ELEMENTS AND COMPONENTS OF BUILDING FAÇADE OF INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGSUBMITTED SUBMITTED BY:-TO:- MOHIT SAMOTRAMR. RAVI B. Tech-URP-IIINDER SINGH Sem.CHEEMAGRD SCHOOL OF PLANNINGGURU NANK DEV UNIVERSITYAMRITSAR
CONTENTS1.INDUSTRIAL BUILDING:2.INDUSTRIAL BUILDING FACDE IN OLD TIMES3.COMPONENTS of BUILDING FAÇADE:3.1.Gates and entrances3.2.Advertising signs4.ELEMENTS of BUILDING FAÇADE:4.1.Brick4.2.Stone4.3.Terra Cotta4.4.GFRC panels5.CONCLUSION6.BIBLIOGRAPHY
1.INDUSTRIAL BUILDING:An industrial buildingmeans a building used forcarrying on any processfor any of the followingpurposes:•The making of anyarticle or any part of anyarticle•The altering, repairing,ornamenting, finishing,cleaning, washing,packing or canning, orbreaking up or demolitionof any article
2.Industrial building facade in old times:Even today, in an all-too-often rundown condition, old industrialbuildings send a clear historical message that cannot be disputed.Since the dawn of large scale industrialisation, cities havewitnessed the construction of factories of titanic proportions. Iconic structure is the Vickers Building, built in 1907 as the head office of Vickers, the steel, engineering and munitions giant.
3.COMPONENTS of BUILDING FACADE:3.1.Gates and entrances:- Reception area provides visitors witha first and lasting impression of buildings facilities and utilities.The main focus of this area is the entrance door – it should beboth welcoming and user-friendly. It should keep wind, dust andnoise out, at the same time keeping energy consumption to aminimum.Two prominent orientations of industrial building entrances are:
3.2.Advertising signs:- Signage is any kind of visual graphicscreated to display information to a particular audience. This istypically manifested in the form of way finding information inplaces such as streets or inside/outside of buildings. A specimen signage board used by IPC (Iraq petroleum corporation).
4.ELEMENTS of BUILDING FACADE:4.1.Brick: A brick is a blockor a single unit of a ceramicmaterial used in masonryconstruction. Typically bricksare stacked together or laid asbrickwork using various kindsof mortar to hold the brickstogether and make apermanent structure. It acts asa fundamental element forbuilding up façade of anindustrial building. It has usedfrom traditional times andeven now have equalimportance.
4.2.Stone: Stone is a highly durable, low maintenance buildingmaterial with high thermal mass. It is versatile, available in manyshapes, sizes, colours and textures, and can be used for floors,walls, arches and roofs. The imposing sandstone façade-Textile mill, Volterra, Tuscany
4.3.Terra Cotta: Terracotta, Terra cotta or Terra-cotta (Italian: "bakedearth", from the Latin terra cotta), a type of earthenware, is a clay-based unglazed or glazed ceramic, where the fired body is porous.Terracotta, in its unglaze Terracotta had the advantage of being cheapand light. It was adaptable to mass-production techniques for stockshapes, although the plaster moulds had a limited capability for re-used form, became fashionable as an architectural ceramicconstruction material. Use of terra cotta for carvings, embossed pictures, and signage is major use of it in façade of industrial building.
4.4.GFRC panels : Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete (GFRC) is a typeof fiber reinforced concrete. Glass fiber concretes are mainly used inexterior building façade panels and as architectural precast concrete. Awidely used application for fiber-reinforced concrete is structuralpanal, obtained by adhering and consolidating thin layers of fibers andmatrix into the desired thickness. The fiber orientation in each layer aswell as the stacking sequence of various layers can be controlled togenerate a wide range of physical and mechanical properties for thecomposite panel. UC Davis Parking Structure, Davis, California
5.CONCLUSION•Building facade have a major role to play in building aestheticsand its visual impression about its function and utility. I haveanalyzed components and elements for facade construction andconsulted on repairs.•Building facade of an industrial building has a great role toplay in building aesthetics and visual impression of the building.New construction material and techniques are transformingfaçade construction day by day.
BIBLIOGRAPHY•BOOKS :1. Industrial Architecture For Developing Countries_AhmedNizammudin_725.4/A286I2. Industrial Building Design_John A. Rolfes and Robert A.MacCrimmon•URL’s :1. http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-photo-facade-modern-industrial-building-image68008902. http://www.architonic.com/aipjt/project/5920013/0/2/13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glass_fiber_reinforced_concrete4. http://www.factoryarchitecture.net/category/architecture/