According to figures, by 2030, Worlds elderly population will be up to 16 percent of total population. In Iran from 7.3% come up to 17.5%. It is forecasted by 2050 one out of every four people in Iran is aged one.
Current Status of olderpeople population in Iran (latestcensus, 2006) Total number of population: 70,495,782 Number of older people population: 5,121,043 Percentage of older people: 7.26% Number of people aged 100+ in Tehran province :1891 3
Population of Older people inTehran Tehran province: Total number of population : 13,422,366 Number of older people: 973,183 Tehran: Total number of population : 7,975,679 Number of Families: 2,267,892 Number of older people: 686,431 Percentage of older people: 8.6% 4
Elderly population trend in Iran Census year 1986 1996 2006 2011Population over 60 years 5.43% 6.62% 7.27% 8.2%
Ageing indexThe ratio of the population of people over 60 years of age to under 15 1986 1996 2006 Ageing 6.68% 10.93% 20.68% Index 6
Different age groups livingalone in Tehran Age groups The number of older people 60-64 14561 65-69 18217 70-74 22043 75 + 34685 Total 89506 7
Tehran•Irans largest city and the world’s 19th largestcity.
Tehran is 4% of the size of the country), and it is divided into 22 districts ,124 sub-districts (Nahiye) and 374 neighborhoods.
The mission of Director General Office for Health in Tehran municipality is the promotion of citizen’s health through development of social networks.
To achieve this aim, community health centers and Elderly Clubs were launched throughout the neighborhoods with the approach to reduce inequity in health and to promote inter-sectorial collaboration and public participation.
Important activities ofthe elderly social network in the city of Tehran
To issue senior citizenship ID card (respecting card) to the elderly To develop 374 neighborhood clubs for the elderly To establish the elderly advisory Council for the elderly To provide supportive programs to elderly including recreational activities and health education. Starting "Age-Friendly City“ program (approved by the high city council of Tehran) to adapt urban physical, social and cultural environment towards age friendly city, planned by WHO.
Presenting ID card (respecting card) to theelderly people in Tehran
Social clubs as Community Based Initiative wasestablished for healthy aging on 2006 in Tehranmunicipality. year Club member 2006 22 2200 2008 120 15465 2010 343 54000 2012 374 75000
Establishment of high authority council for the elderly in Tehran municipality
Providing supportive programs for theelderly including recreational activities.
1. Infrastructure and construction measuresTailoring pathways (sidewalks, streets), urban furniture, parks, leisure places, shrines, health services.Proper design of furniture including benches and chairs in public places such as parks, bus stations, subway compatible with physical condition of the elderly.Collecting, setting, developing and delivering construction standards for residential, commercial and public building to reduce events could endanger the health of the elderly.
continuedSecuring public transportation, including entrance and exit doors and providing suitable and standard spaces for the elderly.Providing services and facilities for using the public transport systemsSupporting to build at least 5 sport club for the elderly people.Supporting to set up private day-care centers for the elderly.
2.Social and cultural activities:Free access to special facilities such as cultural, artistic and sport programs.Holding and implementing cultural programs of national celebrations or occasions.Support the NGOs and other institutions active in the field of aging.Cooperation and support of national and regional programs in the field of aging.
continuedForming and supporting of the elderly social network in neighborhoods to facilitate social presence and participation of the elderly.Holding classes & educational workshops for empowering the elderly and transferring their experiences to the community.Allocating a part of city tourism to the elderly to fill their leisure time.Providing circumstances for appropriate use of the experiences of the elderly in urban management.Training public vehicle drivers and other staff to guide, assist and respect the elderly.