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Seleksi sdm (4)

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Seleksi sdm (4)

  1. 1. Employee Testing and Selection (4)
  2. 2. After studying this chapter,you should be able to:1. Explain what is meant by reliability and validity.2. Explain how you would go about validating a test.3. Cite and illustrate our testing guidelines.4. Give examples of some of the ethical and legal considerations in testing.5. List eight tests you could use for employee selection, and how you would use them.6. Explain the key points to remember in conducting background investigations.
  3. 3. Mengapa seleksi perlu hati-hati ? Memilih calon terbaik untuk menduduki jabatan tertentu – Prestasi perusahaan tergantung pada pegawainya. – Perusahaan telah mengeluarkan biaya perekrutan – Ada dampak hukum dalam mempekerjakan orang
  4. 4. Basic Testing Concepts(konsep dasar pengujian) Reliability (dapat diandalkan) – Konsistensi dari nilai yang diperoleh sama saat diuji kembali dengan ujian yang sejenis atau setara dalam waktu yang berbeda. Test validity – Pengujian yang dilakukan apakah mengukur apa yang diukur. – Prestasi dalam ujian dapat dijadikan alat untuk memprediksi prestasi kerja.
  5. 5. Types of Validity Criterion validity (validitas kriteria) – Validitas yg memperlihatkan bahwa nilai pada ujian (alat prediksi) berhubungan dengan prestasi pekerjaan (kriteria) Content validity (validitas isi) – Ujian yang berisi sampel dari tugas dan keterampilan yang benar-benar dibutuhkan untuk pekerjaan tersebut.
  6. 6. How to Validate a Tes Step 1: Analyze the job (menganalisis pekerjaan) – Predictors: job specification – Criterion: quantitative and qualitative measures of job success Step 2: Choose the tests (memilih ujian) Step 3: Administer the test (melakukan ujian)
  7. 7. How to Validate a Test (cont’d) Step 4: Relate Test Scores and Criteria (hubungkan nilai ujian dg kriteria) Step 5: Cross-Validate and Revalidate (validasi silang dan validasi ulang) – Repeat Step 3 and Step 4 with a different sample of employees.
  8. 8. Testing Program Guidelines1. Use tests as supplements (gunakan ujian sebagai tambahan)2. Validate the tests (Validasi ujian)3. Monitor your testing/selection program (memonitor ujian/program seleksi)4. Keep accurate records (buatlah catatan yang akurat)5. Use a certified psychologist (gunakan psikolog yg bersertifikat)6. Manage test conditions (mengatur kondisi ujian)7. Revalidate periodically (memvalidasi kembali secara berkala)
  9. 9. Types of Tests (jenis-jenis ujian) Tests of cognitive abilities – Intelligence Tests • Tests of general intellectual abilities that measure a range of abilities, including memory, vocabulary, and numerical ability.
  10. 10. Types of Tests (cont’d) Tests of motor abilities – Tests that measure motor abilities, such as finger dexterity, manual dexterity, and reaction time. Tests of physical abilities – Tests that measure static strength, dynamic strength, body coordination, and stamina.
  11. 11. Problem from the Test of Mechanical ComprehensionWhich gear will turn the same way as the driver?
  12. 12. Measuring Personality and Interests Personality tests – Tests that use projective techniques and trait inventories to measure basic aspects of an applicant’s personality, such as introversion, stability, and motivation.
  13. 13. Other Tests Interest inventories – Personal development and selection devices that compare the person’s current interests with those of others now in various occupations so as to determine the preferred occupation for the individual. Achievement tests – Test that measure what a person has already learned—“job knowledge” in areas like accounting, marketing, or personnel.
  14. 14. Other Tests (cont’d) Web-Based (Online) testing – Eliminates costly and inefficient paper-and-pencil testing processes. – Allows for role-playing by applicants. – Use of computer-based scoring eliminates rater bias. – Provides immediate scoring and feedback of results to applicants. – Can be readily customized for specific jobs.
  15. 15. Work Samples (contoh pekerjaan) Work samples (contoh pekerjaan) – Tugas pekerjaan sebenarnya yang digunakan dalam menguji prestasi pelamar. Work sampling technique (teknik contoh pekerjaan) – Metode pengujian berdasarkan ukuran prestasi atas tugas pekerjaan dasar yang sebenarnya. Artinya : mengukur bagaimana seorang calon benar-benar melaksanakan sebagian besar tugas dasar pekerjaan itu.
  16. 16. Work Simulations (simulasi) Management assessment center – Sebuah simulasi dimana para calon melaksanakan tugas manajemen secara realistik sehingga potensi mereka dapat dianalisis dalam sebuah hipotesis, umumnya dilakukan dg cara ujian dan permaianan manajemen. Typical simulated exercises include: – The in-basket (setumpuk tugas) – Leaderless group discussion (diskusi kelompok tanpa pemimpin) – Management games (permainan manajemen) – Individual presentations (presentasi individu) – Objective tests (ujian objerktif : kepribadian, mental, minat) – The interview (wawancara)
  17. 17. Background Investigations andReference Checks Reasons for investigations and checks – To verify factual information provided by applicants. – To uncover damaging information.
  18. 18. Background Investigations andReference Checks (cont’d) Sources of information for background checks: – Former employers – Current supervisors – Commercial credit rating companies – Written references
  19. 19. The Polygraph and Honesty Testing The polygraph (or lie detector) – A device that measures physiological changes, – The assumption is that such changes reflect changes in emotional state that accompany lying.
  20. 20. Graphology Graphology (handwriting analysis) – Assumes that handwriting reflects basic personality traits. – Graphology’s validity is highly suspect. Handwriting Exhibit Used by Graphologist
  21. 21. Physical Examination Reasons for preemployment medical examinations: – To verify that the applicant meets the physical requirements of the position – To discover any medical limitations you should take into account in placing the applicant. – To establish a record and baseline of the applicant’s health for future insurance or compensation claims. – To reduce absenteeism and accidents – To detect communicable diseases that may be unknown to the applicant.
  22. 22. Key Termsreliabilitytest validitycriterion validitycontent validityinterest inventorywork sampleswork sampling techniquemanagement assessment center

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