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Afghanistan: Geography
Located in Central Asia
Kabul is the Capital
Population 31 Million
34 States
Government
• In September 21, 2014, Ashraf
Ghani is elected President of
Afghanistan.
• He hold full power in all parts
of...
Cultural Minister
• Dr. Sayed Makhdoom Raheen
was born in Kabul, Afghanistan.
• He completed Ph. D. in literature
from Teh...
Languages
Official Languages
•Persian = 18 States
•Pashto = 11 States
Non Official
Languages
•Uzbek & Turkmen
•Balochi
•Nu...
Religion
• Islam is the religion
practiced by most
Afghans; it is central
to Afghans' identity
• 99% of Afghans are
Muslim
Afghans: A Diverse People
Major Ethic Groups:
• Pashtun 42%
• Tajik 27%
Other Ethic Groups:
• Hazara 9%
• Uzbek 9%
• Aimak...
Pashtun People
• Culture base on ISLAM.
• Pashtu is the language of
the Pashtun.
• Pashtun men usually
wear a Partoog Kort...
Pashtun Men
• Young men wears
Partoog Korteh
(Shalwar-Kameez) &
Pakol hat.
• Old men also wears
(Shalwar-Kameez);
addition...
Pashtun Women
• Pushtun Women
mostly wear Burka
when the goes out
side to their homes.
• Pushtun women
mostly house wifes
...
Pashtun Family Structure
• Eldest male has authority
to extended family.
• Married sons live in their
fathers' households....
Pashtun Jirga System
• Jirga is a tribal assembly
of elders.
• Powers to take
decisions by consensus.
• It is common among...
Tajik People
• Persian is the language
of the Tajik Peoples.
• Islam is the dominant
religion.
• Educated and Wealthy.
• M...
Hospitality
• Afghans are very
friendly and
hospitable.
• They serve their
guests with Kahwah
(traditional green tea).
• I...
Afghanistan Food
National Dish
Kabuli Palau
Other Dishes:
•Mosh Palao
•Shorba (Afghan soup)
• Do Pyaza
•Mantu
•Kofta
•Kich...
Afghanistan National drinks
• Chai : A most
common tea (afghan
green tea).
• Dugh: (yoghurt
flavoured with rose
water and ...
Afghanistan Sports
• Bazkashi National Sport
• Popular Today are
Cricket & Football
Attan National Dance
Nowruz Tradition Day
• Farmer's Day, also known
as Nowruz, is an ancient
annual Afghan festival.
• It is celebrated both t...
• Eid al-Fitr
(end of Ramadan)
Day: After a month of Fasting
(Ramadan).
Many start out the day by wearing
new clothes, and...
• Ashura
Tenth day of Muharram
in the Islamic calendar.
This is a day of
mourning. Remembering
the battle of Karbala.
• Ma...
Afghanistan National Days
• Afghan Independence
Day (19 August)
Afghan Independence
Day is celebrated in
Afghanistan on 19...
Afghanistan National Days
• Mujahideen Victory
Day (28 April)
Political holiday on the
28 April each year. It
commemorates...
Historical Places
• Minaret of Jam:
It is located in a remote
and nearly inaccessible
region of the Shahrak
District, Ghor...
Historical Places
Buddhas of Bamiyan:
Two 6th century monumental statues of standing buddha carved into
the side of a clif...
Transportation
•Mostly Buses are used
for Public Transport in
Cities.
•In Urban and backward
areas of Afghanistan
people m...
Agricultural Rural Life
• Most Afghans live in
rural areas.
• About ¾ of the
population consists of
farmers and nomads.
• ...
Agriculture & Drugs
• Agriculture land
converted to Drugs
growing.
• Because Growing
opium poppies is
major source of
mone...
• INDUSTRY: Industry is not
well developed. Textiles,
and craft industries such as
metalwork, jewelry, leather
goods, and ...
Women Enrolment in Economy
• Afghanistan
Women’s are
working in a textile
industry.
• Playing their role for
a good Econom...
Afghanistan Today
Challenges
New Afghanistan after a long war time has thousand of
challenges. Some of these challenges in...
Poverty
• At least 2/3 of Afghans
live on less than $2 a
day
• Only 23% of Afghans
have access to safe
water
• Only 12% of...
Education
• 67% of boys go to school,
while only 37% of girls do
(US Dept of State)
• Constraints to school
attendance:
– ...
Health
• Average life expectancy
for Afghans is 42, more
than 25 years younger
than the average
American (World Health Org...
Gender Equity
• Women have been a marginalized group in Afghanistan
• Cultural restrictions lead to difficulty accessing e...
Despite these challenges,
Afghans remain hopeful
about the future
Designed by:
Mohsin Ummad Khan
Presented By:
Usman
Munee...
Afghanistan culture
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Afghanistan culture

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Afghanistan culture

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  • Afghanistan is a country of history and culture. The information you provided are totally baseless and unfair. I totally disagree! If you don't mind, please take these slides down.
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  • Recently I read and review what you did,! the information you provide it is all wrong and useless, how do you know and saying without any knowledge, please don't get the wrong idea to people who never seen or hear about Afghanistan, what you prepared or you can call presentation the words say you are fanatical because you never ever point any truth, the only things you were pretended to show your Tribe "Pashtun" is good, please don't be fanatical, still we don't understand we all are a country and to make strong our country, please review your post and make it correct, Thanks
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  • i am realy sorry for you my dear. how you could dare without enough knowlege you tried to do such presentation. you presented 60% wrong information. please stop doing the job which is not for you. thanks
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Afghanistan culture

  1. 1. Afghanistan: Geography Located in Central Asia Kabul is the Capital Population 31 Million 34 States
  2. 2. Government • In September 21, 2014, Ashraf Ghani is elected President of Afghanistan. • He hold full power in all parts of the country. • Abdullah Abdullah is elected Prime Minister of Afghanistan. • He took his office in 29 Sep, 2014 and till Incumbent
  3. 3. Cultural Minister • Dr. Sayed Makhdoom Raheen was born in Kabul, Afghanistan. • He completed Ph. D. in literature from Tehran University. • Now he has charge of Culture and Tourism Ministry of Afghanistan.
  4. 4. Languages Official Languages •Persian = 18 States •Pashto = 11 States Non Official Languages •Uzbek & Turkmen •Balochi •Nuristani •Pashai
  5. 5. Religion • Islam is the religion practiced by most Afghans; it is central to Afghans' identity • 99% of Afghans are Muslim
  6. 6. Afghans: A Diverse People Major Ethic Groups: • Pashtun 42% • Tajik 27% Other Ethic Groups: • Hazara 9% • Uzbek 9% • Aimak 5% • Turkmen 4% • Baloch 3%
  7. 7. Pashtun People • Culture base on ISLAM. • Pashtu is the language of the Pashtun. • Pashtun men usually wear a Partoog Korteh (Shalwar-Kameez) • Choral singing is part of the Pashtun culture. • Pushtun never married out of their culture • Many Pashtun of Afghanistan are poor agricultural workers.
  8. 8. Pashtun Men • Young men wears Partoog Korteh (Shalwar-Kameez) & Pakol hat. • Old men also wears (Shalwar-Kameez); additional things are the Chapan coat & Turban
  9. 9. Pashtun Women • Pushtun Women mostly wear Burka when the goes out side to their homes. • Pushtun women mostly house wifes and they look-after their families.
  10. 10. Pashtun Family Structure • Eldest male has authority to extended family. • Married sons live in their fathers' households. • Old people depend on their children for care and support. • Family members share their expenses.
  11. 11. Pashtun Jirga System • Jirga is a tribal assembly of elders. • Powers to take decisions by consensus. • It is common among the Pashtun people and, to a lesser extent, other nearby ethnic groups.
  12. 12. Tajik People • Persian is the language of the Tajik Peoples. • Islam is the dominant religion. • Educated and Wealthy. • Mostly live in Kabul. • No specific social structure • Tend to adopt of their neighbors
  13. 13. Hospitality • Afghans are very friendly and hospitable. • They serve their guests with Kahwah (traditional green tea). • It is obligatory by Islam • Second reason for their hospitality is the cultural code.
  14. 14. Afghanistan Food National Dish Kabuli Palau Other Dishes: •Mosh Palao •Shorba (Afghan soup) • Do Pyaza •Mantu •Kofta •Kichiri •Qorma Sabzi
  15. 15. Afghanistan National drinks • Chai : A most common tea (afghan green tea). • Dugh: (yoghurt flavoured with rose water and salt).
  16. 16. Afghanistan Sports • Bazkashi National Sport • Popular Today are Cricket & Football
  17. 17. Attan National Dance
  18. 18. Nowruz Tradition Day • Farmer's Day, also known as Nowruz, is an ancient annual Afghan festival. • It is celebrated both the beginning of spring and the New Year. Corresponds to the first day of the Persian Calendar.
  19. 19. • Eid al-Fitr (end of Ramadan) Day: After a month of Fasting (Ramadan). Many start out the day by wearing new clothes, and going to prayer. Children usually receive gifts or money called "Eidi". • Eid al-Adha Muslims performing the Haj sacrifice a lamb, and the meat is given out to the poor. People visit friends and families, gifts are exchanged, etc. Religious Days
  20. 20. • Ashura Tenth day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. This is a day of mourning. Remembering the battle of Karbala. • Mawlid The 12th day of the Rabi al-Awal in the Islamic calendar. On this day, people celebrate Prophet Muhammad's birthday. Religious Days
  21. 21. Afghanistan National Days • Afghan Independence Day (19 August) Afghan Independence Day is celebrated in Afghanistan on 19 August to commemorate the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919. The treaty granted complete independence from Britain.
  22. 22. Afghanistan National Days • Mujahideen Victory Day (28 April) Political holiday on the 28 April each year. It commemorates the day when Mujahideen rebel forces overthrew Mohammad Najibullah's Democratic Republic of Afghanistan in 1992.
  23. 23. Historical Places • Minaret of Jam: It is located in a remote and nearly inaccessible region of the Shahrak District, Ghor Province, next to the Hari River. • Bagh E Babur: It is a historic park in Kabul, Afghanistan, and also the last resting-place of the first Mughal emperor Babur.
  24. 24. Historical Places Buddhas of Bamiyan: Two 6th century monumental statues of standing buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat region of Afghanistan.
  25. 25. Transportation •Mostly Buses are used for Public Transport in Cities. •In Urban and backward areas of Afghanistan people mostly use horses and camels for their transportation need. •Because there in Urban areas no road stricture exits.
  26. 26. Agricultural Rural Life • Most Afghans live in rural areas. • About ¾ of the population consists of farmers and nomads. • Only 12% of the land, however, is arable
  27. 27. Agriculture & Drugs • Agriculture land converted to Drugs growing. • Because Growing opium poppies is major source of money Afghanistan has been the world's largest producer of raw opium in 1999 and 2000.
  28. 28. • INDUSTRY: Industry is not well developed. Textiles, and craft industries such as metalwork, jewelry, leather goods, and rugs are the major industries. • ECONOMIC FACTS – Gross National Product - $18.1 billion - per capita $800 – Trade- Imports - $150 million - Exports - $80 million
  29. 29. Women Enrolment in Economy • Afghanistan Women’s are working in a textile industry. • Playing their role for a good Economy.
  30. 30. Afghanistan Today Challenges New Afghanistan after a long war time has thousand of challenges. Some of these challenges include: Challenges Poverty Education Health Gender equity
  31. 31. Poverty • At least 2/3 of Afghans live on less than $2 a day • Only 23% of Afghans have access to safe water • Only 12% of Afghans have access to sanitation • Only 6% of Afghans have access to electricity
  32. 32. Education • 67% of boys go to school, while only 37% of girls do (US Dept of State) • Constraints to school attendance: – Lack of teachers – Distance between home and school – Cultural constraints for girls – Not enough school buildings (esp. for girls)
  33. 33. Health • Average life expectancy for Afghans is 42, more than 25 years younger than the average American (World Health Organization) • One in four children dies before the age of 5 (USAID) • Many Afghans lack access to basic medical care.
  34. 34. Gender Equity • Women have been a marginalized group in Afghanistan • Cultural restrictions lead to difficulty accessing education and health services • Only 10% of Afghan women can read and write • Yet, Afghan women are important contributors to household income, especially in rural areas
  35. 35. Despite these challenges, Afghans remain hopeful about the future Designed by: Mohsin Ummad Khan Presented By: Usman Muneeb Alyas Mohsin Ummad Khan

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