Legal Aspects Of Business Unit - 5 PPTs

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Legal Aspects Of Business Unit - 5 PPTs

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Legal Aspects Of Business Unit - 5 PPTs

  1. 1. UNIT V CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT 1986
  2. 2. OBJECTS OF THE ACT • Better protection of interests of consumers • protection of rights of consumers • consumer protection councils • quasi-judicial machinery for speedy redressal of consumer disputes
  3. 3. RIGHTS OF CONSUMERS • The right to be protected against marketing of goods or services which are hazardous to life and property • The right to be informed about the quality, quantity, potency, purity, standard and price of goods or services so as to protect the consumer against unfair trade practices • The right to be assured, wherever possible, access to goods and services at competitive prices • The right to be heard and to be assured that consumers’ interests will receive due consideration • Right to seek redressal • Right to consumer education
  4. 4. CONSUMER • A consumer is a person who buys any goods for consideration which has been paid or promised or partly paid and partly promised or under any system of deferred payment.
  5. 5. MACHINERIES AVAILABLE • Consumer protection council • Consumer disputes redressal agencies Consumer disputes redressal forum – district forum Consumer disputes redressal commission National Consumer disputes redressal commission
  6. 6. CONSUMER PROTECTION COUNCIL • The central consumer protection council • The state consumer protection council • The district consumer protection council
  7. 7. CONSUMER DISPUTES REDRESSAL FORUM – DISTRICT FORUM • Composition • Term of office • Resignation • Salary and terms of condition of service • Jurisdiction • Manner in which complaint shall be made • Procedure on admission of complaint • Powers • Findings
  8. 8. CONSUMER DISPUTES REDRESSAL COMMISSION – STATE COMMISSION • Composition • Jurisdiction • Transfer of cases • Circuit branches • Procedure appeal • Hearing of appeal
  9. 9. NATIONAL CONSUMER DISPUTES REDRESSAL COMMISSION – NATIONAL COMMISSION • Composition • Jurisdiction • Appeal • Finality of orders • Enforcement of orders of the district forum, the state commission or the national commission • Dismissal of frivolous or vexatious complaints
  10. 10. CYBER LAW • Cyber law is a term which refers to all the legal and regulatory aspects of internet and the world wide web.
  11. 11. CYBER CRIMES • Unlawful acts wherein the computer is either a tool or target or both.
  12. 12. TYPES OF CYBER CRIMES • Hacking – breaking or trespassing a computer system. • Cracking – illegal access. • Security related issues – network security • Network packet snifters • Internet protocol spoofing • Password attacks • Fraud on the internet
  13. 13. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY • It is a form of knowledge which societies have decided can be assigned specific property rights.
  14. 14. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS • These are the rights awarded by societies to individuals or organizations principally over creative works: inventions, literary and artistic works and symbols, names, images and designs used in commerce.
  15. 15. INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY • Patents • Industrial designs • Trademarks • Geographical indication • Trade secrets
  16. 16. ARTISTIC AND LITERARY PROPERTY • COPYRIGHT • INTEGRATED COMPUTER CIRCUITS • PLANT BREEDER’S RIGHT • DATABASE PROTECTION
  17. 17. PATENTS • PATENTS- An exclusive right granted for an invention. • PATENT RIGHTS – an exclusive right granted by a country to the owner of an invention to make, use his invention. • NOVELTY – does not form a part of the global state of the art. • TERM OF THE PATENT • APPLICATION • PROVISIONAL SPECIFICATION • COMPLETE SPECIFICATION • COMPULSORY LICENSE
  18. 18. TRADE MARKS • A distinctive sign that identifies certain goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or an enterprise. • Eg., drawings, symbols, colours. • WELL KNOWN TRADE MARKS AND ASSOCIATED TRADEMARKS • SERVICE MARKS • CERTIFICATION AND COLLECTIVE MARKS • TERM OF REGISTERED TRADEMARK
  19. 19. COPYRIGHTS • Available for creating an original literary or dramatic or musical or artistic work. • COVERAGE PROVIDED BY COPYRIGHT • INFRINGEMENT OF COPYRIGHT

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