Dr. Sarker Weec 2009 (11 06 2009)


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Dr. Sarker Weec 2009 (11 06 2009)

  1. 1. CONVERTING WASTE PLASTIC TO HYDROCARBON FUEL MATERIALS By Moinuddin Sarker, PhD, MCIC. Vice President, Research & Development Natural State Research, Inc. 37 Brown House Road (2 nd Floor) Stamford, CT- 06902 www.naturalstateresearch.com
  2. 2. 1. Reduce Foreign Oil Dependency 2. Boost US Economy 3. Reduce / Eliminate Landfills 4. Solve Environmental Issues 5. Pollution Control (GHG) 6. Jobs Creation 7. Reduce Carbon Footprint 8. Green Fuel 9. Alternate Source of Energy 10. Partnership with Plastics Industries Objective of the Project
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Problems with Waste Plastics </li></ul><ul><li>Landfills and Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation of Waste Plastic to Landfill </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Problems with Proper Handling </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Issues (Non Biodegradable) </li></ul><ul><li>Water Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Air Pollution (GHG) </li></ul><ul><li>Endangered Marine Life from Plastic Diet </li></ul>
  4. 4. Karin Kaufman, PhD., sole owner, founded Natural State Research, Inc. 2003: Karin Kaufman, PhD. founded Natural State Research, Inc. 2004: Designs and constructs NSR laboratory and offices at present location 2005: Dr. Moinuddin Sarker, PhD, MCIC, furnishes the lab with all the necessary equipment to begin the research for R & D and hires lab and supporting teams. 2006: July; Laboratory opens for research and development. 2007: February; First produced fuel product (three years ahead of schedule) 2008: May; First Fuel test is made with generator, lawn mower engine, gasoline engine and automobile (Stamford Fire Marshal present). 2008 May; First provisional patent is applied. 2008 November; Location is secured for first pilot plant at 191-Route 22, Pawling, New York (Waiting for City Approval). 2009: Pilot Plant under construction for fuel production and testing facility located in Pawling, NY and Stamford, CT (Negotiating with different cities and locations). 2009 May: Finally US and International Patent Submitted (Patent Pending) Company History
  6. 6. 1. Transportation (Cars, Trucks, Air Lines, and Other Vehicles) 2. Energy Production for Daily Life (Electricity- Standard of Living) 3. Other Daily Activities Global Consumption of Crude Oil Plastics become waste after use Plastic production for human consumption- multiple uses/types Huge Problem World-Wide Crude Consumption
  7. 7. Waste Plastics
  8. 8. Waste Plastics Percentage
  9. 9. 1. Solar 2. Wind 3. Hydrogen Fuel 4. Bio-mass Fuel 5. Bio-Diesel 6. Green Diesel 7. Bio-ethanol 8. Geo-thermal 9. Ocean Current 10. NSR??? A New Alternate/Renewable Source of Energy: ► Waste Plastics to Liquid Fuel (NSR Patent Pending Technology) Existing Alternate / Renewable Sources of Energy in World
  10. 10. ● Plastics are macromolecules, formed by polymerization with the ability to be shaped through the application of a reasonable amount of heat and pressure or through some other form of force. ● Plastics have become an integral part and parcel of our lives due to their economic value, easy availability, easy process ability, light weight, durability and energy efficiency, to list a few of its numerous benefits. ● Plastics have molded the modern world, and have transformed our quality of life. There is no human activity where plastics do not play a key role, from clothing to shelter, transportation to communication, and entertainment to health care. What are Plastics ?
  11. 11. Plastics encompass a large and varied group of materials consisting of different combinations or formulation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, chlorine, and other elements. There are over 50 different, unique families of plastics in commercial use today and each family may have dozen of variations. Source of Plastics: The majority of the most commonly used plastics are derived from the following chemicals: 1. Ethylene, 2. Propylene, 3. Butadiene and 4. Benzene These chemicals are in turn derived from Naphtha obtained during the petroleum refining process or from natural gas, after processing. How Plastics are Made ?
  12. 12. Beverage bottles; baby milk bottles; electronic casing. Other (often P o lycarbonate or ABS ) Egg cartons; packing peanuts; disposable cups, plates, trays and cutlery; disposable take-away containers; Polystyrene (PS) Reusable microwaveable ware; kitchenware; yogurt containers; margarine tubs; microwaveable disposable take-away containers; disposable cups and plates. Polypropylene (PP) Frozen food bags; squeezable bottles, e.g. honey, mustard; cling films; flexible container lids. Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) Juice bottles; Cling films; PVC piping Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Milk, juice and water bottles; trash and retail bags. High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Soft drink, water and salad dressing bottles; peanut butter and jam jars Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET, PETE) Common Packaging Applications Type of Plastic Polymer Plastic Identification Code
  13. 13. Bumpers Plastic Bottles Light weight Home Construction Environment Child Fun Automotive Plastics Sports Garden Kitchen & Food Science Engineering Plastics Usages                             
  14. 14. Scrap Plastics Baled Polythene Film Mixed Plastic Films Plastic Sheet Garbage Bags Plastic Rope /String Coat Hangers Film on Rolls Shredded Plastics Granulated Plastics EPS Briquettes Car Bumpers Mixed Plastic Bottles CD’s
  15. 15. Carbon Content of NSR Fuels & Commercial Fuels C 6 - C 27 Diesel C 7 - C 19 Aviation Fuel / Jet Fuel C 4 - C 11 Gasoline (87) C 9 - C 27 NSR Double Condensed 2 nd Collection Fuel C 4 - C 12 NSR Double Condensed 1 st Collection Fuel Carbon Content Fuel Name
  16. 16. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) Curves of Several Fuels Illustrating Onsets of the Boiling Points
  17. 17. Energy Content in BTU & Mega Joules 1 kWh = 3,412 BTU (British Thermal Unit) 1 kWh = 3.6 MJ (Mega Joules) 157.94 149,700.00 Residual Fuel 146.33 138,700.00 Distillate Fuel 146.33 138,700.00 Compressed Natural Gas 142.43 135,000.00 Jet Fuel 126.81 120,200.00 Aviation Fuel 146.33 138,700.00 Diesel 131.88 125,000.00 Gasoline (87) 140.65 133,366.00 NSR Double Condensation 2 nd Collection Fuel 120.16 113,934.00 NSR Double Condensation 1 st Collection Fuel Mega joules /Gallon Total BTU /Gallon Type of Fuel
  18. 18. NSR and Commercial Fuel Comparison Chart All Preliminary test of NSR Fuels done by www.intertek.com NSR -1 = NSR 1 st Collection Fuel NSR -2 = NSR 2 nd Collection Fuel Clear greenish and bright 0.85 N/A 42.5 - 5.0 <ul><li>10.0 </li></ul><ul><li>(Gel Point) </li></ul>215.5 Diesel Clear straw and bright 0.79-0.84 N/A N/A N/A - 47.0 N/A Jet Fuel Pass – clear and bright 0.71-0.75 87,89,93 N/A N/A - 72.7 68.7-204.0 Gasoline Pass – clear and bright 0.80 N/A 58.3 - 12.0 N/A 171.1 NSR - 2 Pass – clear and bright 0.74 76 42.3 - 24.0 - 50.0 41.5 NSR - 1 Color / Appearance Density (g/ml) Octane Number Cetane Index Cloud point ( 0 C) Freezing Point ( 0 C) Boiling Point ( 0 C) (Initial) Sample
  19. 19. DIPE = Di-isopropyl Ether TAME = Tetra Amyl-Methyl Ether MTBE = Methyl Tetra-Butyl Ether DVP = Dry Vapor Pressure (Psi) E150 = % volume evaporated at 150 0 C) Reference Websites: http://www.med.govt.nz/templates/page___10338.aspx All Preliminary test of NSR Fuels done by www.intertek.com Preliminary Emission Test of NSR Fuels and Comparison with Commercial Fuels N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 50 N/A N/A Diesel N/A N/A N/A 18 1 10 N/A 1 150 75 6.52 Gasoline N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 4.7 N/A N/A NSR – 2 0.00 0.00 0.00 >55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 6.2 5.6 4.54 NSR - 1 MTBE TAME DIPE Olefins Oxygen (Wt %) Ethanol (Vol. %) Methanol (Vol. %) Benzene (Vol. %) Sulfur (mg/kg) E150 DVP (Psi) Sample
  20. 20. NSR Fuel USA Patent Pending NSR Fuel is a combination of Gasoline, Diesel, Aviation and Jet Fuel Preliminary research results indicate that NSR Fuel is similar to Gasoline, Diesel, Aviation / Jet & Fuel Oil International Patent / PCT (Patent Pending) NSR Products
  21. 21. Waste Plastic To Fuel using NSR Technology
  22. 22. Cost Analysis ● Thermal Process at ambient pressure and 370 - 420 (Degrees Celsius) ● NSR Fuel Energy input = 15-20 kWh US$ 1.65 - 2.20 (excluding overhead) ● Energy output = 60 - 65 kWh US$ 6.60 – 7.15 ● 2.90-3.00 Kg of Plastics = 3.8 liters = 1 gallon in Lab Scale (Commercial scale would be less than US$ 0.70 per gallon) Present Price: ● Gasoline = US$ 2.50-3.00 per gallon, Energy output: 35-40 kWh ● Diesel: US$ 3.00-3.50 per gallon ● Aviation Fuel: US$ 6.00 - 8.00 per gallon
  23. 23. Waste Plastics in USA ● 30 M Metric Tons of Waste Plastics is produced per year (Source: www.bostonpost.com) ● 1 Metric Ton = 8-9 Barrels of NSR Fuel ● 1 Barrel = 42 gallons in USA ● 30 Million x 9 barrels = 270 Million of barrels of NSR fuel ● 270 Million x 42 gallon = 11,3400 M = 11.3 Billion gallons of NSR fuel ● NSR Fuel will reduce 3-6 % of USA foreign oil dependency. ● 30 M Metric Ton of Plastic = 163 Million barrels of Crude Oil needed to produce
  24. 24. Waste Plastic Produced in the USA / Year
  25. 25. Waste Plastic To Fuel
  26. 26. Potential Clients of NSR Technology in the USA 1. City, Towns, Municipalities, Corporate Offices, Stadiums, Rock Concerts, Sea Beaches 2. Hotel, Resort, Conference Centers, Universities, Colleges, Schools, etc 3. Department of Energy (DOE) 4. Aviation Industries 5. Department of Defense ( US Army, Navy, Air Base, and Air Forces) 6. Department of Transportation (DOT) 7. USADA, Homeland Security, NASA, Airport, and Seaport Authorities 8. Plastics Industries & Other Manufacturing Companies 9. Many more
  27. 27. NSR Finance Already Spent 7 M US$ from 2003-2008 (Private Source) Required Fund 7-8 M US$ for on going R & D and set up a Proto-type Plant including Securing International Patent (use the fund for 2 yrs) Pay Back: In 2 yrs by Selling Products or Licensing / Franchise the Technology in USA and Around the World NSR first Franchise Technology deal with Californian Company for 5 M US$ (Deal already signed on 13 th August 2009) California Produced 3.8 M tons of Waste Plastics in each Year
  28. 28. USA and International Market Values of NSR Technology <ul><li>50 States in USA (if NSR Franchise the technology in each state </li></ul><ul><li>US$ 5 M), 50 x 5 = 250 M and as well as royalty </li></ul><ul><li>2. 10 Provinces in Canada (if NSR Franchise the technology in each </li></ul><ul><li>province US$ 3 M), 10 x 3 = 30 M and as well as royalty </li></ul><ul><li>3. 168 Counties in the World (if NSR Franchise the technology in </li></ul><ul><li>each country US$ 3 M), 168 x 3 = 504 M US$ and as well as royalty </li></ul><ul><li>4. Cost of Pilot or Proto-type Plant = 1.00-2.00 M US$ </li></ul><ul><li>(35 - 45 gallons per day including manpower) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Cost of Commercialization Plant Set up = 2.00 – 20.00 Million US$ </li></ul><ul><li>(depend on waste plastics out sources or feeding ) </li></ul>
  29. 29. Waste Plastics (Shopping Bag) to Fuel (Save Shopping Bag Industries) 1(One) Plastic Bag = 10 ml of NSR Fuel 100 Plastics Bags = 1000 ml of NSR Fuel Using this fuel, one car can drive 7-10 miles or produce 13-15 kwh electricity The electricity produced can light 130 -150 bulbs for 1 hour (1 light = 100 watts)
  30. 30. Specification for test vehicle: 1984 Oldsmobile (V-8, 5.0 liters powered engine) and 4 doors Sedan Experimental Conditions Driver: Eugene Sheveron (180 lbs) Along with 3 other Researchers (Weight = 550 lbs) 5 Gallon Fuel Container (35 lbs) Spare Tire (50 lbs) Total Load : 815 lbs Mileage Obtained from 1 Gallon of Fuel: NSR 1st Collection = 18 Miles Gasoline (87) = 15 Miles The test has been done in the city route NSR Car Test Experiment
  31. 31. Creating Jobs in USA In USA (Source: US Census Bureau) ● 25,000 Town / Municipalities ● 1200 Cities (Population of more than 100,000) ● 50 States ► If each of the 1200 cities creates 50 jobs, 60,000 jobs will be created in the USA alone ► The jobs are secure; there will be a perpetual need for these employees
  32. 32. Job Creation in USA 10 5 2.1 5 25 12.5 5.25 13 50 25 10.5 25 37.5 38 100 50 21 60 15.75 75 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Series1 Series2 Series3 Series4 Series5 Series1 10 5 2.1 5 Series2 25 12.5 5.25 13 Series3 50 25 10.5 25 Series4 75 37.5 15.75 38 Series5 100 50 21 60 Population (K) Waste Plastic Tons / Month NSR Fuel in Gallon (K) Job
  33. 33. Sustainability of NSR Technology City / Municipal NSR Technology House Hold NSR Fuel City Vehicles such as School Buses, Trucks, Police, Fire, Ambulance, etc. Produce Electricity and back up National Grid Waste Collection Vehicle Generator / Power Plants Home Heating Recharge Hybrid Car Collect Waste Plastics
  34. 34. Future Plan and Projection 2010 2011 2012 2012-2015 2013-2020 Obtained Patent; Apply for Franchise Registration 1 st Commercial Plant Established and Begins Production Consumers use NSR Fuel Franchise and License NSR Technology Throughout USA Franchise and License NSR Technology Worldwide 2009-2011 R&D Work and Pilot Plant (in Parallel)
  35. 35. <ul><li>Efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Economic (Cost Effective) </li></ul><ul><li>Environment Friendly </li></ul><ul><li>95% Yield with no Solid Waste / Residue </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to Set Up (Modular and Mobile Unit) </li></ul><ul><li>All Types of Waste Plastics </li></ul><ul><li>NSR Fuels work with Existing Internal Combustion Engine </li></ul><ul><li>Creating Secured Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Free / Little Pay for Initial Raw Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to Work with Existing Recycling and City Waste Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Low Investment with High Return </li></ul>Advantage of NSR Technology and Products
  36. 36. <ul><li>Internal Combustion Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Car, Bus, Truck, Van, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Aviation Engines & Jet Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Home Heating </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Lawn Mowers </li></ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul>Use of NSR Fuels
  37. 37. <ul><li>Converting Waste Plastics to Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Save Marine Aquatic Life by Reducing Water Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Save / Eliminate Waste Plastic Dumping Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Landfill by Converting Waste Plastic to </li></ul><ul><li>useful Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Produce Electricity using Generator / Power Plant </li></ul><ul><li>Stop Banning Plastic Shopping Bags </li></ul><ul><li>Create Local and Sustainable Jobs </li></ul>The Conclusion
  38. 38. Using NSR Technology From Waste Plastic to NSR Fuel Use
  39. 39. Petroleum NSR Technology Waste Plastics Plastics Petroleum to Plastic & Waste Plastic Back to Petroleum by using NSR Technology
  40. 40. NSR Research Team <ul><li>1. Karin Kaufman, PhD </li></ul><ul><li>CEO and President </li></ul><ul><li>2. Moinuddin Sarker, PhD, MCIC. </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President, Research and Development </li></ul><ul><li>3. Ellery Cressia </li></ul><ul><li>Operation Manager </li></ul><ul><li>4. ASM Din Mohammad, M.Sc. </li></ul><ul><li>Lab. Manager </li></ul><ul><li>5. Mohammad Mamunor Rashid, M.Sc. </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Manager and Lab Coordinator </li></ul><ul><li>6. Nicholas Schiralli </li></ul><ul><li>Come Back Manager </li></ul><ul><li>7. Tanya Stewart </li></ul><ul><li>Office Coordinator </li></ul><ul><li>8. June Metz </li></ul><ul><li>Business Manager </li></ul>
  41. 41. 9. Mairim Vant Network Engineer 10. Aminul Kabir, M.Sc. Senior Lab Chemist 11. Ashiquz Zaman Research Assistant 12. Mohammad Molla Intern 13. Kamrul Islam, M.Sc. MBA Lab Technician 14. Sadikur Rahman, M.Sc Junior Lab Chemist Consultants: 1. Prof. Richard Parnas, University of Connecticut, USA 2. Sabir Majumder, PhD 3. Dennis Keehn Marketing Consultant 4. Fuad Rahman, PhD
  42. 42. 1. TechConnect World, USA Website: http://www.techconnect.org 2. Nano Science and Technology Institute (NSTI), USA Website: http://www.nsti.org 3. National Recycling Coalition, Inc. USA Website: http://www.nrc-recycle.org 4. Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA), USA Website: http://www.swana.org 5. Renewable Energy Vermont, VT, USA Website: http://www.revermont.org 6. American Council on Renewable Energy (ACORE) Website: www.acore.org 7. Cleantech Forum International  Website: www.cleantech.com 8. Connecticut Technology Council Websites:  www.ctipa.org 9. Alliance for Clean Energy of New York  Website: www.aceny.org 10. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Website: www.nfpa.org 11. Sierra Club Website: www.sierraclub.org 12. Greenpeace International Website: www.greenpeace.org/usa 13. Society of Automobile Engineering International Website: www.sae.org 14. Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE)  Website: www.4spe.org NSR is a Proud Member of the following Organizations
  43. 43. As recognition of NSR’s innovative technology, NSR received the AEI 2009 Tech Award by the Society of Automobile Engineering International at the SAE World Congress and Expo in Detroit, Michigan held on 20-23 April, 2009. NSR Technology Awards
  44. 44. For recognition for its outstanding achievement, NSR was awarded the Innovation Pipeline Award 2009 “companies to watch” at the Connecticut Technology Council at OMNI Hotel New Haven, CT, held on September 17, 2009. NSR Certificate Awards
  45. 45. Please contact Dr. Moinuddin Sarker at NSR : 203-406-0675 or E-mail: [email_address] Or visit our website www.naturalstateresearch.com NSR Awards The AEI 2009 Tech Award made to NSR by the Society of Automobile Engineering International at the SAE World Congress and Expo 2009 in Detroit, Michigan held on 20-23rd April 2009. For recognition for its outstanding achievement, NSR was awarded the Innovation Pipeline Award 2009 “companies to watch” at the Connecticut Technology Council at OMNI Hotel New Haven, CT held on September, 17 2009. NSR Awards The AEI 2009 Tech Award made to NSR by the Society of Automobile Engineering International at the SAE World Congress and Expo 2009 in Detroit, Michigan held on 20-23rd April 2009. For recognition for its outstanding achievement, NSR was awarded the Innovation Pipeline Award 2009 “companies to watch” at the Connecticut Technology Council at OMNI Hotel New Haven, CT held on September, 17 2009. For more Information Regarding NSR Products & Technology
  46. 46. Thank You Very Much for Your Attention.