Presentation mipv2

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Presentation mipv2

  1. 2. Table of Contents Title Mission Vision Goals Fore Word Preface Acknowledgement Volleyball Lesson 1 – History and Development of Volleyball Lesson 2 – Facilities and Equipment Lesson 3 – Officials and their Responsibilities Next
  2. 3. Lesson 4 – Participants and their Responsibilities Lesson 5 – The Forearm Pass Lesson 6 – The Overhand Pass Lesson 7 – The Underhand Serve Lesson 8 - The Overhand Serve Lesson 9 - Blocking Lesson 10 – Attack Hit Lesson 11 – Playing Actions Lesson 12 - Rules on the Structure of the play Lesson 13 – Official’s Signals Next Back
  3. 4. Calisthenics Terminologies Reference Back Authors’ Page
  4. 5. Module in playing Volleyball Back
  5. 6. A premier University in CALABARZON, offering academic programs and related services designed to respond to the requirements of the Philippines and the global economy, particularly, ASIAN countries. Vision Back
  6. 7. The University shall primarily provide advanced education, professional, technological and vocational instruction in agriculture, fisheries, forestry, science, engineering, industrial technologies, teacher education, medicine, law, arts and sciences, information technology and other related fields. It shall undertake research and extension services, and provide progressive leadership in its areas of specialization. Mission Back
  7. 8. In pursuit of College Vision/Mission, the College of education is committed to develop the full potential of the individuals and equip them with knowledge, skills and attitudes in Teacher Education allied fields to effectively respond to the increasing demands, challenge and opportunities of changing time for global competitiveness. Goals Next
  8. 9. <ul><li>To serve as positive and powerful role models in the pursuit of learning thereby maintaining high regards to professional growth. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Focus on the significance of providing whole some and desirable learning environment. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Facilitate learning process in diverse types of learners. </li></ul>Objectives of Bachelor of Secondary Education Next
  9. 10. 4. Use varied learning approaches and activities, instructional materials and learning resources. 5. Use assessment data plan and revise teaching – learning plans. 6. Direct and strengthen the links between school and community activities. 7. Conduct research and development in Teacher Education and other related. Back
  10. 11. The authors would like to acknowledge the following persons: The consultant of the authors, Mr. Francis dela Cruz, for without him this module will not be guided and approved by the subject teacher of the authors. The teacher of the authors in Educational Technology II, Mr. For-Ian V. Sandoval, who is the source in making this module and the one who’s supporting us to make this. Acknowledgement Next
  11. 12. Prof. Marilyn E. Villaranda, for sharing her knowledge and ideas regarding in this module. Mr,. Dexter Reyes, for also sharing his knowledge regarding in this module. And of course to the beloved parents of the authors, Mr. and Mrs. Bautista; Mr. and Mrs. Villaflor, for the unlimited support and love. And specially to our Almighty God, who is the source of our strength, knowledge and inspiration. Back
  12. 13. FOREWORD This Teacher’s Guide Module entitled “Module in playing volleyball” is part of the requirements in Educational Technology 2 under the revised curriculum for Bachelor in Secondary Education based on CHED Memorandum Order (CMO)-30, Series of 2004. Educational Technology 2 is a three (3)-unit course designed to introduce both traditional and innovative technologies to facilitate and foster meaningful and effective learning where students are expected to demonstrate a sound understanding of the nature, application and production of the various types of educational technologies. Next
  13. 14. The students are provided with guidance and assistance of selected faculty members of the College through the selection, production and utilization of appropriate technology tools in developing technology-based teacher support materials. Through the role and functions of computers especially the Internet, the student researchers and the advisers are able to design and develop various types of alternative delivery systems. These kind of activities offer a remarkable learning experience for the education students as future mentors especially in the preparation of instructional materials. Next
  14. 15. The output of the group’s effort may serve as an educational research of the institution in providing effective and quality education. The lessons and evaluations presented in this module may also function as a supplementary reference for secondary teachers and students. Next
  15. 16. FOR-IAN V. SANDOVAL Computer Instructor / Adviser Educational Technology 2 Francis Jose S. dela Cruz Module Consultant LYDIA R. CHAVEZ Dean College of Education Back
  16. 17. Volleyball is a game played by two teams on a playing court divided by a net. The mission of this game is to send the ball over net for the opponent’s court and to prevent the same effort by the opponent. Each team has three hits to return the ball. What is volleyball? Next
  17. 18. The ball is put in play with a service by the server over the net to the opponent’s playing court. Points are continues but when one team fails to return the ball properly to the opposing team, it will be an opportunity for them to gain points. Back
  18. 19. Lesson 1 History and Development of volleball Next Back
  19. 20. <ul><li>To be aware of the history of volleyball and how it was developed. </li></ul><ul><li>To recognize the persons involved in the history and development of volleyball. </li></ul>Objectives of the Lesson Next
  20. 21. According to Shondell and McManama (1971) the game volleyball was created by William G. Morgan, a Physical Director of the YMCA at Holeyoke, Massachusetts in 1895. In experimenting this game, Mr. Morgan do not have any idea that the result would produce a sport which is not only popular in USA but all over the world. Mr. Morgan was just hunting for a game for elderly men because the available games were strenuous and need too much space and equipments. Next
  21. 22. Tennis was the basis for this new game. He raised the net and used the basketball bladder to place of the tennis ball and substituted the hands for the tennis racket. But the weight of the basketball is to much that’s why Mr. Morgan replaced with a smaller and lighter ball which has made to his specification. MINTONETTE was the former name of volleyball and was played by means of hitting the ball with the use of the long handled racket while the ball is still on the top of the net which measured 6 feet and 6 inches high. It can play of any numbers of players and played innings as a way of scoring. Next Back
  22. 23. But later, the word volleyball was suggested by D.A. F Halsted of Springfield, Massachusetts and from that time, the game was officially called volleyball. And by the experiments, the size of the court, the height of the net, numbers of players and various other details were determined. Dr. George Fisher edited and published by the American Sports Publishing Company in 1917 incorporated the first volleyball guide and rule book of volleyball. Next Back
  23. 24. The first YMCA volleyball tournament was sponsored in 1922 at Brooklyn, New York with Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, carrying off with the honors among the twenty three (23) competing teams. New York and Buffalo club took the championship honors in the first National AAU tournament held at the Buffalo in 1927. Volleyball was introduced in Asia by Dr. Gray, director of YMCA I Calcuta, India. And in 1903 in Shanghai, China and after several years it was introduced in Japan. Next Back
  24. 25. But finally in Manila 1910, volleyball was introduced by Elwood Brown, a director of YMCA in Manila and after a few years, volleyball became popular not only in Manila but also throughout the country. And in 1913, a memorable event was held in Manila in the Philippines and hosted the Far East Games and won the championships for both men and women. And in 1921, the first National open volleyball championship was held at the Meralco Gymnasium. Next Back
  25. 26. Meralco Team – won the championship for men while, Philippine Normal School (PNC) – won the championship for women. Volleyball was first played internationally during 1964 in Tokyo Olympics, where the Soviet Union won both titles. From 1964 to the last Olympics, volleyball has been one of the sporting events contested. Exercise No. 1 Next Back
  26. 27. Lesson 2 Facilities and Equipments Next Back
  27. 28. <ul><li>To identify the boundary lines, center line and zone line. </li></ul><ul><li>2. To identify the parts of the net and examined the net. </li></ul>Objectives of the Lesson Next
  28. 29. <ul><li>Playing Court </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>- The playing court is a rectangle measuring 18 x 9 meter surrounded by a free zone at least 2 meter (3 meter in open court) and with a space free form any obstructions to a height of at least 7 meter from the playing surface. For official international competitions, the free zone shall measure at least 12.5 meter in height from the playing surface. </li></ul>Facilities and Equipments Next
  29. 30. Playing Surface - The surface must be flat, horizontal, and uniform. It must not present any danger of injury of the players. It is forbidden to play on rough or slippery surfaces. On indoor courts, the surface of the playing courts must be a light color, while on outdoor courts a slope of 5 millimeter per meter is allowed for drainage. Court lines made of solid materials are forbidden. Next Back
  30. 31. Center Line – The axis of the center line divides the playing court into two equal courts measuring 9 meter x 9 meter each. This line extends, beneath the net from side line to side line. Next Back
  31. 32. Zone Lines – Attack lines and front zones. On each court, the front is limited by the attack line (its width included) 3 meters parallel to the middle of the center line. Beyond the side lines, both attack lines and front are considered to be extended indefinitely. Next Back
  32. 33. Boundary Lines – All lines are 5 millimeter in width. The lines must be light and of a different color from the floor and any other lines. Two side lines and two end lines shall mark the playing court. Both side and end lines are included in the 18 meter x 9 meter playing court. Next Back Dimension
  33. 34. Dimension Back The court
  34. 35. Back
  35. 36. <ul><li>B. Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Net – The net shall be made of 10 centimeter square dark stitches. A rope is thread through the bottom of the net and is tied to the poles to tense the net. </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical Side bands – Two tapes of white material 5 centimeter wide and 1 meter long shall be fastened, one on each side of the end of the net perpendicular to the intersection of the respective side line and to the axis of the center line. Both side bands shall be considered as part of the net. </li></ul>Next Back
  36. 37. <ul><li>Antennae – Each is fastened on the outer edge of each vertical side band extending 80 centimeter above the top of the net on opposite sides of the net. They are considered as part of the net and have side limits. </li></ul><ul><li>Height of the net – the height of the net shall be 2.43 meter for men and 2.24 meter for women. The height of the net shall be measured from the center of the playing court with a measuring rod. The two ends of the net (over the side lines) must be the same height from the playing surface and may not exceed the regulation height by more than 2 centimeter. </li></ul>Next Back
  37. 38. <ul><li>Poles – Two poles, preferably adjustable, round and smooth, with a height of 2.55 meter support the net, one at each side. They must be fixed to the playing surface at a distance of between 0.05 and 1.00 meter, from the side line. Fixing the poles top the floor by means of wires must be prohibited. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ball – The ball shall be spherical, made of flexible leather case with a bladder inside made of rubber or a similar material. The circumference is 65 to 67 meter. Its weight is 260 to 280 grams. The inside pressure should be 294 to 319 mbar. All ball used during the match must have the same characteristics regarding circumference, weight, pressure and type. </li></ul>Next Back
  38. 39. <ul><li>Player ’ s Equipment – These consist of jersey shorts, knee pads, and sports shoes. Shorts must be uniform, clean and of the same color. Shoes must be light and pliable with rubber or leather soles without heels. Players ’ jerseys must be numbered from 1 to 15 (preferably 1 to 12). A player is forbidden to wear any object that may cause an injury to a player, such as jewelry, pins, bracelets and the like. </li></ul>Exercise No. 2 Next Back The Net
  39. 40. 9. 50 m Men: 2.43 m Women: 2.24 m 1m Net – contact with the net is a fault unless it is accidental and made by a player who is not intending to play the ball. Back
  40. 41. Lesson 3 Officials and their responsibilities Next Back
  41. 42. <ul><li>To know concerns of the officials of the volleyball. </li></ul><ul><li>To be able to know the responsibilities of the officials. </li></ul>Next
  42. 43. This lesson includes the definition and responsibilities of the officials during volleyball. Referee Referee is seated or standing on a referee ’ s stand located at the end of the net. He directs the match from the start until the end. He has authority over all officials and members of the team. Referee ’ s decision is final. He is authorized to overrule the decision of other officials if he notices that they are mistaken. He can replace an official who is not performing his/her functions properly. Referee has also the power to decide on any matter involving the game including those not provided in the rules. Next
  43. 44. Referee is the one who is responsible for determining before and during the match whether or not the playing area, equipment, and the conditions meet playing requirements. He performs the toss with the team captain. He controls the teams’ warming up. He authorizes to sanction misconduct and delays. He decides upon the faults of the server and the positions of the serving team, including the screen. He also decides upon the faults in playing the ball, the faults above the net and its upper part.   Next Back
  44. 45. Umpire or the 2 nd Referee   The 2 nd referee stands outside the playing court near the post on the opposite side facing the first referee. He is the assistant of the first referee and has his own range of jurisdiction. He may replace the first referee if he cannot continue his work. He may signals fault outside the jurisdiction but may not insist on them to the first referee. He also controls the players in the warm up area.     Next Back
  45. 46. The 2 nd referee authorizes interruptions, controls the duration, the resects improper requests. He controls the number of time – outs and substitutions used by each team and reports the second time out and the fifth and sixth substitutions to the first referee and the coach concerned. In case of an injury of a player, he authorizes an exceptional substitution or grants a three – minute recovery time. He checks the floor condition, mainly in the front zone. He also checks during the match that the ball still fulfill the regulations. Next Back
  46. 47. <ul><li>At the start of each set, at the change of courts in the deciding set and whenever necessary, he checks that the actual positions of the players on the court correspond to those on the line – up sheet. During the match, he whistles and signals positional faults of the receiving team, like. </li></ul><ul><li>Contact of the players with the net and the antenna. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Penetration into the opponent’s court and the space under the net. </li></ul><ul><li>The attack hit or blocks faults of the back row players. </li></ul>Next Back
  47. 48. <ul><li>The ball that crosses the net outside the crossing space into the opponents court or touches the antenna on his side of the court; and </li></ul><ul><li>The contact of the ball within an outside object or with the floor when the first referee is not in position to see the contact. </li></ul><ul><li>Scorer </li></ul><ul><li>He is seated at the scorer’s table on the opposite side of the court facing the first referee. </li></ul>Next Back
  48. 49.   He keeps the score sheet according to the rules, cooperating with the second referee. He user a buzzer or any other sound device to give signals to referees on the basis of his responsibilities. Prior to the game set, he registers the data of the match and teams according to procedures in force and obtains the signatures of the captains and coaches. The scorer records the starting line up of each team from the line up sheet. He notifies the second referee if he fails to receive the line up sheet on time. He must not show the line up sheet to anyone except the referees. He records the points scored and ensures that the score board indicates the correct score.       Next Back
  49. 50. He controls the serving order of each team and indicates any error to the referees immediately after the service hit. The scorer records the time outs and player substitutions controlling their number and informs the second referee. He notifies the referees of a request for interruptions that are out of order. He announces to the referees the end of the sets and the scoring of the 8 th point in the deciding set. He records the sanctions, warning, penalties. At the end of the match, he records the final result. He signs the score sheet and obtains the signatures of the team captains and then the referees.   Next Back
  50. 51. In case of protest, he writes or permits the team captain to write on the score sheet a statement on the incident protested. Line Judgment or Lineman If there are 4 line judges, they stand the free zone at 1 to 3 m. from each corner of the court, on the imaginary extension of the line that they control. If only two, they stand at the corners of the court nearest to the right hand of each referee diagonally at 1 to 2 m. from the corner. They perform their functions by using a flag and they are going to give a signal if the ball is “in” or “out”. Next Back
  51. 52. They signal the touches of “out” balls by the team receiving the ball. They when the ball touches the antenna, the served ball crosses the net outside the crossing space. They signal if any player ( except the service ) steps outside of her playing court at the moment of the service hit. They signal the foot faults of the server. They must repeat his signal upon the request of the 1 st referee.   Next Back
  52. 53. Player’s Positions   After a serve or attack, the back row players try to dig the ball and get it to the passer. The passer then usually tips it to the front row players or the spiker, who tries to score a point with a spike or tip into the other team’s zone.       Position Exercise No. 3 Next Back
  53. 54. Back
  54. 55. Participants and their responsibilities Lesson 4 Next Back
  55. 56. <ul><li>Identify the players and their specific responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Enumerate the rights and responsibilities of the players, the team captain, coach and the assistant coach. </li></ul><ul><li>Locate the different position of the participants in relation to their placement in the court. </li></ul>Objectives of the Lesson Next
  56. 57. Player A team is composed of a maximum of 12 players. Only the players recorded on the score sheet may participate in the match. They are seated at their own team bench located beside the scorer’s table. Those in the playing court assume the position as LF ( left forwarded ), CF ( center forward ), RF ( right forward ), RB ( right back ), CB ( center back ), LB ( left back ). Only the team members are permitted to sit on the bench during the match and to participate in the warm – up. Next
  57. 58. Participants must know the official volleyball rules and abide by them. Must accept referee’s decision with sports manlike conduct. Must behave respectfully and courteously in the spirit of fair play, towards the officials, opponents, teammates and spectators. Must refrain from actions aimed at influencing referee’s decisions and actions at delaying the game. Team Captain Team captain should be indicated in the score sheet and identified inside the court, another player will be designated as team captain. Next Back
  58. 59. He should sign the score sheet before and after the game. He should represent his team in the toss. He is authorized to speak to the referee while the ball is out of play, to ask authorization to change uniform or equipment; verify position of the teams. If there is a previously expressed disagreement while the 1st referee, he should or many confirm it is a protest and record it on the score sheet. Next Back
  59. 60. <ul><li>Coach </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout the match, he conducts the play of his team from outside the playing court. He selects the starting line ups, their substitutes and takes time outs for giving instructions. His contracting official is 2nd referee. He records and checks the names and members of his players on the score sheet and then signs it. Prior to each set he gives the scorer or the second referee the line – up sheets duly filled in and signed. </li></ul>Next Back
  60. 61. <ul><li>Coach also sits in the team bench nearest the scorer, but may temporarily leave it. He requests time outs and substitutions. He may give instructions to the players on the court but only while sitting on the bench or within the warsm up are without disturbing or delaying the match. </li></ul>Next Back
  61. 62. Assistant Coach He sits on the team bench but has no right to inter venue in the match. Should the coach have to leave his team, he may at the request of the game captain with the authorization of the first referee, assume the coach’s functions. Exercise No. 4 Next Back
  62. 63. Lesson 5 Forearm Pass Next Back
  63. 64. 1. To identify the given skills/techniques. 2. To define the different skills. 3. To react actively in the different skills that has been given. 4. To perform or to repeat the different skills that has been given Objectives of the Lesson Next
  64. 65. Forearm Pass -The Forearm Pass may also called as the “bump” or “dig” and it is used in serving the ball and in hard – driven spikes. It is also used for passing the ball if it’s hard for you to handle it by the overhand passing technique. The bump Next
  65. 66. The bump Definition Back
  66. 67. It is used in both defensive (keeping the ball from falling to the floor) and offensive (restarting the attack by bumping toward the passer and send the ball to the spiker). The floor dig Back
  67. 68. The floor dig Definition Back
  68. 69. This is performed to get the ball that would be impossible to play, using one or two – hand bump. Back
  69. 70. <ul><li>Forearm Pass </li></ul><ul><li>I. Ready Position </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is done by the player in a semi – squat position with the angle between the upper and lower leg in 90 degrees. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread your feet leveled at your shoulders with one foot slightly ahead of your other foot. </li></ul></ul>Next Back
  70. 71. <ul><ul><li>Transfer your weight to the balls of your feet while raising the heels slightly off the floor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put your trunk in a vertical position and extend your hands and arms loosely in front of your body and relaxed </li></ul></ul>Next Back
  71. 72. There are three types of forearm: <ul><li>Stride and Flex Forearm Pass </li></ul><ul><li>One – arm Emergency Dig </li></ul><ul><li>The Dive </li></ul>Back Next Exercise No. 5
  72. 73. This is done by conscious relaxation of the arms and the hands. It is also applied of forwarding the momentum of the ball as it changed direction. Back
  73. 74. Arms are remain straight and corresponds to the floor during the ball contact. The extension of the ankle, knee and hip provides the force in redirecting the ball in the opposite direction. In case of a hard – driven spike, be ready of the speed you might needed in the incoming ball which will determine ball control. Back
  74. 75. This is done by the player if it is impossible to hit a spike or to serve it right. Back
  75. 76. Lesson 6 Overhand Pass Next Back
  76. 77. <ul><li>To describe the uses of forearm pass. </li></ul><ul><li>2. To explain why it is important to have a proper position in overhand pass. </li></ul>Objectives of the Lesson Next
  77. 78. Body Position
  78. 79. <ul><li>Body Position </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The passer must move quickly under the incoming ball. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The body must be in the vertical midline directly with the ball. The position of the lower body is the same required in the forearm pass. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The playing position is the same given in the forearm pass. But all movement is forward as the ball played. </li></ul></ul>Next Back
  79. 80. <ul><li>II. Ball Contact </li></ul><ul><li>It requires a high degree of skill to allow a legal contact which is quite exacting in the set. </li></ul>The Tip Next Back
  80. 81. It is used during the match and the tip is a move that can be used between receiving and attacking. It is made with an upward movement of the legs and arms. Back
  81. 82. <ul><li>Ball Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>In this phase, the ball is contacted directly 6” in front and above the forehead. Any variance to either side may result to infraction of the rules because the ball may be redirected or thrown away. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Finger Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>The position of the fingers must always be consistent upon contact to make the pass accurate . </li></ul>Next Back
  82. 83. <ul><li>Proper positioning of the fingertips is to form an equilateral triangle in the center of the ball, with the thumbs and index fingers serving as the sides. </li></ul><ul><li>The ball touches the digital areas of the fingers. </li></ul><ul><li>The main contacting areas are the thumbs, the index fingers, and the forefingers, using the ring finger and the little finger to stabilize the ball contact. </li></ul>Next Back
  83. 84. 4. The big muscles provide the energy for acceleration while the smaller muscles of the fingers provide accuracy of the pass. 5. A complete extension for all levers is most desirable. This is the “follow through” direction, which completes the fundamental movement pattern of the pass. Next Back
  84. 85. 6. Synchronization is the keyword. Early contacts result to inaccuracy of the pass, late contact will result in the ball’s coming to rest, which causes rule infraction. Exercise No. 6 Next Back
  85. 86. Lesson 7 Underhand Serve Next Back
  86. 87. Objectives of the Lesson <ul><li>To identify the underhand serve. </li></ul><ul><li>To state the importance of service. </li></ul><ul><li>To be aware of the proper body positioning in executing the underhand serve. </li></ul>Skill Next
  87. 88. The major purpose of the serve is to put the ball in play. Back
  88. 89. <ul><li>Body Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>The player must attempt to develop a specific serving pattern. He must be consistent in serving and controlling the ball. </li></ul><ul><li>The player must see to it that he is not so near with the baseline because it will decrease his serving efficiency and the ball must be in upward direction. </li></ul><ul><li>To assure a good balance, spread the feet with the shoulder width with the left foot 4” to 8” in advance of the right (for right – handed server). </li></ul>Next
  89. 90. <ul><li>The body, knees, hips and trunk are slightly relaxed. </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary Arm Action </li></ul><ul><li>The ball is handled by the left hand about 12” in front of the body just to the right of the right hip. </li></ul><ul><li>The extended right arm is brought back until the arms and trunk reached the approximate angle which is 70 degrees. </li></ul>Next Back
  90. 91. <ul><li>The hand of the striking arm is relaxed and open with the wrist slightly hyper extended to enable the heel of the hand as the contact area. </li></ul><ul><li>II. Ball Hand Contact </li></ul><ul><li>The body weight is on the right foot. And the left slides forward 6” to 12”. The ball is hit out of the hand. </li></ul><ul><li>The ball is hit by the heel of the hand and inside of the wrist and place below the center of the axis of the ball. </li></ul>Next Back
  91. 92. <ul><li>The ball should be smartly contacted with the heel of the hand to minimize follow through. </li></ul>Exercise No. 7 Next Back
  92. 93. Lesson 8 Overhand Serve Next Back
  93. 94. Objectives of the Lesson 1. To explain the executions of overhand serve. 2. To recall the proper positions in handling the ball. Skill Next
  94. 95. Overhand Serve Back
  95. 96. <ul><li>Body Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>The server may stand from 2’ to 10’ behind the baseline. </li></ul><ul><li>The player who is a right – handed server should face the right net standard. </li></ul><ul><li>The left foot is advance of the right foot about 12”. </li></ul><ul><li>Flex the knees for comfort and for relaxation. </li></ul>Next Skill
  96. 97. Toss – is a motion making an upward lift of both hand and ball. Back
  97. 98. <ul><li>II. Toss, Stride and Arm Action </li></ul><ul><li>Toss the ball straight up to a height of 2’ to 3’ and about 11/2’ in front of the right shoulder. </li></ul><ul><li>Hold the ball with your two hands in front of your right shoulder. Place the striking hand on the top of the ball and the left hand under the ball for support and balance. </li></ul><ul><li>When the ball is tossed, the weight shifts to the rear foot. </li></ul>Next Back
  98. 99. <ul><li>The striking action resembles a catcher’s throw to second base. The arm is flexed and placed behind the ear. With the upper body slightly moved to the right. </li></ul><ul><li>When the ball drops to a position slightly above head level but directly front of the right shoulder, then the body weight begins to transfer to the front foot while the upper body rotates toward the ball. </li></ul>Next Back
  99. 100. <ul><li>Snap the striking arm forward from its cocked position, then contact the ball by jabbing it using the heel of the hand. After striking the ball, pulled back your striking arm immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>III. Ball – Hand Contact </li></ul><ul><li>A compact striking surface provides by the heel of the hand which helps eliminates the spin. The vibration of the ball while in the air will produce by digging it. Ball – hand contact must be solid and sharp and the hand remains loosen by hyper – extended throughout the serve. </li></ul>Next Back
  100. 101. <ul><li>Contact must be in the center of the ball. Striking the ball above the midline will create topspin and can cause the ball to drop into the net. And striking the ball below the midline will result in backspin and an unduly high trajectory. </li></ul>Skill Next Back Exercise No. 8
  101. 102. The Serve Underhand serve is legal but in the international level players use an overhand serve, mainly the tennis or jump serve. If it is well hit, the jump serve is a powerful offensive weapon. The server or the player can stand anywhere behind the 9m line. Back
  102. 103. Lesson 9 Blocking Next Back
  103. 104. Objectives of the Lesson <ul><li>To know the proper positions in executing blocking. </li></ul><ul><li>To remember the different important factors to consider in doing blocking. </li></ul>Next Skill
  104. 105. Definition Back
  105. 106. Is the action of players close to the net to intercept the ball coming from the opponents’ side by reaching higher than the top of the net. Blocking the ball is done when the player acted to block without touching the ball. Blockers are not expected to block all the spikes but to serve as a screen. The tallest player is usually a team’s main blocker. When there are two or three players do the blocking action, it is called collective block . Back
  106. 107. <ul><li>Body Positioning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The initial position is 6” to 12” from the net helps to minimize the error because beginners are generally make a mistake of jumping forward into the net. The basic position is to stand close to the net; the feet are spread to shoulder width, the knees are flexed and weight is on the balls of the feet. </li></ul></ul>Next
  107. 108. <ul><li>II. Playing Position </li></ul><ul><li>“ Keep your eye on the ball.” If the blocker can learn the spiker, his defense will improve. Because the stress in blocking must be on watching the spiker. </li></ul><ul><li>III. Blocking Action </li></ul><ul><li>Blocker concentrates on the spiker, he prepares for the block by flexing his legs to approximately 90 degrees angle and the arms are extended down slightly out from the sides for added thrust as he jumps. </li></ul>Next Back
  108. 109. <ul><li>Timing is critical. The blocker must delay his jump to prevent reaching his maximum height too early. </li></ul><ul><li>As the blocker jumps, his extended arms are swung upward in an arc parallel to the net and as the ball approaches, the hands snap forward across the net to contact the ball. Once the ball is contacted, the blocker must follow the ball and ready to play it. </li></ul><ul><li>A second time or hit the net if it is played up and set back to him by a teammate. </li></ul>Next Back
  109. 110. <ul><li>The blocker must form his block so that the ball will be deflected back into the court. To do this, turn the hands in a direction that will compensate the angle of the approaching spike and with an out – in – motion, sweep the ball into the opponent’s court. </li></ul><ul><li>The two - man block is the most common. The blockers work as a team, attempting either to block the ball back into the spiker’s court or force the spiker to hit into a well – protected area of the court. The outside blocker will line up in front of the spiker, and the middle blocker guards against the long corner power shot. </li></ul>Next Back
  110. 111. <ul><li>IV. Lateral Coverage </li></ul><ul><li>The center blocker is the key man in any blocking defense. He must learn to move quickly to the right or left, he also concentrates on the setter until he is certain of the direction of the set. </li></ul><ul><li>In moving laterally, the shuffle step is recommended for short distances. To keep the blocker from colliding with the outside blocker, and to assist him in achieving greater jumping height, the lead must be firmly planted before the block is attempted. </li></ul>Blockings Next Back
  111. 112. Ball lower than top of the act Ball above Ball touches the net. Back
  112. 113. <ul><li>V. Faults, Cases and Correction </li></ul><ul><li>The faults in making a successful blocking is natural and they have their different causes but it can be corrected. </li></ul><ul><li>Fault – Constantly hitting the net during blocking of the ball. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause – Not pulling the hands back after block action. </li></ul>Next Back
  113. 114. Correction – Flip the hands over and back rapidly. Practice this techniques without a ball until you become proficient. b. Fault – Jumping into the net or across the center line during the block. Cause – You fail to convert forward momentum into an upward force or starting too far from the net. Correction – Start with chest to net jump straight up. Do not take any forward steps. Next Back
  114. 115. c. Fault – Always missing the ball while blocking. Cause – Not watching the spiker at the moment of contact, or closing the eyes while making the block action. Correction – The player must watch the ball. Concentrate on the spiker’s arm and hand. Keep your eyes open and shift your hands to the right or left as you hit the ball to compensate for the spiker’s angle. Next Back
  115. 116. d. Fault – When blocking the ball into the net. Cause – You are not reaching over the net to contact the ball or poor timing. Correction – Work for a maximum jump, which should enable the player to get across the net. If the player can block the spiker’s side of the net, the ball will not cross the net. Next Back
  116. 117. e. Fault – Blocking the ball out of bounds during the block instead of flipping them downward for in bound trajectory. Correction – The player should turn the hands slightly inward. The angle of deflection will cause the ball to land in the opponent’s court if the skill is properly practiced and mastered. Exercise No. 9 Next Back
  117. 118. Lesson 10 Attack Hit Next Back
  118. 119. <ul><li>To define attack hit. </li></ul><ul><li>To differentiate spike from power spike. </li></ul>Objectives of the Lesson Skill Next
  119. 120. The spiker. A pure attack hit. The players who execute the spike have an excellent sense of balance in the air and can perceive and anticipate the actions and positions of the opposing team members. The first spike recorded in 1920 in the Philippines. (The “Philippine Bomb” Back
  120. 121. The Power Spike Few sports contain a fundamental, more difficult to execute than the spike. It consists of a running approach, take – off, contact with a moving ball, and landing without losing balance. All actions, which direct the ball towards the opponents, with the exception of service and block are considered as attack hits. Next
  121. 122. During an attack hit, tipping is permitted if the contact is clean and the hand does not accompany the ball. The attack hit is completed the moment the ball completely crosses the vertical plane of the net or is touched by an opponent. A front row player may complete an attack hit at any height, provided that the contact with the ball has been made within the player’s own playing space and the back row player may complete an attack hit from behind the front zone. Next Back
  122. 123. <ul><li>I. Hand Contact and Correct Arm Position </li></ul><ul><li>Having a correct arm action and hand contact makes up the initial phase of the spiking sequence. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact with the ball should be made with An open, relaxed hand at a point 6” to 8” in front of the spiking shoulder. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Point of contact on the open hand is somewhere between the base of the fingers and the heel of the hands. </li></ul></ul>Next Back
  123. 124. <ul><ul><li>The ball should be contacted slightly above its horizontal axis and directly in line with its vertical axis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The spiking arm is flexed and cocked, the upper body rotated to the right (for a right – handed spiker). The wrist is in a position of relaxed hyperextension with the hand open and relaxed. Extend the left arm and raised it above and in front of the head to aid in body balance. </li></ul></ul>Next Back
  124. 125. <ul><ul><li>The body is rotated during the spike, receiving impetus from the extended left arm balance. Added to this force is the action of the spiking arm. The arm is fully extended and the shoulder is lifted during the ball. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact. This lifting action of the shoulder gives the spiker extra reach. The follow – through for imparting topspin and direction to the ball will automatically occur if the hand and wrist are relaxed. </li></ul></ul>Next Back
  125. 126. <ul><ul><li>The fingers of the spiking hand will be pointing toward the floor after contact if the spike had been correctly executed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The force and acceleration of the ball is greater if the preparatory back swing is properly done. </li></ul></ul>Next Back
  126. 127. <ul><li>II. The Approach, Take – off and Landing </li></ul><ul><li>The Approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A proper approach is one that aligns the spiker with the ball enables him to attain correct relationship between the ball and his body. Forward momentum is then converted to upward thrust by using a heel - ball of the foot take – off. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The spiker’s distance depends on his stride but normally he should be 8 to 10 ‘from the net. </li></ul></ul>Next Back
  127. 128. <ul><li>The approach should be smooth and correctly timed. His first step is taken to align himself with the ball and the net. This approach will make the shoulder of the player parallel with the net. By doing this, greater versatility is permitted to enable the spiker to hit from any position on the court and to the right or left side of the opponent’s court. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The most important thing in preparing for the jump is the two final steps. The length of the first step depends on the distance of the ball from the spiker. The second step is shorter to allow the spiker to estimate his action in striking the ball. </li></ul></ul>Next Back
  128. 129. <ul><li>B. The take – off </li></ul><ul><li>The approach is also being concluded in the following positions: </li></ul><ul><li>Heels parallel, and planted in front of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Leg, hips and trunk flexed between 80 to 100 degrees. </li></ul><ul><li>Arms extended and swung backward as for as comfortably possible. </li></ul>Next Back
  129. 130. <ul><li>Head forward and eyes focused on the ball. </li></ul><ul><li>The heels are planted hard to take advantages of the action – reaction principle in jumping. </li></ul><ul><li>The arms begin to swing forward as the heels are planted in front of the body to stop the forward motion. The extending motion of the trunk, hips, legs and ankles in proper sequence will thrust the spiker upward. </li></ul>Next Back
  130. 131. <ul><li>The spiking arm moves into the cocked preliminary spiking position as the spiker’s arms reach the top of the upward arc. The body, led by balance arm, is rotated toward the spiking shoulder while the back is arched slightly. </li></ul><ul><li>In completing the spike, the player swings his balance arm downward, straightening his trunk and flexing his wrist. </li></ul>Next Back
  131. 132. <ul><li>C. Landing </li></ul><ul><li>The spiker’s feet should be spread to shoulder width to broaden his base of support thereby improving his balance and equilibrium. </li></ul><ul><li>Still, the major offensive weapon is the power spike. But with the new over the net block, accuracy and deception have become more important than just sheer power. </li></ul>Exercise No. 10 Next Back
  132. 133. Lesson 11 Playing Actions Next Back
  133. 134. Objectives of the Lesson <ul><li>To be familiarized in the different actions during the match. </li></ul><ul><li>To be able to define the such actions. </li></ul>Next
  134. 135. <ul><li>In volleyball, actions are determined by the ball restricted by the net and the court boundaries. Because of the restrictions imposed by the playing facilities and equipment, it is important to train the players to control their movements to answer these limitations and or restrictions. </li></ul><ul><li>STATES OF PLAY </li></ul><ul><li>Ball in Play </li></ul><ul><li>The first referee is authorized the ball in play from the moment of the hit of the service. </li></ul>Next
  135. 136. 2. Ball out of Play At the moment of the fault, the referee whistle when the ball is out of play; at the moment of the whistle, in the absence of the fault. 3. Ball “IN” When the ball touches the floor of the playing court including the boundary lines, the ball is “in” or counted. Next Back
  136. 137. <ul><li>4. Ball “OUT” </li></ul><ul><li>The following statements tell when the ball is out: </li></ul><ul><li>The part of the ball which contacts the floor is completely outside the boundary lines. </li></ul><ul><li>The ceiling or a person out of play when he touches an object outside the court. </li></ul><ul><li>It crosses completely the lower space under the net. </li></ul>Next Back
  137. 138. <ul><li>It touches the antennae, ropes, posts or the net itself outside the slide bands. </li></ul><ul><li>It crosses the vertical plane of the net either partially or totally outside the crossing space, ( except in the case ). </li></ul><ul><li>B. Playing the ball </li></ul><ul><li>A. Team hits </li></ul><ul><li>A hit is any contact with the ball by a player in play. The team is entitled to a maximum of three hits for returning the ball. If more are used, the team commits the fault of the “four hits”. </li></ul>Next Back
  138. 139. <ul><li>Consecutive contacts </li></ul><ul><li>A player may not hit the ball two times consecutively. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Simultaneously contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Two or three player may touch the ball at the same moment. When two opponents touch the ball simultaneously over the net and the ball remains in play, the team receiving the ball is entitled to another three hits of such a ball goes “out”, it is the fault of the team on the opposite side. </li></ul>Next Back
  139. 140. If simultaneously hits by “two” opponents over the net lead to a “catch”, it is a “ double fault” and the rally is replayed. B. Assisted hit Within the playing area, a player is not permitted to take support from a team mate or any structure/object in order to reach the ball. Next Back
  140. 141. C. Characteristics of the hit The ball may touch any part of the body, the ball must not be caught and/or thrown. It can be rebound in any direction. Exceptions At blocking, consecutive contacts maybe made by one or more blocker (s) provided by the contacts occur during one action. At the first hit of the team, the ball may contact various parts of the body consecutively that the contacts occur during one action. Next Back
  141. 142. <ul><li>Faults in playing the ball </li></ul><ul><li>Four hits – a team hits the ball four times before returning it. </li></ul><ul><li>Assisted hit – in order to reach the ball within the playing area, a player must take support from a team – mate or any structure/object. </li></ul><ul><li>Catch - the ball does not rebound from the hit, it is caught and/or thrown. </li></ul>Next Back
  142. 143. <ul><li>Double Catch - a player hits the ball twice in succession or the ball contacts various parts of his body succession. </li></ul><ul><li>Ball at the net </li></ul><ul><li>Ball crossing the net - The ball sent to the opponent’s court must go over the ball net within the net crossing space. </li></ul><ul><li>Ball touching the net - The ball may touch the net while crossing on it. </li></ul>Next Back
  143. 144. <ul><li>Ball in the net - A ball driven into the net maybe recovered within the limits of the three team hits. The rally is cancelled and replayed if the ball rips the mesh of the net or tears it down. </li></ul><ul><li>Player’s at the net </li></ul><ul><li>Reaching beyond the net </li></ul><ul><li>In blocking, the blocker may touch the ball beyond the net, provided that he does not interfere with the opponent’s play before or during the latter’s attack hit. </li></ul>Next Back
  144. 145. <ul><li>After an attack hit, a player is permitted to pass his hand beyond the net, provided that the contact has been made within his own playing. </li></ul><ul><li>Penetration under the net </li></ul><ul><li>It is permitted to penetrate into the opponents’ space under the net, provided that this does not interfere with the opponent’ play. Penetration into the opponent’s court, beyond the center line. </li></ul>Next Back
  145. 146. <ul><li>To touch the opponent’s court with a foot ( feet ) or hand (s) is permitted, provided that some part of the penetrating foot remains either in contact with or directly above the center line. </li></ul><ul><li>To contact the opponent’s court with any other part of the body is forbidden </li></ul><ul><li>A player may enter the opponent’s court after the ball goes out of play. </li></ul><ul><li>A player may penetrate into the opponent’s free zone provided that they do not interfere with the opponent’s play. </li></ul>Next Back
  146. 147. Contact with the net Contact with the net by a player is not a fault, unless it is made during the action of playing the ball, or it interfere with the play. Some actions of playing the ball may include actions in which the players do not actually touch the ball. Once the player has hit the ball, he/she may touch the post, rope or any other object outside the total length of the net provided that it does not interfere with play. Next Back
  147. 148. When the ball is driven into the net and causes it to touch an opponent, no fault is committed. Player’s fault at the net A player penetrates into the opponent’s space under the net, interfering with the latter’s play. A player penetrates into the opponent’s court. A player touches the ball or an opponent in the opponents’ space before or during the opponents’ attack hit. Exercise No. 11 Next Back
  148. 149. Lesson 12 Rules in the structure of the play Next Back
  149. 150. Objectives of the Lesson <ul><li>To identify how the game started. </li></ul><ul><li>To be guided on how warm – up sessions are to be conducted. </li></ul><ul><li>To state the teams’ line – up and their position in the court. </li></ul>Next
  150. 151. <ul><li>Rules on the structure of the play </li></ul><ul><li>A. The toss </li></ul><ul><li>Before the match, the first referee carries out a toss to decide upon the first service and the sides of the court in the first set. If a deciding set is to be played, a new toss will be carried out. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The toss is taken in the presence of the two (2) team captains. </li></ul>Next
  151. 152. <ul><li>3. The winner of the toss chooses either: </li></ul><ul><li>The right to serve or to receive the service. </li></ul><ul><li>The side of the court. The looser takes the remaining choice. </li></ul><ul><li>4. In case of consecutive warm – ups, the team that has the first service takes the first turn in the net. </li></ul>Next Back
  152. 153. <ul><li>B. Warm – up Session </li></ul><ul><li>With the prior in the match, if the teams have previously had a playing court at their disposal, each team will have a three – minute warm – up and if not, they may have five minutes each. </li></ul><ul><li>2. If both team captains agree to warm – up at the net together, the teams may do so for 6 to 10 minutes. </li></ul>Next Back
  153. 154. <ul><li>C. The team line – up </li></ul><ul><li>There must be six players per team in play. The team’s starting line – up indicates the rational order of the players on the court. This order must be maintained throughout the set. </li></ul><ul><li>Before the start to each set, the coach has to present the starting line – up of his/her team on a line – up sheet. The sheet is submitted, duly filled in and signed, to the second referee of the scorer. </li></ul>Next Back
  154. 155. <ul><li>Substitutes are the players who are not in the starting line – up of a set. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the line – up sheet has been delivered to the second referee or to the scorer, no change line – up may be authorized without a normal substitutions. </li></ul><ul><li>If there is a discrepancy discovered between the line – up sheet, players’ positions must be rectified according to that on the line – up sheet. There will be no penalty. </li></ul>Next Back
  155. 156. <ul><li>Equally, if there is a player on court not recorded at all on the line – up sheet, before the start of the set, the line – up on court must be rectified according to the line – up sheet. And there will be no penalty. </li></ul><ul><li>Positions </li></ul><ul><li>The moment the ball is hit by the server, each team must be positioned within its own court in the rational order (except the server). </li></ul>Next Back
  156. 157. <ul><li>The positions of the players are numbered as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>The three players along the net are front row players and occupy the position 4 (front left), 3 (front center), 2 (front right). The other three are back row players occupying position 5 (back left), 6 (back - center), and 1 (back right). </li></ul><ul><li>Each back row player must be positioned further back from the net than the corresponding front row player. The front row players and the back row players respectively must be positioned laterally. </li></ul>Next Back
  157. 158. <ul><li>The positions of players are determined and controlled according to the position of their feet contacting the ground as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>Each front player must have at least a part of his/her foot closer to the center line than the feet of the corresponding back row player. </li></ul><ul><li>Each right (left) side player must have at least a part of his/her foot closer to the right (left) sideline than the feet of the center player of his row. </li></ul>Next Back
  158. 159. <ul><li>Positional Fault </li></ul><ul><li>A rational fault is committed when the service is not made according to the rational order. It leads to the following consequences: </li></ul><ul><li>The team is sanctioned with a loss of rally. </li></ul><ul><li>Players’ rotational order is rectified. </li></ul>Next Back
  159. 160. <ul><li>Additionally, the scorer should determine the exact moment when the fault was committed and all points remain valid. If that moment cannot be determined, no point(s) cancellation takes place and the loss of rally is the only sanction. </li></ul><ul><li>Substitutions of players </li></ul><ul><li>A substitution is the act by which a player leaves the court and another player occupies his/her position. </li></ul><ul><li>Substitution requires the referee’s authorization. </li></ul>Next Back
  160. 161. <ul><li>Limitations of Substitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Six substitutions is the maximum permitted per team per set. One or more players of the starting line – up may leave the game and re – enter, but only once in a set, and only to his/her previous position in the line – up. </li></ul><ul><li>2. A substitute player may enter the game, but only once per set in the place of a starting line – up player, and he/she can only be replaced by the player whom he/she replaced. </li></ul>Next Back
  161. 162. Exceptional Substitution An injured player, who cannot continue playing should be substituted legally. If this is not possible, the team is entitled to make an exceptional substitution. Substitution for Expulsion An expelled or disqualified player must be replaced through a legal substitution. If this is not possible, the team is declared incomplete. Next Back
  162. 163. Illegal Substitution A substitution is illegal, if it exceeds the limitations indicated. Limitations of substitutions are done except in the exceptional substitution. When a team has made an illegal substitution and a play has been resumed, the following procedure shall apply: Next Back
  163. 164. <ul><li>The team is penalized with loss of rally. </li></ul><ul><li>The substitution is rectified. </li></ul><ul><li>The point is scored by the team at fault committed are cancelled. </li></ul><ul><li>The opponents’ points remain valid. </li></ul>Exercise No. 12 Next Back
  164. 165. Lesson 13 Officials' Signals Next Back
  165. 166. <ul><li>To be able to define the hand signals used by the referees. </li></ul><ul><li>To follow how the hands are performed as demonstrated. </li></ul>Objectives of the Lesson Next Back
  166. 167. <ul><li>Ball in Bounds </li></ul>Officials' Signals <ul><li>Ball Out </li></ul><ul><li>Ball out after player contact </li></ul><ul><li>Ball serve into the net player touching the net </li></ul><ul><li>Beckoning the serve </li></ul><ul><li>Double fault play over </li></ul><ul><li>Double hits </li></ul><ul><li>End of game </li></ul><ul><li>Held thrown lifted carried </li></ul>Next Back <ul><li>Four hits </li></ul>
  167. 168. <ul><li>Illegal attack or block over net </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal block or screen </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of rally or point </li></ul><ul><li>Out of rotation or over lap </li></ul><ul><li>Substitution </li></ul><ul><li>Time out </li></ul><ul><li>Side out ( R arm for R team, L arm for L team ) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical foul </li></ul><ul><li>Ball in </li></ul><ul><li>Double foul </li></ul><ul><li>Thrown ball ( 2 sweeps of arm ) </li></ul><ul><li>Lifted ball ( upsweep of arms ) </li></ul><ul><li>Held ball </li></ul>Back
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  191. 192. <ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What was the first name of volleyball? </li></ul><ul><li>Who invented volleyball and how it was developed? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Who changed the first name of volleyball? </li></ul><ul><li>What became the basis of inventing volleyball? </li></ul><ul><li>Name the person who introduced volleyball in the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Mr. Morgan invented a new game? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Who introduced volleyball in Asia? </li></ul>Back to T.o.C. Back to L.
  192. 193. <ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What are the two boundary lines and their measurement? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the height of an official volleyball? </li></ul><ul><li>What line separates the front zone and from the back zone? </li></ul><ul><li>In the familiarization of the ball, was it easy to throw and catch? If no, why? </li></ul><ul><li>How many inches will be the difference of the height of the net for men compared to that of the women? </li></ul>Back to the T.o.C. Back to L.
  193. 194. <ul><li>The following questions are officials’ responsibilities. Tell whether the question is a responsibility of: </li></ul><ul><li>Referee </li></ul><ul><li>Umpire of the 2 nd referee </li></ul><ul><li>Scorer </li></ul><ul><li>Line judges or line men. </li></ul>Next Back to T.o.C. Back to L.
  194. 195. <ul><li>Following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>He performs the toss with the team captain. </li></ul><ul><li>He keeps the scorer sheet according to the rules, cooperating with the 2 nd referee. </li></ul><ul><li>He is seated or standing on a referee’s stands located on the end of the net. </li></ul><ul><li>They perform their functions by using a flag. </li></ul><ul><li>He controls the player in the warm – up area. </li></ul><ul><li>He authorizes interruptions, controls the duration, and rejects improper requests. </li></ul>Next
  195. 196. <ul><li>He decided upon the faults in playing the ball, the faults above the net and its upper part. </li></ul><ul><li>He signs the score sheet and obtains the signatures of the team captains and the referees. </li></ul><ul><li>They signal if the ball is “in” or “out”. </li></ul><ul><li>He controls the teams’ warming - up. </li></ul><ul><li>They signal the foot faults of the server. </li></ul><ul><li>He records the points scored and ensures that the score board indicates the correct score. </li></ul>Next
  196. 197. <ul><li>They must repeat his signal upon the request of the 1 st referee. </li></ul><ul><li>He may replace the 1 st referee if he cannot continue his work. </li></ul>Back
  197. 198. <ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>How many players are there in a team? </li></ul><ul><li>Enumerate the participants in volleyball. </li></ul><ul><li>He sits on the team bench but has no right to intervene in the match. </li></ul><ul><li>He should represent his team in the toss. </li></ul><ul><li>He requests time outs and substitution. </li></ul>Back to L. Back to T.o.C.
  198. 199. <ul><li>Answer the following questions by choosing the letter of your answer: </li></ul><ul><li>It is used un serving the ball. </li></ul><ul><li>This action is both used in defensive and offensive. </li></ul><ul><li>This action is performed the ball that would be impossible to play. </li></ul><ul><li>This action is done by a semi- squat position. </li></ul><ul><li>This action remain straight and corresponds to the floor during the ball contact. </li></ul><ul><li>This is done by conscious relaxation of the arms and the hands. </li></ul>Next Back to L. Back to T.o.C.
  199. 200. <ul><li>It is done by the player when the ball is impossible to hit a spike. </li></ul><ul><li>Forearm Pass </li></ul><ul><li>Bump </li></ul><ul><li>Dig </li></ul><ul><li>One – arm Emergency dig </li></ul><ul><li>Stride and flex Pass </li></ul><ul><li>Dive </li></ul>Back
  200. 201. <ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>How does the body position affect the correct execution of the overhand pass? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>What will be the result of having a wrong finger positioning in making a overhand pass? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to do the overhand pass and tell the factors that can affect in doing a successful overhand pass. Explain. </li></ul>Back to L. Back to T.o.C.
  201. 202. <ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What is major purpose of the serve in volleyball? Why? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the movement pattern of an underhand serve. Demonstrate. Then explain what will happen if you do not have a proper body positioning. </li></ul><ul><li>Does the shifting of the body weight in the act of the ball – hand contact affects the efficiency of the serve? Why? </li></ul>Back to L. Back to T.o.C.
  202. 203. <ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>State the correct position of handling the ball during service. </li></ul><ul><li>How would one prepare himself to do the overhand serve? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Watch a competitive volleyball match then differentiates their service with the beginner’s play. </li></ul>Back to L. Back to T.o.C.
  203. 204. <ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Is it important to know the correct arm action to have a good block? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the initial position of the blocker affect the result of the block? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Is their any importance of doing timing during blocking? Why? </li></ul>Next Back to L. Back to T.o.C.
  204. 205. <ul><li>B. Answer the following questions by picking the letter of your answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Blocking </li></ul><ul><li>Tallest player </li></ul><ul><li>Blocker </li></ul><ul><li>Collective block </li></ul><ul><li>Timing </li></ul>Next Back
  205. 206. <ul><li>Following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Usually the team’s main blocker. </li></ul><ul><li>It is critical and needed by the player to prevent reaching his maximum height </li></ul><ul><li>Is a two or three players blocking action? </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrates on the spiker. </li></ul><ul><li>Action of players close to the net to intercept the ball coming from the opponent’s side by reaching higher than the top of the net. </li></ul>Back
  206. 207. <ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Is the power spike the major offensive weapon? Why and why not? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the power spike more difficult than the spike? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Define attack hit. </li></ul><ul><li>General Activity of the different skills </li></ul><ul><li>Try to do the different skills in serving and passing the ball then pick the skills that you think is the more easier and effective to do. Explain. </li></ul>Back to L. Back to T.o.C.
  207. 208. <ul><li>There are two columns A and B. The following statements are under in Column A, then pick your answer under in Column B. </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>The team is entitled to a maximum of three hits in addition to blocking for returning the ball. </li></ul><ul><li>The ball is in play from the moment of the service authorized by the 1st referee. </li></ul><ul><li>A player hits the ball twice in succession. </li></ul><ul><li>A player may not hit the ball two times consecutively. </li></ul>Back to L. Next B Back to T.o.C.
  208. 209. <ul><li>The ball is “in” when it touches the ball at the playing court including the boundary lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Players are not permitted to take support from a team mate or any structure/object in order to reach the ball. </li></ul><ul><li>A player does not hit the ball, and the ball is caught and/or thrown. </li></ul>Next Back B
  209. 210. <ul><li>The ball is “out” when the part of the ball contacts the floor and is complete outside the boundary lines. </li></ul><ul><li>A ball driven into the net maybe recovered within the limits of the three team hits, except the service. </li></ul><ul><li>A team hits the ball four times before returning it. </li></ul>B Back
  210. 211. <ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>Ball in play </li></ul><ul><li>Ball out </li></ul><ul><li>Consecutive contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Ball in </li></ul><ul><li>Four hits </li></ul><ul><li>Catch </li></ul><ul><li>Double contact </li></ul><ul><li>Assisted hit </li></ul><ul><li>Ball in the net </li></ul><ul><li>Team hits </li></ul>Back
  211. 212. <ul><li>Answer the following questions by choosing the letter of your answer in the desk chair: </li></ul><ul><li>This is done before the match. </li></ul><ul><li>These are the people who are involved in the toss. </li></ul><ul><li>Number of the players per team in play. </li></ul><ul><li>Term for impossible substitution of a player. </li></ul>Next Back to L. Back to T.o.C.
  212. 213. Team Captain T O S S S I X Incomplete Back Next
  213. 214. <ul><li>B. Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Should the line – up be maintained throughout the net? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Name the different position of the players in the court. </li></ul><ul><li>Cite some of the rotational faults. </li></ul>Back
  214. 215. Terminology Ace - An in-bound legal serve that the opponents cannot return, resulting in a point for the serving team. Antenna - The vertical rods along the outside edge of the net; they extend 32 inches above the net and indicate out of bounds along the sideline. Assist - Passing or setting the ball to a teammate, who attacks the ball for a kill. Attack - The offensive action of hitting the ball; the attempt by one team to terminate the play by hitting the ball to the floor on the opponent’s side. Next Back
  215. 216. Attack block - Receiving players’ aggressive attempts to block the spiked ball before it crosses the net. Attack line - A line three meters from the net; the attack line separates the front-row players from the block-row players. Attacker - Also “hitter” an “spiker”; a player who attempts to hit a ball offensively with the purpose of terminating play in his or her team’s favor. Back-row attack - An attack in which the back-row player jumps from behind the nine meter line and attacks the ball. Next Back
  216. 217. Back set - A set made when the setter’s back is toward the hitter. Block - A defensive play by one or more players meant to intercept a spiked ball; the combination of one, two, or three players jumping in front of the opposing spiker and contacting the spiked ball with the hands. Bump - Descriptive slang for forearm passing. Bump pass - The use of joined forearms to pass or set a ball in an underhand manner. Next Back
  217. 218. Center line - The line directly under the net that divides the court into two equal halves. Closing the block - The responsibility of the assisting blocker(s) to angle the body relative to the first blocker. Cross-court shot - An individual attack directed at an angle from one end of the offensive team’s side of the net to the opposite side line of the defensive team’s court. Cut shot – A spike from hitter’s strong side that travels at a sharp angle across the net. Next Back
  218. 219. Decoy – An offensive play meant to disguise the spiker who will receive the set. Deep set – A set to be hit away from the net to confuse the blockers. Dig – Passing a spike or rapidly hit ball; slang for the art of retrieving an attacked ball close to the floor. Dink – Also “tip”; a legal push of the ball around or over blockers. Next Back
  219. 220. Double block – Two players working in unison to intercept a ball at the net. Double hit – Successive hits by the same player (illegal). Double quick – Two hitters approaching the setter for a quick inside hit. Doubles – A game with two players on a side. Down ball – A ball the blockers elects not to attempt to block because it has been set too far from the net or the hitter is not under control. Next Back
  220. 221. Five–one – An offensive system that uses five hitters and one setter. Five – set – Set to the right front hitter with a back set. Flair – Inside – out path of an outside spiker who hid behind a quick hitter. Floater – A serve with no spin that follows an erratic path. Next Back
  221. 222. Forearm pass – A pass in which the player’s arms are joined from the elbows to the wrist; the player strikes the ball with the fleshy part of his or her forearms in an underhand motion. Foul – A violation of the rules. Forearm pass – A pass in which the player’s arms are joined from the elbows to the wrist; the player strikes the ball with the fleshy part of his or her forearms in an underhand motion. Foul – A violation of the rules. Next Back
  222. 223. Four set – A set one foot from the sideline, and on two feet above the net. Four-two - An offensive system using four hitters and two setters. Free ball – A ball that will be returned by a pass rather than a spike; the receiving team should move into serve receive positions. Held ball – A ball that comes to rest during contact, resulting in a foul. Hit – To jump and strike the ball with a forceful overhand shot. Next Back
  223. 224. Hitter – Also “spiker” or “attacker”; the player who is responsible for hitting the ball. Inside shoot – A play set; a 33. Isolation play – A play designed to isolate the attacker on a specific defender. Jump serve – A serve in which the server runs then jump high to serve. It is difficult but effective because speed is generated and the contact is made from a higher point. Jungle ball – Any gathering of people playing volleyball who don’t use correct techniques. Next Back
  224. 225. Key – To discern the opposing team’s next play by observing its patterns or habits. Kill – An attack that results in an immediate point or side out. Line – The marks that serve as boundaries of a court. Line shoot – A ball spiked along the opponent’s sideline that is closest to the hitter and outside the block. Middle back – A defensive system that uses the middle back player to cover deep spikes. Next Back
  225. 226. Middle up – A defensive system that uses the middle back player to cover dinks or short shots. Mintonette – The original name of the game of volleyball, which was created by William Morgan. Multiple offenses – A system of play that uses various sets, not just outside regular sets. Offside block – The player at the net on the side that is away from the opponent’s attack. Off-speed shot – A ball that loses power quickly because it was hit with less than usual force. Next Back
  226. 227. On hand – A ball set from the same side as the attacker’s favored hand; also called “strong side”. Overhand pass – A pass made with both hands open, controlled by the fingers, with the player’s face below the ball. Overhand serve – A serve in which the player strikes the ball with his or her hand above the shoulder. Overhead pass – A ball-handling skill in which the player uses both hands simultaneously to contact the ball above the head to direct to the intended target. Next Back
  227. 228. Pancake – A one-hand floor defensive technique where the player’s extended hand slides along the floor palm down while the player dives or extension rolls, so that the ball bounces off the back of the player’s hand. Pass – The first hit, which is aimed at the setter. Power alley – A cross-court hit that travels away from the spiker to the farthest point of the court. Ready position – The flexed yet comfortable posture a player assumes before moving to the point of contact. Next Back
  228. 229. Roof – To block a spike, usually straight down for a point. Rotation – The clockwise movements of players around the court and through the serving position following a side out. Serve – One of the basic volleyball skills; the serve puts the ball into play. Set – The tactical skill in which the ball is directed to a point where a player can spike it into the opponent’s court. Next Back
  229. 230. Setter – The player who makes the set to the attackers. Side out – Occurs when the receiving team successfully puts the ball away against the serving team commits an unforced error; the receiving team thus gains the right to serve. Spike - Also “hit” or “attack” a ball contacted with force by a player on the offensive team with the intent to terminate the ball on the opponent’s blocker. Sprawl - A technique used to get a low serve or spike. Next Back
  230. 231. Stuff - A ball that is deflected back to the attacking team’s floor by the opponent’s blockers. Target area – The area toward which the pass is directed; the setter is released into this area to prepare to set. Tip – Another term for “dink”. Transition – The term for changing from offense to defense or defense to offense; it must be done quickly and accurately. Underhand pass – Same as a bump. Next Back
  231. 232. Volley – An overhand pass or set. Wipe off – An offensive shot that is brushed off the blocker’s arms then goes out of bounds. Zones – A numbering system that designates the placement of a player or the target area of the ball. A common numbering system designates the back right third of the court (the area of the server) as zone 1. Zone 2 is the right front court. Zone 3 is the middle front third of the court. Zone 4 is the left front third. Zone 5 is the left back area and zone 6 is the middle back area. Next Back to T.o.C. Back
  232. 233. Selected References Book References Ball Sports for Fitness by Edgar C. Jimena Internet References http://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images;_ylt=A0S020oA8TRJvhsA1xCJzbkF?p=volleyball&fr=yfp-t-501&ei=utf-8&x=wrt&y=Search http://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images;_ylt=A0S0206z_TRJ0eoAne6JzbkF?fr2=sg-gac&sado=1&p=volleyball%20clipart&fr=yfp-t-501&ei=utf-8&x=wrt Next Back
  233. 234. http://images.google.com.ph/images?gbv=2&hl=tl&q=overhand+pass+in+volleyball&&sa=N&start=20&ndsp=20 http://images.google.com.ph/imgres?imgurl=http://content.answers.com/main/content/img/oxford/Oxford_Food_Fitness/0198631472.circuit-training.1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.answers.com/topic/circuit-training&usg=__RA4NztqeJwEnSjNjr5DQQ6F2TWU=&h=585&w=450&sz=30&hl=tl&start=4&tbnid=4VFUjI9jX0Rk-M:&tbnh=135&tbnw=104&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dstretching%2Bpositions%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Dtl%26sa%3DG Next Back
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  248. 249. %2526pstart%253D90%2526page%253D4%26thumbuselocalisedstatic%3Dfalse%26fn%3DVLB_C10.gif%26imagewidth%3D140%26imageheight%3D112%26fs%3D4%26ft%3Dgif%26f%3D2%26fm%3Di%26ftbURI%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fq%253Dvolleyball%2526page%253D4%2526o%253D0%2526l%253Ddir%2526pstart%253D90&qt=0 http://images.ask.com/fr?q=volleyball&desturi=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.signsbyyou.com%2Fdecals%2Fgraphic_decals_SPORTS- Volleyball.htm&fm=i&ac=16&ftURI=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.ask.com%2Ffr%3Fq%3Dvolleyball%26desturi%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.signsbyyou.com%252Fdecal Next Back
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  250. 251. %2526page%253D4%26thumbuselocalisedstatic%3Dfalse%26fn%3DVLB_C10.gif%26imagewidth%3D140%26imageheight%3D112%26fs%3D4%26ft%3Dgif%26f%3D2%26fm%3Di%26ftbURI%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fq%253Dvolleyball%2526page%253D4%2526o%253D0%2526l%253Ddir%2526pstart%253D90&qt=0 http://images.ask.com/fr?q=volleyball&desturi=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.signsbyyou.com%2Fdecals%2Fgraphic_decals_SPORTS-Volleyball.htm&fm=i&ac=16&ftURI=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.ask.com%2Ffr%3Fq%3Dvolleyball%26desturi%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.signsbyyou.com%252Fdecals%252Fgraphic_decals_SPORTS- Next Back
  251. 252. Volleyball.htm%26imagesrc%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.signsbyyou.com%252Fimages%252Fdecals%252F140c%252FSTV2%252FVOLBALL%252FVLB_C10.gif%26thumbsrc%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fimgtn2.ask.com%252Fts%253Ft%253D1790419109984103215%2526pid%253D23296%2526ppid%253D7%26o%3D0%26l%3Ddir%26initialURL%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fl%253Ddir%2526o%253D0%2526q%253Dvolleyball%2526qsrc%253D0%2526qid%253D5EB944E2FC2F681DC74E60DA3EEB3513%2526pstart%253D90%2526page%253D4%26thumbuselocalisedstatic%3Dfalse%26fn%3DVLB_C10.gif%26imagewidth%3D140%26imageheight%3D112%26fs%3D4%26ft%3Dgif%26f%3D2%26fm%3Di%26ftbURI%3Dhttp Next Back
  252. 253. %253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fq%253Dvolleyball%2526page%253D4%2526o%253D0%2526l%253Ddir%2526pstart%253D90&qt=0 http://images.ask.com/fr?q=volleyball&desturi=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.signsbyyou.com%2Fdecals%2Fgraphic_decals_SPORTS- Volleyball.htm&fm=i&ac=16&ftURI=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.ask.com%2Ffr%3Fq%3Dvolleyball%26desturi%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.signsbyyou.com%252Fdecals%252Fgraphic_decals_SPORTS- Next Back
  253. 254. Volleyball.htm%26imagesrc%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.signsbyyou.com%252Fimages%252Fdecals%252F140c%252FSTV2%252FVOLBALL%252FVLB_C10.gif%26thumbsrc%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fimgtn2.ask.com%252Fts%253Ft%253D1790419109984103215%2526pid%253D23296%2526ppid%253D7%26o%3D0%26l%3Ddir%26initialURL%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fl%253Ddir%2526o%253D0%2526q%253Dvolleyball%2526qsrc%253D0%2526qid%253D5EB944E2FC2F681DC74E60DA3EEB3513%2526pstart%253D90%2526page%253D4%26thumbuselocalisedstatic%3Dfalse%26fn%3DVLB_C10.gif%26imagewidth%3D140%26imageheight Next Back
  254. 255. %3D112%26fs%3D4%26ft%3Dgif%26f%3D2%26fm%3Di%26ftbURI%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fq%253Dvolleyball%2526page%253D4%2526o%253D0%2526l%253Ddir%2526pstart%253D90&qt=0 http://images.ask.com/fr?q=volleyball&desturi=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.signsbyyou.com%2Fdecals%2Fgraphic_decals_SPORTS- Volleyball.htm&fm=i&ac=16&ftURI=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.ask.com%2Ffr%3Fq%3Dvolleyball%26desturi%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.signsbyyou.com%252Fdecals%252Fgraphic_decals_SPORTS- Next Back
  255. 256. Volleyball.htm%26imagesrc%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.signsbyyou.com%252Fimages%252Fdecals%252F140c%252FSTV2%252FVOLBALL%252FVLB_C10.gif%26thumbsrc%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fimgtn2.ask.com%252Fts%253Ft%253D1790419109984103215%2526pid%253D23296%2526ppid%253D7%26o%3D0%26l%3Ddir%26initialURL%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fl%253Ddir%2526o%253D0%2526q%253Dvolleyball%2526qsrc%253D0%2526qid%253D5EB944E2FC2F681DC74E60DA3EEB3513%2526pstart%253D90%2526page%253D4%26thumbuselocalisedstatic%3Dfalse%26fn%3DVLB_C10.gif%26imagewidth Next Back
  256. 257. %3D140%26imageheight%3D112%26fs%3D4%26ft%3Dgif%26f%3D2%26fm%3Di%26ftbURI%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fq%253Dvolleyball%2526page%253D4%2526o%253D0%2526l%253Ddir%2526pstart%253D90&qt=0 http://images.ask.com/fr?q=volleyball&desturi=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.signsbyyou.com%2Fdecals%2Fgraphic_decals_SPORTS- Volleyball.htm&fm=i&ac=16&ftURI=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.ask.com%2Ffr%3Fq%3Dvolleyball%26desturi%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.signsbyyou.com Next Back
  257. 258. %252Fdecals%252Fgraphic_decals_SPORTS- Volleyball.htm%26imagesrc%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.signsbyyou.com%252Fimages%252Fdecals%252F140c%252FSTV2%252FVOLBALL%252FVLB_C10.gif%26thumbsrc%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fimgtn2.ask.com%252Fts%253Ft%253D1790419109984103215%2526pid%253D23296%2526ppid%253D7%26o%3D0%26l%3Ddir%26initialURL%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fl%253Ddir%2526o%253D0%2526q%253Dvolleyball%2526qsrc%253D0%2526qid%253D5EB944E2FC2F681DC74E60DA3EEB3513%2526pstart%253D90%2526page%253D4%26thumbuselocalisedstatic Next Back
  258. 259. %3Dfalse%26fn%3DVLB_C10.gif%26imagewidth%3D140%26imageheight%3D112%26fs%3D4%26ft%3Dgif%26f%3D2%26fm%3Di%26ftbURI%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fq%253Dvolleyball%2526page%253D4%2526o%253D0%2526l%253Ddir%2526pstart%253D90&qt=0 http://www.herders.de/images/volleyball_klein.jpg http://www.stampin.com/graphics/images/E-559.gif http://www.nald.ca/CLR/saraw/images/ch3p15b.jpg Next Back
  259. 260. http://www.missionbeachvolleyball.com/Images/logos/Volleyball.com.jpg http://www.cwu.edu/~jefferis/unitplans/volleyball/overhandserve.JPG http://images.ask.com/fr?q=volleyball+skills&desturi=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.cwu.edu%2F%257Ejefferis%2Funitplans%2Fvolleyball%2FVolleyTeachcues.html&fm=i&ac=16&ftURI=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.ask.com%2Ffr%3Fq%3Dvolleyball%2Bskills%26desturi%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.cwu.edu%252F%25257Ejefferis%252Funitplans%252Fvolleyball%252FVolleyTeachcues.html25 Next Back
  260. 261. .html%26imagesrc%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.cwu.edu%252F%25257Ejefferis%252Funitplans%252Fvolleyball%252Foverhandserve.JPG%26thumbsrc%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fimgtn1.ask.com%252Fts%253Ft%253D10392173562958519355%2526pid%253D23121%2526ppid%253D10%26o%3D0%26l%3Ddir%26initialURL%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fimgt%253Djpg%2526l%253Ddir%2526o%253D0%2526q%253Dvolleyball%252520skills%2526qsrc%253D168%26thumbuselocalisedstatic%3Dfalse%26fn%3Doverhandserve.JPG%26imagewidth%3D968%26imageheight%3D569%26fs%3D55%26ft%3Djpg%26f%3D2%26fm%3Di%26ftbURI Next Back
  261. 262. %3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.ask.com%252Fpictures%253Fimgt%253Djpg%2526q%253Dvolleyball%252Bskills%2526page%253D1%2526o%253D0%2526l%253Ddir%2526pstart%253D0&qt=0 http://www.allenallenvolleyball.com/resources/beach_volleyball.jpg http://www.bluestreakst.com/lib/img/programs/volleyball.jpg http://www.volleyballetc.com/images/clipIMG.jpg http://www.bpsd.org/IMS/Tech_Ed/8th%20Grade/Webpages_04-05/PD2-2ND-9WKS/conti.gabrielle/blocking2.jpg Next Back
  262. 263. http://library.thinkquest.org/C0122922/English/Training/Playing_Techniques/fpass.jpg http://visual.merriam-webster.com/images/sports-games/ball-sports/volleyball/techniques_1.jpg http://visual.merriam-webster.com/images/sports-games/ball-sports/volleyball/techniques_2.jpg http://www.times.co.nz/cms/image/1/art_xzQjpXQ1.jpg http://www.ourladyofsorrowsschool.org/images/volleyball_spike.jpg Next Back
  263. 264. http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/thumb_72/1153536472P88rfk.jpg http://www.fitsugar.com/2913649 http://www.abc-of-fitness.com/leg-stretch/standing-hamstring-stretch.asp http://www.abc-of-fitness.com/leg-stretch/calf-stretch.asp http://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images;_ylt=A0S020oA8TRJvhsA1xCJzbkF?p=volleyball&fr=yfp-t-501&ei=utf-8&x=wrt&y=Search Next Back
  264. 265. http://www.abc-of-fitness.com/leg-stretch/hip-flexor-stretch.asp http://www.dcdoctor.com/pages/rightpages_wellnesscenter/homeexercises/back/stretches/exer_back_st_rot.html http://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images;_ylt=A0S0206z_TRJ0eoAne6JzbkF?fr2=sg- gac&sado=1&p=volleyball%20clipart&fr=yfp-t-501&ei=utf-8&x=wrt http://images.google.com.ph/images?gbv=2&hl=tl&q=overhand+pass+in+volleyball&&sa=N&start=20&ndsp=20 Back Back to T.o.C.
  265. 266. Back Pectoral Stretch Wrist Stretch Upper trapezius Stretch Standing Hamstring Stretch Quadriceps Stretch Standing Calf Stretch Hip Flexor Stretch Piriformis Stretch Trunk Rotation Stretch Double knee to chest
  266. 267. Back Step(s)
  267. 268. You can do this stretch standing in a corner or in a doorway. Step: For a corner: Step 1 – Put your hands on each wall and lean into the corner. Tip: If you do not have a doorway or a corner, place your hands behind your head and move your elbows back until you stretch your chest. Back
  268. 269. Back Step(s)
  269. 270. Steps: Step 1 – Extend your right arm straight out in front of your right shoulder then turn your fingers down so your palm is facing away from you. Step 2 – Use your left hand in slightly putting pulling you fingers toward you. Stay for at least five breaths, pressing hard is for best stretching but be sure that you’re not feeling any pain. Step 3 – Then let go and turn your fingers up. Place your left hand to your right fingers then press toward you and hold them for also five breaths. Next Back
  270. 271. Step 4 – Then release and repeat the stretches to your left. Repeat the stretches for two minutes then shake out your hands for releasing your wrist. This stretch is great to do after push – ups and plunks. Back
  271. 272. Back Step(s)
  272. 273. This is for the upper extremity and neck flexibility. The purpose of this flexibility is to stretch the muscles in the upper body that are tight. Having a flexible body is needed; it allows the muscles and joints to work more easier and decreases the frequency of muscles strains and tendon injuries. Steps: Step 1 – Put your head from lowered shoulder by positioning ear toward front of the opposite shoulder, then hold and stretch. Step 2 – Repeat on the other side. Back
  273. 274. Back Step(s)
  274. 275. Femoris, Semitendinosus and Semimembranosus are the three muscles that make up your upper leg. These muscles enable you to extend the hip joint and flex the knee. You can do the hamstring stretch after a long walk or a jog. Steps: Step 1 – Stand and straighten your right leg on a bench, a step or a rail. Maintain that position with your right, support with leg bent slightly. You can ask for assistance or you can hold on to a bar or wall for the support. Next Back
  275. 276. Step 2 – Gently bend forward from the hips until you feel stretch in the back of your thigh, top of calf, and at the back of your knee. Hold for about eight seconds. Step 3 – Then slowly lean in further. Repeat to the other leg. Squats. Lunges and supine ball curl are the other stretches that you can use in stretching your hamstring. Back
  276. 277. Back Step(s)
  277. 278. This stretch strengthens your knees. Keeping quads strong also cut the risk of having knee injury or from strenuous activities. Steps: Step 1 – Stand and touch the wall for the balance. Step 2 – Straighten hip by moving knee backward. Hold and stretch. Then repeat to the other side. Back
  278. 279. Back Step(s)
  279. 280. The Gastrocnemius and the Soleus muscles are the muscles involved in this stretching. Gastrocnemius is the muscle stretchedbehind you and the soleus is the muscle stretched when you bed your knee. Steps: Step 1 – Lean forward with your hands at shoulder level against the wall then bend your right forward and extend your left leg with a straight knee behind. Step 2 – Keep your lower back flat and gently move your hips forward. Be sure that your heel of your left leg is on the ground with your toes pointed towards the wall. Hold for five up to ten seconds. Repeat on the other side. Back
  280. 281. Back Step(s)
  281. 282. Hip flexor muscles or iliopsoas consist of iliacus and psoas major muscles. It allows you to move your thighs towards your stomach area. Steps: Step 1- Kneel on both knees. Step 2 – Step your right foot by keeping your left knee on the floor and put your hands on the top of your right thigh. Back
  282. 283. Back Step(s)
  283. 284. Steps: Step 1 – Gently lie on the floor. Step 2 – Lift your left knee and then your right. Hold your knees with your hands for three seconds. Step 3 – After three seconds, bring your knees together and repeat the three second – stretch. Then do this for one up to three minutes. Back
  284. 285. Back Step(s)
  285. 286. Step: Step 1 – Rotate your torso to the right while keeping your pelvis facing forward. Hold this position up to five seconds then return to the starting position. Repeat to the other side. Back
  286. 287. Back Step(s)
  287. 288. Step: Step 1 – Bring your both knees up by keeping your toes pointed. Hold and support by putting your hands behind your legs and thighs. Keep up to 8 breaths. Back
  288. 289. Abba Paola F. Bautista Authors Maricris M. Villaflor Co - Authors Mr. For – ian V. Sandoval Mr. Francis Jose S. dela Cruz Back
  289. 290. Abba Paola F. Bautista Next
  290. 291. Name: Abba Paola Flores Bautista Birthday: April 2, 1991 Contact No.: 09099619861 Address: Gen. Luna St., Siniloan Laguna Parents: Father: Nestor F. Bautista Mother: Lourdes F. Bautista Educational Attainment: Elementary: Angela Ong Javier Mem. Elementary School Secondary: Laguna State Polytechnic University Tertiary: Laguna State Polytechnic University Back
  291. 292. Maricris M. Villaflor Next
  292. 293. Name: Maricris Mendoza Villaflor Birthday: March 11, 1991 Contact No.: 09216225625 Address: Brgy. J. Rizal Santa Maria Laguna Parents: Father: Rolando E. Villaflor Mother: Emelita M. Villaflor Educational Attainment: Elementary: Sta. Maria Elementary School Secondary: Sta. Maria National High School Tertiary: Laguna State Polytechnic University Back
  293. 294. Mr. For - ian V. Sandoval Next
  294. 295. Name: For – Ian Villanueva Sandoval Birthday: April 5, 1979 Contact No.: 0916 – 221 – 77 – 11 E-mail Address: [email_address] Educational Attainment: Elementary: Palasan Elementary School, Sta. Cruz Laguna Secondary: Union College of Laguna, Sta. Cruz Laguna Tertiary: Far Eastern University Course: Bachelor of Science in Mathematics Major: Computer Science Back
  295. 296. Mr. Francis Jose S. delaCruz Next
  296. 297. Name: Francis Jose S. dela Cruz Birthday: June 18, 1983 Contact No.: Address: San Marcos St., Balian, Pangil Laguna Educational Attainment: Elementary: Victor O. de Guia Memorial Elementary School Secondary: Balian National High School Tertiary: Polytechnic University of the Philippines Achievements: Registered coach in FINA, Philippine Amateur Swimming Association, Delegates, Head coach – Calamba Patriot Swim Club, Head Coach – Colegio San Juan de Letran – Calamba, Coach – LSPU Swimming team, Delegates, FINA Asean Coaches Summit held in Bangkok, Thailand. Back

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