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Varunonline 140925153655-phpapp02

  1. 1. ONLINE-ASSIGNMENT MANUSCRIPT MAGAZINE Submitted by Varun Das V.S Natural Science
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION All of us read many books in our daily life. Short stories, novels biographies, journals, articles etc. It’s also include magazines, newspapers etc. But most of the people may not hear about “manuscript magazines”. It may be a new word for us. Manuscript magazine is nothing but the magazine is nothing but magazine made by hand. It is very interesting to study about the man made magazine. There are lots of manuscripts available in our country. The manuscripts are used by man in the past centuries. Here we discuss about the manuscripts and manuscript magazine.
  3. 3. MANUSCRIPT MAGAZINE Before telling about manuscript magazine we should know about the term ‘manuscript’. A manuscript is any document written by hand as opposed to being printed or reproduced in some other way. Before the arrival of printing, all documents and books were manuscripts. In publishing and academic context, a manuscript is the text submitted to the publisher or printer in preparation for publication, regardless of the format. Until recently typescript prepared on a typewriter was usual, but today a digit file with a printout, prepared in manuscript format is the most common. Manuscripts are normally required by publishing companies before being published. Manuscripts are not defined by their contents which may combine writing with mathematical calculations, maps, explanatory figure or illustrations. Manuscripts may be in the book form, scrolls or in codex format. Illuminated manuscripts are enriched with pictures, border decorations, elaborately embossed initial letters or full page illustrations.
  4. 4. CULTURAL BACKGROUND Before the invention of woodblock printing in china or by movable type in a printing press in Europe, all written documents had to be both produced and reproduced by hand. Historically manuscripts were produced and reproduced by hand. Historically manuscripts were produced on vellum and other parchment. In India the palm leaf manuscript, with a distinctive long rectangular shape was used from ancient times until the 19th century .Paper spread from China via the Islamic world to Europe by with century and by the late 15th century had largely replaced parchment for many purposes. Ironically the manuscripts that were being most carefully preserved in the libraries of antiquity are virtually all lost. Papyrus has a life of at most of a century or two in relatively moist Italian or Greek conditions only those works copied on to parchment, usually after the general conservation to Christianity, have survived, and by no means all of those.
  5. 5. Modern Variations In the contest of library science, a manuscript is defined as any hand-written item in the collections of a library or an achive. In book, magazine and music publishing a manuscript is an original copy of a work written by an author or composer, which generally follows standardised typographic and formatting rules. In film and theatre a manuscript or script for short, is an authors or dramatists text, used by a theatre company or film crew during the production of the works performance or filming. More specifically a motion picture or manuscript is called a screen play. Common Genres of Manuscripts Bibles The bible was the most studied book of the middle ages. The Bible was the centre of medieval religious life. Along with the Bible came scores of common commentaries were written in volumes with some focussing on just single pages of scripture.
  6. 6. Parts of Manuscripts  Cover  Fly leaf  Colophon  Incipit  Illustration  Shelf mark or signature in holding library. (as opposed to printed catalogue number)  Works or Compositions included in same manuscripts  Codicological elements  Deletions methods  Headers or footers  Page format  Inter polation  Owners signatures  Dedications or inscriptions  Censor signatures  Collation  Quires  Binding  Paper or vellum or papyrus  Ink  Writing implement use  Paste down  Page numeration
  7. 7.  Palaeographic elements  Script  Dating  Line fillers  Ruled lines  Historical elements of manuscripts  Evidence of fire  Mold  Wormed
  8. 8. CONCLUSIONS Here we can conclude that the manuscript is any document written by hand, as opposed to being printed or reproduced some other way. Manuscripts are not defined by their contents, which may combine writing with mathematical calculations, maps, explanatory figures or illustrations. Manuscripts may be in book forms, scrolls or in codex format. Laminated manuscripts are enriched with pictures, border duration, elaborately embossed initial letters or full page illustration.
  9. 9. References  Clemens, Raymond and Timothy Graham: Introduction to manuscript studies. Ithaka: Cornell university press.2008.  Brown, Michelle P Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts Toronto. 1991.  Network sources; Wikipedia.

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