The Science Of
Coloured Light

Physics for Kids
http://mocomi.com/learn/science/physics/

Copyright © 2012 Mocomi & Anibra...
Coloured Light

THE COLOUR OF LIGHT
Have you ever found yourself standing in front of a
beautiful picture, with all its be...
Coloured Light

WAVES
The first thing you must understand before we move on
to the relation between light and colour is wa...
Coloured Light

RAINBOW - THE VISIBLE SPECTRUM
Light from the sun is essentially a form of energy
known as electromagnetic...
Coloured Light

Waves such as infra-red, microwaves, and radio waves
have a higher frequency that red light. Ultra Violet,...
Coloured Light

COLOUR FROM LIGHT
Colour would not exist without light. When light hits an
object it is either transmitted...
Coloured Light

On the other hand a black stone is black because it absorbs all wavelengths of light. Therefore black is t...
Coloured Light

Transmitted
Transmission is when an objects allows light to pass
through it. The escaped light will be the...
Coloured Light

HOW WE PERCIEVE COLOUR
So we know that a leaf is green because it reflects only
green light. We can see th...
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Science of Coloured Light - Mocomi.com

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Science of Coloured Light - Mocomi.com

learn all about Light, and why because of it, we are able to see different colours. http://mocomi.com/science-of-coloured-light/

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Science of Coloured Light - Mocomi.com

  1. 1. The Science Of Coloured Light Physics for Kids http://mocomi.com/learn/science/physics/ Copyright © 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. Coloured Light THE COLOUR OF LIGHT Have you ever found yourself standing in front of a beautiful picture, with all its beautiful colours, areas of light and shadow, and wonder to yourself- 'How do I see that?' Many of us take the act of seeing for granted, but if you stop to examine the ability to see colour you will surely be fascinated. Light is a form of energy that is present everywhere in our world. The reason we see colours and shapes is second nature to us is because of the presence of light. It is a wonderful phenomenon because it is at the same time obvious and mysterious. There are many questions about the nature of light that scientists have dedicated their entire careers to researching its chemical, physical, biological and mathematical properties. Copyright © 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. Coloured Light WAVES The first thing you must understand before we move on to the relation between light and colour is waves. A wave is a disturbance in space where this motion transfers energy from one point to the next. A wave has a high point (peak) and a low point (trough). The distance between the peak and the trough is known as the wavelength. The amoung of energy present in the wave determines how long the wave is. A long wave has a low frequency and low energy whereas a short wave has a high frequency and a high amount of energy. A V A Properties of waves: Wave lenght distance from crest to crest. T Period - Time between passage of successive crests. V Frequency - Number of crest passages per unit time. A Amplitude - Distance from level of crest to level of trough. Copyright © 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  4. 4. Coloured Light RAINBOW - THE VISIBLE SPECTRUM Light from the sun is essentially a form of energy known as electromagnetic radiation. The phenomenon we call light is the portion of electromagnetic radiation that is visible to the human eye and is called the visible spectrum. The different colours of light on the visible spectrum is defined by their respective wavelengths. When you look at a rainbow, you will always see the colour red at the top and violet at the bottom. That is because red has the highest wavelength and violet has the least. The colours of the rainbow in increasing order of wavelength are Violet, Indigo, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, Red. Copyright © 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  5. 5. Coloured Light Waves such as infra-red, microwaves, and radio waves have a higher frequency that red light. Ultra Violet, X-ray, and gamma rays have a lower frequency than violet. These cannot be percieved by the human eye and therefore fall on the invisible spectrum. Together the visible and invisible spectra of light make up the electromagnetic spectrum. Copyright © 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  6. 6. Coloured Light COLOUR FROM LIGHT Colour would not exist without light. When light hits an object it is either transmitted, reflected, or absorbed. When you say a leaf is green, you are actually saying that the leaf reflects green wavelengths of light and absorbs all the others on the visible spectrum. The swan in the picture is white because it reflects all wavelengths of light equally. His beak is yellow because it Reflected Copyright © 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  7. 7. Coloured Light On the other hand a black stone is black because it absorbs all wavelengths of light. Therefore black is the absence of light, just like a shadow. Absorbed Copyright © 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  8. 8. Coloured Light Transmitted Transmission is when an objects allows light to pass through it. The escaped light will be the colour of the material it passes through. Try this yourself Take a glass of water and add some red food colour into it. If you put the glass in the sunlight, you will see a ray of red light on the other side. This is because the red food colour only allows red light to pass through it. You can do this with any colour, not just red. Glass with Water After Adding Food colour Copyright © 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
  9. 9. Coloured Light HOW WE PERCIEVE COLOUR So we know that a leaf is green because it reflects only green light. We can see this because we have colour and light sensitive receptors in our eyes. These are called rods (receptive to light) and cones (receptive to colour). For more such fun physics articles and videos, visit: http://mocomi.com/learn/science/physics/ Being able to see colour is a sensation just like the sense of smell or taste. And just like things taste different to different people, no two people see colour in the same way because the rods and cones in their eyes vary. Image references: Swan - source: www.publicdomainpictures.net . This image is public domain. You may use this picture for any purpose, including commercial. Stone/Shell image - source: www.publicdomainpictures.net . This image is public domain. You may use this picture for any purpose, including commercial. Visible spectrum - source: www.wikipedia.org. This file is licensed under the creative commons attribution Share Alike. Glass/Sun/Leaf/eye/flower/boy/bird - source: www.openclipart.org. This image is public domain. You may use this picture for any purpose, including commercial. Copyright © 2012 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.

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