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  1. 1. Infertility
  2. 2. Infertility Is the inability to have biological children
  3. 3. Major causes of Infertility in Female Endometriosis Ovulation problems Poor egg quality Polycystic ovary syndrome Female tube blockages
  4. 4. Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial tissue, the uterine lining that sheds with each monthly period grows outside the uterus Causes/Symptoms: - painful menstrual periods - irregular or heavy bleeding - repeated miscarriages Procedure/Treatment: - Laparoscopic surgery
  5. 5. Ovulation problems Are conditions that prevent the release of a mature egg from the ovary Causes/Symptoms: -Absent or infrequent periods -Heavy or light bleeding Procedure/Treatment - Ovulation-stimulating drugs
  6. 6. Poor egg quality Is caused by damaged eggs or developed by chromosomal abnormalities Causes/Symptoms: -Age related Procedure/Treatment - Egg donation or surrogacy
  7. 7. Polycystic ovary syndrome is having ovaries with many small cysts acquiring hormonal imbalances and do not ovulate regularly Causes/Symptoms: - Irregular menstruation -Excessive hair growth -Weight gain -Acne Procedure/Treatment - Ovulation-stimulating drugs
  8. 8. Polycystic ovary syndrome
  9. 9. Female tube blockages Are blocked or damaged fallopian tubes preventing eggs from uterus and sperm from reaching the egg Causes/Symptoms: - pelvic inflammatory disease -Sexually transmitted diseases -Sterilization surgery Procedure/Treatment - Laparoscopic surgery
  10. 10. Female tube blockages
  11. 11. Male tube blockages Are obstructions in the vas deferens or epididymis Causes/Symptoms: - pelvic inflammatory disease -Sexually transmitted diseases -Sterilization surgery Procedure/Treatment - Ovulation-stimulating drugs
  12. 12. Sperm problems Having low or no sperm counts, poor sperm motility or abnormally-shaped sperm Causes/Symptoms: - Age -Emotional Stress -Impotence Procedure/Treatment -Boosting sperm production -Artificial insemination
  13. 13. Sperm Allergy Is a situation where infertile women and men have immune reactions to sperm Causes/Symptoms: - An itchy feeling after making love Procedure/Treatment -Sperm washing intrauterine insemination and immunosuppressive drugs
  14. 14. Unexplained and Combination Infertility Unexplained infertility is termed when doctors cannot determine the cause of infertility after a full series of tests and assessments Combination infertility Is the term used when both male and female have infertility problems
  15. 15. What can you do to prevent Infertility?
  16. 16.  Avoid drugs and medications known to lead fertility problems like steroid  Avoid excessive exercise or stress  Avoid contact with environmental hazards  Avoid frequent high temperature activities like hot baths
  17. 17. Avoid excessive exercises or stress Avoid smoking and limit caffeine and alcohol intake Control diseases like diabetes and hypothyroidism Well balanced nutritious diet with plenty of folate like fresh fruits and vegetables Have proper weight by following management guidelines Undergo physical examinations for detection of early signs of infections or abnormalities