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Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Introduction
eal estate is “Property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with...
| 2Real Estate Business in Sylhet
 Objectives of the study:
The broad objective of this study is to develop an understand...
| 3Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Real estate
busines
Land development
Plot selling
Land renting
Apartment/ Housing
Reside...
| 4Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Real Estate Companies in Sylhet
Some of the well known real estate companies in Sylhet a...
| 5Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Batayan Shahajalal Developers Ltd.
Batayan Shahajalal Developers Ltd. is a newly establi...
| 6Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Location:
Head Office: Merlin Tower (11th floor),
Subidbazar, Sylhet, Bangladesh.
Contac...
| 7Real Estate Business in Sylhet
It possesses a position of excellent transport links. It just minutes from heart of
Sylh...
| 8Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Analysis of Comparative Status
Our listed five real estate companies are better than any...
| 9Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Internal forces are Consumer Choice, economic condition, motiation,
knowledge and learni...
| 10Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Self-concept
Self-concept is an organized set of perception of the self, comprised of s...
| 11Real Estate Business in Sylhet
and opinions. Lifestyles evolve over time, so consumption patterns are changing
over ti...
| 12Real Estate Business in Sylhet
determining socialclass: the economic variables of occupation, income and
wealth; the i...
| 13Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Customers’ Perception to the Developer
Companies
Today customers have a good faith to t...
| 14Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Post Purchase Behavior of Customers
The behavior after purchase something is called pos...
| 15Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Attributes that Create Impression about
Developer Company
Attribute means - (i) to rega...
| 16Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Types of apartment
Types of apartment are also an important factor in consumers’ prefer...
| 17Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Preference between apartment and land
Many customers have a dilemma between purchase of...
| 18Real Estate Business in Sylhet
See the company’s previous activities or project.
Evaluating their previous projects....
| 19Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Bibliography
http://npdbd.com/about
http://merlinbuildersbd.com/new/
https://docs.googl...
| 20Real Estate Business in Sylhet
Appendix
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real estate business in sylhet (final)

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real estate business in sylhet (final)

  1. 1. Real Estate Business in Sylhet Introduction eal estate is “Property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals, or water, immovable property of this nature, also an interest vested in this, more generally an item of real property; buildings or housing in general. The business of real estate is the profession of buying, selling, or renting land, buildings or housing.” The organizations which are involved in buying, selling or renting land, building or housing are the real estate developer company.  Background of the Study: Bangladesh is an over populated country and day by day population is increasing rapidly which created the housing problem. Land prices skyrocketed. Due to high price, insufficiency of land, high cost of land registration, and high price of building materials, people are now not interested to buy a land for building their own house. That’s why they turn to real estate companies who are providing flats or apartments. In response, real estate business has enjoyed a boom over the years. In all over the Bangladesh, there are now companies growing up like mushrooms. Most of the companies are situated in Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet but also spreading throughout other divisional and district towns like Comilla, Cox’s Bazar, Bogra, Rajshahi, Khulna, Mymensingh, Gazipur etc. Most of the real estate businesses are conducted by private sectors. In Sylhet real estate business expand vastly in twenty-first century. In this century a large number of real estate companies formed in Sylhet. Some of these companies are Next Plan Development Limited (NPDL), Batayan Shahjalal Developers Ltd., Merline Builders (PVT.)Ltd., Royal Homes Limited, North Surma Syndicate (Pvt.) Ltd. R
  2. 2. | 2Real Estate Business in Sylhet  Objectives of the study: The broad objective of this study is to develop an understanding of the overall picture of apartment/flat market of Sylhet City with particular emphasis to customer’s behavior, preference and expectation side. The specific objective is to know customers’ behavior pattern and to identify and gain insights about the preference of the apartment buyers or customers while choosing and buying the apartments or the real estate companies.  Types of Real estate business: Various types of real estate business are practiced in the world. 1. Land Development 2. Retail Shopping Centers developing and selling 3. Office Buildings selling and renting 4. Apartments/Multi-Family Housing 5. Land/Apartments/Building renting 6. Multi-dimensional real estate business In Bangladesh including Sylhet generally most of the real estate businesses are categorized into three major sectors. So, most of the real estate companies in Sylhet are formed based on these categories. A categorized model of real estate businesses in Sylhet is given in next page.
  3. 3. | 3Real Estate Business in Sylhet Real estate busines Land development Plot selling Land renting Apartment/ Housing Residentialhome and apartment Office building Shopping mall Shop & Storage house Hotel Residential & business house renting Multi-dimensional Both apartment & land Office building & shopping mall Land and Properties renting and all types of real estate business
  4. 4. | 4Real Estate Business in Sylhet Real Estate Companies in Sylhet Some of the well known real estate companies in Sylhet are ….  Next Plan Development Limited (NPDL)  Batayan Shahjalal Developers Ltd.  Merline Builders (PVT.)Ltd.  Royal Homes Limited  North Surma Syndicate (Pvt.) Ltd. Now we are shortly describing the profile of these companies. Next Plan Development Limited (NPDL) NPDL is the renowned architectural and engineering design studio in Sylhet. It starts its work with architecture and engineering design in 2005. Now it also works as Real Estate Developer Company. Type: Architecture and Engineering designer. Location: Head Office: First Floor, Kaniz Plazza, Zindabazar, Sylhet. Contact: 0821-813933, 01819580456, 01715356380 Web Address: www.npdbd.com Services: Architectural Design, Structural Design, Electrical Design, Plumbing & Sanitary Design, Graphic Design, Real Estate Development, Building Contact, Supervision, Fire fighting system design, 3D modeling, Animation, Cost Estimation, Survey, Land Planning & plotting, Soil Test, Renovation work. Projects: Architecture and Engineering Designed Projects: Some of NPDL’s architectural and engineering designed projects are Apon Blue Tower, Bijou Palace, Anower Vista, Sadiq Villa, Sufia Complex etc. Real Estate Business Projects: NPD Rose, NPD Sunflower.
  5. 5. | 5Real Estate Business in Sylhet Batayan Shahajalal Developers Ltd. Batayan Shahajalal Developers Ltd. is a newly established developer company in Sylhet. It has started its work from 2011. It conducts business based on apartment developing and selling. Type: Residential Apartment Developer and Seller. Location: Sylhet Office: 27/2 payra Dorga Moholla Jornarpar, Sylhet. Contact: 0821-722733, 01611 197010 Dhaka Office: House 69/2 (4th floor), Road # 7/A, Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka. Contact: 02-9124673, 01715842758 London Office: Relax property service, 7 Westport Street, London E1 ORA Contact: 0207 7909493 Web Address: www.shahjalaltower.com E-mail: info@shahjalaltower.com Project: Shahajalal Tower. 27/2 payra Dorga Moholla Jornarpar, Sylhet. Merline Builders (Pvt.) Ltd. Merline Builders (Pvt.) Ltd. is one of the renowned developer companies in Bangladesh. It conducts its business in Sylhet sincerely. It started its work with more than 1100 projects. More than 100 projects are completed and 200 are under construction of them. Type: Business and Residential Apartment Developer.
  6. 6. | 6Real Estate Business in Sylhet Location: Head Office: Merlin Tower (11th floor), Subidbazar, Sylhet, Bangladesh. Contact: 0821-712260, 01977660001~10 Wed Address: www.merlinbuildersbd.com Projects: Merlin Tower, Tasmia Tower, Sharmin Jumana Tower, Mayesha Tower, Naza Tower, Tahsin Tower, Ayesha Tower are the most top project of the company. Royal Homes Limited Royal Homes Ltd. is a multi-purpose company with the primary focus on property development. It is a joint venture company between local Bangladeshi & NRBs (Non Residence Bangladeshi). But, it gives importance on land development. Royal Homes has launched its first project "Royal City" which is ideally located on Shahporan Bi-pass road, a beautiful land script area called Dakshin Surma. The project is a premium location and is situated in one of the most important road network in Bangladesh. Location: Head Office:Royal Homes Limited Shefa Bhaban, Mirboxtula, Sylhet 3100, Bangladesh. Contact: +88-0821-726760, 2830281, +88-01713363666 Email: info@royalhomesltd.com Wed Address: www.royalhomesltd.com Project: ‘Royal City’ is a brand that has set a benchmark in the real estate industry through its quality, professional management and commitment to the customer satisfaction. Royal Homes Ltd. takes pride on its success and salutes the team works really hard.
  7. 7. | 7Real Estate Business in Sylhet It possesses a position of excellent transport links. It just minutes from heart of Sylhet city. The rail station is also minutes away. The project is comprised of more than 3000 plots with all the residential facilities to be provided by the Royal Homes Limited. These include: school, hospital, children's park, mosque, community center, shopping mall, Lake Etc. It is the biggest (in terms of authorized capital) & well planned (in terms of design) land project in Sylhet - the Eastern Capital of Bangladesh. North Surma Syndicate (Pvt.) Ltd. North Surma Syndicate (Pvt.) Ltd. was established in 2005. It is doing its activities trustfully. It focuses on location and modern architect design to build apartment. NSSL makes both business and residential apartments. Type: Business and Residential Apartment Developer. Location: Head Office: Surma Tower (6th floor) Surma Point, V.I.P. Road, Sylhet. Contact: 0821-723373, 01715 598732 Project: Surma Tower.
  8. 8. | 8Real Estate Business in Sylhet Analysis of Comparative Status Our listed five real estate companies are better than any other companies in Sylhet. But, each of them has some difference from other. Most of them are difference in their focus, business type, policies and constructional design. Like as NPDL and Batayan Shahajalal Developers Ltd. basically focus on architect and engineering design; Merline Builders (Pvt.) Ltd. and North Surma Syndicate (Pvt.) Ltd. mainly focus on location but, they don’t ignore the architect design, they also follow the modern architect design. Since Royal Homes Limited focuses on land development, they always locate large area of land in a good location. In the business types – NPDL is a service based developer company. It provides services in real estate development work. Batayan Shahajalal Developers Ltd. and Merline Builders (Pvt.) Ltd. basically create and sell residential apartments. On the other hand North Surma Syndicate (Pvt.) Ltd. develops both business and residential apartments. It sells and rent showroom, office and flats. Royal Homes Limited works for multi-purpose real property development. But, it mainly develops land and sells plots. People have a good faith on these real estate companies. Merline Builders (Pvt.) Ltd. and Royal Homes Limited have the best status and reputation in Sylhet as real estate developer. And NPDL is most top architect and engineering designer company. Customers’ Behavior Pattern Most real estate study is based on neoclasssical economic theory that assumes that people make rational decisions about renting and buying real estate as part of their attempt to maximize utility. While recognizing that real estate markets are imperfect, most real estate researchers do not examine the influence that the diversity of real estate consumers has on the demand for real estate. Consumers are complex human beings driven by internal and external forces, some of which are beyond their control and many of which they are relatively unaware.
  9. 9. | 9Real Estate Business in Sylhet Internal forces are Consumer Choice, economic condition, motiation, knowledge and learning, Attitudes, self-concept, personality and lifestyle. The external forces are reference groups, culture, social class and family. Some of these forces are briefly described below with the consideration of realestate buyer in Sylhet. Consumer Choice Much of the study of consumer behavior focuses on consumer choice. Consumer choice depends on utility theory in economics and attitude theory in social psychology of consumers. Choice to buy real estate is directed buy the customer’s economic stranght and utility processes of wealth, and their psychology. Economic Condition Consumer behaviour is mostly varing on the economic condition of the consumers. A person who has a sustainable and well economic condition, he usually like to buy luxurious apartment. Economic condition is the most important and strong force to drive customer to buy real estate property. Motivation The forces that derive a person to buy a good or service is called motiation. Needs, economic conition, scarcity or availablity of natural resources, attraction for something etc. are good motivators. Most of the people have an attraction to have real property. Economic condition of people in Sylhet is well because of forign currency. That factors forces the customers to buy apartment and land. Knowledge and learning In the present age internet makes easyer to know about anything. Most of the real estate developer companies have web page to provide information about their projects. So that customers can easily learn about the real estate companies and their projects, even customers can see their apartments’ design, picture and feature. That helps them to buy the apartment.
  10. 10. | 10Real Estate Business in Sylhet Self-concept Self-concept is an organized set of perception of the self, comprised of such elements as the perceptions of one’s characteristics and abilities; the perception of oneself in relation to others; and objectives, goals and ideals which are perceived as either positive or negative. Self-concept is now generally viewed in several dimensions: ideal self, real self, self in context and extended self (possessions and artifacts help define who one is). Real estate can be a viewed as part of the extended self, an object that helps to form identity. By their very nature, single family homes almost always perform many highly emotional, individualized, personal roles in the lives of their occupants. Consumers will choose to purchase real estate that either fits with their current self-image or is associated with the ideal image they want to achieve. This may be reflected in both choice of housing style and neighborhood. Personality Personality accounts for consistent patterns of behavior based on enduring psychological characteristics. It is the pattern of traits and behaviors that makes one individual unique and different from all others. Personality may be described using the psychoanalytic, socio-psychological, or trait-factor theories. Thus, a consumer’s personality may affect his real estate investment choices. A risk taker is more likely to consider purchasing a run-down property in a marginal neighborhood, planning to improve the property and take advantage of neighborhood improvements. A risk taker would also be more likely to choose an adjustable rate mortgage than a risk avoider, no matter what the financial comparison shows. Lifestyle Lifestyle refers to the distinctive ways in which consumers live, how they spend their time and money, and what they consider important as activities, interests
  11. 11. | 11Real Estate Business in Sylhet and opinions. Lifestyles evolve over time, so consumption patterns are changing over time. Most of the high and middle class people in Sylhet now prefer modern architectural designed apartments. Sometime they reject their old model house to achieve new model apartments. The real estate companies make the work easy. Reference groups Reference groups are individuals or collections of people whom the individual uses as a source or point of comparison for attitudes, beliefs, value or behavior. Each real estate consumer is influenced by his or her unique set of reference groups. A buyer of an apartment influences other to buy an apartment. Culture Culture consists of society’s beliefs, values, ethics, customs, shared meanings, rules, rituals, norms, and traditions. Culture provides people with a sense of identity and an understanding of acceptable behavior. Cultural norms that affect real estate demand include beliefs about whether each child should have a private bedroom, but a shared bath. Most of the people in our society prefer apartments with lift service, moderated design and facilities and in a good location. The value placed on individualism is reflected in the demand for customized homes. Builders would be wise to watch changing cultural values, producing properties that are more environmentally friendly and housing layouts that are more suitable for family activities and interaction. Social class Social stratification represents the hierarchical division of members of a society into relative levels of prestige, status and power. Social class refers to divisions based on economic and demographic characteristics. Those in same stratum have roughly similar consumption, lifestyle, and income, and socialize with each other. Nine variables have emerged from the research as most important in
  12. 12. | 12Real Estate Business in Sylhet determining socialclass: the economic variables of occupation, income and wealth; the interaction variables ofpersonal prestige, association and socialization; and the political variables of power, class consciousness and mobility. Most people feel comfortable when they are with people of similar values and behavior and limit their social interactions to their immediate social class. Possessions are symbols of class membership, with wealth reflected in the items purchased. The most important possession decision reflecting a family’s social class is the choice of where to live, both the type of home and the neighborhood. Thus, social class will affect what neighborhoods and architectural design consumers will consider for housing. In addition, housing layouts must accommodate the furniture and living style of members of each social class. People trying to move up through the social class structure might choose a house and neighborhood that they think members of the higher class would choose. In our society we see rural people rarely buy apartment in town they prefer to buy land in villege. A high class person want to buy an expensive apartment in top residential area. But, comparatively low class people try to buy apartment with comparatively low price in general residential area. Family The most influential reference group is the consumer’s family. The family teaches the consumer cultural values that have a substantial impact upon shopping behavior. It continues to be a point of reference even when the consumer has formed his own household. Family members may be involved in real estate decision making. One member may influences other members of a fimily to buy or not to buy an apartment or plot. So, family members are the good motivator of a buyer.
  13. 13. | 13Real Estate Business in Sylhet Customers’ Perception to the Developer Companies Today customers have a good faith to the developer companies. They fill that the developer companies realy help them. Developer companies are now make a great opportunity for people to have an appartment easily. To know about customers perception, the survey is very important. By conducting our survey we know the customers parception about their developer companies. Most of the consumers are satisfied with their developer companies. For example, the customers of NPDL belive that their company applied a good architect design and engineering methods and they get the services with afortable rate.Tother developer companies like as Merlid Builders (Pvt.) Ltd. use good row meterials which are perfect for the building size and also apply modern architect and engeneering design. Companies are follow earthquake protection building code to build apartments and use fire alarm system in apartments . The cost of the apartments are in the customers’ purchasing capacity. Some of the customers thing that who have no land in his or her faourate city he or she can buy an apartment from developer company if he or she has enough ability. Customers think that it is better to hire a developer company to build an apartment on self owned land than build by one-self. But, some of the customers hae negative perception about the developer companies because of their sufferings. They sey that all developer companies are not do the business honestly. They do not provive services properly. Some real estate companies not follow the building code of city corporation, not provide fire alarm system. Customers also complain that the developer companies may not use proper row meterials and used meterials are low quality. Sometime their lift is too small. These dissatisfactions of the customers are the threat for real estate companies. Dishonesty of one real estate developer company may break down the whole real estate industry. So, real estate developer companies should be more conscious about their activities and reputation.
  14. 14. | 14Real Estate Business in Sylhet Post Purchase Behavior of Customers The behavior after purchase something is called post purchase behavior. Consumers post purchase behavior could be divided into three parts: 1. Post purchase Satisfaction 2. Post purchase Actions 3. Post purchase use. Post purchase Satisfaction Satisfaction is the function of closeness between expectation and products perceived performance. In this case if the apartment failed to satisfy the consumer then the consumer will be dissatisfied. If the apartments exceed the consumers’ expectation then the consumer is delighted. Most of the customers on whom we conduct our research are satisfied with their apartment. In Sylhet different consumers choose different real estate companies, so in this case post purchase satisfaction varies from customers to customers on the basis of their psychology, expectations, and experiences. Post purchase Actions If the consumer is satisfied he will talk about his apartment to others and thus other people will be inspired to buy this company’s apartments. Our sample unit is not different from them. If they are satisfied, they influence to buy apartment. This Post purchase Actions are also depends on customer’s psychology, expectations and experiences. Post purchase use The marketer should monitor that how their product is used. For example, does the consumer buy the apartment to live in it or to sell it? It varies from person to person, some people buy apartments to live in, some to rent it and others to sell it when it becomes more valuable.
  15. 15. | 15Real Estate Business in Sylhet Attributes that Create Impression about Developer Company Attribute means - (i) to regard as resulting from a specified cause; consider as caused by something indicated; (ii) to consider as a quality or characteristic of the person, thing, group, etc. Consumers may use the same attributes to evaluate apartment choices, but have different beliefs about the apartment and their ability to satisfy their need. Although both consumers may want a microwave, one may believe that a built-in model is too small and will be difficult to replace while another believes that built-in models can be just as large as a countertop model and will be relatively easy to replace. Customers’ attributes are depending on some expectation which can create imprecation about Real Estate Developer Companies. Some of the expectations are - Budget A budgeted amount is the expected amount a customer keeps aside. In this section, we are interested to know the budgeted amount kept by the customers for the purpose of buying an apartment constructed by a typical real estate developer company. In the survey it was found that maximum number of consumers’ (53%) budget for an apartment is 40 – 50 lacks taka. Also, a substantial number of consumers (26%) have a budget of more than 50 lacks, whereas 21% of consumers’ budget is around 30 – 40 lack for purchase an apartment. If any real estate company’s apartment’s price has gone beyond the buying capacity of a group of people they will reject the company to buy apartments.
  16. 16. | 16Real Estate Business in Sylhet Types of apartment Types of apartment are also an important factor in consumers’ preference in terms of an apartment. Because there are several types of apartments and consumers can purchase any type of apartment based on their need, income and budget. So it is important to find out that which type of apartment is more popular among the consumers. In the survey it was found that about 57% consumers prefer economy apartment, 25% customer prefer Semi Luxuries apartment. On the other hand duplex apartment (10%) and luxury apartment (9%) are more preferable to wealthy customers. Preferable Facilities in an Apartment Facilities of apartment are also an important factor of consumers’ preference in terms of an apartment. Facilities are actually design and development related features which makes one apartment project different from others and one company from other. That’s why it is important to know that which types of facilities are most preferable to the apartment purchaser. Augmented Expectation Customers expect a playground, a gymnasium, proper parking area, place for gardening etc. In Sylhet developer companies never fulfill those augmented demand, they only fulfill the need for parking but it may not appropriate with the number of cars at all. Water and Gas Supply Most of the customers want regular water and gas supply. Many companies cannot satisfy their customers in this case because of shortage of these elements. How customers determine about quality Most of the consumers’ are more concerned about quality rather than price. Now it is important to know how consumers determine or decide on quality or for what factors consumers think some apartment is of better quality than others.
  17. 17. | 17Real Estate Business in Sylhet Preference between apartment and land Many customers have a dilemma between purchase of an apartment or a land. Some think that purchase of an apartment from a developer company is advantageous. Some consumers think that purchase of a land and then construct own building is better. But it came out so that majority of the customers, around seventy percent prefer purchase of an apartment to a land. The reasons mentioned were: purchasing apartment has no construction hassle and also saves one’s time needed to oversee a construction oneself; Increasing, skyrocketing land price makes it difficult to purchase a land; increased and volatile price of construction related raw materials is also one reason, that is, once started with a predetermined budget it is difficult to manage with own investment. On the contrary 37% consumers prefer purchase a land and construct own building. The reasons stated were: Control over asset; proud owner of a land and building; it is a source of income etc. Above are some of the attributes that greatly influence to create imprecations about developer companies. Location In location selection both customers and real estate companies follow an important strategy. Companies and customers prefer any important point, a busy city, market area, and side of highway or junction of important roads, popular residential area etc. to build or buy apartments. Awareness of Customers Customers should aware about the developer companies in buying apartment. A customer should evaluate the following factors to buy an apartment - Is the company approved by the government? Old or new established company.
  18. 18. | 18Real Estate Business in Sylhet See the company’s previous activities or project. Evaluating their previous projects. Communicate with the companies previous consumers. Observing row materials. Knowing the time length to be completed the apartment, if it was under construction. Is the company conducting its business honestly? Knowing the lifetime of building. Is the building designed by an expert engineer? A customer must buy apartment from a reputed company. Buyer should read the deed and all document of the deal properly and should be clear about his ownership and rights. Conclusion Our discussion on ‘Real Estate Business in Sylhet’ provides knowledge about real estate companies and businesses in Sylhet, and their customers. A significant portion of the study deals with consumers’ buying behavior pattern, perception and attributes. The comparative status analysis the similarities and difference among the real estate companies basis on their types, design and business strategy. The consumers’ behavior pattern analysis the factors that drive a customer to purchase real estate assets. Customer perception talks about the customers’ beliefs to the real estate companies. Post purchase behavior has discussed the customers’ satisfaction and dissatisfaction with their apartments. Attributes estimate the customers’ expectation from real estate companies and their real achievements from the company. It also estimated consumers purchasing capacity and percentage of various segments. A customer must be aware about the real estate companies while he or she buying an apartment to protect himself from loss.
  19. 19. | 19Real Estate Business in Sylhet Bibliography http://npdbd.com/about http://merlinbuildersbd.com/new/ https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:LSqtLC7YIbUJ:news.mak.ac.ug/d ocuments/Makfiles/theses/racheal%2520research,Dr%2520Ntai.pdf+backgrou nd+of+real+state+business&hl=en&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESheMSg5smbYF9Mgwg sAWy2XefZ3Y2bjThJq9PGkPH95tl8DOrw7C_jwKkuBvmRVgZJu5HoA5cOCr6nAol 0KK49n0- MD2mBqZnkm8OT3gyK0A_1z1CYLHW95DwxDDbf_drY5KgJX&sig=AHIEtbRn8zi LnhmKx9Sm6VrTsLyg60GChg www.biggerpockets.com/renewsblog/2010/10/12/4-different-types-of- commercial-real-estate/ http://www.royalhomesltd.com/gallery.html www.iiste.org Developing Country Studies ISSN 2224-607X (Paper) ISSN 2225-0565 (Online), Vol.2, No.2, 2012 Karen M. Gibler Associate Professor Stetson School of Business and Economics Mercer University Susan L. Nelson Professor Department of Marketing Box 8366 University of North Dakota Thank you
  20. 20. | 20Real Estate Business in Sylhet Appendix

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