Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Subhash Chandra Bose - Freedom Fighter - History – Mocomi.com

Read more about Subhash Chandra Bose, the Indian freedom fighter, visit: http://mocomi.com/subhash-chandra-bose/

  • Be the first to comment

Subhash Chandra Bose - Freedom Fighter - History – Mocomi.com

  1. 1. History for kids mocomi.com/learn/history/
  2. 2. Subhash Chandra Bose was born to a Bengali family on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack to Janakinath Bose who was a well reputed advocate and Prabhavati Devi. He was the ninth child of a total of fourteen siblings. Subhash Chandra Bose's nationalistic temprament rst came to light at the Presidency College, Calcutta where he studied briey, when he was rusticated for assaulting Pro-fessor Oaten for his anti-India comments in his classroom to all his pupils. Bose later went on to top the matriculation examination of Calcutta province in 1911 and passed his B.A. in 1918 in philosophy from the Scottish Church College. Copyright © 2011 Mocomi Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. During the mid-1930s Bose travelled in Europe, visiting Indian students and European politicians, including Mussolini. He observed party organiza-tion and saw communism and fascism in action. By 1938, he had become a leader of national stature and agreed to accept nomination as Congress president. He stood for Swaraj (self-governance), as well as using force against the British but this however meant a confrontation with Gandhi, which also created a rift between him and Nehru. On the outbreak of World War II, Bose advocated a campaign of mass civil disobedience to protest against Viceroy Lord Linlithgow's decision to declare war on India's behalf without consulting the Congress leadership. Bose organized mass protests in Calcutta calling for the 'Holwell Monument', which then stood at the corner of Dalhousie Square, to be removed. Bose was thrown into jail, but was released following a seven-day hunger strike. Copyright © 2011 Mocomi Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  4. 4. Bose's house in Calcutta was kept under surveillance by the CID fol-lowing his release. With two court cases pending, he felt the British would not let him leave the coun-try before the end of the war. Bose planned an escape with the help of his nephew Sisir K. Bose in a car dressed as a Pathan sporting a long beard which he grew over-night. This car which he used to escape is displayed at his home in Calcutta. Bose escaped to Germany, via Afghanistan and the Soviet Union. In Germany, he founded the Indian Legion consisting of 3000 soldiers out of Indian pris-oners of war who had fought for the British in North Africa prior to their cap-ture by Axis forces. Its members swore the following allegiance to Hitler and Bose: I swear by God this holy oath that I will obey the leader of the German race and state, Adolf Hitler, as the commander of the German armed forces in the ght for India, whose leader is Subhash Chandra Bose. Copyright © 2011 Mocomi Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  5. 5. Instead of rejoicing, Bose was worried. A admirer of Russia, Bose was devas-tated when Hitler's tanks rolled across the Soviet border. Matters worsened when the now-retreating German army would be in no position to oer him help in driving the British from India. So, in February 1943, Bose turned his back on his legionnaires and slipped secretly away aboard a submarine bound for Japan. Travelling onboard the German submarine U-180 around the Cape of Good Hope to Imperial Japan (via Japanese submarine I-29). This was the only civilian transfer between two submarines of two dierent Navies in World War II. Copyright © 2011 Mocomi Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  6. 6. The idea of a liberation army was revived with the arrival of Subhash Chan-dra Bose in the Far East in 1943. Bose took control of the Indian National Army (INA) amd was able to re-organize the edgling army and gathered massive support among the expatriate Indian population in south-east Asia. At its height the INA consisted of some 85,000 regular troops, including a separate women's unit headed by Capt. Lakshmi Swaminathan, which was seen as a rst of its kind in Asia. Even when faced with military reverses, Bose was able to maintain support for the Azad Hind movement. The INA along with the Japa-nese fought in key battles against the British Army of India. Spoken as a part of a motivational speech for the Indian National Army at a rally of Indians in Burma on July 4, 1944, Bose's most famous quote was Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom! In this, he urged the people of India to join him in his ght against the British Raj. Copyright © 2011 Mocomi Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  7. 7. The INA's rst commitment was in the Japanese thrust towards Eastern Indian frontiers of Manipur. The INA and the Japanese also took posses-sion of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 1942 and a year later, the Provisional Government of the INA was established in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The islands were renamed Shaheed (Martyr) and Swaraj (Independence). On the Indian mainland, the Indian Tricol-our, modelled after the Indian Na-tional Congress, was raised for the rst time in the town in Moirang, in Manipur. It was the battle of Kohima and Imphal which had a signicant impact on the Indian National Army. The Japanese could no longer fund their armies, and eventually surrendered. The INA were no match for the British troops, with-out the help of the Japanese, and therefore surrendered to the British as well. Copyright © 2011 Mocomi Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  8. 8. Mystery still surrounds the dissapearance and eventual death of Bose though it is said that he is alleged to have died in a plane crash in Taipei, Taiwan, on 18 August 1945 while en route to Tokyo. The Imperial Japanese Army Air Force Bomber, he was travelling on had engine trouble and when it crashed Bose was badly burned, dying in a local hospital few hours later. The End. For more Educational articles and video for kids, visit: mocomi.com/learn/ Copyright © 2011 Mocomi Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.

    Be the first to comment

    Login to see the comments

  • Atique0873

    Jan. 20, 2016
  • ChiragSharma58

    Jan. 15, 2017
  • PraveenBharth

    Sep. 10, 2020

Read more about Subhash Chandra Bose, the Indian freedom fighter, visit: http://mocomi.com/subhash-chandra-bose/

Views

Total views

3,901

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

8

Actions

Downloads

221

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

3

×