An introduction to health and safety

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An introduction to health and safety

  1. 1. An introduction to health and safety Health and safety in small businessesWhat you should know about – where to get more information
  2. 2. It’s your businessbut we can help you look after it! Getting hurt at work or becoming ill through work is not a pleasant subject to think about. The reality is that over 200 people a year lose their lives at work in Britain. In addition, around 150 000 non-fatal injuries are reported each year, and an estimated2 million suffer from ill health caused or made worse by work.The mistake is to believe that these things happen in highly unusualor exceptional circumstances that never occur in your workplace. This is not the case. Some basic thinking and acting beforehand could usually have prevented these things from happening. Implementing health and safety measures doesn’t have to be expensive, time consuming or complicated. In fact, safer andmore efficient working practices can often save money but,more importantly, they can help to save lives.This booklet shows you the kind of things which cause themore common accidents and harm to people’s health. It lets yousee what applies to your work activities, and tells you how you can get more help and information. This is especially important if you are in charge of work activities, eg you are an employer, because you have legal responsibilities.
  3. 3. introduction | 1Ten questions andanswers for everyoneWhat is health and What do inspectors Do I need to havesafety all about? actually do? employers’ liabilityPreventing people from They visit workplaces to compulsorybeing harmed by work or check that people are insurance?becoming ill by taking the sticking to the rules. They It’s the law if you employright precautions - and investigate some accidents anyone - and you shouldproviding a satisfactory and complaints but mainly display the certificate. Seeworking environment. they help you to understand the free leaflet, Employers’ what you need to do. They Liability CompulsoryWhy are there health enforce only when something Insurance Act 1969. A guideand safety laws? is seriously wrong. for employers HSE40(rev1), available from HSE BooksBecause health and safety atwork is so important, there are Do I have to contact on 01787 881165 or fromrules which require all of us an inspector to get www.hsebooks.co.uk.not to put ourselves or others information?in danger. The law is also No. HSE operates a Do I need to displaythere to protect the public confidential telephone any posters?from workplace dangers. information service called Yes, the health and safety Infoline which is open law poster (ISBN 0 7176 2493 5)Do health and safety Monday-Friday between if you employ anyone.laws apply to me? 8 am and 6 pm. You can Alternatively you can provide contact Infoline by your employees with individualYes. To all businesses, how- telephone 0845 345 0055 copies of the same informationever small; also to the self- or fax 0845 408 9566, in a leaflet called Health andemployed and to employees. or e-mail safety law: What you should hse.infoline@natbrit.com. know (available in packs ofWho enforces health Alternatively you can write to 25 ISBN 0 7176 1702 5).and safety law? HSE Information Services, The poster and leaflets areInspectors from the Health and Caerphilly Business Park, available from HSE Books.Safety Executive (HSE) or your Caerphilly CF83 3GG.local authority. For example: Do I have to report● HSE at factories, farms Do I need to register injuries at work? and building sites; my business? Yes, and other incidents. For● local authorities in offices, It’s likely you will if you employ information on which ones shops, hotels and catering, anyone - contact Infoline. and who should report them, and leisure activities. see page 20.It’s your business – so look after it!
  4. 4. 2 | introduction How to use this booklet– how each section works List of topics No matter where you work, this booklet summarises the key common areas of risk Managing health and safety at work and tells you how you can find out Slips, trips and falls more to ensure that work is made safe. Asbestos On each page, you will see the sections Hazardous substances headed like this: How and where you Falls from a height T he main text gives you a brief introduction to the subject. can get more help Musculoskeletal disorders This section is a selection of HSE publications which Does this concern me? Display screen equipment will give you more detailed This section gives you some information and guidance Noise pointers to whether the on the subject, and how to subject is relevant to your order them.* Vibration business. At the bottom of each page you will find HSE’s Internet Electricity What law applies? address, and also HSE’s This section gives you the Infoline number which you Work equipment and main rules which apply in can ring if you need more machinery addition to the general duties information. in the Health and Safety at Maintenance and building At the back of the book Work etc Act 1974. work is a section on health and safety policy statements and Workplace transport a section on risk assessments. Pressure systems The words ‘hazard’ and ‘risk’ are used throughout Fire and explosion this leaflet. Hazard means anything that can Radiation cause harm (eg chemicals, electricity, working Stress from ladders, etc). Risk is the chance, high or low, that someone will be harmed by the hazard. First aid and accident reporting * HSE Books will accept orders for single copies of up to 25 assorted free publications. You should allow 10 working days for delivery.
  5. 5. managing health and safety | 3 Have you got health and safety under control? M anaging health and safety is little different from managing any other Your health and safety policy clearly sets out how you manage health and safety in aspect of your business. You your workplace by defining need to do a risk assessment who does what; and when to find out about the risks in and how they do it. On your workplace, put sensible pages 21-31 of this leaflet is Does this measures in place to control an example of a health and concern me? them, and make sure they safety policy statement that stay controlled. you can fill in and keep atDid you know all employers your workplace. Remember,and self-employed people A risk assessment is nothing keep it simple and actuallyhave to assess risks at work? more than a careful put it into practice. examination of what, in yourDid you know employers work, could cause harm towith five or more employees people. Risk assessment What law applies?should have a written health should be a practicaland safety policy? ■ Management of Health and exercise, aimed at getting the Safety at Work Regulations right controls in place – keep 1999 (risk assessment)Did you know employers it simple and put the resultswith five or more employees into practice. Page 32 of this ■ Health and Safetyhave to record the significant (Consultation with Employees) leaflet gives you step-by-stepfindings of their risk Regulations 1996 guidance on how to assessassessment? ■ Safety Representatives health and safety risks with a minimum of fuss. and Safety CommitteesDid you know employers Regulations 1977have a duty to involve theiremployees or their employees’ How and where you can get more helpsafety representatives onhealth and safety matters? Five steps to risk assessment Health and safety law poster INDG163(rev2) EncapsulatedDid you know employers FREE (available in packs of 10 ISBN 0 7176 2493 5 £7.50have to provide free health ISBN 0 7176 6189 X £5.00) Rigid PVCand safety training or ISBN 0 7176 1779 3 £12.50protective equipment for Consulting employees onemployees where it is health and safety: A guide to Risk management website:needed? the law INDG232 www.hse.gov.uk/risk FREE (available in packs of 15 ISBN 0 7176 1615 0 £5.00) To order any of these titles, call HSE Books on Essentials of health and safety 01787 881 65 1 at work or use the order form at the back of this book or go to ISBN 0 7176 6179 2 £10.95 www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  6. 6. 4 | slips, trips and falls What are the chances of slipping or tripping at work? T he most common cause of injuries at work is the slip or trip. Resulting falls can injuries is over £500 million a year, and insurance only covers a small part of this. be serious. They happen in Effective solutions are often all kinds of businesses, but simple, cheap and lead to sectors such as food and other benefits. catering report higher than Does this average numbers. It’s a concern me? particularly important subject What law applies? if members of the public use Do you have floors which your premises. The estimated ■ Workplace (Health, Safety and are, or can become, slippery, cost to employers of all these Welfare) Regulations 1992 eg when wet? Does spillage or contamination occur and is it dealt with quickly? Do people use unlit areas such as paths or yards in the dark? Might temporary work such as maintenance or alterations take place? It could introduce slipping and tripping hazards such as trailing cables. How and where you can get more help Do you use floor cleaning Preventing slips and trips at Slips and trips: Guidance for materials anywhere? Are the work INDG225(rev1) employers on identifying right methods and materials FREE (available in packs of 15 hazards and controlling risks being used? ISBN 0 7176 2760 8 £5.00) HSG155 ISBN 0 7176 1145 0 £7.50 Workplace health, safety and welfare INDG244(rev1) Slips and trips website: FREE (available in packs of 10 www.hse.gov.uk/slips ISBN 0 7176 6192 X £5.00) Slips and trips: Guidance for To order any of these titles, call HSE Books on the food processing industry HSG156 01787 881 65 1 or use the order form at the ISBN 0 7176 0832 8 £9.75 back of this book or go to www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  7. 7. asbestos | 5 Do you work with, or come into contact with, asbestos? A sbestos is the largest single cause of work- related fatal disease and ill 1985 in many forms. It may also be found in some vehicle brake pads and health in Great Britain. Almost clutch linings. all asbestos-related deaths and ill health are from exposures several decades What law applies? Does this ago, but if you work with ■ Control of Asbestos at concern me? asbestos, or come into Work Regulations 2002 contact with it during repairDo you know whether there and maintenance work, ■ Asbestos (Licensing)is asbestos in your premises? you are at risk. You should Regulations 1983It is often found in roofs avoid working with asbestos (as amended)and exterior walls, boilers, if possible, but if not youvessels and pipework, must do it safely. ■ Asbestos (Prohibitions)ceilings, interior walls and Asbestos can be found in Regulations 1992panels, flooring materials, air buildings built from 1950 to (as amended)handling systems, domesticappliances, brake/clutchlinings, fire blankets, etc. How and where you can get more helpDoes your work involve Working with asbestos in Asbestos essentials taskmaintenance and repair buildings INDG289 manual: Task guidanceof premises? You might FREE (available in packs of 10 sheets for the buildingdisturb asbestos while ISBN 0 7176 1697 5 £5.00) maintenance and allieddoing routine work. trades HSG210 The management of asbestos ISBN 0 7176 1887 0 £8.50Do you know what the in non-domestic premisesrules are about removing Approved Code of Introduction to asbestosasbestos? In most cases, Practice L127 essentials: Comprehensiveyou will need to use a ISBN 0 7176 2382 3 £9.50 guidance on working withcontractor licensed by HSE asbestos in the building Work with asbestos whichto work with asbestos. maintenance and allied does not normally require a trades HSG213 licence Approved CodeWould you know how to find ISBN 0 7176 1901 X £12.50 of Practice L27someone licensed to do this ISBN 0 7176 2562 1 £9.50work? A comprehensive guide To order any of these titles, call HSE Books onDo you know whether there to managing asbestos inis asbestos in any of the premises HSG227 01787 881 65 1 or use the order form at thematerials you work with? ISBN 0 7176 2381 5 £12.50 back of this book or go to www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  8. 8. 6 | hazardous substances Do you work with hazardous substances? T housands of people are exposed to all kinds of hazardous substances at explosion’ on page 17 and the ‘safe handling and use of substances’ section of the work. These can include Health and Safety Policy chemicals that people make Statement on page 26. or work with directly, and also dust, fume and bacteria Does this which can be present in the What law applies? concern me? workplace. Exposure can ■ Control of Substances happen by breathing them Hazardous to Health Do you use chemicals at in, contact with the skin, Regulations 2002 (COSHH) work (including cleaning splashing them into the (as amended) materials)? eyes or swallowing them. If exposure is not prevented ■ Chemicals (Hazard Do you know suppliers of or properly controlled, it can Information and Packaging hazardous substances have cause serious illness, including for Supply) Regulations to provide information to cancer, asthma and dermatitis, 2002 (as amended) users, including safety data and sometimes even death. ■ Control of Lead at Work sheets and proper labelling? See also section on ‘Fire and Regulations 2002 Is there dust and fume present in your workplace? How and where you can get more help HSE’s Infoline can help identify publications relevant to you. Do you have any water systems which could be COSHH: A brief guide to the Respiratory sensitisers and colonised by legionella? Regulations INDG136(rev3) COSHH: Breathe freely – FREE (available in packs of 10 An employers’ leaflet on Do you work with animals or ISBN 0 7176 2982 1 £5.00) preventing occupational their products? These may asthma Leaflet INDG95(rev2) COSHH essentials: Easy cause skin or respiratory FREE (available in packs of 15 steps to control chemicals. sensitisation or be infected ISBN 0 7176 0914 6 £5.00) Control of Substances with bacteria or viruses. Hazardous to Health Health risk management – a Regulations HSG193 practical guide for managers ISBN 0 7176 2737 3 £30.00. in small and medium sized A FREE internet version is enterprises HSG137 also available on: www.coshh- ISBN 0 7176 0905 7 £6.50 essentials.org.uk To order any of these titles, call HSE Books on Preventing dermatitis at work INDG233 01787 881 65 1 or use the order form at the FREE (available in packs of 15 back of this book or go to ISBN 0 7176 1246 5 £5.00) www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  9. 9. falls from a height | 7 Do you perform work at height and if so is it done safely? F alls from height at work account for around 60 deaths and just under 4000 major injuries each year. One of the main causes is falls from ladders. To help prevent falls from height, make sure Does this you consider the risks to all concern me? your workers, the work is planned, organised andDo you carry out simple carried out by competentmaintenance or cleaning people and you follow thetasks that require working hierarchy for managing risks.where you could hurt Make sure workers areyourself if you fell properly trained and supervised, have the rightCan you avoid the need to equipment and know how towork at height? For example, use it safely.could the work be doneusing long-handled tools orby bringing it down to What law applies?ground level? ■ Work at Height Regulations 2005Do you have the mostappropriate equipment for ■ Provision and Use of Workthe job? It may often be safer Equipment Regulationsto use a tower scaffold or 1998mobile elevating workplatform than a ladder. How and where you can get more helpIs the equipment you have The Work at Height Safe use of ladders andwell maintained and do your Regulations 2005: A brief stepladders: An employers’employees know how to use guide INDG401 guide INDG402it safely? FREE (available in packs of 10 FREE (available in packs of 5 ISBN 0 7176 2976 7 £5.00) ISBN 0 7176 6105 9 £5.00) Simple guide to the Provision and Use of Work Equipment To order any of these titles, call HSE Books on Regulations 1998 INDG291 FREE (available in packs of 15 01787 881 65 1 or use the order form at the ISBN 0 7176 2429 3 £5.00) back of this book or go to www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  10. 10. 8 | musculoskeletal disorders Do you suffer from sprains, strains and pains? M anual handling is transporting or supporting loads by hand pains, which may initially be temporary, but if such work is not properly managed, and or using bodily force. Many the early symptoms are not people hurt their back, arms, recognised and treated, can hands or feet lifting everyday progress to a chronic and loads, not just when the load disabling disorder. Cumulative Does this is too heavy. More than a third damage can build up over time concern me? of all over-three-day injuries causing pain and discomfort in reported each year to HSE people’s backs, arms, hands Does your work include and to local authorities are and legs. Most cases can be strenuous lifting, carrying, the result of manual handling. avoided by providing suitable pushing, pulling, reaching These can result in those lifting equipment that is regularly or repetitive handling? injured taking an average of maintained, together with 11 working days off each year. relevant training on both manual Do you have repetitive finger, handling and using the equip- ‘Upper limbs’ refers to the hand or arm movements ment safely (see page 13 ‘Work neck, shoulders, arms, wrists, which are frequent, forceful equipment and machinery’). hands and fingers. Upper or awkward? limb disorders (sometimes called repetitive strain injury What law applies? Does your work involve (RSI)) can happen in almost twisting, squeezing, ■ Manual Handling Operations any workplace where people hammering or pounding? Regulations 1992 (as do repetitive, or forceful amended) manual activities in awkward postures, for prolonged ■ Management of Health and periods of time. These can Safety at Work Regulations cause muscular aches and 1999 How and where you can get more help Aching arms (or RSI) in small Getting to grips with manual businesses INDG171(rev1) handling: A short guide FREE (available in packs of 15 INDG143(rev2) ISBN 0 7176 2600 8 £5.00) FREE (available in packs of 10 ISBN 0 7176 2828 0 £5.00) Manual handling assessment charts INDG383 FREE (available in packs of 10 To order any of these titles, ISBN 0 7176 2741 1 £5.00) call HSE Books on 01787 881 65 1 Upper limb disorders in the or use the order form at the workplace HSG60 back of this book or go to ISBN 0 7176 1978 8 £9.50 www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  11. 11. Display screen equipment | 9 Do you use computers or other display screen equipment? U sing a computer or other kinds of display screen equipment (visual display Work with a screen does not cause eye damage, but many users experience units) can give rise to back temporary eye strain or problems, repetitive strain stress. This can lead to injury, or other musculo- reduced work efficiency or skeletal disorders. These taking time off work. Does this health problems may concern me? become serious if no action What law applies? is taken. They can be causedIs there regular use of by poor design of work- ■ Health and Safety (Displaydisplay screens as a stations (and associated Screen Equipment)significant part of the work? equipment such as chairs), Regulations 1992 (as insufficient space, lack of amended)Does anyone use a training or not taking breakskeyboard, mouse or other from display screen work.input device?Are people complaining ofdiscomfort, aches and pains? How and where you can get more help The law on VDUs. An easy Working with VDUs guide: Making sure your INDG36(rev2) office complies with the FREE (available in packs of 10 Health and Safety (Display ISBN 0 7176 2222 3 £5.00) Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992 (as To order any of these titles, call HSE Books on amended in 2002) HSG90 ISBN 0 7176 2602 4 £8.50 01787 881 65 1 or use the order form at the back of this book or go to www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  12. 12. 10 | noise Is your workplace noisy? H igh levels of noise at work can cause hearing damage. A little damage group, or when the rest of their family complains they have the television on too happens every time it is loud. Deafness can make noisy, gradually adding up to people feel isolated from their serious harm. Young people family, friends and colleagues. can be damaged as easily as Does this the old. Sufferers often first What law applies? concern me? start to notice hearing loss when they cannot keep up ■ Control of Noise at Work Are there times when the with conversations in a Regulations 2005 workplace is so noisy that people have to shout to each other at normal speaking distance to make themselves heard? If so, there is likely to be a danger to hearing. Are noisy powered tools or machinery in use for at least part of the day? Are there noisy bangs from hammering, explosive or impact tools, or guns? How and where you can get more help Are there areas where noise could interfere with warning Controlling noise at work. Protect your hearing or lose it! and danger signals? The Control of Noise at Work Pocket card INDG363(rev1) Regulations 2005 L108 FREE (available in packs of 25 ISBN 0 7176 6164 4 £13.95 ISBN 0 7176 6166 0 £5.00) Noise at Work: Guidance for Noise website: employers on the Control of www.hse.gov.uk/noise Noise at Work Regulations 2005 INDG362(rev1) FREE (available in packs of 10 ISBN 0 7176 6165 2 £5.00) To order any of these titles, call HSE Books on Sound solutions: Techniques to reduce noise at work 01787 881 65 1 or use the order form at the HSG138 back of this book or go to ISBN 0 7176 0791 7 £10.95 www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  13. 13. vibration | 11 Are you exposed to vibration? V ibration from work with powered hand-held tools, equipment or processes can from a vehicle or machine passing through the seat into the driver’s body through the damage the hands and arms buttocks – known as whole- of users causing ‘hand-arm body vibration. Whole-body vibration syndrome’. This is a vibration can also be painful, irreversible condition caused by standing on the Does this which includes ‘vibration platform of a vehicle or concern me? white finger’ and the effects machine, so vibration can be impaired blood passes into the operatorDoes anyone work with circulation, damage to the through their feet.hand-held and hand-guided nerves and muscles, andtools and machines such as loss of ability to grip properly. What law applies?concrete breakers and Back pain can be caused by ■ Control of Vibration at Workvibrating compactor plates or aggravated by vibration Regulations 2005and workpieces such ascastings which are heldagainst powered machinery How and where you can get more helpsuch as pedestal grinders? Hand-arm vibration. The Control back-pain risks fromDoes anyone doing this work Control of Vibration at Work whole-body vibration: Adviceget tingling or numbness in Regulations 2005. Guidance for employers on the Controlthe fingers or hands? on Regulations L140 of Vibration at Work ISBN 0 7176 6125 3 £13.95 Regulations 2005Does anyone often drive INDG242(rev1) Control the risks from hand-off-road machinery such as FREE (available in packs of 10 arm vibration: Advice fortractors, dumper trucks or ISBN 0 7176 6119 9 £5.00) employers on the Control ofexcavators or unsuspended Vibration at Work Regulations Drive away bad backs: Advicevehicles such as fork-lift 2005 INDG175(rev2) for mobile machine operatorstrucks? FREE (available in packs of 10 and drivers Pocket card ISBN 0 7176 6117 2 £5.00) INDG404 FREE (available in packs of 25 Hand-arm vibration: Advice for ISBN 0 7176 6420 2 £5.00) employees Pocket card INDG296(rev1) Vibration website: FREE (available in packs of 25 www.hse.gov.uk/vibration ISBN 0 7176 6118 0 £5.00) Whole-body vibration. The To order any of these titles, call HSE Books on Control of Vibration at Work 01787 881 65 1 Regulations 2005. Guidance or use the order form at the on Regulations L141 back of this book or go to ISBN 0 7176 6126 1 £10.95 www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  14. 14. 12 | electricity How safe is electricity in your workplace? E lectricity can kill. Most deaths are caused by contact with overhead or the only ones at risk. Poor electrical installations and faulty electrical appliances can lead underground power cables. to fires which can also result Even non-fatal shocks can in death or injury to others. cause severe and permanent injury. Shocks from faulty Does this equipment may lead to falls What law applies? concern me? from ladders, scaffolds or other work platforms. Those ■ Electricity at Work Does anyone do electrical using electricity may not be Regulations 1989 work in your business? Only those with appropriate technical knowledge and experience should be allowed to do this. Is your electrical equipment in good working order? Do you choose equipment that is suitable for its working environment, eg waterproof or dustproof? Do you dig in the street, pavement or near buildings? Knowing the proper precautions for avoiding How and where you can get more help underground cables is essential. Avoidance of danger from Electrical safety and you overhead electric power lines INDG231 Do you work near or under GS6 FREE (available in packs of 15 overhead powerlines? There ISBN 0 7176 1348 8 £5.00 ISBN 0 7176 1207 4 £5.00) are essential safety Electricity at work. Safe Electrical safety website: precautions to follow. working practices HSG85 www.hse.gov.uk/electricity ISBN 0 7176 2164 2 £7.95 To order any of these titles, Avoiding danger from under- call HSE Books on ground services HSG47 01787 881 65 1 or use the order form at the ISBN 0 7176 1744 0 £7.50 back of this book or go to www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  15. 15. work equipment & machinery | 13 Do you know how to select and use your work equipment? W ork equipment covers an enormous range spanning process machinery, Accidents involving work equipment happen all the time – many serious, some machine tools, office fatal. See ‘safe plant and machines, lifting equipment, equipment’ section of the hand tools, ladders and Health and Safety Policy pressure washers. Important Statement on page 25 of Does this points include: selecting the this leaflet. concern me? right equipment for the job, making sure equipment is What law applies?Do you use ladders or other safe to use and keeping itequipment for working at safe through regular ■ Provision and Use of Workheights? For example, it may maintenance, inspection and, Equipment Regulations 1998often be safer to use an if appropriate, thorough ■ Lifting Operations and Liftingaccess tower or mobile examination, training Equipment Regulations 1998elevating work platform than employees to use equipmenta ladder. safely and following ■ Supply of Machinery (Safety) manufacturers’ or suppliers’ Regulations 1992, asDo you have machinery of instructions. amended 1994any kind? You need to guardthe parts that could causeinjury; have the right controls, How and where you can get more helpespecially for starting and Infoline can help identify publications relevant to you.stopping; clean, or clearblockages in a safe way; and Simple guide to the Provision Buying new machinery INDG271carry out preventive checks, and Use of Work Equipment FREE (available in packs of 15maintenance and inspection. Regulations INDG291 ISBN 0 7176 1559 6 £5.00) FREE (available in packs of 15 Using work equipment safelyAre hand tools used in your ISBN 0 7176 2429 3 £5.00) INDG229(rev1)workplace, eg screwdrivers, Safe use of work equipment. FREE (available in packs of 10knives, hand saws, meat Provision and Use of Work ISBN 0 7176 2389 0 £5.00)cleavers, hammers? Equipment Regulations 1998 Safe use of ladders and L22Do you have lifting stepladders: An employers’ guide ISBN 0 7176 1626 6 £8.00equipment such as pulley INDG402blocks, cranes, and lift Simple guide to the Lifting FREE (available in packs of 5trucks? Most lifting Operations and Lifting ISBN 0 7176 6105 9 £5.00)equipment will require Equipment Regulations 1998 To order any of these titles,regular thorough examination INDG290 call HSE Books onby a competent person. FREE (available in packs of 15 01787 881 65 1 or use the order form at the ISBN 0 7176 2430 7 £5.00) back of this book or go to www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  16. 16. 14 | maintenance & building work What maintenance and building work takes place? I t’s easy to overlook these What law applies? activities because they happen now and again, ■ Construction (Health, Safety and it’s often a contractor and Welfare) Regulations or service agency doing 1996 (building work) the work. Sometimes people ■ Construction (Design and are in places where no one Management) Regulations Does this normally goes, eg the roof or 1994 concern me? electrical switchboard. They ■ Lifting Operations and Lifting may be fault finding, trying Equipment Regulations 1998 Did you know that if you are to repair something quickly – the person responsible for often outside the routine. ■ Provision and Use of Work your business, you are also Not surprisingly there are Equipment Regulations 1998 responsible for contractors, many accidents. Falls from ■ Confined Spaces service engineers, etc who heights, eg ladders, are the Regulations 1997 do work for you? most common cause of ■ Work at Height Regulations serious injury. 2005 Does anyone ever have to work on the roof, at a height How and where you can get more help or on fragile materials? Working together: Guidance on Health and safety in Does anyone have to fault health and safety for contractors construction HSG150 find and repair machinery and suppliers INDG268(rev) ISBN 0 7176 6182 2 £10.95 WEB ONLY or equipment when it The Work at Height www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg268.pdf breaks down? Regulations 2005: A brief A guide to the Construction guide INDG402 Is there a tank, pit, silo or (Health, Safety and Welfare) FREE (available in packs of 10 similar confined space into Regulations 1996 INDG220 ISBN 0 7176 2976 7 £5.00) which someone might go – FREE (available in packs of 10 and would you know if they ISBN 0 7176 1161 2 £5.00) Working Well Together (WWT) did? Website: wwt.uk.com The absolutely essential health WWT Campaign Helpline and safety toolkit for the smaller Tel: 0845 2727 500. Have you found out whether construction contractor INDG344 there is any asbestos* in FREE (available in packs of 5 * Also see page 5 on ‘Asbestos’ your buildings or plant which ISBN 0 7176 2103 0 £5.00) could be disturbed during maintenance or alterations? Health and safety in roof work HSG33 To order any of these titles, ISBN 0 7176 1425 5 £8.50 call HSE Books on 01787 881 65 1 Managing contractors: A guide or use the order form at the for employers HSG159 back of this book or go to ISBN 0 7176 1196 5 £8.50 www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  17. 17. workplace transport | 15 What are the risks from transport in your workplace? E very year about 70 people are killed and about 2500 seriously injured in accidents vehicles over-turning are the most common causes. Vehicles operating in the involving vehicles at the workplace include cars and workplace. Being struck or vans, lift trucks, heavy goods run over by moving vehicles, vehicles, dumpers, specialised falling from vehicles, or vehicles or plant. Often there Does this is significantly more danger concern me? from vehicles in the workplace than on the public highwayDo you have vehicles in since the operatingoperation at your workplace? conditions are different.If so what kinds of vehiclesare they? What law applies?Are pedestrians separatedfrom vehicle movements as ■ Workplace (Health, Safetymuch as possible? and Welfare) Regulations 1992Are traffic routes suitable for ■ Provision and Use of Workthe vehicles which have to Equipment Regulationsuse them? Are they clearly 1998marked? ■ Lifting Operations andDo you know who is allowed Lifting Equipmentto drive or operate the Regulations 1998vehicles? They should betrained and competent.Are loading and unloading How and where you can get more helpoperations carried out safely? Workplace transport safety: Workplace transport site An employers’ guide inspection checklist:Do you actively control HSG136 www.hse.gov.uk/workplacedriving behaviour? ISBN 0 7176 6154 7 £11.50 transport/index.htmAre all vehicles properly Safety in working with liftmaintained? trucks HSG6 ISBN 0 7176 1781 5 £6.50 To order any of these titles, call HSE Books on Workplace transport safety: 01787 881 65 1 An overview INDG199(rev1) or use the order form at the FREE (available in packs of 5 back of this book or go to ISBN 0 7176 2821 3 £5.00) www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  18. 18. 16 | pressure systems Do you know the risks associated with pressure systems? P ressure cookers, boilers, steam heating systems, gas cylinders and air under pressure. They can cause death or injury to people, and serious damage compressors are common to property, if the contents are examples of equipment and released unintentionally. There systems containing a fluid are about 150 incidents of this kind every year. They mainly Does this happen when equipment fails concern me? through poor design, incorrect filling or maintenance or Do you have any pressure when the method of work is systems or equipment in unsafe, or someone makes your business that contain an operating mistake. a fluid under pressure? Do you know that most What law applies? pressure systems have to be designed, installed, ■ Pressure Systems Safety maintained and periodically Regulations 2000 examined so as to prevent ■ Carriage of Dangerous danger? Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Are you aware that as an Equipment Regulations employer or self-employed 2004 (as amended 2005) person, it’s your job to choose a competent person to carry out examinations of the pressure systems? How and where you can get more help Pressure systems safety and you INDG261(rev1) FREE (available in packs of 15 ISBN 0 7176 1562 6 £5.00) Safety of Pressure Systems. To order any of these titles, Pressure Systems Safety call HSE Books on Regulations 2000. Approved 01787 881 65 1 Code of Practice L122 or use the order form at the back of this book or go to ISBN 0 7176 1767 X £7.50 www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  19. 19. fire & explosion | 17 Do you know how to prevent fire or explosion? E ach year many people suffer burns caused by the flammable materials they obvious, eg packaging materials, dusts from wood, flour and sugar. For a fire to work with. The wide variety of start, fuel, air and a source of flammable substances found ignition are needed. Controlling in the workplace ranges from these can prevent fires. the obvious, eg heating fuel, If you would like information Does this petrol, paint thinners and on fire exits, alarms, or concern me? welding gases to the less extinguishers, contact your local fire authority.Do you keep or useflammable substances? What law applies?Do you use or store gas in ■ Dangerous Substancescylinders (eg propane)? A and Explosive Atmospheressmall amount of released gas Regulations (DSEAR) 2002can fill a large area with apotentially explosive mixture. ■ Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005Do you work with flammable (comes into forcedusts? They can explode. 1 October 2006 - visit www.communities.gov.uk for latest information)Do you work with plasticfoams or polyester wadding?Some types will ignite easily, How and where you can get more helpburn fiercely and give offdense black smoke. Safe use of petrol in garages Safe working with flammable INDG331 substances INDG227Do you spray flammable FREE (available in packs of 10 FREE (available in packs of 15paints? Vapours are heavier ISBN 0 7176 1836 6 £5.00) ISBN 0 7176 1154 X £5.00)than air and collect at low Safe use and handling of Dispensing petrol: Assessinglevel. flammable liquids HSG140 and controlling the risk of fire ISBN 0 7176 0967 7 £8.50 and explosion at sites whereDo you know the dangers of petrol is stored andputting flammable liquids on Fire and explosion. How safe dispensed as a fuel HSG146fires to make them burn is your workplace? A short ISBN 0 7176 1048 9 £7.50more intensely? guide to the Dangerous Substances and Explosive To order any of these titles, call HSE Books onDo you use oxygen, eg in Atmospheres Regulationscylinders, for welding? INDG370 01787 881 65 1 or use the order form at the FREE (available in packs of 5 back of this book or go to ISBN 0 7176 2589 3 £5.00) www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  20. 20. 18 | radiation Do you know where harmful radiation occurs? ● medical equipment, V arious kinds of radiation, both ionising and non- ionising, may affect us. eg X-ray sets. Excess doses of ionising Non-ionising radiation: radiation can cause burns, ● UV radiation (eg from the sickness and can have other sun) can damage the skin adverse health effects. and lead to skin cancer; Does this ● lasers can cause burns concern me? and damage the eye. What law applies? Do people in your business Ionising radiation: ■ Ionising Radiations spend a lot of time working ● naturally occurring radon Regulations 1999 outdoors? gas from the ground; ■ Management of Health and ● radiography or thickness Safety at Work Regulations Do you have equipment measuring gauges; 1999 which gives off ultra-violet radiation, eg for curing plastics or inks? How and where you can get more help Controlling the radiation safety Work with ionising radiation: Do you work with lasers? of display laser installations Ionising Radiations Regulations INDG224 FREE 1999. Approved Code of Is your business in an area Practice and Guidance L121 where levels of radon are Keep your top on: Health risks ISBN 0 7176 1746 7 £20.00 higher than average? from working in the sun INDG147(rev1) Fitness of equipment used for Are any radioactive sources FREE (available in packs of 20 medical exposure to ionising used in your business ISBN 0 7176 1578 2 £5.00) radiation PM77(rev3) brought in by a specialist WEB ONLY Sun protection: Advice for contractor, or do you www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/guidance/ employers of outdoor workers transport them? pm77.pdf INDG337 FREE (available in packs of 20 Radiation website: Is X-ray equipment used? ISBN 0 7176 1982 6 £5.00) www.hse.gov.uk/radiation The regulatory requirements for medical exposure to ionising radiation: An employers overview HSG223 ISBN 0 7176 2134 0 £6.50 To order any of these titles, call HSE Books on Working safely with ionising 01787 881 65 1 radiation: Guidance for or use the order form at the expectant and breastfeeding back of this book or go to mothers INDG334 FREE www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  21. 21. stress | 19 Are you feeling stressed by your work? M any people argue about the definition and some- times even the existence of lack of control over the way you do your work, work over- load (or underload), lack of ‘stress’. However, research support from your managers, has shown that whatever you conflicting or ambiguous choose to call it, there is a roles, poor relationships with clear link between poor work colleagues (including Does this organisation and subsequent bullying), or poor management concern me? ill health. HSE has chosen to of organisational change. use the word stress and define Benefits to tackling stress inDo you have a high staff it as ‘the adverse reaction your organisation can includeturnover, low productivity people have to excessive increased productivity andor low morale? Have you pressure or other types of efficiency, lower staff turnovernoticed bullying, changes demand placed on them.’ and sickness absence, andin behaviour, staff working Stress at work can be tackled increased morale.late or increased sickness in the same way as any otherabsence? risk to health – by identifyingDo your employees seem the hazards, assessing who What law applies? is at risk and the level of risk,happy to come into work? deciding how to manage the ■ Management of Health and risk and putting the plans into Safety at Work RegulationsAre you aware that there are action. Hazards can include: 1999individual differences invulnerability to stress andthat situations outside work How and where you can get more helpcan also affect the ability Real solutions, real people: A Making the Stressto cope with excessive manager’s guide to tackling Management Standards work:pressure at work? work-related stress Action How to apply the Standards in pack your workplace MISC714 ISBN 0 7176 2767 5 £25.00 FREE (available in packs of 15 ISBN 0 7176 6157 1 £5.00) Tackling stress: The Management Standards Stress website: approach INDG406 www.hse.gov.uk/stress FREE (available in packs of 10 ISBN 0 7176 6140 7 £5.00) Working together to reduce To order any of these titles, stress at work: A guide for call HSE Books on employees MISC686 01787 881 65 1 FREE (available in packs of 15 or use the order form at the back of this book or go to ISBN 0 7176 6122 9 £5.00) www.hsebooks.co.uk HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  22. 22. 20 | first aid & accident reporting What do you do if there’s an accident at work? T his booklet has been all about prevention. But sometimes things do go information to see the big picture of where injuries, ill health and accidental losses wrong. If someone has been are occurring, and to advise hurt or fallen ill at work it’s on preventive action. important to take care of them straight away, and make any Report incidents to: Does this dangerous conditions safe. Incident Contact Centre (ICC), concern me? First aid means treating Caerphilly Business Park, Caerphilly CF83 3GG minor injuries at work and Do you have at least the Tel: 0845 300 9923 giving immediate attention minimum first-aid provision Fax: 0845 300 9924 to more serious casualties at your workplace? As an www.riddor.gov.uk until medical help is available. employer you must provide e-mail: riddor@natbrit.com. Through this initial first-aid equipment, facilities management of injury or and personnel appropriate illness suffered at work, lives for the circumstances in your can be saved and minor What law applies? workplace. The minimum injuries prevented from ■ The Health and Safety would be a suitably stocked becoming major ones. (First Aid) Regulations 1981 first-aid box and a person appointed to take charge of Reporting accidents and ill ■ Reporting of Injuries, first-aid arrangements. health at work is a legal Diseases and Dangerous requirement. The enforcing Occurrences Regulations Do you know whether you authorities use the 1995 (RIDDOR) might need to provide more than the minimum? How and where you can get more help Do you know which Electric shock: First-aid RIDDOR explained: Reporting accidents and ill health cases procedures Poster of Injuries, Diseases and to report, including who ISBN 0 7176 6203 9 £8.50 Dangerous Occurrences should do it, when and how? First aid at work Approved Regulations HSE31(rev1) Employers, the self- Code of Practice and FREE (available in packs of 10 employed and people in guidance L74 ISBN 0 7176 2441 2 £5.00) control of work premises all ISBN 0 7176 1050 0 £6.75 First aid website: have duties. Reduce risks – cut costs: The www.hse.gov.uk/firstaid real costs of accidents and ill Do you know what accidents health at work INDG355 cost – and that insurance FREE (available in packs of 15 To order any of these titles, call HSE Books on policies do not cover all the ISBN 0 7176 2337 8 £5.00) costs? 01787 881 65 1 Basic advice on first aid at or use the order form at the back of this book or go to work Poster www.hsebooks.co.uk ISBN 0 7176 6195 4 £8.50 HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  23. 23. policy statement | 21 Health and safetypolicy statement Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 This is the Health and Safety Policy Statement of (name of company) Our statement of general policy is: ● to provide adequate for employees; control of the health and ● to ensure all employees safety risks arising from are competent to do their our work activities; tasks, and to give them ● to consult with our adequate training; employees on matters ● to prevent accidents and affecting their health and cases of work-related ill safety; health; ● to provide and maintain ● to maintain safe and safe plant and equipment; healthy working ● to ensure safe handling conditions; and and use of substances; ● to review and revise this ● to provide information, policy as necessary at instruction and supervision regular intervals. Signed (Employer) Date Review dateHSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  24. 24. 22 | responsibilities Responsibilities 1 Overall and final responsibility for health and safety is that of 2 Day-to-day responsibility for ensuring this policy is put into practice is delegated to 1 Write your name here. As the employer you have overall responsibility for health and safety. 3 To ensure health and safety standards are maintained/ 2 You can delegate improved, the following people have responsibility in the responsibility for day-to-day following areas tasks to someone else, eg Name Responsibility manager, supervisor. Write their name here. Make sure they keep you informed about health and safety matters: they are still your overall responsibility. 3 You can delegate specific tasks to individuals in your organisation, by workplace area or by topic. Responsibilities should be clearly set so that if there are any health and safety concerns, they can be reported to the right person 4 All employees have to: ● co-operate with supervisors and managers on health and 4 Employees have legal safety matters; responsibilities to take care ● not interfere with anything provided to safeguard their of the health and safety of health and safety; themselves and others, and ● take reasonable care of their own health and safety; and to co-operate with you to ● report all health and safety concerns to an appropriate help you comply with the law. person (as detailed in this policy statement). HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  25. 25. responsibilities | 23 Health and safety risks arising from our work activities ● Risk assessments will be undertaken by ● The findings of the risk assessments will be reported toWrite down your arrange-ments for doing your riskassessment here. You canuse the form on page 33 ● Action required to remove/control risks will be approved byof this leaflet to record thefindings of your riskassessment. ● will be responsible for ensuring the action required is implemented. ● will check that the implemented actions have removed/reduced the risks. ● Assessments will be reviewed every or when the work activity changes, whichever is soonest. HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  26. 26. 24 | arrangements Consultation with employees ● Employee representative(s) are You must consult your employees. If you recognise a union and there is a union-appointed safety representative, you must consult them on matters affecting the employees they represent. If you do not have trade unions, you must consult employees either directly or through an elected representative. ● Consultation with employees is provided by HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  27. 27. arrangements | 25 Safe plant and equipment ● will be responsible for identifying all equipment/plant needing maintenance.You will need to ensure ●that all plant and equipmentthat requires maintenanceis identified, that themaintenance is done and will be responsible for ensuring effective maintenancethat new or secondhand procedures are drawn up.plant and equipment meetshealth and safety standards ●before you buy it.See page 13 of this leafletfor more information. will be responsible for ensuring that all identified maintenance is implemented. ● Any problems found with plant/equipment should be reported to ● will check that new plant and equipment meets health and safety standards before it is purchased. HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  28. 28. 26 | arrangements Safe handling and use of substances ● will be responsible for identifying all substances which need a COSHH assessment. You must assess the ● risks from all substances hazardous to health. These are your COSHH assessments. Write down will be responsible for undertaking COSHH assessments. your arrangements for doing your COSHH assessments ● here. See page 6 of this leaflet for more information. will be responsible for ensuring that all actions identified in the assessments are implemented. ● will be responsible for ensuring that all relevant employees are informed about the COSHH assessments. ● will check that new substances can be used safely before they are purchased. ● Assessments will be reviewed every or when the work activity changes, whichever is soonest. HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  29. 29. arrangements | 27 Information, instruction and supervision ● The Health and Safety Law poster is displayed at/ leaflets are issued by ● Health and safety advice is available fromWrite down where youdisplay the Health and SafetyLaw poster, or where theleaflets are available from,where people can go for ● Supervision of young workers/trainees will behealth and safety advice and arranged/undertaken/monitored bywhat provision youmake for training youngworkers or trainees. ● is responsible for ensuring that our employees working at locations under the control of other employers, are given relevant health and safety information. HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  30. 30. 28 | arrangements Competency for tasks and training ● Induction training will be provided for all employees by ● Job specific training will be provided by All employees must be given health and safety induction training when they start work, which should cover basics ● Specific jobs requiring special training are such as first aid and fire safety. There should also be job specific health and safety training. You also have to provide training if risks change, and refresher training when skills are not frequently used. Write down your arrangements for training here, including arrangements for record keeping. ● Training records are kept at/by ● Training will be identified, arranged and monitored by HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com
  31. 31. arrangements | 29 Accidents, first aid and work-related ill health ● Health surveillance is required for employees doing the following jobsEmployees must receivespecialist health surveillancefor certain work. Your COSHHassessments will identify ● Health surveillance will be arranged bywhere this specialist healthsurveillance is needed. Youshould note down your firstaid arrangements here. ● Health surveillance records will be kept by/at ● The first aid box(es) is/are kept at ● The appointed person(s)/first aider(s) is/are ● All accidents and cases of work-related ill health are to be recorded in the accident book. The book is kept by/at ● is responsible for reporting accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences to the enforcing authority. HSE Infoline | 0845 345 0055 HSE website | www.hse.gov.uk hsedirect | www.hsedirect.com

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