into Albion Basin, and encourageawareness and appreciation for Alta’s natural resources. M. Olivos – Page 1 of 7
  2. 2. Project DetailsThe primary reason this project became GIS based is because the AEC wanted to include the GPScoordinates of the Ske-Cology signs in the brochure to allow for variety in utilization of the programfor educational visitors. Visitors could then choose to use the brochure-map as either a visual guideor punch the coordinates into any recreational GPS unit to search for the signs. The signs wereplaced along a primary, but under utilized, trail within Alta, Utah (Albion Meadows Trail) and locationswere mapped with a Trimble Geoexplorer 6000 Series – Geo x7 unit in October 2011. After the Ske-Cology data was collected the AEC looked to figure out a format with which to display the informationin a brochure for the public. Since ASA did not have a summer map of the area, the AEC turned tothe Town of Alta for the design format of the map because the Town offered a summer informationalbrochure with a map to visitors (Figure 1). It was decided that this map would be the best designformat for the Ske-Cology map because it is one that the public is already familiar with.Figure 1: Town of Alta Summer Recreational Program brochure & mapThe Town of Alta was more than pleased to share the map with the AEC, but unfortunately they didnot have the GIS services anymore to appropriately share the map document data appropriately. APDF version was given to AEC, but the resolution was too poor to include in a new map production.To solve the problem and become the basis for this project, AEC decided to recreate the map byobtaining the data from the Town of Alta, document the features needed and any manipulation of thedata. The instructions for the Town of Alta map would then be shared with the Town of Alta for futureuse and reproduction.The next process for this project was to download, apply a differential correction to the Ske-Cologydata, and decide upon a coordinate system and projection. The Ske-Cology data was configured tothe UNAVCO, Heber City, Utah control using the Trimble Software-Pathfinder Office v.5.10. Theprojection for this project is Transverse Mercator and the coordinate system is NAD 1983 UTM Zone12N aligning with predefined parameters for the state and municipalities because most of the data M. Olivos – Page 2 of 7
  3. 3. came courtesy of the Town of Alta. This datum information will be shared with visitors for the Ske-Cology brochure and coordinates will reflect a longitude-latitude reference taken from the attributetable.Data collection proved to be rather straightforward. Layers could be added and removed to avoidclutter and compare to the Town summer map for comparison. Manipulation of the symbologybecame most time consuming in regards to where to go within the properties menu to change colors,add halos, and displace symbols if needed. Full description of all symbology changes may be viewedin the Deliverables section of this report.The map is now complete and ready to be included in the Ske-Cology brochure for AEC to produce(Figures 2 and 3). The final brochure still requires a few additional areas of information andgraphics, but it is expected to be completed by January 2012. Final map and instructions may beseen in the Deliverables section of this report.Figure 2: Page 1 of the Alta Ske-Cology brochure and map layout M. Olivos – Page 3 of 7
  4. 4. Figure 3: Page 2 of the Alta Ske-Cology brochure and map layoutDeliverablesFinal products for this project include: 1) Summer Ske-Cology Map (graphic) and 2) Instructions torecreate the Town of Alta Map (text). 1. Alta Summer Ske-Cology Map (Figure 4) This map only represents the final image for the summer map of the Alta Ske-Cology brochure. The brochure unfortunately cannot be completed at this time because additional data and imagery needs to be produced outside of GIS software. However, this portion was a major part of the brochure and AEC plans to have the brochure complete by January 2012. The only major disapproval with this current image occurred with the exportation of the map document into a PDF, which made dashed lines into solid lines. This problem will be fixed for the brochure by applying the map to a larger paper layout, hopefully preventing the dissolving of the line features. M. Olivos – Page 4 of 7
  5. 5. Figure 4: Alta Ske-Cology Summer Map 2. Instructions for Creating Town of Alta Summer Trails Map The following includes a listed of required data and instructions for manipulating the data to output the same display as that of the map in the Town of Alta Summer Trails and Information Brochure (Figure 1). Some of the display and symbology was slightly altered for increased aesthetics of the map, but complete alteration does not need to be done to maintain the same look as the original map. Two instructions were not included and that is the symbology for the bike trails and the number labeling for the trails description key. These are however simple additions of either selecting trails that allow for bike access and adding text symbology for the final map layout. Data: Town of Alta Geodatabase (layers in order of display) • Vectors: 4. Campgrounds 1. Municipal 5. Buildings 2. Parking 6. MajorTrail 3. Restrooms 7. SkiLifts M. Olivos – Page 5 of 7
  6. 6. 8. Street 9. Creek • Rastors: 10. Lakes24k 1. Terrain 11. Summit 12. 500ft.Contour Manipulation of Data (Layer Label Name Changes) 1. Terrain: Layer Properties > Symbology > Show Elevation > Classify: Change & calculate meter breaks to represent 500 feet starting at 10,500 and down. Layer Properties > Symbology > Show Elevation > Label: Change labels to represent elevation representation in feet Layer Properties > Symbology > Show Elevation > Color Ramp: Change to appropriate color ramp or change individual “Symbol” colors Layer Properties > Display: Change Transparency to 10% 2. Municipal (Alta Summer Booth / Town Park) Open Attribute Table > Select “Town Park” > Right Click on Municipal Layer > Selections > Create Layer from Selected Features “Town Park” Symbol Selector > Edit Symbol > ESRI US Forestry 1 > Color: Moorea Blue Open Attribute Table > Select “Summer Information Booth” > Right Click on Municipal Layer > Selections > Create Layer from Selected Features “Summer Information Booth” Symbol Selector > Edit Symbol > ESRI Public Signs > Information, I 3. Parking (Public Parking): Symbol Selector > ESRI US Forestry 1 > Parking 1 > Edit Symbol > Color: Cherry Cola 4. Restrooms (Public Toilets): Symbol Selector > Forestry > Restrooms > Edit Symbol > Color: Moorea Blue 5. Campgrounds: Symbol Selector > Forestry > Campground 6. Buildings: Symbol Selector > Fill Color and Outline Color: Black 7. MajorTrail (Hiking Trails): Open Attribute Table > Select the Following OBJECTID: 98, 102, 106, 108, 110, 111, 112, 117, 120, 123, 124, 125 > Close Attribute Table > Right Click Layer > Selection > Create Layer From Selected Tables > Turn off MajorTrail Layer and re- title new layer “Hiking Trails” 8. SkiLifts (Ski Lifts): Symbol Selector > Style > ESRI: “Boundary,County” and Size: 3.00 9. Street (Paved Roads / Dirt Road): Open Attribute Table > Select from OBJECTID > 40, 41, 129, 182, 184 – 189, 190, 191, 197 > close attribute table > Right click on Layer > Selection > Create Layer From Selected Tables > Re-name new layer “Dirt Road” > Symbol Selector > Color: Gray 50% and Width: 2.0010. Creek (Stream): Symbol Selector > Style > ESRI: Stacked Multi Roadway Symbol Selector > Color: Big Sky Blue & Width: 1.50 Symbol Selector > Edit Symbol > Layers > Click Second Box > Color: White11. Lakes24k (Lakes): Property Layers > Symbology > Color 1: Big Sky Blue and Color 2: Moorea Blue12. Summit (Mountain Peak): Symbol Selector > Character Marker Tab > Edit Symbol > Font: ESRI Default Marker / Subset: Basic Latin / Color: White Symbol Selector > Mask > Style: Halo and Size: 2 Symbol Selector > Mask > Symbol > Fill Color: Black / Outline Width: .30 / Outline Color: No Color M. Olivos – Page 6 of 7
  7. 7. 13. 500ft.Contour Change Symbol Selector Color to “No Color” Layer Properties > Labels: Check box “Label features in this layer” Layer Properties > Labels > Text String > Label Field: Choose CONTOUR Convert Labels to Annotation: Change labeling to Add commas Map Details 1. North Arrow: ESRI North 16 (Properties > Division Units: Miles > Label Position: above bar 2. Scale Bar: Alternating Scale Bar 1 3. Background (Rastor): Transparency can be adjusted up to 20% depending on map designer. M. Olivos – Page 7 of 7