Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

school of architecture case study

8,523 views

Published on

Asalamualikum ,i upload my thesis report school of architecture for the upcoming thesis students ,feel free to contact with me in Facebook named as (Ar Moin khan asnali)

Published in: Education
  • The #1 Woodworking Resource With Over 16,000 Plans, Download 50 FREE Plans... ★★★ http://tinyurl.com/yy9yh8fu
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • The #1 Woodworking Resource With Over 16,000 Plans, Download 50 FREE Plans... ★★★ http://tinyurl.com/y3hc8gpw
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • The #1 Woodworking Resource With Over 16,000 Plans, Download 50 FREE Plans... ▲▲▲ http://ishbv.com/tedsplans/pdf
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

school of architecture case study

  1. 1. School of architecture in Karakorum international university Gilgit Baltistn By Moinuddin (CMS ID 13284 Supervised by AR, ASIM MOBiN (Assistant Professor) Department of Architecture Baluchistan University of Information Technology, Engineering & Management Science Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree Bachelor of Architecture April 2015
  2. 2. Dedication Dedicated to my dear respected father DR Mumtaz Ahmed and my mother, who encourage me always.
  3. 3. Acknowledgment: I greatly thank full to Allah almighty that give me power strength and helped me to complete this goal, without his help, I unable to do this task. Thank you ALLAH for support and courage Now I want to acknowledge all those people , without whom I could never complete my thesis: I highly obliged and thankful to my report supervisors architects Asim mobeen., waqas ahmed Mehar ,azeem daad ,mamoon ur rasheed ,naveed marwat Muhammad sohail ,for their help at every stage of my thesis. I would like to acknowledge my respected sinour architect maska khan for his constant assistance throughout the work .i highly obliged and grateful for his support and guidance, I would like to thank my teachers, sinour who kindly exceeded to help whenever I needed. In the end ,with due regards and gratitude , I am greatly indebted to my father ,my mother, my brothers, sisters specially my youngest sister(hala gola) and my whole family for their unconditional support.
  4. 4. Abstract No human being is able to survive properly without education. Education teaches what man lives and struggle for .it cultivates an integrated life. By so doing ,it give significance of life. The proposal of school of architecture is very important for the students of architecture. the school of architecture is proposed in Karakorum international university gilgit , estimated population is more than 2 million of whole Gilgit Baltistan. The school of architecture solves these problems through educational projects, because the architecture school is an art and well physical science. The aims of this project to make awareness among the people about architecture. as teaching the history of architecture or dealing with present conditions, thinking about the future is essentially for our students who will carry on their lives/profession in that very future.
  5. 5. CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
  6. 6. • INTRODUCTION TO SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTUREIN KARAKORUM UNIVERSITY GILGIT. Cities are an essential part of human life and provide human living in an atmosphere most appropriate for further developments of whole society. On the other hand, if the cities are not properly managed they can harm the human instead of providing benefit. For making this purpose, the idea of a sustainable city is quite interesting. For making the cities sustainable, certain skills and resources are required. One way of achieving this objective is to train humans by establishing institute that imparts such knowledge. Sustainable cities not only address the needs of humans but also consider and acknowledge the values and other human aspects as well. In order to address the values and certain characteristic of a society and to promote the human talent, institutes like a school of art and architecture play a key role. Gilgit , In order to promote the education and literacy in a sustainable way, the school of ART and ARCHITECTURE is the place that depicts the true senses of nature of art and architecture identities of a region. Architecture is the discipline that develops the true sense of belonging and reflects the image of a civilization. The establishment of such as school will address and polish the skills of young generation of Gilgit baltistan. • PROBLEM STATEMENT There is no Architectural school in Gilgit Baltistan, therefore Gilgit- Baltistan is facing problem to find out professional of these fields who can help in government and public sector the people of region require art and architecture school .many students want architectural studies but unfortunately there is no any institute in that area . SCOPE OF THE PROJECT: This project of architecture is a need of GILGIT BALTISTAN because it depict the collective thoughts of (people) students from various part of GILGIT BALTISTAN and depicting their ideas and style’ in form of architecture. • PROJECT JUSTIFICATION: To promote culture, history and art in province because it is best way of depicting the true nature of Gilgit baltistan, art and architecture institution provides a bigger platform to the designer
  7. 7. where he and she can analyze an experiment a lot with space, variety of activities occur and overlap at a time in it. The dialogue between solid and voids, or the play of different material, colors and textures on one another are impartment elements in creating institutional space. This becomes a challenge for the designer and it has pushed me to explore these domains • OBJECTIVES • To provide art and architecture education at Gilgit- Baltistan. • To develop the built environment of Gilgit-Baltistan by producing skillful artist and architects. CHAPTER 2 LITRATURE REVIEW Architecture is what nature cannot make. Architecture is something unnatural but not something made up. Louis kahn • ART INSTITUTE It is common opinion that artists are borne and not made , that there is no need of any formal education for this but it’s not true ,raw talent may get you at some place but in wide world of art ,you are more likely to succeed if you learn from those who have gone before you it’s not like
  8. 8. you are committing to doing anything the way everyone else does it you are just learning how they do it so you can incorporate those implements ,techniques , and perspective you find most useful in to the style that best suit you personally . After all, even Picasso went to school and learn to paint in the established tradition of the time before taking his tools pursing his own direction . So, there is need of an art institute in society for many reason: Its fact that ability or inborn talent is not sufficient for success in this field ,there is need of good quality institute to enhance their skill ,A quality institute with professional faculty and strong artists environment will provide an opportunity for intense skill and concept development Art institute also help them to know how to work in practical field, because for living their always need a training and mostly artists work, other than their passion also their source of income .so they must have formal education to make their careers. An art institute serves as a important link between student and market place. It will also help them to learn advance artistic techniques while exploring multiple formats, which will allow you to expend their knowledge base and help them to chose an area of focus that suits their talent, They can then chose from a wide variety of careers related to the arts, both in the teaching field and within the art world itself. In each field art ,there is a constant change of style and also new techniques are introduce constantly ,so art institute help in updating students about latest trends. 2.2HISTORYOF ARTS INSTITUTE: 22.1HISTORICALBACKGROUND: Historically art was thought in Europe via the atelier Method system where artists took on apprentices who learned their trade in much the same way as any guild such as the Masons (Stonemasons or goldsmiths etc).The first art schools were established in 400BC Greece as mentioned by Plato. During the Renaissance formal training took place in art studios.Historically,design has had some precedence over the fine arts with school of design being established all over Europe in the 18th century. Education in art takes place across the life- span.Childern,youth and adults learn about art in community based institutions and organizations
  9. 9. such as museums ,local art agencies ,recreation centers, places of worships social services agencies, and prisons among many other possible venues .with in the art school s ;visual arts education; encompasses all the visual and performing arts delivered in a standard based ,sequential approach by qualified instructor as a part of core curriculum , its core is the study of inseparable artistic and aesthetic experience and learning The study of art appreciation in America began with the picture study movement in the late 1800,s and began to fade at the end of 1920,s .picture study was an important part of art education curriculum .Attention to the aesthetic in class room led to public interest in beautifying the school ,home and community ,which was known as :Art in daily living; The idea was bring the culture to the child to change the parents .The picture study movement died out at the end of the 1920 as a result of new idea regarding learning art appreciation through studio work became more popular in the united state ,s Prince Albert was particularly influential in the creation of schools Art in the UK .prince Charles has created the prince ,s drawing school in the London borough of hackney to preserve the teaching of academic drawing. • 2.3HISTORY OF ARTS INSTITUTE IN PAKISTAN There are few good arts institute in Pakistan, that give quality professional education to the students and developed` their skill`. National college of arts in Lahore is one of the oldest art institute of Pakistan..It was established in 1875 was known as Mayo school of art in old times .it offer degree in more than 12 field of arts presently .now its another campus establish in Rawalpindi .Another oldest arts institute is college of arts and design at university of Punjab ,which was established by professor Emeritus Anna Molka ahmed in 1940 .it is also very famous institute of arts in Lahore and offer graduate and post graduate in many field of arts .For first time in Pakistan faculty of architecture was introduce in UET ,Lahore in 2006 bachelor in product design also offer in UET .in Karachi the oldest institute of arts and design at university of SINDH ,which was establish in 1951 .other famous arts institute of Karachi are Karachi school of arts was established before 4 decade .Indus valley is also very famous art school of
  10. 10. Pakistan established in 1994 and produce brilliant artists. Other then few new colleges of arts are beacon house national university in LAHORE, COMSAT ISLAMABAD BUITEMS school of architecture bachelor degree in Architecture Source (thesis report uet Lahore 2003) The college offer graduate degree in all above subjects. It will also offer short courses. Also have library, different exhibition area ..Auditorium and common places to design in it. Architecture is the art of building in which human requirements and construction materials are related so as to furnish practical use as well as an aesthetic solution. As an art, architecture is essentially abstract and non-representational and involves the manipulation of the relationships of spaces, volumes, planes, masses and voids. Time is also an important factor in architecture, since a building is usually comprehended in a succession of experiences rather than all at once. In most architecture there is no one vantage point from which the whole structure can be understood. The use of light and shadow, as well as surface decoration, can greatly enhance a structure. More than being merely shelter, architecture is also the physical record of human activity and aspiration. The analysis of building types provides an insight into past cultures and eras. Architecture constantly touches shapes our behavior and conditions our psychological mood. It engages all our senses to shape our perception and enjoyment of our built environment and then it also happens as vice versa. Architecture is an art and science of built environment has also been engaged with the social issues since the beginning of the civilization. Architecture is concerned with the whole process of evolving a habitat and not just buildings. In other words the scope of architecture is not restricted to provision of shelter of individuals but incorporates entire range of shelters for family, neighborhoods, community, society and humanity at large. At the same time public buildings have also much influence on the human society and behavior. Architecture is not merely a visual art; it includes humanities, sciences, technologies, arts and crafts. Therefore, architectural education has to respond to this multi-disciplinary approach to address the issues confronting a society in particular and humanity in general.
  11. 11. “The purpose of architecture is to generate something new, to solve problems in a way that is unique to that problem, whether it is art, social action, or something else. Innovation implies change, and change implies improvement” Preiser, vischer and white, 1999 2 2.4 ARCHITECTURE: Architecture is the art of building in which human requirements and construction materials are related so as to furnish practical use as well as an aesthetic solution. As an art, architecture is essentially abstract and non-representational and involves the manipulation of the relationships of spaces, volumes, planes, masses and voids. Time is also an important factor in architecture, since a building is usually comprehended in a succession of experiences rather than all at once. In most architecture there is no one vantage point from which the whole structure can be understood. The use of light and shadow, as well as surface decoration, can greatly enhance a structure. More than being merely shelter, architecture is also the physical record of human activity and aspiration. The analysis of building types provides an insight into past cultures and eras. Architecture constantly touches shapes our behavior and conditions our psychological mood. It
  12. 12. engages all our senses to shape our perception and enjoyment of our built environment and then it also happens as vice versa. Architecture is an art and science of built environment has also been engaged with the social issues since the beginning of the civilization. Architecture is concerned with the whole process of evolving a habitat and not just buildings. In other words the scope of architecture is not restricted to provision of shelter of individuals but incorporates entire range of shelters for family, neighborhoods, community, society and humanity at large. At the same time public buildings have also much influence on the human society and behavior. Architecture is not merely a visual art; it includes humanities, sciences, technologies, arts and crafts. Therefore, architectural education has to respond to this multi-disciplinary approach to address the issues confronting a society in particular and humanity in general. “The purpose of architecture is to generate something new, to solve problems in a way that is unique to that problem, whether it is art, social action, or something else. gvnnbInnovation implies change, and change implies improvement” Preiser, vischer and white, 1991.2 1 J.sporre, “Realitythrough the art”3rd Edition,by prentice hall, 1997 2 LelandM. Roth, “UnderstandingArchitecture,its elements,history & meaning”, The Herbert press, 1993. 2.5 TYPE OF ARCHITECTURE SCHOOLS: The school of architecture has prospective part in the formation of an architect of the future . we must believe that it is not only a part of work to give our students a technique which shall be useful and salable, but we must also strive to make them fit to apprehend a new vastly wider responsibility that has hitherto characterized the architect. The architecture school institution boadly speaking can be divided in two categories. • Conceptual school essentially give precedence to basic design concept, creativity and aesthetic. • Where as the technical school believe in Louis Sullivan philosophy of: form fallows function” and the tents of Bauhaus and Chicago school “ which were practical approach
  13. 13. in design and functionality .Massachusetts institute of technology is an example of technical school. Source(thesis report cead mehran university manan mammon) In Pakistan national school of arts in Lahore can be classified as a conceptual school with emphasizes on creative thinking and “dream concept” The mother art is architecture. Without architecture of our own we have no soul of our own civilization. Frank Lloyd Wright BACK GROUND AND HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE SCHOOL: • 2.6HISTORICAL DEVOLPMENT: In mid of 1500s, building designer were called architects, these architects took apprentices to teach in exchange for there labors. The academy of architecture was founded in 1671 in Paris,France which later turn in to Ecole des beaux Arts. The academy teaching method evolved studio culture: Long houses, intense competition, the schematic design focus the absence of users, the relative disregard how things get built, emphasis on the development of prototypical solutions”. This system of Ecole des beaux Arts was all over Europe and in some part of America .As the system was contradicting with architectural practice in Britain, architectural association was founded in London in 1847 In 1919,walter Gropius founded a school named as Bauhaus ,the aim was to integrate art ,economics and element of arts .In 1927 ,the architecture department was included in curriculum In America architects took their training as apprentices in the offices of self thought
  14. 14. architect.henry cob,s(1985)research said that university based school of architecture is an American invention .following the same system in Europe (Beaux arts model) In 1868 MIT introduced architecture in their curriculum ,which later fallowed Bauhaus model including engineering and history .University of Pennsylvania began a program in architecture in 1890.where architecture was taught as form of arts In 1903 Beaux arts system was introduce to penn department of architecture Later different architecture schools were included in university system Source(thesis report ameer Mustafa varzgani) 2.7THE TRANSFORMATIONSIN ARCHITECTURALEDUCATION Architecture education is always in transitional mode as during different phases different aspect is highlighted. In constant development road the education has shifted from static to dynamic forms, from planes and solid geometry to morphogenesis, from classical proportion and order to different complex experimentations. There is no fixed dimension in architecture, therefore, the changes in architecture education is always in motion. Different mood of expression through computer modeling have changed the whole working environment of an architect and the students. The current virtual world has shifted the focus from certain fixed rules to infinity, which allowed the students to draw and design in their own world without the feel of gravity. As the students can model whatever they want they are moving away from the real world where architecture is nothing personal but it is combination of user ,possibility economy ,culture and context .The design that students create are not designs of spaces intended to frame social life ,these are narratives and messages pushed by evocate imaginary (Schumacher 2012) Different meetings and conference held in order to make some changes in the system of architectural education .The Boyer report is among them ,in the Boyer report 1996 ,it was argued that the education should be more flexible ,and integrated curriculum ,but if it failed to produce change .The report also failed to anticipate the magnitude and intellectual consequence of digital technology (Nasar 2007)
  15. 15. 2.8 RELEVANCE OF ART, ARCHITECTURE & DESIGN TO SOCIETY: Society is derived from the Latin word societies meaning fellowship, thus, the derived word stands for the collective activities living style of a group of people with a separate and distinguishable culture, traditions and norms. Art, design and architecture are the reflection of the human nature of mind which allows the society to understand the cultural continuity (regionalism in modernity) and social relevance (issue of poverty, technology or materials). Art, architecture and design respond to the society’s needs in a manner that translate, transform and understand the responses of the individuals to shape their physical and mental world. The primary responsibility of design and architecture is to articulate aesthetics, and provides working solutions in tune with the people; solutions which helps them to find themselves and define their identity. It must provide a physical interpretation of that which is best in a contemporary society. The role of architecture is as a structuring of space that that reflects our interactions with the exterior world and the inner world. 1 ‘‘we shape our building but later they form us’’ Source(thesis report ameer Mustafa varzgani) 2.9 THE CONCEPTOF ART AND ARCHITECTURE SCHOOLIN WEST: Processing aptitude and basic skill suited to art and architecture, and who are responsive to the need and The concept of school is to produce young people who are motivated and committed to learning, sensibilities of the human society about them. It combines instruction with experimentation, information with enquiry, discussion with research, so as to develop learning and deepen understanding. It attempts to train artists, designer and architects who are highly sensitive to society and skills demanded of their profession.
  16. 16. The concept of school is to offer an interdependent study program that supports the concept of art and men, science as discovery, which together to leads to use and development of appropriate technologies to meet the challenges of the dynamic 21st century global society. The school aims to educate and train students to obtain a broader vision in the profession of architecture and design, and also to promote research and the development of applied technologies in art and disciplines. The school also focuses on rendering technical services of design, consultation, advisory management and training to serve government development and private sectors. 2 1Herbert read, “Education through Art” 2Thesis report by AGHA HANEE MUSTAFA “Department of art and architecture and design for Karachi University – Pakistan” (Winston Churchill) 2.10ROLE OF AN ARTIST, DESIGNER & ARCHITECT IN A SOCIETY: Every structure and object around an individual’s is all products of artistic skill. So whether he is called an architect, graphic design, artist, sculptor or painter, his importance stays significantly the same, but not necessarily his appreciation, unfortunately. Why is that? Perhaps it is due to the difference in art forms resulting in different perceptions for the observer. 2.11THE ROLE OF AN ARCHITECT: The architect role in the society has changed over time. The architect has the dual social responsibilities to educate society and be educated by society. For the betterment of life and its living, the role of the architect must be recognized. An architect is not only needed for building a house but also for what surrounds the house, the city in other words- the environment. One’s environment needs to be planned and organized. It has to be sustainable for future generations. The architect’s role is to understand the physical manifestation of culture, social, economic, climate and geographical factors and provide solutions keeping in mind the socio-economic aspects of the society. 2 Master comments:
  17. 17. • Architecture is mother of all arts. • It provides shelter for all. • It is program –solving journey. • It is frozen music. • It is representation of feeling. Architect: • creator –khalifa of God • Representative of the society. • Should respect the nature. • Observation should be strong. • Visionary and idealistic • Inborn artist • Imaginative and futuristic QUALITIES OF A GOOD ARCHITECT: • Informative and knowledgeable • Creative and futuristic. • Have aptitude towards profession
  18. 18. • Good salesman • Technically competent • skilled • CHAPTER: 3 • CASESTUDIES NATIONAL CASE
  19. 19. STUDY
  20. 20. 3.1NATIONAL college OF ARTS NCA is one of the renowned institutions of Pakistan which provides educational related to arts to hundreds of students every year .like all old institutions, the National college of arts has historical tradition .Much of its present tone was set Long ago when it was known as Mayo school of Arts • 3.2 LOCATION : NCA is located on Mall road ,under the historical shade of Lahore museum and in the educational environment of Punjab university old campus and government college Lahore .The college is located at the intersection of very two busy road ,the mall road also known as sah e ra Quid azam on which open its main gate and the bank which runs along its west side .The Anarkali bazaar is also on walking distance in which student can easily buy their stuff
  21. 21. • •
  22. 22. • •
  23. 23. • 3.3 CONTEXT :
  24. 24. • The college building is made up of gutta very well with its surrounding and does not seems out of place. • • • • • • • • • • •
  25. 25. • • • • •
  26. 26. Analysis and Outcomes: o Outdoor working spaces can be a part of design o Studios and working spaces are located in quiet zones o Workshops are not in range of studios, which is a poor relationship o All studios are not provided good views and relationship to nature o Master plan offering multiple approaches and paths, which is a best feature o All studios are provided north light which is ideal for studios Analysis and Outcomes: o Individual cubicle including proper storage space is not provided o Studios are lit by north light which is ideal for a studio but light is not equally distributed in the studio o Height of the studio is not enough to fulfill the requirement of a student as per scale requirement o No separate space for juries/display o No discussion area for student and teacher
  27. 27. DEGREE Graduation Short courses DEPARTMENTS; Department of Fine arts Department of communication design Department of ceramics Design Department of product design Department of Architecture • ENTRANCE: After entering the main gate, there is a strict checking on the entrance on the main building of college ,out side not allow unless they have permission. This help the maintenance of privacy Z
  28. 28. • 3.4ADMNISTRATION: On the right side of entrance gate there is corridors which lead to administration office of registrar and student section related over there . • 3.5CERAMIC DESIGN: Ceramic design department of second courtyard ,on right side of its is architecture department and on left side is studios for sculpture making Ceramic design studio accommodating all function of ceramics design in one single space like wheeled area ,heating ,decorating or glazing and even display of students work . On end of studio there a teacher room and also for washing area . Studio is well equipped according to the student needs ,two kiln and 10 to 15 wheeler available .z 3.6 DEPARTMENT OF FINE ARTS : Building of fine arts is near to main gate and admin block
  29. 29. Each storey has double height aprox 24 ‘ and three story building Each wall having art work which represents artist environment Arts work in wall The building of career in the fine arts is a lifelong and deeply full filling commitment .many of the graduate of fine arts departments at NCA have found fame and recognition in Pakistan and abroad , a four year course leading to a bachelor degree of fine arts. The department studio is located in oldest section of college, facing the main quadrangle and extending in to a new wing overlooking the town hall. There are four major area of specialization: painting, printmaking, sculpture and miniature. One of the aims of the department is to familirelize student with all the stages and preparation that preface the creating of a work of art. Apart from the techniques students are required to master ,it is also useful and necessary for them to learn the basics of materials required in their respective disciplines. The fine arts department teaches drawing and sculpture to all in the fires year foundation course as well as to student in other year in the department of architecture and in faculty of design. • 3.7PAINTING STUDIOS: Every studio is double height giving comfortable environment
  30. 30. Every student provided a locker and display area too Large window are given for sufficient amount of natural light 3.8Architecture department: The department of architecture offer five year program leading to bachelor of architecture degree. Degree course was establish in 1958. The B.arch course in the department of architecture aims to prepare professional architects, and student for advanced studies and research, through a comprehensive body of knowledge and skills in an intellectuals and creative environment. The course thought through the year focus on architecture design, building construction, environment and technical aspects of architecture. The student learn the history of region,s architecture study the relationship between historical building and contemporary construction understand the basis of emerging forms of dimensions. The course divided in to three levels foundation year (first year), intermediate level(second and third year ) and degree level (fourth and fifth year) 3.9Foundation year course: in the first year ,student from department of architecture ,faculty of design ,and from the department of fine arts study together . the objective of the foundation course an over view of the course are provided in the chapter on foundation course. Intermediate level course : The objective of intermediate level is to strengthen drafting, presentation, and technical skills(that are necessary for perception and expression of ideas in architecture). The focus is to train the students with ability to design a simple building along their working details. Degree level course: The objective of the degree level is to include an in depth perception of architecture as an activity and space: to further develop an awareness of issue involved with various fact of architecture design. 3.10Workshop: • The college operates two workshop: the metal and wood workshops.
  31. 31. • The workshops are competently staffed by teams of trained of craftsmen’s, some of whom have extended family ties and connection with institution. • The first year foundation course has specific projects design to formalize students with machinery in these workshops; students find the presence of workshops located on college premises helpful and use the workshop facilities extensively. • Students requiring tools for sculpture and printmaking or frames and stretchers for painting may have them made to specification in the workshops. 3.11Cafeteria: it is located in back of fine art department 3.12Library: • Library is in architecture department; consist of two storey’s ground and basement floor. • Insufficient natural light especially in basement. • According to librarian more than twenty thousand books available in various subject. • Internet and photocopy available in library. • Spiral staircase used for approaching for basement which produce acoustic problem. • Library open 12 hours a day except Friday. 3.13Zahoor ul haq gallery: • Situated in oldest and most historic block of college, which is adjacent to main admin. • Establish in 993 the gallery aims to build up its own permanent collection of works by Pakistani painters ,sculpture ,designer and print makers, beside hosting visiting exhibition of most representative work of artists ,designers and architects from home and abroad. • Gallery consists of two large rooms with their original skylights and plaster friezes bordering the wall. • Two small rooms for the gallery in charges and one room also present in the gallery. 3.14Corridors:
  32. 32. • Mostly all departments’ studios or rooms are linked by corridors; most of them provide natural light. • In corridors of main administration building, gothic arches are used which enhance its beauty. 3.15Courtyards: • Courtyards in the college building are major area for students interaction • There are total four courtyards in college campus first courtyard just entrance in college building ,it is largest courtyard of college ,it is surrounded by admin building ,art gallery ,sculpture studio and print making studios.. • Second courtyard surrounded by ceramic, architecture, music departments. student also work in this courtyard .also known as David courtyard • Third courtyard in front of auditorium. • Fourth courtyard is back of art department ,its provide north light to studios ,but least in use for students activities .it’s also smaller in size to other courtyards. 3.16Environment: As planning of the college has inward looking with all activities opening up inside towards the courtyards, which provide place for interaction between students of different departments. It also create students own word, which is segregate from the outer world. It also creates privacy of the college. 3.17Planning: NCA is buildaroundrectangle courtyards,all buildingsare rectangularinshape ,withtheirlongersides exposedtoopenspaceslike courtyards.itscreate sense of harmonyin itsplanning. •
  33. 33. • 3.18PHOTOGRAPHY: Zahoor ul haq gallery:
  34. 34. Kissing courtyard Auditorium old building
  35. 35. Display spacefor architecture block WORK SHOP DAVID COURTYARD CERAMICS STUDIO
  36. 36. Ceramics • Architecturestudio Lecture theater for architecture
  37. 37. Fire extinguisher Window in architecture studio • 3.19ANLYSIS: • There is good learning environment of NCA Lahore • Main entrance is very wide • There is enough car parking for student and staff • Its structure is above hundred years old but some building recently renovated • The college operate two work shop metal and wood workshop • Library contain largest collection of books • The museum and school are design together • There is centralized open atrium with students sitting arrangement
  38. 38. • 3.20CRITICAL ANLYSIS: • No ramps for disable person • No future extension for college • 3.21CASESTUDY CONCLUSIONS: As selecting the NCA as a role model, case study concludes that design may be based on proportioning system. • Courtyards and semi covered spaces should be used as socially interactive space. • NCA departments don’t offer enough terraces or there are some they are not easily accessible for students, terraces should be a part of design to cater the students gathering individually for each department. • Trees and plants should be used in courtyard because there shadows will define the events and activities, and also to create a visual relation to nature or outside environment. • Just the two departments of fine arts are connected through bridge; bridges should be a major part of design, which will act as a transitional space between two spaces, which can solve the issue of communication between two departments. • Exposed stair should be preferred because of their sculptural appearance. • Master plan should offer multiple approaches and paths. • 3.22BEACONHOUSENATIONAL UNIVERSITY: BNU is the first liberal Arts University of Pakistan .Charted by government of Punjab ,the BNU was established in 2003 for the purpose of imparting education with a modern ,rational, course content while ensuring that the history and culture of Pakistani society are respected 3.23ACADMIC PROGRAM: The university has seven school which are further divided in to departments, three schools are related to arts which are given below School of architecture and design(Bachelor of architecture ,textile and jewelry) School of visual arts (Bachelor of fine arts ,history of arts ,visual communication ) School of liberal arts (bachelor in film ,theaters ,and TV studies, and master in literature and language
  39. 39. 3.24CAMPUS: A)CITY CAMPUS B )TAROGIL CAMPUS BNU started started university which is located at zafar ali road but due to insufficient space and in order to meet the current needs and expending the space requirements in the future ,has started the construction of the BNU new campus ,which is tarogil campus A)CITY CAMPUS: LOCATION: BNU city campus located on 3- zafar ali road Lahore is a stone throw away from the willow lined Lahore canal .it is centrally located with easy approach from the main jail road and mall arteries .the dean of art department is mrs saleema hashmi which is former principal of NCA 3.26CURRENT CONDITION: Currently foundation classes (first year ) take place in this campus .Architecture final year class also take place over here .other all classes take place in tarogill campus. DETAILS: BUILDING: • On building exterior gutta is used front of façade ,in side area paint is used • Rectangular shape planning is done. Building which foundation classes related to art and architecture take place in fifth storey ENTRANCE:
  40. 40. • Entrance of building is from side road which is not visible. • Near the building entrance, fountain present on one side and plants on other side ,which give welcome effect . Building INTERIOR:
  41. 41. . Outdoor seating should be greater in variety ,should have both sun and shade, to give people some choice. Landscaping is necessary to make the space more users friendly. • Photographical observation: Model making studio
  42. 42. Architecture studio with double height and given proper window for natural light and given blue curtain Large window is given in each studio where occupants can get natural light in working time and sufficient furniture is provide for every student ,where student can easily do their work. • 3.27Umeå School of Architecture in Umeå, Sweden Sweden by Henning Larsen Architects Umeå School of Architecture has a unique location by Umeå River. With its interior landscape of open floor levels and sculpturally shaped stairs, the building has a strong artistic expression. As a growth centre for future architecture, the main function of the building is to provide the framework for inspiration and innovation. From the outside, the building has a cubic expression with its larch facades and square windows placed in a vibrant, rhythmic sequence on all sides. The interior space of the building is designed as a dynamic sequence of stairs and split, open
  43. 43. floor levels where abstract, white boxes hang freely from the ceiling filtering the light coming in through the high skylights. Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman • Architect: Henning Larsen Architects • Location: Umeå, Sweden • Client: Balticgruppen • Gross floor area: 5,000 m2 • Year of construction: 2007 – 2010 • Type of assignment: Comission • Photographer: Åke E son Lindman • Local Architect: White Arkitekter Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman
  44. 44. One of the key objectives has been to create a bright and open study environment where everyone is part of the same room – only separated by the split levels and glass walls of the teaching rooms. This design supports the opportunities for mutual inspiration and the close exchange of knowledge and ideas. Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman In contrast to the dynamic atrium, the drawing rooms placed along the facades of the building in a strict and regular sequence of columns and beams have a simple and rational design. The varied pattern of windows not only creates a strong visual effect – it also generously lets the light flow into the building and offers a breathtaking view of the river. The School of Architecture will form part of the new Arts Campus at Umeå University, which will also comprise the new Academy of Fine Arts and Art Museum – both designed by Henning Larsen Architects.
  45. 45. Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman • 3.27.1Sustainability andmaterials Local, sustainable materials have been used for the School of Architecture. The exterior facing is larch wood and, on the inside, local birch wood creates a contrast to the light walls and contributes to achieving good acoustics. The concrete floor gives an industrial and robust expression. Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman Early on in the design process, energy calculations and daylight simulations helped to establish that the facade should consist of wood with window holes instead of only glass. This has been a key parameter in achieving an energy reduction of 50 %.
  46. 46. Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman Ventilation, lighting and heating functions are ingeniously integrated in the bearing structure. The air comes in under the floor and is transported to the roof of the building via the columns and beams where it is circulated round the building via perforated pipes. Interior - Umea School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindeman
  47. 47. 3.27.2New Campus in Umea Umea Arts Campus is the name of the new dynamic centre of excellence currently rising on a previous industrial plot by the north beach of Umea River. The objective is to create an arena for education, research and entrepreneurship in architecture, design, art and digital culture. Art, research and society are brought together and will emphasize the role of Umea as a creative centre of excellence in a global scale. It is expected that the Academy of Fine Arts and Art Museum will be ready for inauguration in 2014 where Umea will also become the European Capital of Culture. Interior - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman
  48. 48. Interio r - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman Interior - Umea School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindma Interior - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman Interior - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman
  49. 49. Interior - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman Interior - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman Interior - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman Interior - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman
  50. 50. Interior - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman Interior - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman Interior - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman Interior - Umeå School of Architecture by Henning Larsen Architects - Photo by Åke E son Lindman
  51. 51. Site Plan
  52. 52. Level 0 Plan
  53. 53. Level 1 Plan
  54. 54. Level 2 Plan
  55. 55. Section AA http://www10.aeccafe.com/blogs/arch-showcase/2011/03/11/umea-school-of-architecture-in- umea-sweden-by-henning-larsen-architects/
  56. 56. CHAPTER NO: 04 4.1 Site location: Site is located at Karakorum international university gilgit 4.2Accessibility: The site accessibility through all mean e.g by buses , private cars and so on. Accessible from main nomal road .the site is linked with the rest of city .airport is 10 to 15 minute distance from main campus there is bridge between kiu and airport gilgit.There four accessible points three ways linked with bridge and anther one is linked with nomal raod .one bridge linked with chinar baag , second bridge linked with danyor 4.3SITE SLECTION SITE SLECTION CRITERIA The site should fulfill the major and important ideal requirements of the projects .it should help the students in there working and should provide liberal and enormous space .it should provide a natural environment for working and relaxation, as architecture is a full time job the site should have effective link (either direct or indirect) with the city to understand its built environment ,need problem ,and its potential for the future approach of the architects .There are various factors, which need consideration while selection of site for purpose of designing .These factor
  57. 57. determine the feasibility of the site. The school of art and architecture is design on the basis of following considerations. Accessibility from different parts of the city to the site For such academy like school of art and architecture where studios of different arts are there ,an atmosphere less affected by dust ,traffic ,noise and gasses is needed to study To provide an opportunity to the students and faculty to be very close to nature and life. For the students of arts a big and free land is needed for giving them full liberty to create new things and work easily. A school building like art and architecture academy is for the students of Pakistan The overall environment of the area in which the site is present, should be such as to accommodate the school of art and architecture in itself. 4.4Criteria for selection of the site: • Availability of all services • Easily approach for student • Located on educational belt of the city • Infrastructure condition should developed • Flow of traffic • Non violent Due to educational purpose, should be near or under approach of the students and educated persons.
  58. 58. The important infrastructure facilities should be available at the site such as electricity, drainage, telephone, water supply etc. PROPOSE SITE: The propose site of project is “THE SCHOOL OF ART AND ARCHITECTURE” is Karakorum international university GILGIT BALTISTA N; it is very feasible site for the project because there is calm environment, no noise pollution. 4.5SITE LOCALITIES ENVIROMENTAL FACTOR: When architect is given a design assignment ,there are many environmental factors that are to be considered .the site has major factor that has to be considered .site mean the area or land that is meant for construction of the proposed project .site planning is the art and science of arranging the various portion of a particular piece of land according to their uses, The site planner decided on the use of the site in detail by selecting and analyzing it for the various characteristics of soil, slope vegetation etc. The landscape involve the design of outside space .this should be thought about carefully to make an architectural design complete .The climate at the location at the site is very important as
  59. 59. it effect the building that to be constructed .Services such as water supply, drainage, sanitation electricity, fire protection, air conditioned system etc. also have to be considered in order to make an architectural design complete. • 4.6IDENTIFICATIONOF SITEAND ITS PREPERATION: Each site has a unique nature of its own .The purpose for which it is to be used should be clearly understood .every site when disturbed takes time to experience the matual adjustment of its elements .For example , the flow of water create a drainage pattern .many factor are involved in analysis of the site .These include the factors above the ground ,below the ground and on the ground ,as discussed in following . NATURAL FACTOR: • Geology • Topography • Hydrology streams lakes ,swamps • Soil classification of types and uses • Vegetation • Wild life • Climate factor
  60. 60. • 5.6.1GEOLOGY: The type of rock below the surface of soil,the depth and characteristic feature of rock should be identified .such rocks could be act as a foundation for many buildings. These are natural and could form visible land forms. The stability of such geological formation is also important . • 4.6.2TOPOGRAPHY: The form of land is called topography .this is most important factor to be analyzed .geology and the slow process of natural erosion(soil being worn away because of wind or water) are responsible for land form and slopes. A topographic survey will reveal the badly drained areas and natural drainage channels. it will be also reveal place that have good views and parts of the site that are visible or hidden from any selected point out side the site .The slopes will decide the road and paths:a steep slope will increase building costs. 4.6.3HYDROGRAPHY: Hydrography provides information about all types of water bodies present in and around the site: lakes ,streams, any marshy land (swamps), or natural wells. It also reveals the availability table and the depth at which it is available. • 4.6.4SOIL: The different types of soil present are analyzed .soil decides the stability of land, foundation, suitability ,excavation ,erosion ,drainage, and plant growth (as the tope soil is essential for plant growth). The bearing capacity of soil is an important factor to be considered while locating buildings. 4.6.5VEGETATION: A study of vegetation helps in locating large existing trees, which can be retained .these can be used for providing seating . the ecology of area should also be examined to know what plants or shrubs would grow in that area.
  61. 61. 4.6.6WILDLIFE: This is an important consideration when choosing sites for parks and recreation. Fishing sites for parks and recreational activities . the selection of land suitable for such activities depends on natural wildlife present in the area .wildlife also adds from color and movement of landscape. • 5.6.7 CLIMATIC FACTORS: Across a piece of land , the elevation difference ,character of topography ,vegetation cover, and water bodies influence of climate of that area. On the other hand precipitation and temperature are the major factor affecting vegetation. 4.6.7CLIMATE: Gilgit experiences a cold desert climate. Weather conditions for Gilgit are dominated by its geographical location, a valley in a mountainous area, southwest of Karakoram Range. The prevalent season of Gilgit is winter, occupying the valley eight to nine months a year. Gilgit lacks significant rainfall, averaging in 120 to 240 millimeter (4.7 to 9.4 in) annually, as monsoon breaks against the southern range of Himalayas. Irrigation for land cultivation is obtained from the rivers, abundant with melting snow water from higher altitudes. The summer season is brief and hot. The piercing sunrays may raise the temperature up to 40 °C (104 °F), yet it is always cool in the shade. As a result of this extremity in the weather, landslides and avalanches are frequent in the area. Source(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilgit 4.7CULTURAL FACTOR: • Existing land use –ownership of adjacent property and off-set nuience • Linkage • Traffic and transit –vernacular and pedestrian circulation on or adjacent to the site. • Density and floor area ratio
  62. 62. • Utilities sanitation ,water ,gas, electricity ,strom water drainage • Historical factors – historic buildings and landmarks. 4.8ANALYSIS OF SERVICES IN AND AROUND SITE: • Electricity • Drainage line • Telephone line • Cable line • Postal service Site photography:
  63. 63. EXISTING SITE Road circulation from periphery flow of water
  64. 64. KIU buildings KIU MY SITE MY SITE EARLY MORNING 5:40 IN SUMMER
  65. 65. KIU IN SUN PATH IN 12:AM Kiu Google map
  66. 66. SITE PLANNING: The surrounding of there localities is that ,the north is purpose site is located, the jutial is located, east side danyor is located, west side sultan Abad is located. • 4.9SITEPLANNING: Site planning involves arranging structure on the land and shaping spaces between them. it is an art linked to architecture, and city planning. The site is plan locate object and activities in space. it may be concerned with a small cluster of houses, a single building and the surrounding space, or a small community built in a single operation. 4.10 ENVIROMENT OF GILGIT: The environment is its boarder sense, cover all natural physical, chemical and human resources. The environment is usually define by ecologist as the conditioned and process affecting the life the development of human being. Present use of site: The site is vacant ,
  67. 67. 4.11Site characteristics: • Site is flat and having no contours. • There is no huge structure adjacent to the site , there fore no problem of ventilation and light • The site is already developed all basic infrastructure facilities are available. Chapter no =o5 5.1Style :It will be representation of Gilgit Baltistan traditional culture, their building materials, local art and physical environment. the material will be according To Gilgit Baltistan existing materials like stone wood. 5.2 Design brief: School of architecture: Proposed department; School of architecture: Design brief: Combine activities: • library • computer lab.
  68. 68. • Common room • Cafeteria. • Washrooms fro girls and boys. • Washroom for staff. 5.3ADMINSTRATION: • Principal room with toilet • Head of department room • PA room with waiting • Admin officer room • Finance manager room • Record room • Reception • Faculty lounge • Toilets • Kitchen for admin • Exam section • IT room • Clerical staff
  69. 69. • Lecture halls • Visitors lounge • Conference hall • Workshops CONCLUSION: In this study, reading the idea behind the design by concepts has been taken into consideration in the architecture design education. in the process of education which include theory and practice ,student have gain to look in another way to the architectural product with creativity and responsibility .they have learned the process of turning abstract in to concrete ,the idea behind an architectural product and to read this idea behind the design by concept and making a conceptualization study in design and architecture language .students also have developed their own sketching style to quickly represent their ideas with simple contour line avoiding all unnecessary details. This simplicity refers to the need to make the clearest possible statement which look like of the simplicity at the concepts. so they have to use quick sketches and basic concept which are enduring mechanism used by architectural designers to guide the entire process of design development .after these part of studios, student will learn other step of design ,deal with new problem by themselves ,working in an existing environment. Bibliography “Reality through the art”3rd Edition,by prentice hall, 1997 Internet
  70. 70. www.wiki.gilgit.com thesis report uet Lahore http://www10.aeccafe.com/blogs/arch-showcase/2011/03/11/umea-school-of-architecture-in- umea-sweden-by-henning-larsen-architects www.wiki.gilgit .com www.googleearth.com www.architecture-student.com/case - studies/how to conduct a- case study http://en.wiki (pedia.org/wiki/Gilgit Thesis reports: School of architecture,by abdul manan memon, cead Muet sindh Muhammad iqbal kasif school of architecture duet Karachi School of art and architecture by ameer Mustafa verzgani

×