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PHYSIOLOGY OF JUDO
Mohammad Hossein Jafari
TMU
WHAT IS JUDO ?
• Judo, one of the most popular sports in the world, is an
exciting grappling sport similar to wrestling, but unlike
wrestling, the competitors wear thick jackets called
judogis or gis.
RULES OF THE GAME
• Throwing an opponent onto his or her back with impetus.
• Holding an opponent down on his or her back for 25
seconds.
• Strangling an opponent into submission.
• Joint-locking an opponent into submission.
Throwing An Opponent Onto His Or Her Back
With Impetus.
Holding An Opponent Down On His Or Her
Back For 25 Seconds.
Strangling An Opponent Into Submission.
Joint-locking An Opponent Into Submission.
Game Analysis
In a match, about 11
effort sequences are
performed, with the
efforts and pauses
lasting approximately
30 and 10s,
respectively.
Julio, Ursula F., et al. "Energy System Contributions to Simulated Judo Matches." International
journal of sports physiology and performance (2016): 1-24.
Emerson Franchini, Guilherme
Giannini Artioli & Ciro José Brito
(2013) Judo
combat: time-motion analysis and
physiology, International Journal of
Performance Analysis in
Sport, 13:3, 624-641
Game Analysis(Energy Systems)
Julio, Ursula F., et al. "Energy System Contributions to Simulated Judo Matches." International
journal of sports physiology and performance (2016): 1-24.
Game Analysis(Energy Systems)
Blood lactate values after match
simulations reach ~10 mmol/l
However, these values are
approximately 3 mmol/l lower than
those measured after real
competitions.
Emerson Franchini, Guilherme
Giannini Artioli & Ciro José Brito
(2013) Judo
combat: time-motion analysis and
physiology, International Journal of
Performance Analysis in
Sport, 13:3, 624-641
Game Analysis(Energy Systems)
• Another point to be considered regarding recovery
processes is the aerobic fitness.
• Gariod et al. (1995) reported that judo athletes with
higher VO2max presented a faster PCr resynthesis
compared to those with lower VO2max
• The aerobic fitness is also important for judo athletes in
the last minutes of the match, as well as in the extra-time
or to increase recovery between matches.
Gariod, L., Favre-Juvin, A., Novel, V., Reutenauer, H., Majean, H., Rossi, A. (1995), Évaluation du profil énergétique des judokas par
spectroscopie RMN du P31. Science & Sports, 10, 201-207.
Emerson Franchini, Guilherme Giannini Artioli & Ciro José Brito (2013) Judo combat: time-motion analysis and physiology,
International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13:3, 624-641
Game Analysis(Energy Systems)
• Medal winners in judo normally perform 5-7 matches in a
single day. Therefore, strategies to improve recovery
between matches are of great importance.
• the odds ratio of winning a match increased ten times
when a judoka performed AR and his opponent
performed PR, but the cause of this phenomenon
cannot be explained by changes in number of actions
performed or by changes in match’s time structure
Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Effects of recovery type after a judo match on blood lactate and performance in specific and non-specific
judo tasks." European journal of applied physiology 107.4 (2009): 377.
Emerson Franchini, Guilherme Giannini Artioli & Ciro José Brito (2013) Judo combat: time-motion analysis and physiology, International
Journal of Performance Analysis inSport, 13:3, 624-641
Game Analysis (Components Of Fitness)
s
ef
E S F
combat athletes, such as judokas, wrestlers,
and boxers, are required not only to master
the specific moves in their sport, but also to
excel in a variety of physical abilities such
as quickness, balance, and explosive
power.
Lidor, Ronnie, et al. "The ten-station judo ability test: A test of physical and skill
components." Strength and Conditioning Journal 28.2 (2006): 18.
Judo Athlete Profile
Judo Athlete Profile(Somatotype And Body Composition)
Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166.
Judo Athlete Profile(Somatotype And Body Composition)
• Indeed, the range of fat percentage extends from approximately 4% to
9%, with the exception of the heavyweights (>78 kg for females and >100
kg for males)
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
n1 n2
Comparison
fat mass
fatt free mass
Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of
elite judo athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011):
147-166.
Katralli, Jayasudha, and Shivaprasad S. Goudar.
"Anthropometric profile and special judo fitness levels of Indian
judo players." Asian journal of sports medicine 3.2 (2012): 113.
Judo Athlete Profile(Somatotype And Body Composition)
Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physical fitness and anthropometrical
profile of the Brazilian male judo team." Journal of physiological
anthropology 26.2 (2007): 59-67.
Judo Athlete Profile (Maximal Strength)
Isometric Strength Isometric grip Strength : forearm
It no different between F , M
1960 , now
non-elite , elite
Isometric strength endurance
Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of
elite judo athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011):
147-166.
Judo Athlete Profile (Maximal Strength)
• In general, lower-body is involved in short-term high-intensity actions
during technique executions, while upper-body muscle groups are
involved in both strength-endurance and power actions
Emerson Franchini, Guilherme Giannini Artioli & Ciro José Brito (2013) Judo combat: time-motion analysis and physiology, International Journal of
Performance Analysis in Sport, 13:3, 624-641
Franchini,
Emerson, et
al.
"Physiologic
al profiles of
elite judo
athletes." Sp
orts
Medicine 41.
2 (2011):
147-166.
Judo Athlete Profile (Muscle Power)
• lower body power is important for judo performance, probably
because a powerful action is needed during many throwing
techniques.
• Vertical jump height ~50 cm
Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo
athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166.
Judo Athlete Profile (Muscle Endruance)
• In judo, most of the studies on muscular endurance have evaluated
this capacity using sit-ups and push-ups
Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo
athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166.
Judo Athlete Profile
• Anaerobic Profile
• Aerobic Profile
Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo
athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166.
Testing
39.5
44.5
49.5
54.5
59.5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
39.5
44.5
49.5
54.5
59.5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
7*7s crp system and recovery (aerobic system)
Testing
500m Rowing Ergo Test
the aim of this test is to measure total body anaerobic power
158
162
163
174
178
187
190
191
195
201
202
203
204
216
223
232
262
292http://www.topendsports.com/testing/tests/rowing-ergo-500m.htm
Testing
SPECIAL JUDO FITNESS TEST
A:15 s
Rest: 10 s
B:30 s
Rest: 10 s
C:30 s
HR immediately:hr1
HR after 1 min : hr2
Throws: A + B + C
Drid, Patrik, Tatjana Trivić, and Sergey Tabakov. "SPECIAL JUDO FITNESS TEST-A REVIEW."
Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences 6.4 (2012).
Index=
(hr1+hr2)
Total number of throws
Testing
SPECIAL JUDO FITNESS TEST
Drid, Patrik, Tatjana Trivić, and Sergey Tabakov. "SPECIAL JUDO FITNESS TEST-A REVIEW."
Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences 6.4 (2012).
Testing
30 min running (LTHR)
Take the average bpm during these 20 min
h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h6 h7 h8 h9 h10 LTHR
148 153 154 160 163 167 171 173 176 179 164
http://simplifythegetgoing.com/2016/03/22/lthr-test-how-far-can-you-run-in-30-min/
Testing
Vo2 max
Wingate
1RM
80% test
Isometric grip Strength
6min running
Conditioning and Training
Body composition
• Hypertrophy increase muscle mass
• decrease fat mass
Weight Height PBF
(%)
Fat
Mass
(kg)
Fat-Free
Mass (kg)
wieght
c
Different fat mass
c
Dif fat dif fat free
mass
target
pBF
101.7 182 15.84 16.11 85.59 100 -1.70 7.00 -9.1 7.4 0.07
Conditioning and Training
To improve Aerobic system
and Anaerobic
• HIIT
• Continuous Training CT
50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%intensity
LTHR
Aerobic system Anaerobic system
HIIT
CT
Conditioning and Training
Strength and power
Conditioning and Training
Strength and power
Bompa, Tudor, and Carlo Buzzichelli.
Periodization Training for Sports, 3E.
Human kinetics, 2015.
Conditioning and Training
Strength and power
Bompa, Tudor, and
Carlo Buzzichelli.
Periodization Training
for Sports, 3E. Human
kinetics, 2015.
Conditioning and Training
Strength and power
• Maximum Load Method (Isotonic)
• Partial Extension Variation
• Isokinetic Method
• Eccentric Method
• Maxex Training
• SAQ
• Ladder
Bompa, Tudor, and Carlo Buzzichelli. Periodization Training for Sports, 3E. Human
kinetics, 2015.
TMU
Thanks You For Your Attention
Mjfitness.ir

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Physiology of judo

  • 1. PHYSIOLOGY OF JUDO Mohammad Hossein Jafari TMU
  • 2. WHAT IS JUDO ? • Judo, one of the most popular sports in the world, is an exciting grappling sport similar to wrestling, but unlike wrestling, the competitors wear thick jackets called judogis or gis.
  • 3. RULES OF THE GAME • Throwing an opponent onto his or her back with impetus. • Holding an opponent down on his or her back for 25 seconds. • Strangling an opponent into submission. • Joint-locking an opponent into submission.
  • 4. Throwing An Opponent Onto His Or Her Back With Impetus.
  • 5. Holding An Opponent Down On His Or Her Back For 25 Seconds.
  • 6. Strangling An Opponent Into Submission.
  • 7. Joint-locking An Opponent Into Submission.
  • 8. Game Analysis In a match, about 11 effort sequences are performed, with the efforts and pauses lasting approximately 30 and 10s, respectively. Julio, Ursula F., et al. "Energy System Contributions to Simulated Judo Matches." International journal of sports physiology and performance (2016): 1-24. Emerson Franchini, Guilherme Giannini Artioli & Ciro José Brito (2013) Judo combat: time-motion analysis and physiology, International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13:3, 624-641
  • 9. Game Analysis(Energy Systems) Julio, Ursula F., et al. "Energy System Contributions to Simulated Judo Matches." International journal of sports physiology and performance (2016): 1-24.
  • 10. Game Analysis(Energy Systems) Blood lactate values after match simulations reach ~10 mmol/l However, these values are approximately 3 mmol/l lower than those measured after real competitions. Emerson Franchini, Guilherme Giannini Artioli & Ciro José Brito (2013) Judo combat: time-motion analysis and physiology, International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13:3, 624-641
  • 11. Game Analysis(Energy Systems) • Another point to be considered regarding recovery processes is the aerobic fitness. • Gariod et al. (1995) reported that judo athletes with higher VO2max presented a faster PCr resynthesis compared to those with lower VO2max • The aerobic fitness is also important for judo athletes in the last minutes of the match, as well as in the extra-time or to increase recovery between matches. Gariod, L., Favre-Juvin, A., Novel, V., Reutenauer, H., Majean, H., Rossi, A. (1995), Évaluation du profil énergétique des judokas par spectroscopie RMN du P31. Science & Sports, 10, 201-207. Emerson Franchini, Guilherme Giannini Artioli & Ciro José Brito (2013) Judo combat: time-motion analysis and physiology, International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13:3, 624-641
  • 12. Game Analysis(Energy Systems) • Medal winners in judo normally perform 5-7 matches in a single day. Therefore, strategies to improve recovery between matches are of great importance. • the odds ratio of winning a match increased ten times when a judoka performed AR and his opponent performed PR, but the cause of this phenomenon cannot be explained by changes in number of actions performed or by changes in match’s time structure Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Effects of recovery type after a judo match on blood lactate and performance in specific and non-specific judo tasks." European journal of applied physiology 107.4 (2009): 377. Emerson Franchini, Guilherme Giannini Artioli & Ciro José Brito (2013) Judo combat: time-motion analysis and physiology, International Journal of Performance Analysis inSport, 13:3, 624-641
  • 13. Game Analysis (Components Of Fitness) s ef E S F combat athletes, such as judokas, wrestlers, and boxers, are required not only to master the specific moves in their sport, but also to excel in a variety of physical abilities such as quickness, balance, and explosive power. Lidor, Ronnie, et al. "The ten-station judo ability test: A test of physical and skill components." Strength and Conditioning Journal 28.2 (2006): 18.
  • 15. Judo Athlete Profile(Somatotype And Body Composition) Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166.
  • 16. Judo Athlete Profile(Somatotype And Body Composition) • Indeed, the range of fat percentage extends from approximately 4% to 9%, with the exception of the heavyweights (>78 kg for females and >100 kg for males) 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 n1 n2 Comparison fat mass fatt free mass Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166. Katralli, Jayasudha, and Shivaprasad S. Goudar. "Anthropometric profile and special judo fitness levels of Indian judo players." Asian journal of sports medicine 3.2 (2012): 113.
  • 17. Judo Athlete Profile(Somatotype And Body Composition) Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physical fitness and anthropometrical profile of the Brazilian male judo team." Journal of physiological anthropology 26.2 (2007): 59-67.
  • 18. Judo Athlete Profile (Maximal Strength) Isometric Strength Isometric grip Strength : forearm It no different between F , M 1960 , now non-elite , elite Isometric strength endurance Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166.
  • 19. Judo Athlete Profile (Maximal Strength) • In general, lower-body is involved in short-term high-intensity actions during technique executions, while upper-body muscle groups are involved in both strength-endurance and power actions Emerson Franchini, Guilherme Giannini Artioli & Ciro José Brito (2013) Judo combat: time-motion analysis and physiology, International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13:3, 624-641
  • 20. Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiologic al profiles of elite judo athletes." Sp orts Medicine 41. 2 (2011): 147-166.
  • 21. Judo Athlete Profile (Muscle Power) • lower body power is important for judo performance, probably because a powerful action is needed during many throwing techniques. • Vertical jump height ~50 cm Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166.
  • 22. Judo Athlete Profile (Muscle Endruance) • In judo, most of the studies on muscular endurance have evaluated this capacity using sit-ups and push-ups Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166.
  • 23. Judo Athlete Profile • Anaerobic Profile • Aerobic Profile Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166.
  • 24. Testing 39.5 44.5 49.5 54.5 59.5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 39.5 44.5 49.5 54.5 59.5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7*7s crp system and recovery (aerobic system)
  • 25. Testing 500m Rowing Ergo Test the aim of this test is to measure total body anaerobic power 158 162 163 174 178 187 190 191 195 201 202 203 204 216 223 232 262 292http://www.topendsports.com/testing/tests/rowing-ergo-500m.htm
  • 26. Testing SPECIAL JUDO FITNESS TEST A:15 s Rest: 10 s B:30 s Rest: 10 s C:30 s HR immediately:hr1 HR after 1 min : hr2 Throws: A + B + C Drid, Patrik, Tatjana Trivić, and Sergey Tabakov. "SPECIAL JUDO FITNESS TEST-A REVIEW." Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences 6.4 (2012). Index= (hr1+hr2) Total number of throws
  • 27. Testing SPECIAL JUDO FITNESS TEST Drid, Patrik, Tatjana Trivić, and Sergey Tabakov. "SPECIAL JUDO FITNESS TEST-A REVIEW." Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences 6.4 (2012).
  • 28. Testing 30 min running (LTHR) Take the average bpm during these 20 min h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h6 h7 h8 h9 h10 LTHR 148 153 154 160 163 167 171 173 176 179 164 http://simplifythegetgoing.com/2016/03/22/lthr-test-how-far-can-you-run-in-30-min/
  • 30. Conditioning and Training Body composition • Hypertrophy increase muscle mass • decrease fat mass Weight Height PBF (%) Fat Mass (kg) Fat-Free Mass (kg) wieght c Different fat mass c Dif fat dif fat free mass target pBF 101.7 182 15.84 16.11 85.59 100 -1.70 7.00 -9.1 7.4 0.07
  • 31. Conditioning and Training To improve Aerobic system and Anaerobic • HIIT • Continuous Training CT 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%intensity LTHR Aerobic system Anaerobic system HIIT CT
  • 33. Conditioning and Training Strength and power Bompa, Tudor, and Carlo Buzzichelli. Periodization Training for Sports, 3E. Human kinetics, 2015.
  • 34. Conditioning and Training Strength and power Bompa, Tudor, and Carlo Buzzichelli. Periodization Training for Sports, 3E. Human kinetics, 2015.
  • 35. Conditioning and Training Strength and power • Maximum Load Method (Isotonic) • Partial Extension Variation • Isokinetic Method • Eccentric Method • Maxex Training • SAQ • Ladder Bompa, Tudor, and Carlo Buzzichelli. Periodization Training for Sports, 3E. Human kinetics, 2015.
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